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The KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN, officially GREAT BRITAIN, was a sovereign state in western Europe
Europe
from 1 May 1707 to 31 December 1800. The state came into being following the Treaty of Union
Treaty of Union
in 1706, ratified by the Acts of Union 1707 , which united the kingdoms of England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
to form a single kingdom encompassing the whole island of Great Britain
Great Britain
and its outlying islands. It did not include Ireland
Ireland
, which remained a separate realm. The unitary state was governed by a single parliament and government that was based in Westminster . The former kingdoms had been in personal union since James VI , King of Scots
King of Scots
, became King of England
King of England
and King of Ireland in 1603 following the death of Queen Elizabeth I , bringing about a " Union of the Crowns ". Also after the accession of George I to the throne of Great Britain
Great Britain
in 1714, the kingdom was in a personal union with the Electorate of Hanover .

The early years of the unified kingdom were marked by Jacobite risings which ended in defeat for the Stuart cause at Culloden in 1746. Later on in 1763, victory in the Seven Years\' War led to the dominance of the British Empire
British Empire
, which was to become the foremost global power for over a century and later grew to become the largest empire in history.

On 1 January 1801, the kingdoms of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
were merged to form the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
. In 1922, five-sixths of Ireland
Ireland
seceded and the state was renamed the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
– a title it has retained to date.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Extent * 3 Political structure * 4 Relationship with Ireland
Ireland

* 5 Great Britain
Great Britain
in the 18th century

* 5.1 Integration * 5.2 Wars against France and Spain * 5.3 Mercantilism * 5.4 American Revolution * 5.5 Upper and Lower Canada * 5.6 Second British Empire
British Empire
* 5.7 India * 5.8 Australia and New Zealand * 5.9 Battling the French Revolution and Napoleon

* 6 Monarchs

* 6.1 House of Stuart * 6.2 House of Hanover

* 7 Parliament of Great Britain * 8 Peerage of Great Britain
Great Britain
* 9 Historiography * 10 See also * 11 References

* 12 Further reading

* 12.1 Historiography

* 13 External links

ETYMOLOGY

Further information: Britain (place name)

The name _Britain_ descends from the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, _Britannia_ or _Brittānia_, the land of the Britons via the Old French _Bretaigne_ (whence also Modern French _Bretagne_) and Middle English _Bretayne_, _Breteyne_. The term _Great Britain_ was first used officially in 1474, in the instrument drawing up the proposal for a marriage between Edward IV of England 's daughter Cecily and James III of Scotland
James III of Scotland
's son James .

The Treaty of Union
Treaty of Union
and the subsequent Acts of Union state that England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
were to be "United into one Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain", and as such "Great Britain" has been considered the official name of the state, as well as used in solely in titles such as "Parliament of Great Britain". However, both the Acts and the Treaty also refer numerous times to the "United Kingdom" and the longer form, the " United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain". Other publications refer to the country as the "United Kingdom" after 1707 as well. The websites of the UK parliament , the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
, the BBC , and others, including the Historical Association , refer to the state created on 1 May 1707 as _the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain_. Additionally, the term _United Kingdom_ was found in informal use during the 18th century to describe the state.

EXTENT

The new state created in 1707 included the island of Great Britain, together with the many smaller islands that were part of the kingdoms of England
England
(incorporating Wales) and Scotland. The Channel Islands
Channel Islands
and the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
were never part of the kingdom of Great Britain, although by the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
Purchase Act 1765 the British Crown acquired suzerainty over the island from Charlotte Murray, Duchess of Atholl .

POLITICAL STRUCTURE

Main article: Parliament of Great Britain

The kingdoms of England
England
and Scotland, both in existence from the 9th century (with England
England
incorporating Wales
Wales
in the 16th century), were separate states until 1707. However, they had come into a personal union in 1603, when James VI of Scotland
Scotland
succeeded his cousin Elizabeth I as King of England
King of England
under the name of James I . This Union of the Crowns under the House of Stuart meant that the whole of the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
was now ruled by a single monarch, who by virtue of holding the English crown also ruled over the Kingdom of Ireland
Ireland
. Each of the three kingdoms maintained its own parliament and laws (although there was a brief attempted union during the Interregnum in the mid-17th century).

