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Konica
Konica
(コニカ, Konika) was a Japanese manufacturer of, among other products, film, film cameras, camera accessories, photographic and photo-processing equipment, photocopiers, fax machines and laser printers. The company merged with Japanese peer Minolta
Minolta
in 2003, with the new company named Konica
Konica
Minolta.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Film 1.2 Cameras

1.2.1 35mm Rangefinder & Viewfinder Cameras 1.2.2 F-mount SLRs 1.2.3 Fixed-Lens SLR Camera 1.2.4 AR-mount SLRs

1.3 Lenses

2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] The company traces its history back to 1873 (pre-dating Kodak
Kodak
in the photography business) when pharmacist Rokusaburo Sugiura began selling photographic materials at his store in Konishiya Rokubē, the biggest pharmacy trader in Tokyo
Tokyo
at that time.[1] In 1878, Rokusaburō succeeded to his family and renamed Rokuemon VI (Rokudaime Rokuemon). He gave the original shop to his younger brother and launched a new shop, Konishi Honten (Konishi Main Shop) in the Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
district of Tokyo. In 1882, Konishi launched a project to produce photography related materials in Japan: those products were imported at that time. In 1902, Konishi began to sell the "Cherry Portable Camera" (チェリー手提用暗函), the first Japanese produced end-user oriented camera. New products were released respectively, and Konishi Main Shop became the leading camera company in Japan. In 1921, old Konishi had his elder son succeed to the family and thus company head with the name, and in this occasion Konishi Honten was turned into a company Konishiroku Honten. The name Konishiroku was taken from the abbreviation of their names, Konishi Rokuemon. Konishiroku released their " Konica
Konica
I" type camera in 1948, after which they would name their own company in 1987. Konica's single lens reflex cameras pioneered auto-exposure in cameras with focal-plane shutters and fully interchangeable lenses. The Konica Autoreflex of 1965 used an external light meter cell to set the lens diaphragm automatically after the user selected a shutter speed. With the Autoreflex T of 1968, Konica
Konica
improved this design into a through-the-lens meter, using the same automation system. (The user could also set the exposure manually on these cameras). Other camera makers eventually adopted auto-exposure as well, but Konica
Konica
was the first. In 1990's Konica
Konica
signed its first major contract with Los Angeles County providing leasing of copiers to the Los Angeles Superior Court. This resulted in a major shift in the industry that had sold only copiers before. The County initial order of 250 copiers required Konica
Konica
to redirect all of it inventory throughout North America to the County. On August 5, 2003, Konica
Konica
merged with Minolta
Minolta
to form Konica
Konica
Minolta. In 2006, Konica
Konica
Minolta
Minolta
Holdings exited the photography business.[2] In March 2006, the merged company closed down its photo imaging division, which produced color film, color paper, photo chemicals and digital minilab machines. Its digital SLR camera section was transferred to Sony. Dai Nippon purchased Konica's Odawara factory site and continues to produce paper under its own brand, while Seapac acquired the Konica
Konica
chemical factory. Film[edit] Konica
Konica
was a major producer of 35mm film and related products, including film development processors and printing technology. While never equal to giants like Kodak
Kodak
or Fuji, recognized quality of Konica film ensured general presence on market. Originally Konica
Konica
film and paper was sold under the brand name of "Sakura" meaning Cherry Blossom in English. In the mid 1980s, Konica
Konica
launched its SR range of film, then SR-V (1987), SR-G (1989), Super SR (1991), Super XG (1993), VX and finally "Centuria" in 1999. Cameras[edit] 35mm Rangefinder & Viewfinder Cameras[edit]

