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KITZBüHEL (German pronunciation: ) is a small medieval town situated along the river Kitzbuhler Ache in Tyrol , Austria
Austria
and the administrative centre of the Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
district ( Bezirk ). It has a population of 8,134 (as of 1 January 2013). The town is situated in the Kitzbühel Alps
Kitzbühel Alps
about 100 kilometres (62 mi) east of the state capital of Innsbruck
Innsbruck
. It is a ski resort of international renown.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Climate

* 2 History

* 2.1 Earliest People * 2.2 Middle Ages * 2.3 Eighteenth century to today

* 3 Places of interest * 4 Personalities * 5 Sport * 6 Tourism * 7 Music * 8 Transport

* 9 International relations

* 9.1 Twin towns – sister cities

* 10 Gallery * 11 Panorama * 12 See also * 13 Notes and references * 14 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Kitzbühel, situated on the Kitzbüheler Ache river, is a large valley town with most of its centre car-free , and with a large selection of up-market shops and cafes.

The town borough is subdivided into the municipalities of: Am Horn, Aschbachbichl, Badhaussiedlung, Bichlach, Ecking, Felseneck, Griesenau, Griesenauweg, Gundhabing, Hagstein, Hausstatt, Henntal, Jodlfeld, Kaps, Mühlau, Obernau, Schattberg, Seereith, Siedlung Frieden, Am Sonnberg, Sonnenhoffeld, Staudach, Stockerdörfl and Zephirau.

Kitzbühel's neighbouring municipalities are:

Aurach bei Kitzbühel
Aurach bei Kitzbühel
, Jochberg , Kirchberg in Tirol , Oberndorf in Tirol , Reith bei Kitzbühel , St. Johann in Tirol and Fieberbrunn
Fieberbrunn
.

CLIMATE

KITZBüHEL

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

71 1 −8 67 4 −6 85 9 −3 82 13 1 109 19 6 157 21 9 172 23 11 151 23 11 103 19 8 74 14 3 82 6 −2 83 2 −6

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source: ZAMG

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

2.8 34 18 2.6 39 21 3.3 48 27 3.2 55 34 4.3 66 43 6.2 70 48 6.8 73 52 5.9 73 52 4.1 66 46 2.9 57 37 3.2 43 28 3.3 36 21

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

HISTORY

EARLIEST PEOPLE

The first known settlers were Illyrians mining copper in the hills around Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
between 1100 and 800 BC.

Around 15 BC, the Romans under Emperor Augustus extended their empire to include the Alps and established the province of Noricum . After the fall of the western Roman Empire, Bavarii settled in the Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
region around 800 and started clearing forests.

MIDDLE AGES

In the 12th century, the name Chizbuhel is mentioned for the first time in a document belonging to the Chiemsee
Chiemsee
monastery (where it refers to a "Marquard von Chizbuhel"), whereby Chizzo relates to a Bavarian clan and Bühel refers to the location of a settlement upon a hill. One hundred years later a source refers to the Vogtei of the Bamberg
Bamberg
monastery in Kicemgespuchel and, in the 1271 document elevating the settlement to the status of a town, the place is called Chizzingenspuehel.

Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
became part of Upper Bavaria in 1255 when Bavaria was first partitioned. Duke Ludwig II of Bavaria granted Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
town rights on 6 June 1271, and it was fortified with defensive town walls. During the next centuries the town established itself as a market town, growing steadily and remaining unaffected by war and conflict. The town walls were eventually reduced to the level of a single storey building, and the stone used to build residential housing.

