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KNIGHTSBRIDGE is a residential and retail district in West London
London
, south of Hyde Park . It is identified in the London Plan
London Plan
as one of two international retail centres in London, alongside the West End .

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Origins of name * 3 Geography

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Property

* 4.1.1 One Hyde Park * 4.1.2 History of property construction

* 5 Crime and terrorism * 6 Buildings * 7 Transport * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links

HISTORY

_ Map showing the Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
wards of Westminster
Westminster
Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (April 2010)_

Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
was a hamlet located primarily in the parish of St Margaret (detached) and partly in St Martin in the Fields (the part that later became St George Hanover Square ). It also extended into the parishes of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea . It was therefore divided between local authorities from a very early time.

In the time of Edward I , the manor of Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
appertained to the abbey of Westminster. It was named after a crossing of the River Westbourne , which is now an underground river . It is recorded that the citizens of London
London
met Matilda of England
England
at the Knight's Bridge in 1141.

From 1885 to 1887, as a result of the opening of trade between Britain and the Far East
Far East
, Humphreys' Hall in Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
hosted an exhibition of Japanese culture in a setting built to resemble a traditional Japanese village. The exhibition was very popular, with over 250,000 visitors during its early months. Japanese artisans illustrated "the manners, customs and art-industries of their country, attired in their national and picturesque costumes. Magnificently decorated and illuminated Buddhist temple. Five o’clock tea in the Japanese tea-house. Japanese Musical and other Entertainments. Every-day Life as in Japan". W.S. Gilbert and his wife attended the exhibition, which is said to have inspired him to write _ The Mikado _. When the Mikado requests of Ko-Ko the address of his son (Nanki-Poo) after Ko-Ko tells the Mikado that Nanki-Poo has "gone abroad," Ko-Ko replies that Nanki-Poo has gone to Knightsbridge.

ORIGINS OF NAME

Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
was historically known in Saxon and Old English as:

_Cnihtebricge_ c.1050

_Knichtebrig_ 1235

_Cnichtebrugge_ 13th century

_Knyghtesbrugg_ 1364, that is ‘bridge of the young men or retainers,’ from Old English _cniht_ (genitive case plural –a) and _brycg_. The original bridge was where one of the old roads to the west that crossed the River Westbourne . The allusion may simply be to a place where _cnihtas_ congregated: bridges and wells seem always to have been favourite gathering places of young people. However there is possibly a more specific reference to the important _cnihtengild_ (‘guild of _cnihtas_‘) in 11th century London
London
and to the limits of its jurisdiction (certainly Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
was one of the limits of the commercial jurisdiction of the City in the 12th century). CNIHT in the pre Norman days did not have the status meaning of a minor noble, but simply described a horseman.

There are however other claims of the name's origins:

1. a duel between knights

2. according to a topographer named Norden, the bridge was locally known as ‘Stonebridge’ until a knight called Sir Knyvett was attacked while walking across the bridge late at night. The knight managed to better his attackers and ‘slew the master thief with his own hand’. This tale of Sir Knyvett’s valour supposedly gave a new name to the bridge.

3. a claim that the bridge may have been used by wealthy residents, the ‘knights and ladies’ rather than the common folk.

4. a claim that the area was used as a meeting place for local youths – where ‘knight’ was a slang term for ‘lad’. Even the original name of the area has come under scrutiny with some claiming it was called ‘Knightsbrigg’ while others believe it was ‘Kynesbrigg’.

GEOGRAPHY

Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
is east of Exhibition Road and west of Sloane Street . Brompton Road
Brompton Road
, Beauchamp Place and the western section of Pont Street serve roughly as its southern border together with their adjacent gardens and squares such as Ovington Square, Lennox Gardens and Cadogan Square . South of this area, the district fades into Chelsea while Belgravia lies to the east and South Kensington to the west.

ECONOMY

Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
is home to many expensive shops, including the department stores Harrods and Harvey Nichols , and flagship stores of many British and international fashion houses, including those of London-based shoe designers Jimmy Choo
Jimmy Choo
and Manolo Blahnik
Manolo Blahnik
, and two Prada
Prada
stores. The district also has banks that cater to wealthy individuals. Some of London's most renowned restaurants are here, as well as many exclusive hair and beauty salons, antiques and antiquities dealers, and chic bars and clubs. Bonhams
Bonhams
auction house is located in Knightsbridge.

