Coordinates : 50°03.17′N 19°53.37′E / 50.05283°N
19.88950°E / 50.05283; 19.88950 Kościuszko
KOśCIUSZKO MOUND (Polish : kopiec Kościuszki) in
erected by Cracovians in commemoration of the Polish national leader
Tadeusz Kościuszko , is an artificial mound modeled after Kraków's
prehistoric mounds of Krak and Wanda . A serpentine path leads to the
top, approx. 326 metres (1,070 ft) above sea level, with a panoramic
view of the
Vistula River and the city. It was completed in November
1823. The location selected for the monument was the natural Blessed
Bronisława Hill (Polish : Wzgórze bł. Bronisławy), also known as
Sikornik, situated in the western part of Kraków's Zwierzyniec
Mound is one of Kraków's four memorial mounds,
consisting of two prehistoric mounds, Krakus
Mound and Wanda
and two modern ones, Piłsudski
Mound and Kościuszko Mound.
The construction of Kościuszko
Mound was financed by donations from
Poles living in all territories of
Poland under foreign occupation .
For three years beginning in 1820, people of all ages and class
voluntarily constructed the
Mound to the height of 34 metres (112 ft).
Work was supervised by a Committee for the Construction of the Tadeusz
Kościuszko Monument. At the base of the Mound, the Founding Act was
deposited in a glass and marble case. At the top, a granite boulder,
brought from the
Tatra Mountains , was placed, bearing the inscription
“Kościuszce” (To Kościuszko). Inside the mound, urns were buried
with soil from the Polish and American battlefields where Kościuszko
fought. Kościuszko Mound, 1930s
Between 1850 and 1854, the Austrian authorities built a brick citadel
Mound and began using it as a strategic lookout. As
compensation for an earlier historical church that had been
demolished, a neo-Gothic chapel of Blessed Bronisława was also built.
However, the Austrian fortifications, including the gateway and the
southwestern rampart and entrenchment were eventually dismantled
World War II
World War II , between 1945 and 1956.
Next to the
Mound there is a museum devoted to Kościuszko, that
displays artifacts and mementoes of his life and achievements. In
1997, heavy rains eroded the Mound, thus threatening its existence. It
went through a restoration process from 1999 till 2003 in which
state-of-the-art technology and modern materials were used. The Mound
was equipped with a drainage system and a new waterproofing membrane.
Mound inspired Count
Paul Strzelecki , Polish patriot and
Australian explorer, to name the highest mountain in
Kosciuszko , because of its perceived resemblance to the Kościuszko
Mound in Kraków.
* 1 Gallery
* 2 See also
* 3 Notes
* 4 References
Kraków . Note the visitors in the foreground for
View of Kościuszko Mound, with Bronisława Chapel at its foot.
From the top.
Kosciuszko's Mound, seen from
View from the top Kościuszko's Mound.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to KOśCIUSZKO MOUND .
Tadeusz Kościuszko Monument,
* History of
* Culture of
* ^ Mt Kosciuszko. Australian Geographical Name Derivations..
* The mound of
Tadeusz Kościuszko at the official website of the
city of Kraków
* History of the Kościuszko
Mound at Kościuszko
* Repairing of the Kościuszko Mound. An unconventional civil
engineering project. Page archived by Internet Archive Wayback Machine
* Lives and Deeds of Foreign-born Heroes of the American Revolution,
The United States Commission for the Preservation of America's
Heritage Abroad, 107th Congress of the United States of America, July
4, 2002. Pg. 35. (