Kitzbühel (German pronunciation: [ˈkɪtsbyːl]) is a small medieval
town situated in the
Kitzbühel Alps along the river Kitzbuhler Ache
in Tyrol, Austria, about 100 kilometers (62 mi) east of the state
Innsbruck and is the administrative centre of the Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel is a ski resort of international renown
and its ski season lasts from mid October to early May. During winter
and early spring it is frequented primarily by upper-class clientele
Austria and from abroad.
2.1 Earliest People
2.2 Middle Ages
2.3 Eighteenth century to today
3 Places of interest
9 International relations
9.1 Twin towns – sister cities
12 See also
13 Notes and references
14 External links
Kitzbühel, situated on the
Kitzbüheler Ache river, is a large valley
town with most of its centre car-free, and with a large selection of
up-market shops and cafes.
The town borough is subdivided into the municipalities of: Am Horn,
Aschbachbichl, Badhaussiedlung, Bichlach, Ecking, Felseneck,
Griesenau, Griesenauweg, Gundhabing, Hagstein, Hausstatt, Henntal,
Jodlfeld, Kaps, Mühlau, Obernau, Schattberg, Seereith, Siedlung
Frieden, Am Sonnberg, Sonnenhoffeld, Staudach, Stockerdörfl and
Kitzbühel's neighbouring municipalities are:
Aurach bei Kitzbühel, Jochberg, Kirchberg in Tirol, Oberndorf in
Tirol, Reith bei Kitzbühel,
St. Johann in Tirol and Fieberbrunn.
Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
The first known settlers were Illyrians mining copper in the hills
Kitzbühel between 1100 and 800 BC.
Around 15 BC, the Romans under Emperor Augustus extended their empire
to include the Alps and established the province of Noricum. After the
fall of the western Roman Empire,
Bavarii settled in the Kitzbühel
region around 800 and started clearing forests.
In the 12th century, the name Chizbuhel is mentioned for the first
time in a document belonging to the
Chiemsee monastery (where it
refers to a "Marquard von Chizbuhel"), whereby Chizzo relates to a
Bavarian clan and Bühel refers to the location of a settlement upon a
hill. One hundred years later a source refers to the Vogtei of the
Bamberg monastery in Kicemgespuchel and, in the 1271 document
elevating the settlement to the status of a town, the place is called
Kitzbühel became part of Upper Bavaria in 1255 when Bavaria was first
partitioned. Duke Ludwig II of Bavaria granted
Kitzbühel town rights
on 6 June 1271, and it was fortified with defensive town walls. During
the next centuries the town established itself as a market town,
growing steadily and remaining unaffected by war and conflict. The
town walls were eventually reduced to the level of a single storey
building, and the stone used to build residential housing.
Source: Statistik Austria
When Countess Margarete of Tyrol married the Bavarian, Duke Louis V
the Brandenburger, in 1342,
Kitzbühel was temporarily united with the
County of Tyrol
County of Tyrol (that in turn became a Bavarian dominion as a result
of the marriage until Louis' death). After the Peace of Schärding
Kitzbühel was returned to Bavaria. Following the division of
Kufstein went to the
Landshut line of the House of
Wittelsbach. During this time, silver and copper mining in Kitzbühel
expanded steadily and comprehensive mining rights were issued to her
that, later, were to become significant to the Bavarian dukedom. On 30
Kitzbühel became a part of Tyrol permanently: the Emperor
Maximilian reserved to himself the hitherto
Landshut offices (Ämter)
Kufstein and Rattenberg as a part of his Cologne
Arbitration (Kölner Schiedsspruch), that had ended the
However the law of Louis of Bavaria continued to apply to the three
aforementioned places until the 19th century, so that these towns had
a special legal status within Tyrol. Maximilian enfeoffed Kitzbühel,
with the result that it came under the rule of the Counts of Lamberg
at the end of the 16th century, until 1 May 1840, when
ceremonially transferred to the state.
An inscription in the Swedish Chapel dating to the Swedish War states
"Bis hierher und nicht weiter kamen die schwedischen Reiter" ("The
Swedish knights came as far as here but no further.")
Eighteenth century to today
The wars of the 18th and 19th century bypassed the town, even though
its inhabitants participated in the
Tyrolean Rebellion against
Napoleon. Following the Treaty of Pressburg in 1805,
more became part of Bavaria; it was reunited with Tyrol after the fall
Napoleon at the Congress of Vienna. Until 1918, the town (named
KITZBICHL before 1895) was part of the
Austrian monarchy (
after the compromise of 1867), head of the district of the same name,
one of the 21 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in the Tyrol province.
