KITZBüHEL (German pronunciation: ) is a small medieval town
situated along the river Kitzbuhler Ache in Tyrol ,
Austria and the
administrative centre of the
Kitzbühel district (
Bezirk ). It has a
population of 8,134 (as of 1 January 2013). The town is situated in
Kitzbühel Alps about 100 kilometres (62 mi) east of the state
Innsbruck . It is a ski resort of international renown.
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Climate
* 2 History
* 2.1 Earliest People
* 2.2 Middle Ages
* 2.3 Eighteenth century to today
* 3 Places of interest
* 4 Personalities
* 5 Sport
* 6 Tourism
* 7 Music
* 8 Transport
* 9 International relations
* 9.1 Twin towns – sister cities
* 10 Gallery
* 11 Panorama
* 12 See also
* 13 Notes and references
* 14 External links
Kitzbühel, situated on the
Kitzbüheler Ache river, is a large
valley town with most of its centre car-free , and with a large
selection of up-market shops and cafes.
The town borough is subdivided into the municipalities of: Am Horn,
Aschbachbichl, Badhaussiedlung, Bichlach, Ecking, Felseneck,
Griesenau, Griesenauweg, Gundhabing, Hagstein, Hausstatt, Henntal,
Jodlfeld, Kaps, Mühlau, Obernau, Schattberg, Seereith, Siedlung
Frieden, Am Sonnberg, Sonnenhoffeld, Staudach, Stockerdörfl and
Kitzbühel's neighbouring municipalities are:
Aurach bei Kitzbühel , Jochberg ,
Kirchberg in Tirol , Oberndorf in
Reith bei Kitzbühel ,
St. Johann in Tirol and
CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )
71 1 −8
67 4 −6
85 9 −3
82 13 1
109 19 6
157 21 9
172 23 11
151 23 11
103 19 8
74 14 3
82 6 −2
83 2 −6
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
2.8 34 18
2.6 39 21
3.3 48 27
3.2 55 34
4.3 66 43
6.2 70 48
6.8 73 52
5.9 73 52
4.1 66 46
2.9 57 37
3.2 43 28
3.3 36 21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
The first known settlers were Illyrians mining copper in the hills
Kitzbühel between 1100 and 800 BC.
Around 15 BC, the Romans under Emperor Augustus extended their empire
to include the Alps and established the province of
Noricum . After
the fall of the western Roman Empire,
Bavarii settled in the
Kitzbühel region around 800 and started clearing forests.
In the 12th century, the name Chizbuhel is mentioned for the first
time in a document belonging to the
Chiemsee monastery (where it
refers to a "Marquard von Chizbuhel"), whereby Chizzo relates to a
Bavarian clan and Bühel refers to the location of a settlement upon a
hill. One hundred years later a source refers to the Vogtei of the
Bamberg monastery in Kicemgespuchel and, in the 1271 document
elevating the settlement to the status of a town, the place is called
Kitzbühel became part of Upper Bavaria in 1255 when Bavaria was
first partitioned. Duke Ludwig II of Bavaria granted
rights on 6 June 1271, and it was fortified with defensive town walls.
During the next centuries the town established itself as a market
town, growing steadily and remaining unaffected by war and conflict.
The town walls were eventually reduced to the level of a single storey
building, and the stone used to build residential housing.
Source: Statistik Austria
When Countess Margarete of Tyrol married the Bavarian , Duke Louis V
the Brandenburger , in 1342,
Kitzbühel was temporarily united with
County of Tyrol
County of Tyrol (that in turn became a Bavarian dominion as a
result of the marriage until Louis' death). After the Peace of
Kitzbühel was returned to Bavaria. Following the
division of Bavaria,
Kufstein went to the
Landshut line of the House
of Wittelsbach . During this time, silver and copper mining in
Kitzbühel expanded steadily and comprehensive mining rights were
issued to her that, later, were to become significant to the Bavarian
dukedom. On 30 June 1504
Kitzbühel became a part of Tyrol
permanently: the Emperor Maximilian reserved to himself the hitherto
Landshut offices (
Ämter ) of Kitzbühel,
Kufstein and Rattenberg as a
part of his Cologne Arbitration (Kölner Schiedsspruch), that had
Landshut War of Succession .
However the law of Louis of Bavaria continued to apply to the three
aforementioned places until the 19th century, so that these towns had
a special legal status within Tyrol. Maximilian enfeoffed Kitzbühel,
with the result that it came under the rule of the Counts of Lamberg
at the end of the 16th century, until 1 May 1840, when
ceremonially transferred to the state.
An inscription in the Swedish Chapel dating to the Swedish War states
"Bis hierher und nicht weiter kamen die schwedischen Reiter" ("The
Swedish knights came as far as here but no further.")
