Konstantinos Zappas (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Ζάππας
1814–1892) was a Greek entrepreneur and national benefactor.
Together with his cousin Evangelos Zappas, he played an essential role
in the revival of the Olympic Games.
Zappas was born in 1814 in the village of
Labova e Madhe
Labova e Madhe (Mega
Gjirokastër (Argyrokastro) and Tepelenë, in
today's Albania, then in the Ottoman Empire. After the death of
Evangelis Zappas he became the executor of his cousin’s legacy and
the ongoing revival of the Olympic Games. He was appointed manager of
the Olympic Committee that organised the so-called Zappas Olympics, a
Greek athletic festival held in 1859, 1870 and 1875 and forerunner of
the modern international Olympics.
In 1881, he bought extended field areas in
Thessaly and the following
years contributed to the building of the
Zappeion building in Athens,
which was officially opened on 28 October 1888. Moreover, a number of
Greek schools and educational facilities were built with his personal
financial support including the female schools in Constantinople
(Istanbul), in his hometown Labovë, as well as in a number of
Epirus (Tepelene, Delvine) and Thessaly. Many students
benefited from his scholarship for post-graduate studies in Western
Europe (mostly in the scientific field of agriculture).
He died in 1892 in Mantes-la-Jolie, France. On his death the Romanian
government seized all of his assets and capital that were still in
Romania causing a noted international law case at that time and his
cousin Evangelis Zappas was often incorrectly cited as his brother.
There was also land and money in Greece that Konstantinos left to the
Baron Pierre de Coubertin
Baron Pierre de Coubertin together with A. Mercatis,
a close friend of Konstantinos, encouraged the Greek government to put
in some of that legacy to fund the
Athens 1896 Olympic Games in
addition to the legacy of Evangelis Zappas.
The statues of Konstantinos and his cousin Evangelis Zappas are
situated in front of the Zappeion.
^ Rühl 2004, pp. 3–16.
^ Ruches 1967.
^ Young 1996, p. 117; Martens 1893; Streit 1894.
Martens, Fedor Fedorovich (1893). Memoire sur le conflit entre la
Grece et la Roumanie concernant l'affaire Zappa (in French).
Ruches, Pyrrhus J. (1967). Albanian Historical Folksongs, 1716–1943:
A Survey of Oral Epic Poetry from Southern Albania, with Original
Texts. Chicago, IL: Argonaut Incorporated.
Rühl, Joachim K. (2004). "Olympic Games Before Coubertin". In
Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. Encyclopedia of the Modern
Olympic Movement. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.
pp. 3–16. ISBN 978-0-313-32278-5.
Streit, Georges (1894). L'affaire Zappa: Conflit Gréco-Roumain (in
French). Paris: L. Larose.
Young, David C. (1996). The Modern Olympics - A Struggle for Revival.
Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Greeks in Albania
Despotate of Epirus
Revolt of 1854
Revolt of 1878
Himara revolt of 1912
Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus
Protocol of Corfu
Battle of Morava–Ivan
Epirus Liberation Front
Greeks in Albania
Polyphonic song of Epirus
Postage stamps and postal history of Northern Epirus
Education: New Academy (Moscopole)
Zographeion College (Qestorat)
Acroceraunian School (Himara)
Dhuvjan Monastery (Dropull)
Bangas Gymnasium (Korçë)
Panepirotic Federation of America
Panepirotic Federation of Australia
Unity for Human Rights Party
Benefactors: Alexandros Vasileiou
Evangelos and Konstantinos Zappas
Georgios and Simon Sinas
Alexandros and Michael Vasileiou
Literature: Theodore Kavalliotis
Politics: Vasil Bollano
Military/Resistance: Kyriakoulis Argyrokastritis
Sports: Pyrros Dimas
Clergy: Photios Kalpidis
Vasileios of Dryinoupolis
Eulogios Kourilas Lauriotis
1 Cities and towns in
Albania with Greek-speaking communities, outside
the political definition of