This disposition changed dramatically when the Acts of Union 1707 came into force, with a single unified Crown of Great Britain
Great Britain
and a single unified parliament. Ireland
Ireland
remained formally separate, with its own parliament, until the Acts of Union 1800 . The Treaty of Union provided that succession to the British throne (and that of Ireland) would be in accordance with the English Act of Settlement of 1701; rather than Scotland's Act of Security of 1704, which ceased to have effect. The Act of Settlement required that the heir to the English throne be a descendant of the Electress Sophia of Hanover who was not a " Papist "; this brought about the Hanoverian succession only a few years after the Union.

Legislative power was vested in the Parliament of Great Britain , which replaced both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland
Scotland
. In practice it was a continuation of the English parliament, sitting at the same location in Westminster, expanded to include representation from Scotland.

As with the former Parliament of England and the modern Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, the Parliament of Great Britain was formally constituted of three elements: the House of Commons , the House of Lords , and the Crown . The right of the English peerage to sit in the House of Lords
House of Lords
remained unchanged, while the disproportionately large Scottish peerage was permitted to send only 16 representative peers , elected from amongst their number for the life of each parliament. Similarly, the members of the former English House of Commons continued as members of the British House of Commons, but as a reflection of the relative tax bases of the two countries the number of Scottish representatives was reduced to 45. Newly created peers in the Peerage of Great Britain
Great Britain
were given the automatic right to sit in the Lords.

Despite the end of a separate parliament for Scotland, it retained its own laws and system of courts.

RELATIONSHIP WITH IRELAND

As a result of Poynings\' Law of 1495, the Parliament of Ireland was subordinate to the Parliament of England , and after 1707 to the Parliament of Great Britain. The British parliament's Dependency of Ireland
Ireland
on Great Britain
Great Britain
Act 1719 noted that the Irish House of Lords had recently "assumed to themselves a Power and Jurisdiction to examine, correct and amend" judgements of the Irish courts and declared that as the Kingdom of Ireland was subordinate to and dependent upon the British crown, the King , through the Parliament of Great Britain, had "full power and authority to make laws and statutes of sufficient validity to bind the Kingdom and people of Ireland". The Act was repealed by the Repeal of Act for Securing Dependence of Ireland
Ireland
Act 1782 . The same year, the Irish constitution of 1782 produced a period of legislative freedom. However, the Irish Rebellion of 1798 , which sought to end the subordination and dependency upon the British crown and establish a republic, was one of the factors that led to the formation of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
in 1801.

GREAT BRITAIN IN THE 18TH CENTURY

Further information: British Empire
British Empire
and Georgian era
Georgian era

The 18th century saw England, and after 1707 Great Britain, rise to become the world's dominant colonial power , with France its main rival on the imperial stage. The pre-1707 English overseas possessions became the nucleus of the British Empire
British Empire
.

INTEGRATION

The deeper political integration of her kingdoms was a key policy of Queen Anne , the last Stuart monarch of England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
and the first monarch of Great Britain. A Treaty of Union
Treaty of Union
was agreed in 1706 following negotiations between representatives of the parliaments of England
England
and Scotland, and each parliament then passed separate Acts of Union to ratify it. The Acts came into effect on 1 May 1707, uniting the separate Parliaments and crowns of England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
and forming a single Kingdom of Great Britain. Anne became the first occupant of the unified British throne, and in line with Article 22 of the Treaty of Union
Treaty of Union
, Scotland
Scotland
sent 45 Members to join all of the existing members of the Parliament of England in the new House of Commons of Great Britain
Great Britain
. _ Lord Clive meeting Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey , by Francis Hayman (c._ 1762)