EIGHTEENTH CENTURY TO TODAY
The wars of the 18th and 19th century bypassed the town, even though
its inhabitants participated in the
Tyrolean Rebellion against
Napoleon . Following the Treaty of Pressburg in 1805,
more became part of Bavaria; it was reunited with Tyrol after the fall
Napoleon at the
Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna . Until 1918, the town (named
KITZBICHL before 1895) was part of the
Austrian monarchy (
after the compromise of 1867 ), head of the district of the same name,
one of the 21 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in the Tyrol province.
When Emperor Franz Joseph finally resolved the confusing
constitutional situation, and following completion of the
Salzburg-Tyrol Railway in 1875, the town's trade and industry
flourished. In 1894,
Kitzbühel hosted its first ski race, ushering in
a new era of tourism and sport.
Kitzbühel also had the good fortune to remain undamaged from the
ravages of the First and Second World Wars . Since the year 2000 the
town has been a member of the
Climate Alliance of Tyrol .
The town's demographic evolution between 1869 and 2011 is shown in
the list to the right.
PLACES OF INTEREST
* St. Catherine\'s Church : built 1360–1365, High Gothic church in
the heart of the town with a coppersmith altar; the high tower with
its spire is a striking landmark in the town centre. Its carillon
sounds at 11 am and 5 pm.
* Protestant Christ's Church in Kitzbühel: built in 1962 by Clemens
* Reisch Dance Cafe: built in 1928 by Lois Welzenbacher (architect
of the Tiroler Moderne); the Plahl Medical Practice (Arzthaus) was
also designed by him
* Berghaus Holzmeister, a guesthouse on Kitzbühel's local mountain,
the Hahnenkamm ; built in 1930 by
* Berghaus by
Alfons Walde , 100m away
* Fresco by
Max Weiler (1951) in
Kitzbühel Primary School
* Newly built tri-cable system by the firm of Doppelmayr , the cable
car with the highest elevation above the ground (400 metres (1,300
ft)) in the world.
Kitzbühel - Collection Alfons Walde: the new renovated
museum presents the history of the town, from 1000 years ago to the
winter sports era; it also includes a larger permanent exhibition of
the Tyrolean painter
In the 1950s, local legends like Ernst Hinterseer, Hias Leitner,
Anderl Molterer, Christian Pravda, Fritz Huber Jr. and Toni Sailer
wrote skiing history. They put
Kitzbühel on the map and their names
still resonate today. Now there is a new generation earning the title
Kitzbühel legends: Rosi Schipflinger, Axel Naglich, Kaspar
Frauenschuh and David Kreiner. With sporting achievements, fashion and
food, they are part of Kitzbühel's unique culture
Karl Wilhelm von Dalla Torre (1850–1928), Austrian entomologist
Alfons Walde (1891–1958), Austrian expressionist painter and
Peter Aufschnaiter (1899–1973), Austrian mountaineer and
Anderl Molterer (born 1931), Austrian alpine skier
Ernst Hinterseer (born 1932), Austrian alpine skier
Toni Sailer (1935–2009), legendary Austrian alpine skier and
Hias Leitner (born 1935), Austrian alpine skier
Georg Hochfilzer (born 1937), famous international hotel director
of the Hotel Bristol in Vienna
Christl Haas (1943–2001), Austrian alpine skier
* Jörg Friedrich (born 1944) German author and historian
Roman Strobl (born 1951), Austrian sculptor
Hansi Hinterseer (1954), Austrian alpine skier and singer
Klaus Sulzenbacher (born 1965), Austrian Nordic skier
Markus Gandler (born 1966), Austrian cross-country skier
Famous inhabitants of
Leni Riefenstahl (1902–2003), German filmmaker, photographer and
Ian Fleming (1908–1964), British spy novel author
Heinrich Harrer (1912–2006), Austrian mountaineer, author and
* Patricia Lopez-Willshaw (1912–2010), Austrian style and fashion
* Trude Dreihann-Lechle (1919-2014), Austrian skier, actress and
Werner Baldessarini (born 1945), Austrian fashion designer and
businessman, formerly chairman of
Ireen Sheer (born 1949), German-British pop singer
Haddaway (Nestore Alexander Haddaway) (born 1965),
Trinidadian-German singer whose best-known hit was "What Is Love "
Philipp Kohlschreiber (born 1983), German tennis player
Kitzbühel is one of Austria's best-known and fanciest winter sports
resorts, situated between the mountains Hahnenkamm (elev. 1,712 m
(5,617 ft)) adjacent to the southwest and
Kitzbühler Horn (1,996 m
(6,549 ft)) to the northeast. The Hahnenkamm hosts the annual World
Cup ski races , including the circuit's most notable single event, the
downhill race on the notable Streif slope. Introduced 80 years ago in
1937, the northeast-facing Streif is among the world's toughest
downhill courses, if not the most, and is infamous for an abundance of
Kitzbühel also hosts an ATP tennis tournament on clay ,
the Austrian Open .