Rubikon (1936?) Prototype of Konica
Konica
I, development stopped by WWII, a few made after war Rubicon
Rubicon
(1936?) An X-ray camera that uses 35mm X-ray film, same chassis as Rubikon/ Konica
Konica
I Konica
Konica
"I" (1946) Konishiroku's first 35mm camera to see full production. Several variants (lenses, shutters, viewfinder, flash mount). Konica
Konica
II (1950) Konica
Konica
IIB (1955) (Variants with f3.5 and f2.8 lenses) Konica
Konica
IIB-m (1956) Konica
Konica
IIA (1956) First model to use the superb 48mm f2 Hexanon lens. Konica
Konica
III (1956) Variants with Konirapid-S & Seikosha MXL shutters, most with 48/2 lens, rarer version w/48mm f2.4 Hexanon Konica
Konica
IIIA (1958) Variants with 48/2 & 50/1.8 Hexanons Konica
Konica
IIIM (1959) Variants with Copal MXV & Seikosha SLV shutters, all with 50/1.8 Hexanon. Built-in meter, 1st Konica
Konica
w/hot shoe (non-standard) Konilette 35 (1959) Inexpensive 35mm with scale focus, Konitor 45/3.5 lens. Konica
Konica
S (1959) with exposure meter. Lens variants: 45/2.8 Hexar, Hexanon 48/2, 48/1.8 Konica
Konica
L (1960) Hexar 45/2.8 lens, Seikosha L shutter, interesting fold down film door. Konica
Konica
S II (1961) only offered with Hexanon 48/2 Konica
Konica
S III (1963) new chassis, similar to Auto S, also uses 47/1.9 Hexanon same as Auto S Konica
Konica
EE-Matic (1963) AE only, selenium metering cell (no battery). Also sold as Wards xp500/500a. Konica
Konica
Auto S (1963) First CdS-metered, auto exposure camera. Also sold as Wards am450/am550, Revue Auto S. Konica
Konica
EYE (1964) Half frame camera. Also sold as Wards EYE. Konica
Konica
Auto S2 (1965) Also sold as Wards am551. Konica
Konica
EE-Matic S (1965) Downgrade of orig. EE-Matic, no rangefinder. Also sold as Wards xp400. Konica
Konica
EE-Matic 260 (196?) A version of EE-Matic using 126 film. Also sold as Wards cp301 & Wards 260. Konica
Konica
EE-Matic Deluxe (1965) Primary upgrade, wider ASA range for meter, improved lens. Wards xp501. Konica
Konica
EE-Matic Deluxe "New" (1965) Improved film take-up spindle, easier loading. Wards xp501a. Konica
Konica
Auto SE (1966) Wind-up "motorized" film advance. Great lens! Wards ep504, Revue Auto SE. First Konica
Konica
with a standard hot shoe. Konica
Konica
Auto S1.6 (1967) Faster f1.6 lens. Hot shoe. Konica
Konica
EE-Matic Deluxe 2 (1967) Sold also as Wards rf450. Konica
Konica
Auto S 261 (1967) A 126 film version of Auto S line, CdS metered. Wards cp302, Wards 261. Konica
Konica
C35 (chrome version) (1967) best seller compact camera. "Journey" nickname, for small size, portability. Konica
Konica
Electron (1967) Konica
Konica
C35 (black version) (1967) Konica
Konica
C35 Flashmatic (Japan) (1968) "C35 Automatic" (export). Chrome & black versions. Konica
Konica
C35 E&L (Japan) (1969) C35 economical model. No rangefinder. "C35 V" (export) Konica
Konica
Auto S3 (export) (1973) Great little camera based upon the C35 line. Fast lens. AE only. "C35 FD" in Japan. Auto S3 produced in black only. C35 FD produced in chrome, too. Konica
Konica
C35 EF (1976) first model with built-in flash. "Pikkari" Konica C35 AF (1977) First autofocus camera, "Jasupin", 1,000,000 sold. Konica
Konica
C35 EF "New" Self-timer added. Konica
Konica
C35 EFP (1977) Konica
Konica
C35 EF3 (1981) "Color Pikkari" Konica
Konica
C35 AF2 (198?) Konica
Konica
C35 EFJ (Japan) (1982) " Konica
Konica
POP" (export markets) Konica
Konica
C35 MF (1982) Auto focus. "Jasupin Super". C35 MD-D, version with date back. Konica
Konica
C35 AF3 (1983) Auto focus. Last "C35" Konica
Konica
MG (1983) Also MG-D variant with date back. Konica
Konica
EFP2 (1984) Konica
Konica
MR70 (1985) Konica
Konica
AA-35/Recorder (1985) Half frame, various colors. Recorder: Japan. AA-35: Export markets. Konica
Konica
MT-7, MT-9, MT-ll (1986) "Multi" 7, 8 & 9 in Japan. Konica
Konica
EFP3 Konica
Konica
MR70 LX Konica
Konica
Off Road/Genba Kantoku/MS-40 Konica
Konica
Z-Up 70 & Z-Up 70 VP Konica
Konica
Z-Up 80 & Z-Up 80 RC Konica
Konica
Tomato Konica
Konica
Kanpai Voice activated camera. Konica
Konica
Big Mini Konica
Konica
Z-Up 28W Konica
Konica
MT-100 Konica
Konica
Jump Auto Konica
Konica
Aiborg Konica
Konica
Big Mini Neo Konica
Konica
Off Road 28WB Wide & 28HG Konica
Konica
Big Mini Nou 135 Konica
Konica
Big Mini BM S-100 Konica
Konica
Big Mini F Konica
Konica
Z-Up 60 Konica
Konica
Z-Up 90 Konica
Konica
Z-Up 110 Konica
Konica
Z-Up 120 Konica
Konica
Z-Up 130 Konica
Konica
Z-Up 135 Konica
Konica
Z-Up 140 Konica
Konica
Z-Up 150 Konica Hexar
Konica Hexar
(1991)(autofocus) Konica Hexar
Konica Hexar
RF (2001)