PROPERTY

The district and the road itself, which is the only definitive place within it, is small, which assists its cachet: more than half of the zone closest to its tube station (and nearer to no others) is Knightsbridge tube station . Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
had in its park side, east and west gold-coloured blocks of exceptional wealth in philanthropist Charles Booth 's late Victorian Poverty Map , formerly excluding Brompton Road
Brompton Road
to the west but extending well into Piccadilly, St James\'s to the east. Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
is home to many of the world's richest people and has some of the highest property prices in the world. In 2014 a terrace of 427m² sold for £15,950,000, a home in Montpelier Square. The average asking price for all the properties in slightly wider SW7 was £4,348,911 (as at Autumn 2014). On-street parking spaces have sold for as much as £300,000 for a 94-year lease. Fourteen of Britain's two hundred most expensive streets are in the neighbourhood, as defined by _The Times_.

One Hyde Park

In February 2007, the world's most expensive apartment at One Hyde Park , sold off plan for £100 million, bought by a Qatari prince, and another apartment at the same place in February 2009, at almost the same the price, was bought by a Qatari prince. Apartments of this secure, optimum specification, address equate to in excess of £4,000 per square foot (£43,000 per square metre).

In 2014, a 16,000 ft² two-storey penthouse in One Hyde Park sold for £140 million.

History Of Property Construction

Land in Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
is for the most part identified by City of Westminster
Westminster
(and by the RBKC , where former Brompton parts are included) as strengthened planning law -governed Conservation Areas : 'Albert Gate', 'Belgravia', 'Knightsbridge' and ' Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
Green'. Properties must be offered here by developers as refurbished flats or houses meeting the enhanced architectural demands in the local Conservation Areas policy of the Local Plan. Within each many buildings are covered by the similar but separate requirements of being listed . Growing demand has since 2000 persuaded the authority to revise its planning policies to permit roof terraces and basement extensions, for residential facilities from leisure suites to private nightclubs, a degree of economic liberalisation documented by a non-tabloid paper in 2008.

The underlying landowners of the few streets making up, without any dispute, Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
are the Duke of Westminster , Lord Cadogan and the Wellcome Trust with a minority of the freeholds to houses in each street sold to others . Red-brick Queen Anne Revival buildings form most of the Cadogan Estates , whereas white stucco-fronted houses are mostly found on the Grosvenor Estate
Grosvenor Estate
, designed by architect Thomas Cubitt .

The Brompton Oratory
Brompton Oratory
, a place of Catholic worship, marks one of the transitions into Kensington
Kensington
, but Belgravia and Brompton have competing mapped neighbourhood status in the east and south of the neighbourhood, and as they have no eponymously named tube stations or historic parish boundaries, their limits are completely arbitrary and the triangular salient of Brompton, administratively in Kensington, as part of South Kensington , once coloured mid-wealth by Charles Booth, is now definitely blurred with 'Knightsbridge', into which it long projected.

Brompton is only used when the postcode and/or Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea is being emphasised, rather than the modern Central London 'district' definitions, which suggest Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
or South Kensington, either tube station , being at most 350 m away and thus can be easily found on all maps.

CRIME AND TERRORISM

For centuries, the area was renowned as the haunt of highwaymen, robbers and cutthroats targeting travellers on the western route out of London, but its fortunes were transformed in the 19th century. However, the area has often been a target for high-profile crime.

In 1975, the Walton\'s Restaurant bombing occurred, in which two civilians were killed by a Provisional IRA bomb. In 1980, the Iranian Embassy siege took place in Knightsbridge, lasting several days. It ended when the Special Air Service
Special Air Service
stormed the building, which was on live television. In 1983, three Christmas shoppers and three Metropolitan Police officers were killed by an IRA car-bomb placed outside Harrods . In 1987, the Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
Security Deposit centre was the target of a robbery , and the thieves left with a hoard worth £60 million.

In 2005, 22-year-old beautician Clare Bernal was gunned down by her stalker and ex-boyfriend Michal Pech on the shopfloor of Harvey Nichols in front of colleagues and shoppers before Pech fatally turned the gun on himself. The case attracted extensive coverage in the media, and Clare's mother Patricia has since led a campaign to address flaws in the system, which allowed her daughter's murder to happen.