HISTORICAL POPULATION

YEAR POP. ±%

1869 2,982 —

1880 3,167 +6.2%

1890 3,290 +3.9%

1900 3,453 +5.0%

1910 4,021 +16.4%

1923 4,378 +8.9%

1934 5,294 +20.9%

1939 5,419 +2.4%

1951 7,211 +33.1%

1961 7,744 +7.4%

1971 8,020 +3.6%

1981 7,840 −2.2%

1991 8,119 +3.6%

2001 8,574 +5.6%

2008 8,437 −1.6%

2011 8,207 −2.7%

Source: Statistik Austria

When Countess Margarete of Tyrol married the Bavarian , Duke Louis V the Brandenburger , in 1342, Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
was temporarily united with the County of Tyrol (that in turn became a Bavarian dominion as a result of the marriage until Louis' death). After the Peace of Schärding (1369) Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
was returned to Bavaria. Following the division of Bavaria, Kufstein went to the Landshut
Landshut
line of the House of Wittelsbach . During this time, silver and copper mining in Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
expanded steadily and comprehensive mining rights were issued to her that, later, were to become significant to the Bavarian dukedom. On 30 June 1504 Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
became a part of Tyrol permanently: the Emperor Maximilian reserved to himself the hitherto Landshut
Landshut
offices ( Ämter
Ämter
) of Kitzbühel, Kufstein and Rattenberg as a part of his Cologne Arbitration (Kölner Schiedsspruch), that had ended the Landshut
Landshut
War of Succession .

However the law of Louis of Bavaria continued to apply to the three aforementioned places until the 19th century, so that these towns had a special legal status within Tyrol. Maximilian enfeoffed Kitzbühel, with the result that it came under the rule of the Counts of Lamberg at the end of the 16th century, until 1 May 1840, when Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
was ceremonially transferred to the state.

An inscription in the Swedish Chapel dating to the Swedish War states "Bis hierher und nicht weiter kamen die schwedischen Reiter" ("The Swedish knights came as far as here but no further.")

EIGHTEENTH CENTURY TO TODAY

The wars of the 18th and 19th century bypassed the town, even though its inhabitants participated in the Tyrolean Rebellion against Napoleon
Napoleon
. Following the Treaty of Pressburg in 1805, Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
once more became part of Bavaria; it was reunited with Tyrol after the fall of Napoleon
Napoleon
at the Congress of Vienna . Until 1918, the town (named KITZBICHL before 1895) was part of the Austrian monarchy ( Austria
Austria
side after the compromise of 1867 ), head of the district of the same name, one of the 21 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in the Tyrol province.

When Emperor Franz Joseph finally resolved the confusing constitutional situation, and following completion of the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway
Salzburg-Tyrol Railway
in 1875, the town's trade and industry flourished. In 1894, Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
hosted its first ski race, ushering in a new era of tourism and sport.

Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
also had the good fortune to remain undamaged from the ravages of the First and Second World Wars . Since the year 2000 the town has been a member of the Climate Alliance of Tyrol .

The town's demographic evolution between 1869 and 2011 is shown in the list to the right.

PLACES OF INTEREST

* St. Catherine\'s Church : built 1360–1365, High Gothic church in the heart of the town with a coppersmith altar; the high tower with its spire is a striking landmark in the town centre. Its carillon sounds at 11 am and 5 pm. * Protestant Christ's Church in Kitzbühel: built in 1962 by Clemens Holzmeister * Reisch Dance Cafe: built in 1928 by Lois Welzenbacher (architect of the Tiroler Moderne); the Plahl Medical Practice (Arzthaus) was also designed by him * Berghaus Holzmeister, a guesthouse on Kitzbühel's local mountain, the Hahnenkamm ; built in 1930 by Clemens Holzmeister
Clemens Holzmeister
* Berghaus by Alfons Walde , 100m away * Fresco by Max Weiler (1951) in Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
Primary School (Volksschule) * Newly built tri-cable system by the firm of Doppelmayr , the cable car with the highest elevation above the ground (400 metres (1,300 ft)) in the world. * Museum Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
- Collection Alfons Walde: the new renovated museum presents the history of the town, from 1000 years ago to the winter sports era; it also includes a larger permanent exhibition of the Tyrolean painter Alfons Walde