F-mount SLRs[edit] The first series of Konica
Konica
single-lens reflex cameras used the Konica F lens mount, named after the first camera to use it. This was a bayonet mount, and is not compatible with later Konica
Konica
lens mounts. The flange focal distance of the F-mount was 40.5 mm, one of the smallest ever used for a 35 mm SLR. The diameter was 40 mm. It is not identical to Nikon F-mount, which has a much longer flange focal distance of 46.5 mm.

Konica F (1960-?) Konica
Konica
FS (1962–1964) Konica
Konica
FSW (1962-? Konica
Konica
FP (1963-?) Konica
Konica
FM (1965-?)

Fixed-Lens SLR Camera[edit]

Konica Domirex (1963-?, prototype)

AR-mount SLRs[edit]

Konica
Konica
FS-1, world's first SLR with built-in motor drive

Konica's second series of SLR cameras began with 1965's Auto-Reflex. This line came to an end in 1987 when Konica
Konica
abandoned the SLR market. Konica's AR lens mount kept the same flange-film distance that the earlier Konica F lens mount had (40.5 mm), but it has a larger diameter of 47 mm.

Konica
Konica
Auto-Reflex (1965–1968) Known as the Autorex in Japan. Konica
Konica
Auto-Reflex P (1966–1968) Known as the Autorex P in Japan. Konica Autoreflex
Konica Autoreflex
T (1968–1970) Konica Autoreflex
Konica Autoreflex
A (1968–1971) Konica Autoreflex
Konica Autoreflex
T2 (1970–1973) Konica Autoreflex
Konica Autoreflex
A2 (1971–1972) Konica Autoreflex
Konica Autoreflex
A1000 (1972–1973) Konica Autoreflex
Konica Autoreflex
T3 (1973–1975) Konica Autoreflex
Konica Autoreflex
A3 (1973-?) Konica Autoreflex
Konica Autoreflex
T3N (1975–1978) Konica Autoreflex
Konica Autoreflex
TC (1976–1982) Konica Autoreflex
Konica Autoreflex
T4 (1978–1979) Konica
Konica
FS-1 (1979–1983) Konica
Konica
FC-1 (1980–1983) Konica FP-1
Konica FP-1
(1981–1983) Konica FT-1
Konica FT-1
(1983–1987) Konica
Konica
TC-X (1985–1987) Built by Cosina.

Lenses[edit] Konica
Konica
SLR interchangeable lenses were named Hexanon. The optical quality of most Hexanon lenses is regarded as truly superb, particularly the older fixed-focal length (prime) lenses. Many camera manufacturers of interchangeable lenses produce a few great lenses among their line, but Konica
Konica
managed to achieve near excellent quality over a broad range of focal lengths in lens tests conducted by several photographic publications over the years. Hexanon lenses were used by the Japanese government as the standard against which all other lenses were measured.[citation needed] See also[edit]

Fotomat
Fotomat
- acquired by Konica
Konica
in 1982. List of photographic equipment makers

References[edit]

^ コニカ株式会社創始者 杉浦六三郎 先駆者たちの大地 IRマガジン NET-IR ^ Lidor, Danit. " Konica
Konica
Exits Photography Business", Forbes, 20 January 2006. Retrieved September 15, 2011.

Konica
Konica
Minolta
Minolta
(2004). Konica
Konica
Minolta
Minolta
- History. Retrieved on November 6, 2005. Konica
Konica
Minolta
Minolta
(2003). History of Konica. Retrieved on November 6, 2005. Buhl, Andreas (2005). Konica
Konica
Start page. Extensive Konica
Konica
SLR site. Retrieved on November 6, 2005.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Konica.

The Konica
Konica
AR System The Konica
Konica
SLR system 1960–1987 Konica
Konica
SLR lenses 1960-1987 Konica
Konica
C35, C35A and C35V Koni-Omega pages (in Japanese) Rokuoh-sha pages (on the earlier cameras; well illustrated) Konica
Konica
(Camerapedia) Hexanon lenses (mflenses.com)

v t e

Konica

General

Konica
Konica
Minolta Minolta

Konica
Konica
cameras

Autoreflex

AR-mount lenses

C35 AF Domirex F FP-1 FT-1 Hexar Hexar RF

Related

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