WARS AGAINST FRANCE AND SPAIN

The death of Charles II of Spain in 1700 and his bequeathal of Spain and its colonial empire to Philip of Anjou , a grandson of the King of France, had raised British fears of the unification of France, Spain and their colonies. In 1701, England, Portugal
Portugal
, and the Dutch Republic sided with the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
against Spain and France in the War of the Spanish Succession . The conflict lasted until 1714, until France and Spain finally lost. At the concluding Treaty of Utrecht , Philip renounced his and his descendants' right to the French throne. Spain lost its empire in Europe, and although it kept its empire in the Americas and the Philippines, it was irreversibly weakened as a great power. The new British Empire, based upon what until 1707 had been the English overseas possessions , was enlarged: from France, Great Britain
Great Britain
gained Newfoundland and Acadia , and from Spain Gibraltar
Gibraltar
and Minorca . Gibraltar, which is still a British overseas territory , became a major naval base and allowed Great Britain to control the strait connecting the Atlantic to the Mediterranean.

The Seven Years\' War , which began in 1756, was the first war waged on a global scale and saw British involvement in Europe, India , North America, the Caribbean, the Philippines, and coastal Africa. The signing of the Treaty of Paris of 1763 had important consequences for Great Britain
Great Britain
and its empire. In North America, France's future as a colonial power was effectively ended with the ceding of New France
New France
to the British, leaving a sizeable French-speaking population under British control, and Louisiana to Spain. Spain ceded Florida to Britain. In India, the third Carnatic War had left France still in control of its enclaves , but with military restrictions and an obligation to support the British client states, effectively leaving the future of India to Great Britain. The British victory over France in the Seven Years' War therefore left Great Britain
Great Britain
as the world's dominant colonial power.

MERCANTILISM

Mercantilism was the basic policy imposed by Great Britain
Great Britain
on its overseas possessions. Mercantilism meant that the government and the merchants became partners with the goal of increasing political power and private wealth, to the exclusion of other empires. The government protected its merchants—and kept others out—by trade barriers, regulations, and subsidies to domestic industries to maximise exports from and minimise imports to the realm. The government had to fight smuggling—which became a favourite American technique in the 18th century to circumvent the restrictions on trading with the French, Spanish or Dutch. The goal of mercantilism was to run trade surpluses, so that gold and silver would pour into London. The government took its share through duties and taxes, with the remainder going to merchants in London
London
and other British ports. The government spent much of its revenue on a superb Royal Navy, which not only protected the British colonies but threatened the colonies of the other empires, and sometimes seized them. Thus the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
captured New Amsterdam (later New York) in 1664. The colonies were captive markets for British industry, and the goal was to enrich the mother country.

AMERICAN REVOLUTION

During the 1760s and 1770s, relations between the Thirteen Colonies and Great Britain
Great Britain
became increasingly strained, primarily because of resentment toward the British Parliament's ability to tax American colonists without their consent. Disagreement turned into a violent insurrection. In 1775, the American Revolutionary War began, as the Americans trapped the British army in Boston and suppressed the Loyalists who supported the Crown. In 1776 the Americans declared the independence of the United States
United States
of America . Under the military leadership of General George Washington
George Washington
, and, with economic and military assistance from France, the Dutch Republic and Spain, the United States
United States
held off successive British invasions. The Americans captured two main British armies in 1777 and 1781. After that King George III lost control of Parliament and was unable to continue the war. It ended with the Treaty of Paris by which Great Britain relinquished the Thirteen Colonies and recognised the United States
United States
. The war was expensive but the British financed it successfully.

UPPER AND LOWER CANADA

Main article: History of Canada
History of Canada

After a series of "French and Indian wars," the British took slices of France's North American colonies in New France
New France
, finally acquiring all of them (except the small islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon ) in 1763. The former French colony of Canada was renamed Quebec . Great Britain's policy was to respect Quebec's religious heritage—even though it was Roman Catholic—as well as its legal, economic, and social systems. By the Quebec Act of 1774, the Province of Quebec was enlarged to include the western holdings of the American colonies. In the American Revolutionary War , starting in 1775, the British made Halifax, Nova Scotia , their major base for naval action. They repulsed an American revolutionary invasion in 1776, but in 1777 a British invasion army was captured in New York, encouraging France to enter the war.