PERSONALITIES

In the 1950s, local legends like Ernst Hinterseer, Hias Leitner, Anderl Molterer, Christian Pravda, Fritz Huber Jr. and Toni Sailer wrote skiing history. They put Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
on the map and their names still resonate today. Now there is a new generation earning the title of Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
legends: Rosi Schipflinger, Axel Naglich, Kaspar Frauenschuh and David Kreiner. With sporting achievements, fashion and food, they are part of Kitzbühel's unique culture

* Karl Wilhelm von Dalla Torre (1850–1928), Austrian entomologist and botanist * Alfons Walde (1891–1958), Austrian expressionist painter and architect * Peter Aufschnaiter (1899–1973), Austrian mountaineer and geographer * Anderl Molterer (born 1931), Austrian alpine skier * Ernst Hinterseer
Ernst Hinterseer
(born 1932), Austrian alpine skier * Toni Sailer
Toni Sailer
(1935–2009), legendary Austrian alpine skier and actor * Hias Leitner (born 1935), Austrian alpine skier * Georg Hochfilzer (born 1937), famous international hotel director of the Hotel Bristol in Vienna * Christl Haas (1943–2001), Austrian alpine skier * Jörg Friedrich (born 1944) German author and historian * Roman Strobl (born 1951), Austrian sculptor * Hansi Hinterseer
Hansi Hinterseer
(1954), Austrian alpine skier and singer * Klaus Sulzenbacher (born 1965), Austrian Nordic skier * Markus Gandler (born 1966), Austrian cross-country skier

Famous inhabitants of Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel

* Leni Riefenstahl
Leni Riefenstahl
(1902–2003), German filmmaker, photographer and dancer * Ian Fleming
Ian Fleming
(1908–1964), British spy novel author * Heinrich Harrer (1912–2006), Austrian mountaineer, author and geographer * Patricia Lopez-Willshaw (1912–2010), Austrian style and fashion icon * Trude Dreihann-Lechle (1919-2014), Austrian skier, actress and camerawoman * Werner Baldessarini (born 1945), Austrian fashion designer and businessman, formerly chairman of Hugo Boss
Hugo Boss
* Ireen Sheer (born 1949), German-British pop singer * Haddaway
Haddaway
(Nestore Alexander Haddaway) (born 1965), Trinidadian-German singer whose best-known hit was "What Is Love " * Philipp Kohlschreiber (born 1983), German tennis player

SPORT

Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
is one of Austria's best-known and fanciest winter sports resorts, situated between the mountains Hahnenkamm (elev. 1,712 m (5,617 ft)) adjacent to the southwest and Kitzbühler Horn (1,996 m (6,549 ft)) to the northeast. The Hahnenkamm hosts the annual World Cup ski races , including the circuit's most notable single event, the downhill race on the notable Streif slope. Introduced 80 years ago in 1937, the northeast-facing Streif is among the world's toughest downhill courses, if not the most, and is infamous for an abundance of spectacular crashes.

Each summer Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
also hosts an ATP tennis tournament on clay , the Austrian Open .

From 2007 to 2011, ITU Triathlon World Cup races took place at the local Schwarzsee lake.

The Kitzbüheler Alpenrallye is an annual festival of historic automobiles, first held 28 years ago in 1988. The first trip of the United Buddy Bears
United Buddy Bears
was 2004 to Kitzbühel, following by the first trip into the "big wide world" – when they went to Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and many other metropolises on all five continents.

TOURISM

Winter snow in Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel

Together with the pistes and ski lifts in neighbouring Kirchberg in Tirol , Jochberg and by the Thurn Pass Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
is one of the largest ski regions in Austria. With around 10,000 hotel and guest house beds, Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
and its neighbours have an unusually high density of guest accommodation.