When Emperor Franz Joseph finally resolved the confusing
constitutional situation, and following completion of the
Salzburg-Tyrol Railway in 1875, the town's trade and industry
flourished. In 1894,
Kitzbühel hosted its first ski race, ushering in
a new era of tourism and sport.
Kitzbühel also had the good fortune to remain undamaged from the
ravages of the First and Second World Wars. Since the year 2000 the
town has been a member of the
Climate Alliance of Tyrol.
The town's demographic evolution between 1869 and 2011 is shown in the
list to the right.
Places of interest
St. Catherine's Church: built 1360–1365, High Gothic church in the
heart of the town with a coppersmith altar; the high tower with its
spire is a striking landmark in the town centre. Its carillon sounds
at 11 am and 5 pm.
Protestant Christ's Church in Kitzbühel: built in 1962 by Clemens
Reisch Dance Cafe: built in 1928 by Lois Welzenbacher (architect of
the Tiroler Moderne); the Plahl Medical Practice (Arzthaus) was also
designed by him
Berghaus Holzmeister, a guesthouse on Kitzbühel's local mountain, the
Hahnenkamm; built in 1930 by Clemens Holzmeister
Berghaus by Alfons Walde, 100m away
Max Weiler (1951) in
Kitzbühel Primary School (Volksschule)
Newly built tri-cable system by the firm of Doppelmayr, the cable car
with the highest elevation above the ground (400 metres
(1,300 ft)) in the world.
Kitzbühel - Collection Alfons Walde: the new renovated museum
presents the history of the town, from 1000 years ago to the winter
sports era; it also includes a larger permanent exhibition of the
Tyrolean painter Alfons Walde
In the 1950s, local legends like Ernst Hinterseer, Hias Leitner,
Anderl Molterer, Christian Pravda, Fritz Huber Jr. and Toni Sailer
wrote skiing history. They put
Kitzbühel on the map and their names
still resonate today. Now there is a new generation earning the title
Kitzbühel legends: Rosi Schipflinger, Axel Naglich, Kaspar
Frauenschuh and David Kreiner. With sporting achievements, fashion and
food, they are part of Kitzbühel's unique culture
Karl Wilhelm von Dalla Torre (1850–1928), Austrian entomologist and
Alfons Walde (1891–1958), Austrian expressionist painter and
Peter Aufschnaiter (1899–1973), Austrian mountaineer and geographer
Anderl Molterer (born 1931), Austrian alpine skier
Ernst Hinterseer (born 1932), Austrian alpine skier
Toni Sailer (1935–2009), legendary Austrian alpine skier and actor
Hias Leitner (born 1935), Austrian alpine skier
Georg Hochfilzer (born 1937), famous international hotel director of
the Hotel Bristol in Vienna
Christl Haas (1943–2001), Austrian alpine skier
Jörg Friedrich (born 1944) German author and historian
Roman Strobl (born 1951), Austrian sculptor
Hansi Hinterseer (1954), Austrian alpine skier and singer
Klaus Sulzenbacher (born 1965), Austrian Nordic skier
Markus Gandler (born 1966), Austrian cross-country skier
Famous inhabitants of Kitzbühel
Leni Riefenstahl (1902–2003), German filmmaker, photographer and
Ian Fleming (1908–1964), British spy novel author
Heinrich Harrer (1912–2006), Austrian mountaineer, author and
Patricia Lopez-Willshaw (1912–2010), Austrian style and fashion icon
Trude Dreihann-Lechle (1919-2014), Austrian skier, actress and
Werner Baldessarini (born 1945), Austrian fashion designer and
businessman, formerly chairman of Hugo Boss
Ireen Sheer (born 1949), German-British pop singer
Haddaway (Nestore Alexander Haddaway) (born 1965), Trinidadian-German
singer whose best-known hit was "What Is Love"
Philipp Kohlschreiber (born 1983), German tennis player
Kitzbühel is one of Europe’s best-known winter sports resorts,
situated between the mountains Hahnenkamm (elev. 1,712 m
(5,617 ft)) adjacent to the southwest and Kitzbühler Horn
(1,996 m (6,549 ft)) to the northeast. The Hahnenkamm hosts
the annual World Cup ski races, including the circuit's most notable
single event, the downhill race on the notable Streif slope.
Introduced 81 years ago in 1937, the northeast-facing Streif is among
the world's toughest downhill courses, if not the most, and is
infamous for an abundance of spectacular crashes.
Kitzbühel also hosts an ATP tennis tournament on clay,
the Austrian Open.
From 2007 to 2011,
ITU Triathlon World Cup races took place at the
local Schwarzsee lake.