After the American victory, between 40,000 and 60,000 defeated Loyalists migrated, some bringing their slaves. Most families were given free land to compensate their losses. Several thousand free blacks also arrived; most of them later went to Sierra Leone in Africa. The 14,000 Loyalists who went to the Saint John and Saint Croix river valleys, then part of Nova Scotia, were not welcome by the locals. Therefore, in 1784 the British split off New Brunswick as a separate colony. The Constitutional Act of 1791 created the provinces of Upper Canada (mainly English-speaking) and Lower Canada (mainly French-speaking) to defuse tensions between the French and English-speaking communities, and implemented governmental systems similar to those employed in Great Britain, with the intention of asserting imperial authority and not allowing the sort of popular control of government that was perceived to have led to the American Revolution.

SECOND BRITISH EMPIRE

The loss of the Thirteen Colonies , Great Britain's most populous overseas possessions, which became the United States, marked the transition between the "first" and "second" empires, in which Britain shifted its attention away from the Americas to Asia, the Pacific and later Africa. Adam Smith
Adam Smith
's _ Wealth of Nations
Wealth of Nations
_, published in 1776, had argued that colonies were redundant, and that free trade should replace the old mercantilist policies that had characterised the first period of colonial expansion, dating back to the protectionism of Spain and Portugal. The growth of trade between the newly independent United States
United States
and Great Britain
Great Britain
after 1781 confirmed Smith's view that political control was not necessary for economic success.

INDIA

During its first century of operation the focus of the East India Company had been trade, not the building of an empire in India. Company interests turned from trade to territory during the 18th century as the Mughal Empire declined in power and the East India Company struggled with its French counterpart, the French East India Company (_Compagnie française des Indes orientales_) during the Carnatic Wars of the 1740s and 1750s. The Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar , which saw the British, led by Robert Clive , defeat the Indian powers, left the company in control of Bengal and a major military and political power in India. In the following decades it gradually increased the extent of the territories under its control, ruling either directly or indirectly via local puppet rulers under the threat of force by its Presidency armies , much of which were composed of native Indian sepoys .

AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND

Main articles: History of Australia (1788–1850) , History of Australia , and History of New Zealand

In 1770, British explorer James Cook had discovered the eastern coast of Australia whilst on a scientific voyage to the South Pacific. In 1778, Joseph Banks , Cook's botanist on the voyage, presented evidence to the government on the suitability of Botany Bay for the establishment of a penal settlement. Australia marks the beginning of the Second British Empire. It was planned by the government in London and designed as a replacement for the lost American colonies. The American Loyalist James Matra in 1783 wrote "A Proposal for Establishing a Settlement in New South Wales" proposing the establishment of a colony composed of American Loyalists, Chinese and South Sea Islanders (but not convicts). Matra reasoned that the land country was suitable for plantations of sugar, cotton and tobacco; New Zealand timber and hemp or flax could prove valuable commodities; it could form a base for Pacific trade; and it could be a suitable compensation for displaced American Loyalists. At the suggestion of Secretary of State Lord Sydney , Matra amended his proposal to include convicts as settlers, considering that this would benefit both "Economy to the Publick, compensation and patronage ensured the support of the Irish Parliament . Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
were formally united on 1 January 1801.

MONARCHS

The coat of arms of the House of Hanover

HOUSE OF STUART

* Anne (1707–1714) (previously Queen of England
England
, Queen of Scots , and Queen of Ireland since 1702)

HOUSE OF HANOVER

* George I (1714–1727) * George II (1727–1760) * George III (1760–1801) (continued as King of the United Kingdom until his death in 1820)

PARLIAMENT OF GREAT BRITAIN

Main articles: Parliament of Great Britain and Elections in Great Britain Pitt addressing the Commons in 1793

The Parliament of Great Britain consisted of the House of Lords
House of Lords
, an unelected upper house of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal , and the House of Commons , the lower chamber, which was elected periodically. In England and Wales
England and Wales
parliamentary constituencies remained unchanged throughout the existence of the Parliament.

During the 18th century, the British Constitution
British Constitution
developed significantly.