From 2007 to 2011,
ITU Triathlon World Cup races took place at the
local Schwarzsee lake.
The Kitzbüheler Alpenrallye is an annual festival of historic
automobiles, first held 29 years ago in 1988. The first trip of the
United Buddy Bears was 2004 to Kitzbühel, following by the first trip
into the "big wide world" – when they went to
Hong Kong and many
other metropolises on all five continents.
Winter snow in
Together with the pistes and ski lifts in neighbouring Kirchberg in
Tirol , Jochberg and by the
Kitzbühel is one of the
largest ski regions in Austria. With around 10,000 hotel and guest
Kitzbühel and its neighbours have an unusually high
density of guest accommodation.
Kitzbühel have 56 cableway and lift facilities and
168 kilometres of slopes available to them, as well as 40 kilometres
of groomed cross-country skiing tracks. Of note is the relatively new
3S Cable Car , the cable car with the highest above-ground span in the
In summer there are 120 km (75 mi) of mountain bike paths and 500 km
(311 mi) of hiking trails.
Other attractions include six tennis courts and four golf courses,
Kitzbühel swimming pool, Austria's only curling hall and the
bathing lake of Schwarzsee .
Kitzbühel also caters for the high end of the tourist market, as
many celebrities and the jet set come here for the international races
on the Hahnenkamm.
Together with eleven other towns
Kitzbühel is a member of the
community Best of the Alps.
International Polkafest was held in
Kitzbühel in 1978.
The Brixental Road , the B170, from
Wörgl intersects in Kitzbühel
Thurn Pass Road, the B161, from
Mittersill to St. Johann in
Kitzbühel station is a major bus stop for buses to Lienz and
Kitzbühel Hahnenkamm and Kitzbühel
Schwarzsee are stops on the
Salzburg-Tyrol Railway . Whilst Hahnenkamm
and Schwarzsee stations are served by local trains only, long-distance
Innsbruck and Graz stop at
Kitzbühel station .
Kitzbühel station has just been rebuilt (2010) and been equipped with
new barrier-less platforms with underpasses and a lift. From 2011
there will be no stationmaster at
Kitzbühel and it will no longer be
possible to buy tickets at the counter.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES
Kitzbühel is twinned with:
Greenwich, Connecticut , since 1961
* Yamagata ,
Japan , since 1963
Sun Valley, Idaho , since 1967
Italy , since 1971
France , since 1979
Bad Soden am Taunus ,
Germany , since 1984
The Schwarzsee lake and Wilder Kaiser mountains as the backdrop
The medieval churches of Liebfrauenkirche (l) and St Andrew's (r).
The Liebfrauenkirche church with its 48 m bell tower.
St Andrew's with its 13th century tower.
St Catherine's from the north.
St Catherine's from the south.
Kitzbühel's twin churches, the Liebfrauenkirche and St Andrew's.
The Kitzbüheler Horn seen from the cable car to the Hahnenkamm.
NOTES AND REFERENCES
* ^ Statistik
Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach
Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Kitzbühel.
* ^ Chris Gill and Dave Watts (12 November 2012). "Ski Kitzbühel:
resort guide". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 26
* ^ The legend of the unknown knight
* ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen
Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
* ^ Chizzali. Tyrol: Impressions of Tyrol. (Innsbruck: Alpina
Printers and Publishers), p. 46
* ^ History of Tyrol – Kitzbühel
* ^ "Kitzbuhel Triathlon". International Triathlon Union. Archived
from the original on 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
Kitzbühel member page on Best of the Alps
* ^ "Eugene Weisbeck". Bismarck Tribune. May 7, 2014. ...
Smithsonian Institute Music Festival in Washington, D.C. In 1978, he
United States at the
International Polkafest in
* ^ A B C D E F G "Partnerstädte". Stadtgemeinde
German). Retrieved 2008-08-04.
* ^ 山形市の友好姉妹都市 (IN JAPANESE). JAPAN: YAMAGATA
CITY. ARCHIVED FROM THE ORIGINAL ON 15 APRIL 2012. RETRIEVED 12
* ^ "Partnerstädte" (in German). Bad Soden am Taunus. Retrieved
Wikimedia Commons has media related to KITZBüHEL .
* Tourist office Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel Gigapixel Panorama (20.000