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The Kingdom of Sophene (Armenian: Cop'kh, Ancient Greek: Σωφηνή, romanizedSōphēnē),[4] was a Hellenistic-era political entity situated between ancient Armenia and Syria.[5] Ruled by the Orontid dynasty, the kingdom was culturally mixed with Greek, Armenian, Iranian, Syrian, Anatolian and Roman influences.[6] Founded around the 3rd century BC the kingdom maintained independence until c. 95 BC when the Artaxiad king Tigranes the Great conquered the territories as part of his empire.[7] Attempts to restore the kingdom were briefly made in 66 BC and 54 AD.[8] Sophene laid near medieval Kharput, which is present day Elazig. [9]