PEERAGE OF GREAT BRITAIN

Main article: Peerage of Great Britain
Great Britain

As a result of the Union of 1707, no new peerages were created in the Peerage of England or the Peerage of Scotland . English peerages continued to carry the right to a seat in the House of Lords, while the Scottish peers elected representative peers from among their own number to sit in the Lords. Peerages continued to be created by the Crown , either in the new Peerage of Great Britain
Great Britain
, which was that of the new kingdom and meant a seat in its House of Lords, or in the Peerage of Ireland
Ireland
, giving the holder a seat in the Irish House of Lords .

HISTORIOGRAPHY

Main articles: historiography of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and historiography of the British Empire
British Empire

SEE ALSO

* Great Britain
Great Britain
in the Seven Years\' War * Timeline of British history (1700–1799) * 1st Parliament of Great Britain * 2nd Parliament of Great Britain * List of Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain * List of Parliaments of Great Britain
Great Britain
* Early Modern Britain * Georgian era
Georgian era
* Jacobitism

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ "After the political union of England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
in 1707, the nation's official name became 'Great Britain'", _The American Pageant, Volume 1_, Cengage Learning (2012) * ^ _A_ _B_ "From 1707 until 1801 _Great Britain_ was the official designation of the kingdoms of England
England
and Scotland". _The Standard Reference Work: For the Home, School and Library, Volume 3_, Harold Melvin Stanford (1921) * ^ _A_ _B_ "In 1707, on the union with Scotland, 'Great Britain' became the official name of the British Kingdom, and so continued until the union with Ireland
Ireland
in 1801". _ United States
United States
Congressional serial set, Issue 10; Issue 3265_ (1895) * ^ The Acts of Union passed by both parliaments in 1800 and which created the United Kingdom, came into effect on 1 January 1801.

