Kirchberg, St. Gallen
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Kirchberg is a
municipality A municipality is usually a single having status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. The term ''municipality'' may also mean the governing or ruling body of a gi ...
in the ''Wahlkreis'' (constituency) of
Toggenburg Toggenburg is a region of Switzerland ,german: Schweizer(in),french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under a multi-party assembly-independent Directo ...
in the Cantons of Switzerland, canton of St. Gallen (canton), St. Gallen in Switzerland.


History

Kirchberg is first mentioned in 1222 as ''Kilchberc''.


Geography

Kirchberg has an area, , of . Of this area, 59.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.6%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes). The municipality is located in the Toggenburg ''Wahlkreis.'' It is the most north-western municipality in the ''Wahlkreis'' and in bordered in the west by canton Thurgau and in the east by the Thur (Switzerland), Thur river. It consists of the village of Kirchberg on a high plateau in the center of the municipality, the village of Gähwil south of Kirchberg and the linear village of Bazenheid on a terrace above the Thur. Additionally, scattered around the municipality, there are the hamlet (place), hamlets of Müselbach, Dietschwil, Ötwil, Nuetenwil, Rupperswil, Bräägg, Schalkhusen, Wolfikon, Lütenriet, Buomberg, Bäbikon and Husen.


Coat of arms

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is ''Per pall Or a Lion rampant Gules crowned Argent and Or a Semi Eagle displayed issuant Azure langued Gules and crowned Argent.''


Demographics

Kirchberg has a population (as of ) of . , about 22.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Of the foreign population, (), 102 are from Germany, 187 are from Italy, 1,002 are from ex-Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Yugoslavia, 34 are from Austria, 284 are from Turkey, and 211 are from another country.Der Kanton St. Gallen und seine Menschen in Zahlen - Ausgabe 2009
accessed 30 December 2009
Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 2.3%. Most of the population () speaks German (86.4%), with Albanian being second most common ( 4.7%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 2.4%).
accessed 12-January-2010
Of the Swiss national languages (), 6,829 speak German language, German, 15 people speak French language, French, 134 people speak Italian language, Italian, and 7 people speak Romansh language, Romansh. The age distribution, , in Kirchberg is; 1,148 children or 14.5% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 1,235 teenagers or 15.6% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 901 people or 11.4% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 1,286 people or 16.3% are between 30 and 39, 1,170 people or 14.8% are between 40 and 49, and 792 people or 10.0% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 577 people or 7.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 483 people or 6.1% are between 70 and 79, there are 250 people or 3.2% who are between 80 and 89, and there are 61 people or 0.8% who are between 90 and 99, and 1 person who is 100 or more.Canton St. Gallen Statistics-Hauptergebnisse der Volkszählung 2000: Regionen- und Gemeindevergleich-Personen
accessed 30 December 2009
there were 709 people (or 9.0% of the population) who were living alone in a private dwelling. There were 1,447 (or 18.3%) persons who were part of a couple (married or otherwise committed) without children, and 5,004 (or 63.3%) who were part of a couple with children. There were 353 (or 4.5%) people who lived in single parent home, while there are 68 persons who were adult children living with one or both parents, 37 persons who lived in a household made up of relatives, 39 who lived household made up of unrelated persons, and 247 who are either institutionalized or live in another type of collective housing. In the 2007 Swiss federal election, 2007 federal election the most popular party was the Swiss People's Party, SVP which received 37.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland, CVP (31.1%), the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland, SP (11.5%) and the Free Democratic Party of Switzerland, FDP (9.6%). The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Kirchberg about 63.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory Education in Switzerland#Secondary, upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a ''Fachhochschule''). Out of the total population in Kirchberg, , the highest education level completed by 1,911 people (24.2% of the population) was Education in Switzerland#Primary, Primary, while 2,614 (33.1%) have completed Secondary, 565 (7.1%) have attended a Education in Switzerland#Tertiary, Tertiary school, and 420 (5.3%) are not in school. The remainder did not answer this question. The historical population is given in the following table:


Heritage sites of national significance

The Roman Catholic Church, catholic parish church, parish and pilgrimage church of St. Peter and Paul is listed as a Swiss Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance, heritage site of national significance. The hamlet of Bäbikon is designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.


Economy

, Kirchberg had an unemployment rate of 1.79%. , there were 467 people employed in the Primary sector of the economy, primary economic sector and about 186 businesses involved in this sector. 1,962 people are employed in the Secondary sector of the economy, secondary sector and there are 120 businesses in this sector. 1,705 people are employed in the Tertiary sector of the economy, tertiary sector, with 232 businesses in this sector. the average unemployment rate was 4.1%. There were 543 businesses in the municipality of which 132 were involved in the secondary sector of the economy while 232 were involved in the third. there were 2,107 residents who worked in the municipality, while 1,789 residents worked outside Kirchberg and 1,561 people commuted into the municipality for work.St Gallen Canton statistics-Commuters
accessed 31 December 2009


Religion

From the , 4,820 or 61.0% are Roman Catholic, while 1,370 or 17.3% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 13 individuals (or about 0.16% of the population) who belong to the Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland, Christian Catholic faith, there are 243 individuals (or about 3.07% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 87 individuals (or about 1.10% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 2 individuals (or about 0.03% of the population) who are Judaism, Jewish, and 802 (or about 10.15% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 31 individuals (or about 0.39% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 304 (or about 3.85% of the population) belong to no church, are Agnosticism, agnostic or Atheism, atheist, and 232 individuals (or about 2.94% of the population) did not answer the question.


Transport

Kirchberg sits on the Wil–Ebnat-Kappel railway, Wil–Ebnat-Kappel line between Wattwil and Wil and is served by the St. Gallen S-Bahn at Bazenheid railway station.


Notable people

* Arthur Wittwer (born 1927) a Swiss long-distance runner, competed in the marathon at the 1960 Summer Olympics * Ida of Toggenburg (c. 1140 – c. 1226) a nun and a Catholic saint


References


External links


Official website
{{Authority control Toggenburg Municipalities of the canton of St. Gallen Cultural property of national significance in the canton of St. Gallen