HOME
The Info List - Kościuszko Mound


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

Coordinates : 50°03.17′N 19°53.37′E / 50.05283°N 19.88950°E / 50.05283; 19.88950 Kościuszko Mound
Mound
(2006)

KOśCIUSZKO MOUND (Polish : kopiec Kościuszki) in Kraków
Kraków
, Poland
Poland
, erected by Cracovians in commemoration of the Polish national leader Tadeusz Kościuszko
Tadeusz Kościuszko
, is an artificial mound modeled after Kraków's prehistoric mounds of Krak and Wanda . A serpentine path leads to the top, approx. 326 metres (1,070 ft) above sea level, with a panoramic view of the Vistula
Vistula
River and the city. It was completed in November 1823. The location selected for the monument was the natural Blessed Bronisława Hill (Polish : Wzgórze bł. Bronisławy), also known as Sikornik, situated in the western part of Kraków's Zwierzyniec District .

Kościuszko Mound
Mound
is one of Kraków's four memorial mounds, consisting of two prehistoric mounds, Krakus Mound
Mound
and Wanda Mound
Mound
, and two modern ones, Piłsudski Mound
Mound
and Kościuszko Mound.

The construction of Kościuszko Mound
Mound
was financed by donations from Poles living in all territories of Poland
Poland
under foreign occupation . For three years beginning in 1820, people of all ages and class voluntarily constructed the Mound
Mound
to the height of 34 metres (112 ft). Work was supervised by a Committee for the Construction of the Tadeusz Kościuszko Monument. At the base of the Mound, the Founding Act was deposited in a glass and marble case. At the top, a granite boulder, brought from the Tatra Mountains
Tatra Mountains
, was placed, bearing the inscription “Kościuszce” (To Kościuszko). Inside the mound, urns were buried with soil from the Polish and American battlefields where Kościuszko fought. Kościuszko Mound, 1930s

Between 1850 and 1854, the Austrian authorities built a brick citadel around the Mound
Mound
and began using it as a strategic lookout. As compensation for an earlier historical church that had been demolished, a neo-Gothic chapel of Blessed Bronisława was also built. However, the Austrian fortifications, including the gateway and the southwestern rampart and entrenchment were eventually dismantled following World War II
World War II
, between 1945 and 1956.

Next to the Mound
Mound
there is a museum devoted to Kościuszko, that displays artifacts and mementoes of his life and achievements. In 1997, heavy rains eroded the Mound, thus threatening its existence. It went through a restoration process from 1999 till 2003 in which state-of-the-art technology and modern materials were used. The Mound was equipped with a drainage system and a new waterproofing membrane.

Kościuszko Mound
Mound
inspired Count Paul Strzelecki , Polish patriot and Australian explorer, to name the highest mountain in Australia
Australia
Mount Kosciuszko , because of its perceived resemblance to the Kościuszko Mound
Mound
in Kraków.

CONTENTS

* 1 Gallery * 2 See also * 3 Notes * 4 References

GALLERY

*

Kościuszko Mound, Kraków
Kraków
. Note the visitors in the foreground for actual scale. *

View of Kościuszko Mound, with Bronisława Chapel at its foot. *

From the top. *

Kosciuszko's Mound, seen from Kraków
Kraków
Błonia Park *

View from the top Kościuszko's Mound.

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KOśCIUSZKO MOUND .

* Tadeusz Kościuszko
Tadeusz Kościuszko
Monument, Kraków
Kraków
* History of Kraków
Kraków
* Culture of Kraków
Kraków

NOTES

* ^ Mt Kosciuszko. Australian Geographical Name Derivations..

REFERENCES

* The mound of Tadeusz Kościuszko
Tadeusz Kościuszko
at the official website of the city of Kraków * History of the Kościuszko Mound
Mound
at Kościuszko Mound
Mound
Homepage, Kraków * Repairing of the Kościuszko Mound. An unconventional civil engineering project. Page archived by Internet Archive Wayback Machine * Lives and Deeds of Foreign-born Heroes of the American Revolution, The United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 107th Congress of the United States of America, July 4, 2002. Pg. 35. (

.