* ^ "The Treaty (act) of the Union of Parliament 1706". Scots History Online. Retrieved 18 July 2011. "Union with England
England
Act 1707". The national Archives. Retrieved 18 July 2011. "Union with Scotland
Scotland
Act 1706". Retrieved 18 July 2011. : Both Acts and the Treaty state in Article I: _That the Two Kingdoms of Scotland
Scotland
and England, shall upon 1 May next ensuing the date hereof, and forever after, be United into One Kingdom by the Name of GREAT BRITAIN_. * ^ Scottish referendum: 50 fascinating facts you should know about Scotland
Scotland
www.telegraph.co.uk, 11 January 2012: " Scotland
Scotland
has been part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for more than three hundred years" * ^ Scotland: Rogue nation * ^ Acts of Union 1707 parliament.uk, accessed 31 December 2010 * ^ England
England
– Profile BBC, 10 February 2011 * ^ Scottish referendum: 50 fascinating facts you should know about Scotland
Scotland
(see fact 27) www.telegraph.co.uk, 11 January 2012 * ^ Uniting the kingdom? nationalarchives.gov.uk, accessed 31 December 2010 * ^ The Union of the Parliaments 1707 Archived 2 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine . Learning and Teaching Scotland , accessed 2 September 2010 * ^ The Creation of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great britain in 1707 Historical Association , accessed 30 January 2011 * ^ Bamber Gascoigne . "History of Great Britain
Great Britain
(from 1707)". History World. Retrieved 18 July 2011. * ^ William E. Burns, _A Brief History of Great Britain_, p. xxi * ^ V. E. Hartley Booth & Peter Sells, _British extradition law and procedure: including extradition between the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and foreign states, the Commonwealth and dependent countries and the Republic of Ireland_ ( Alphen aan den Rijn : Sijthoff ISBN 978-90-286-0079-9 ), p. 5 * ^ Act of Union 1707, Article 1. * ^ Treaty of Union
Treaty of Union
1706, Article 2. * ^ Act of Union 1707, Article 3. * ^ Act of Union 1707, Article 22. * ^ W. C. Costin & J. Steven Watson, eds., _The Law & Working of the Constitution: Documents 1660–1914_, vol. I for 1660–1783 (A. & C. Black, 1952), pp. 128–129 * ^ Costin Watson (1952), p. 147 * ^ Anthony, Pagden (2003). _Peoples and Empires: A Short History of European Migration, Exploration, and Conquest, from Greece to the Present_. Modern Library. p. 90. * ^ The Treaty or Act of the Union scotshistoryonline.co.uk, accessed 2 November 2008 * ^ Julian Hoppit, _A Land of Liberty?: England
England
1689–1727_ (2000) ch 4, 8 * ^ Fred Anderson, _The War That Made America: A Short History of the French and Indian War_ (2006) * ^ Max Savelle, _Seeds of Liberty: The Genesis of the American Mind_ (2005) pp. 204–211 * ^ William R. Nester, _The Great Frontier War: Britain, France, and the Imperial Struggle for North America, 1607–1755_ (Praeger, 2000) p, 54. * ^ Jeremy Black, _War for America: The Fight for Independence, 1775–1783_ (2001) * ^ Phillip Buckner, _Canada and the British Empire_ (2010), ch 2 * ^ Maya Jasanoff, _Liberty's Exiles: American Loyalists in the Revolutionary World_ (2012) * ^ Robin Winks, _The Blacks in Canada: A History_ (2000) * ^ Desmond Morton, _A short history of Canada_ (2001) * ^ Anthony, Pagden (1998). _The Origins of Empire, The Oxford History of the British Empire_. Oxford University Press. p. 92. * ^ James, Lawrence (2001). _The Rise and Fall of the British Empire_. Abacus. p. 119. * ^ Philip Lawson, _The East India Company: A History_ (Routledge, 2014). * ^ Philip J. Stern, "History and historiography of the English East India Company: Past, present, and future!." _History Compass_ 7.4 (2009): 1146-1180. * ^ Deryck Schreuder and Stuart Ward, eds., _Australia's Empire_ (Oxford History of the British Empire
British Empire
Companion Series) (2010), ch 1 * ^ Harold B. Carter, "Banks, Cook and the Eighteenth Century Natural History Tradition", in Tony Delamotte and Carl Bridge (eds.), _Interpreting Australia: British Perceptions of Australia since 1788_, London, Sir Robert Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, 1988, pp.4–23. * ^ Alan Atkinson, "The first plans for governing New South Wales, 1786–87", _Australian Historical Studies_, vol.24, no.94, April 1990, pp. 22–40, p.31. * ^ James (2001), p. 152 * ^ David Andress, The Savage Storm: Britain on the Brink in the Age of Napoleon _(2012)_ * ^ "British History – The 1798 Irish Rebellion". BBC. 5 November 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2010. * ^ Daniel Gahan, _Rebellion!: Ireland
Ireland
in 1798_ (1998) * ^ John Ehrman, _The Younger Pitt: The Consuming Struggle_ (1996), vol 3 cover 1797 to his death in 1806. * ^ Chris Cook " rowspan="1">Preceded by Kingdom of England 12 July 927 – 1 May 1707 Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of Scotland
c. 843 – 1 May 1707 KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN 1 May 1707 – 31 December 1800 Succeeded by United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
1 January 1801 – 6 December 1922

* v * t * e

Kingdom of Great Britain
Great Britain

HISTORY

* Union of 1707 * Great Britain
Great Britain
in the Seven Years\' War * Jacobitism * Jacobite risings * War of Jenkins\' Ear * French and Indian War
French and Indian War
* Boston Massacre * American Revolutionary War * Anglo-Dutch War (1780–1784) * French Revolutionary Wars
French Revolutionary Wars
* Union of 1801

ROYAL HOUSES

* Stuart

* Anne

* Hanover

* George I * George II * George III

POLITICS

* Parliament

* House of Lords
House of Lords
* House of Commons

* List of Parliaments

* Acts of Parliament:

* 1707–1719 * 1720–1739 * 1740–1759 * 1760–1779 * 1780–1800

* Elections:

* 1708 * 1710 * 1713 * 1715 * 1722 * 1727 * 1734 * 1741 * 1747 * 1754 * 1761 * 1768 * 1774 * 1780 * 1784 * 1790 * 1796

* Monarchy * Peers * Privy Council

* Prime Minister

* List

* Whigs * Tories * Whig Junto
Whig Junto
* Patriot Whigs * Kit-Cat Club
Kit-Cat Club