Holidaymakers in Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
have 56 cableway and lift facilities and 168 kilometres of slopes available to them, as well as 40 kilometres of groomed cross-country skiing tracks. Of note is the relatively new 3S Cable Car , the cable car with the highest above-ground span in the world.

In summer there are 120 km (75 mi) of mountain bike paths and 500 km (311 mi) of hiking trails.

Other attractions include six tennis courts and four golf courses, the Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
swimming pool, Austria's only curling hall and the bathing lake of Schwarzsee .

Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
also caters for the high end of the tourist market, as many celebrities and the jet set come here for the international races on the Hahnenkamm.

Together with eleven other towns Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
is a member of the community Best of the Alps.

MUSIC

An International Polkafest was held in Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
in 1978.

TRANSPORT

Road:

The Brixental Road , the B170, from Wörgl intersects in Kitzbühel with the Thurn Pass Road, the B161, from Mittersill to St. Johann in Tirol . Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
station is a major bus stop for buses to Lienz and Worgl.

Rail:

Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
Hauptbahnhof, Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
Hahnenkamm and Kitzbühel Schwarzsee are stops on the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway
Salzburg-Tyrol Railway
. Whilst Hahnenkamm and Schwarzsee stations are served by local trains only, long-distance services from Innsbruck
Innsbruck
and Graz stop at Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
station . Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
station has just been rebuilt (2010) and been equipped with new barrier-less platforms with underpasses and a lift. From 2011 there will be no stationmaster at Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
and it will no longer be possible to buy tickets at the counter.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Austria
Austria

TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES

Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
is twinned with:

* Greenwich, Connecticut
Greenwich, Connecticut
, since 1961 * Yamagata , Japan
Japan
, since 1963 * Sun Valley, Idaho
Sun Valley, Idaho
, since 1967 * Sterzing
Sterzing
, Italy
Italy
, since 1971 * Rueil-Malmaison , France
France
, since 1979 * Bad Soden am Taunus , Germany
Germany
, since 1984

GALLERY

*

The Schwarzsee lake and Wilder Kaiser mountains as the backdrop *

The medieval churches of Liebfrauenkirche (l) and St Andrew's (r).

*

The Liebfrauenkirche church with its 48 m bell tower. *

St Andrew's with its 13th century tower. *

St Catherine's from the north. *

St Catherine's from the south. *

Kitzbühel's twin churches, the Liebfrauenkirche and St Andrew's. *

The Kitzbüheler Horn seen from the cable car to the Hahnenkamm.

PANORAMA

SEE ALSO

* Salzburg
Salzburg
* Salzburgerland
Salzburgerland

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ Statistik Austria
Austria
- Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Kitzbühel. * ^ Chris Gill and Dave Watts (12 November 2012). "Ski Kitzbühel: resort guide". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 26 February 2014. * ^ The legend of the unknown knight * ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967 * ^ Chizzali. Tyrol: Impressions of Tyrol. (Innsbruck: Alpina Printers and Publishers), p. 46 * ^ History of Tyrol – Kitzbühel * ^ "Kitzbuhel Triathlon". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 2011-08-08. * ^ Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
member page on Best of the Alps * ^ "Eugene Weisbeck". Bismarck Tribune. May 7, 2014. ... Smithsonian Institute Music Festival in Washington, D.C. In 1978, he represented the United States
United States
at the International Polkafest in Kilzbuhel, Austria. * ^ A B C D E F G "Partnerstädte". Stadtgemeinde Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
(in German). Retrieved 2008-08-04. * ^ 山形市の友好姉妹都市 (IN JAPANESE). JAPAN: YAMAGATA CITY. ARCHIVED FROM THE ORIGINAL ON 15 APRIL 2012. RETRIEVED 12 OCTOBER 2011. * ^ "Partnerstädte" (in German). Bad Soden am Taunus. Retrieved 2013-12-11.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KITZBüHEL .

* Tourist office Kitzbühel * Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
Gigapixel Panorama (20.000

.