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Koinon
Koinon
(Greek: Κοινόν, pl. Κοινά, Koina), meaning "common," in the sense of "public," had many interpretations, some societal, some governmental.[1] The word was the neuter form of the adjective, roughly equivalent in the governmental sense to Latin res publica, "the public thing." Among the most frequent uses is "commonwealth," the government of a single state, such as the Athenian. Frequent in the historical writings is a sense of "league" or "federation" an association of distinct city-states in a sympoliteia. As government of a league, koinon comprised such functions as defense, diplomacy, economics, and religious practices among its member states.[2] The word was carried over to other political associations in mediaeval and modern Greek history. In Epirus
Epirus
itself there had in ancient times existed the Koinon
Koinon
of the Molossians. There was a Lacedaemonian League, centred on Sparta
Sparta
and its old dominions for a period under Roman rule, a Koinon
Koinon
of the Macedonians, also under Roman rule. In modern Greek history, during the Greek War of Independence, a local self-government termed Koinon was set up in the islands of Hydra, Spetsai
Spetsai
and Psara. Some federations termed Koinon
Koinon
were:

Ionian League
Ionian League
( Koinon
Koinon
Ionon), formed in the 7th century BC Koinon
Koinon
of the Aeinautae, recorded on an inscription which was found in Eretria, island Euboea, dated to the 5th century BC Acarnanian League
Acarnanian League
( Koinon
Koinon
ton Akarnanon), existing 5th century BC to c. 30 BC, with interruptions Chalcidian League
Chalcidian League
( Koinon
Koinon
ton Chalkideon), existing c. 430 to 348 BC Phocian League ( Koinon
Koinon
ton Phokeon), existing 6th century BC to 3rd century AD, with interruptions Thessalian League
Thessalian League
( Koinon
Koinon
ton Thessalon), existing 363 BC to 3rd century AD, with interruptions League of the Magnetes ( Koinon
Koinon
ton Magneton), existing 197 BC to 3rd century AD, with interruptions Aenianian League ( Koinon
Koinon
ton Ainianon) Arcadian League ( Koinon
Koinon
ton Arkadon) League of the Oeteans ( Koinon
Koinon
ton Oitaion) Euboean League
Euboean League
( Koinon
Koinon
ton Euboieon) Epirote League
Epirote League
( Koinon
Koinon
Epiroton), existing from c. 320 to c. 170 BC League of the Islanders
League of the Islanders
( Koinon
Koinon
ton Nesioton), existing from c. 314 to c. 220 BC and 200 to 168 BC Cretan League
Cretan League
under the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
to the 4th century Koinon of Macedonians existing from 3rd century to Roman period Lycian League, founded in 168 BC League of Free Laconians, a league of cities in Laconia established by Roman emperor Augustus in 21 BC Koinon of the Zagorisians
Koinon of the Zagorisians
under the Ottoman Empire, 1670–1868 Aetolian League
Aetolian League
( Koinon
Koinon
ton Aitolon), early 3rd century BC to roughly 189 BC when it came under Roman influence Achaean League
Achaean League
( Koinon
Koinon
ton Achaion), 280 BC to 146 BC, dissolved by the Romans after the Battle of Corinth (146 BC)

References[edit]

^ The full range of meanings can be found under κοινός in LIddell & Scott. "A Greek-English Lexicon".  ^ Mackil, Emily (May 18, 2013). Creating a Common Polity. University of California Press. p. 347. Retrieved October 21,

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