GEOGRAPHY

* Great Britain
Great Britain

ARCHITECTURE

* Queen Anne * Georgian

OTHER

* East India Company
East India Company
* British Empire
British Empire
* Longitude prize * Window tax * Proclamation of Rebellion
Proclamation of Rebellion
* South Sea Company * Speenhamland system

SYMBOLS

* Flag * Coat of arms
Coat of arms

History of Great Britain
Great Britain
category

ARTICLES RELATED TO THE KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN

* v * t * e

Years in Great Britain
Great Britain

1707–1800

* 1707 * 1708 * 1709 * 1710 * 1711 * 1712 * 1713 * 1714 * 1715 * 1716 * 1717 * 1718 * 1719 * 1720 * 1721 * 1722 * 1723 * 1724 * 1725 * 1726 * 1727 * 1728 * 1729 * 1730 * 1731 * 1732 * 1733 * 1734 * 1735 * 1736 * 1737 * 1738 * 1739 * 1740 * 1741 * 1742 * 1743 * 1744 * 1745 * 1746 * 1747 * 1748 * 1749 * 1750 * 1751 * 1752 * 1753 * 1754 * 1755 * 1756 * 1757 * 1758 * 1759 * 1760 * 1761 * 1762 * 1763 * 1764 * 1765 * 1766 * 1767 * 1768 * 1769 * 1770 * 1771 * 1772 * 1773 * 1774 * 1775 * 1776 * 1777 * 1778 * 1779 * 1780 * 1781 * 1782 * 1783 * 1784 * 1785 * 1786 * 1787 * 1788 * 1789 * 1790 * 1791 * 1792 * 1793 * 1794 * 1795 * 1796 * 1797 * 1798 * 1799 * 1800

* v * t * e

Legislation of the Parliament of Great Britain

Acts of Great Britain
Great Britain

* 1707–1719 * 1720–1739 * 1740–1759 * 1760–1779 * 1780–1800

* v * t * e

British Isles

* Terminology

* Alba
Alba
* Albion
Albion
* Prydain * Britain * Éire * Hibernia
Hibernia

* Naming dispute

POLITICS

SOVEREIGN STATES

* Ireland
Ireland
* United Kingdom
United Kingdom
( England
England
* Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
* Scotland
Scotland
* Wales
Wales
)

CROWN DEPENDENCIES

* Guernsey
Guernsey
* Jersey
Jersey
* Isle of Man
Isle of Man
* Sark
Sark

POLITICAL COOPERATION

* Ireland– United Kingdom
United Kingdom
relations * British–Irish Council * British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference * British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly * Common Travel Area

GEOGRAPHY

ISLAND GROUPS

* Channel Islands
Channel Islands
* Islands of the Clyde * Great Britain
Great Britain

* Hebrides
Hebrides

* Inner * Outer

* Ireland
Ireland
* Isle of Man
Isle of Man

* Northern Isles

* Orkney
Orkney
* Shetland
Shetland

* Isles of Scilly
Isles of Scilly

LISTS OF ISLANDS OF

* Bailiwick of Guernsey
Guernsey
* Ireland
Ireland
* Bailiwick of Jersey
Jersey
* Isle of Man
Isle of Man

* United Kingdom
United Kingdom

* England
England
* Scotland
Scotland
* Wales
Wales

HISTORY

ISLAND GROUPS

* Ireland
Ireland

CURRENT STATES

* Ireland
Ireland

* United Kingdom
United Kingdom

* England
England
* Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
* Scotland
Scotland
* Wales
Wales

* Guernsey
Guernsey
* Jersey
Jersey
* Isle of Man
Isle of Man

FORMER STATES

* Irish Free State

* Kingdom of England

* Principality of Wales
Wales

* Kingdom of Great Britain * Kingdom of Ireland * Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of Scotland
* United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland

SOCIETY

MODERN LANGUAGES

GERMANIC

* English * Scots

CELTIC

* Cornish * Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
* Irish * Manx * Welsh

ROMANCE

* Auregnais * French * Guernésiais * Jèrriais * Sercquiais

OTHER

* British Sign Language * Irish Sign Language * Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Sign Language * Shelta

PEOPLE

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