The Kitzbüheler Alpenrallye is an annual festival of historic
automobiles, first held 29 years ago in 1988. The first trip of the
United Buddy Bears
United Buddy Bears was 2004 to Kitzbühel, following by the first trip
into the "big wide world" – when they went to
Hong Kong and many
other metropolises on all five continents.
Winter snow in Kitzbühel
Together with the pistes and ski lifts in neighbouring Kirchberg in
Tirol, Jochberg and by the
Kitzbühel is one of the largest
ski regions in Austria. With around 10,000 hotel and guest house beds,
Kitzbühel and its neighbours have an unusually high density of guest
Kitzbühel have 56 cableway and lift facilities and
168 kilometres of slopes available to them, as well as 40 kilometres
of groomed cross-country skiing tracks. Of note is the relatively new
3S Cable Car, the cable car with the highest above-ground span in the
In summer there are 120 km (75 mi) of mountain bike paths
and 500 km (311 mi) of hiking trails.
Other attractions include six tennis courts and four golf courses, the
Kitzbühel swimming pool, Austria's only curling hall and the bathing
lake of Schwarzsee.
Kitzbühel primarily caters for the high end of the tourist market, as
many celebrities and the jet set come here, especially during the
international races on the Hahnenkamm.
Together with eleven other towns
Kitzbühel is a member of the
community Best of the Alps.
International Polkafest was held in
Kitzbühel in 1978.
The Brixental Road, the B170, from
Wörgl intersects in Kitzbühel
Thurn Pass Road, the B161, from
Mittersill to St. Johann in
Kitzbühel station is a major bus stop for buses to Lienz and
Kitzbühel Hahnenkamm and Kitzbühel
Schwarzsee are stops on the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway. Whilst Hahnenkamm
and Schwarzsee stations are served by local trains only, long-distance
Innsbruck and Graz stop at
Kitzbühel station has just been rebuilt (2010) and been equipped with
new barrier-less platforms with underpasses and a lift. From 2011
there will be no stationmaster at
Kitzbühel and it will no longer be
possible to buy tickets at the counter.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Austria
Twin towns – sister cities
Kitzbühel is twinned with:
Greenwich, Connecticut, since 1961
Yamagata, Japan, since 1963
Sun Valley, Idaho, since 1967
Sterzing, Italy, since 1971
Rueil-Malmaison, France, since 1979
Bad Soden am Taunus, Germany, since 1984
The Schwarzsee lake and Wilder Kaiser mountains as the backdrop
The medieval churches of Liebfrauenkirche (l) and St Andrew's (r).
The Liebfrauenkirche church with its 48 m bell tower.
St Andrew's with its 13th century tower.
St Catherine's from the north.
St Catherine's from the south.
Kitzbühel's twin churches, the Liebfrauenkirche and St Andrew's.
The Kitzbüheler Horn seen from the cable car to the Hahnenkamm.
Notes and references
Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach
Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Kitzbühel.
^ Chris Gill and Dave Watts (12 November 2012). "Ski Kitzbühel:
resort guide". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 26
^ The legend of the unknown knight
^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen
Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
^ Chizzali. Tyrol: Impressions of Tyrol. (Innsbruck: Alpina Printers
and Publishers), p. 46
^ History of Tyrol – Kitzbühel
^ "Kitzbuhel Triathlon". International Triathlon Union. Archived from
the original on 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
Kitzbühel member page on Best of the Alps
^ "Eugene Weisbeck". Bismarck Tribune. May 7, 2014. ... Smithsonian
Institute Music Festival [sic] in Washington, D.C. In 1978, he
United States at the
International Polkafest in
^ a b c d e f g "Partnerstädte". Stadtgemeinde
German). Retrieved 2008-08-04.
^ 山形市の友好姉妹都市 [Yamagata City Twin Cities] (in
Japanese). Japan: Yamagata City. Archived from the original on 15
April 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
^ "Partnerstädte" (in German). Bad Soden am Taunus. Retrieved
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kitzbühel.
Tourist office Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel Gigapixel Panorama (20.000 Megapixel)
Kitzbühel Ski Slopes Photo Gallery
Kitzbühel - mountain railway
Kitzbühel - Alfons Walde
Municipalities in the district of Kitzbühel
Aurach bei Kitzbühel
Brixen im Thale
Going am Wilden Kaiser
Hopfgarten im Brixental
Kirchberg in Tirol
Kirchdorf in Tirol
Oberndorf in Tirol
Reith bei Kitzbühel
Sankt Jakob in Haus
Sankt Johann in Tirol
Sankt Ulrich am Pillersee