Many residential buildings are heavily covered by CCTV
CCTV
and are staffed by security guards, and railings or bars on lower floor windows are commonplace.

BUILDINGS

To the north of the area, is the Hyde Park Barracks of the Household Cavalry , with a distinctive 33 storey tower by Sir Basil Spence . The Royalty and Diplomatic Protection Department
Royalty and Diplomatic Protection Department
is based in Walton Street. The Embassy of Libya is located at 15 Knightsbridge, the Embassy of France at no 58 and the Embassy of Kuwait at 2 Albert Gate, just off Knightsbridge.

It contains the Victoria and Albert Museum . On the religious side it contains the impressive Brompton Oratory
Brompton Oratory
(Catholic church, Brompton Road) and the CoE Holy Trinity Church behind it, a Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in Exhibition Road, the Russian Orthodox Church in Ennismore Gardens, St Columba\'s Church of Scotland, Pont Street , and Deutsche Evangelische Christuskirche .

TRANSPORT

Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
takes its name from the road that runs along the south side of Hyde Park , west from Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
, spanning the City of Westminster
Westminster
and the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
. Up to Brompton Road
Brompton Road
, it is a part of the A4 arterial road , while the remainder is part of the A315 road . West of Rutland Gardens, the road becomes Kensington Road .

It is served by Knightsbridge tube station on the Piccadilly line
Piccadilly line
, and Sloane Square tube station on the District and Circle lines . Brompton Road
Brompton Road
tube station closed in 1934.

SEE ALSO

* London
London
portal

* Royal Thames Yacht Club
Royal Thames Yacht Club
, 60 Knightsbridge * St Columba\'s Church of Scotland , Pont Street * Caledonian Club
Caledonian Club

REFERENCES

* ^ " City of Westminster ward population 2011". _Neighbourhood Statistics_. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 October 2016. * ^ "London\'s Places" (PDF). _The London Plan
London Plan
_. Greater London Authority . 2011. p. 46. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2014. * ^ Mayor of London (2008). "Central activities zone policies". _ London Plan
London Plan
_. Greater London
Greater London
Authority . Retrieved 27 May 2014. * ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45894 * ^ _London_, David Hughson, 1809 * ^ British history online, ' Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
Green Area: Scotch Corner and the High Road', Survey of London: volume 45: Knightsbridge (2000), pp. 79–88 * ^ An advertisement from the _Illustrated London
London
News_, 3 January 1885, quoted in McLaughlin, para 10. * ^ Arthur Sullivan with English text by W.S. Gilbert. "The Mikado: libretto of the Japanese comic opera in two acts". Retrieved 2012-08-18. * ^ A Dictionary of London
London
Place-Names - A. D. Mills ISBN 978-0199566785 * ^ https://wanderwisdom.com/travel-destinations/A-Brief-History-of-Knightsbridge * ^ "Lot 116 - Bruno Zach \'The Riding Crop\' an Impressive Green and Gilt Patinated Bronze". _Bonhams.com_. Retrieved 28 June 2015. * ^ Booth\'s Poverty Map of London: Belgravia and Knightsbridge * ^ Sold prices in SW7. 3 Montpelier Square Mouseprice.com Retrieved 26-11-2014 * ^ The Times, 2007 * ^ "Sheikh shells out £100m for London\'s most expensive flat" _ The Times _ 28 March 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2007 * ^ " London
London
penthouse sells for £140m". _Financial Times_. May 2, 2014. * ^ Conservation Areas Map. Numbers 22, 23, 36 and 37 City of Westminster. Retrieved 2014-11-26 * ^ Property with Swimming Pools: The Deep End Sonia Purnell, _ Sunday Telegraph _, 29 June 2008. * ^ _Settlement and building: From 1865 to 1900_, A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 12: Chelsea (2004), pp. 66–78. Retrieved 11 June 2007 * ^ "Bomb unauthorised says IRA" _ The Guardian
The Guardian
_, 19 December 1983 * ^ Honigsbaum, Mark (27 February 2006). "\'He was allowed to plan my daughter\'s murder\'". _The Guardian_. * ^ "The London
London
Diplomatic List" (PDF). 8 December 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2013.

FURTHER READING

* John Timbs (1867), "Knightsbridge", _Curiosities of London_ (2nd ed.), London: J.C. Hotten, OCLC
OCLC
12878129

EXTERNAL LINKS

* The Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
Association *

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