KONG ANGUO (Chinese : 孔安國;
Wade–Giles : K\'UNG AN-KUO; ca.
156 – ca. 74 BC), courtesy name ZIGUO (子國), was a Confucian
scholar and government official of the
Western Han dynasty
Kong Anguo was a native of
OLD TEXT SHANGSHU
According to tradition, the local ruler Prince Gong of Lu demolished a building of the Kong family complex in the process of enlarging his palace, and some ancient texts were discovered hidden in a wall, including Shangshu. They had apparently been hidden there in order to escape the book burning of Emperor Qin Shi Huang . This version of Shangshu contained 16 more chapters than the one transmitted by Fu Sheng. As the hidden texts were written in the ancient seal script , this newly discovered version is called "Ancient Script" or "Old Text " Shangshu, whereas Fu Sheng's version is called the "Modern Script" or "New Text". Kong Anguo compiled and wrote a commentary to the Old Text called Shangshu Kongshi Zhuan (尚書孔氏傳, literally Kong's Commentary of Shangshu), and the famous historian Sima Qian studied the text from him.
The documents had a foreword added by Kong.
Shangshu Kongshi Zhuan was later lost during the Eastern
Han dynasty (25-220 AD). In the early fourth century, during the
Eastern Jin dynasty , a purported copy of Kong's work suddenly
Mei Ze submitted a copy of the
Emperor Yuan of Jin , along with a preface supposedly written by Kong
Anguo. The Jin court accepted Mei's version as authentic. In 653,
* ^ Declercq 1998 , p. 169. * ^ A B C 孔安國 (IN CHINESE). XINHUA. 2003-09-24. RETRIEVED 2013-05-19. * ^ A B "Kong Anguo". Chinaknowledge.de. Retrieved 2013-05-19. * ^ Lagerwey (2009). Early Chinese Religion: Part One: Shang through Han (1250 BC-220 AD). Brill. p. 773. ISBN 978-90-04-16835-0 . * ^ A B Underhill 2013 , p. 454. * ^ Declercq 1998 , pp. 169-170. * ^ John Lagerwey; Marc Kalinowski (24 December 2008). Early Chinese Religion: Part One: Shang Through Han (1250 BC-220 AD) (2 Vols). BRILL. pp. 182–. ISBN 90-04-16835-4 .
* Declercq, Dominik (1998). Writing Against the State: Political Rhetorics in Third and Fourth Century China. Brill. ISBN 9789004103764 . * Underhill, Anne P. (2013). A Companion to Chinese Archaeology. Wiley. ISBN 9781118325728 .
* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 75204936 * LCCN : n82128468 * ISNI : 0000 0000 6355 7464 * SUDOC : 13113759X * NDL