The Info List - King Of Prussia

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The monarchs of Prussia
were members of the House of Hohenzollern
House of Hohenzollern
who were the hereditary rulers of the former German state of Prussia
from its founding in 1525 as the Duchy of Prussia. The Duchy had evolved out of the Teutonic Order, a Roman Catholic crusader state and theocracy located along the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. The Teutonic Knights were under the leadership of a Grand Master, the last of whom, Albert, converted to Protestantism and secularized the lands, which then became the Duchy of Prussia. The Duchy was initially a vassal of the Kingdom of Poland, as a result of the terms of the Prussian Homage
Prussian Homage
whereby Albert was granted the Duchy as part of the terms of peace following the Prussian War. When the main line of Prussian Hohenzollerns died out in 1618, the Duchy passed to a different branch of the family, who also reigned as Electors of Brandenburg in the Holy Roman Empire. While still nominally two different territories, Prussia
under the suzerainty of Poland and Brandenburg under the suzerainty of the Holy Roman Empire, the two states are known together historiographically as Brandenburg-Prussia. Following the Second Northern War, a series of treaties freed the Duchy of Prussia
from vassalage to any other state, making it a fully sovereign Duchy in its own right. This complex situation (where the Hohenzollern ruler of the independent Duchy of Prussia
was also a subject of the Holy Roman Emperor as Elector of Brandenburg) laid the eventual groundwork for the establishment of the Kingdom of Prussia
in 1701. For diplomatic reasons, the rulers of Prussia
called themselves King in Prussia
from 1701 to 1772. They still nominally owed fealty to the Emperor as Electors of Brandenburg, so the "King in Prussia" title (as opposed to "King of Prussia") avoided offending the Emperor. Additionally, calling themselves "King of Prussia
implied sovereignty over the entire Prussian region, parts of which were still part of Poland. As the Prussian state grew through several wars and diplomatic moves throughout the 18th century, it became apparent that Prussia
had become a Great Power in its own right. By 1772, the pretense was dropped, and the style "King of Prussia" was adopted. The Prussian kings continued to use the title "Elector of Brandenburg" until the end of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1806, reflecting the legal fiction that their domains within the empire were still under the ultimate overlordship of the Emperor. Legally, the Hohenzollerns ruled Brandenburg in personal union with their Prussian kingdom, but in practice they treated their domains as a single unit. The Hohenzollerns gained de jure sovereignty over Brandenburg when the empire dissolved in 1806, and Brandenburg was formally merged into Prussia. In 1871, in the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War, the German Empire was formed, and the King of Prussia, Wilhelm I was crowned German Emperor. From that point forward, though the Kingdom of Prussia retained its status as a constituent state of the empire (albeit by far the largest and most powerful), all subsequent Kings of Prussia also served as German Emperor, and that title took precedence.


1 Duchy of Prussia
(1525–1701) 2 Kingdom of Prussia
(1701–1918) 3 Timeline 4 Pretenders to the Throne of Prussia
(1918–present) 5 See also 6 References

6.1 Bibliography

7 External links

Duchy of Prussia
(1525–1701)[edit] Main article: Duchy of Prussia

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image

Albert (1490-05-17)17 May 1490 – 20 March 1568(1568-03-20) (aged 77) 10 April 1525 20 March 1568


Albert Frederick (1553-05-07)7 May 1553 – 28 August 1618(1618-08-28) (aged 65) 20 March 1568 28 August 1618 Son of Albert Hohenzollern

John Sigismund (1572-11-08)8 November 1572 – 23 December 1619(1619-12-23) (aged 47) 28 August 1618 23 December 1619 Cousin of Albert Frederick, also Elector of Brandenburg Hohenzollern

George William (1595-11-13)13 November 1595 – 1 December 1640(1640-12-01) (aged 45) 23 December 1619 1 December 1640 Son of John Sigismund, also Elector of Brandenburg Hohenzollern

Frederick William

the Great Elector

(1620-02-16)16 February 1620 – 29 April 1688(1688-04-29) (aged 68) 1 December 1640 29 April 1688 Son of George William, also Elector of Brandenburg Hohenzollern

Frederick I (1657-07-11)11 July 1657 – 25 February 1713(1713-02-25) (aged 55) 29 April 1688 18 January 1701 Son of Frederick Wilhelm, also Elector of Brandenburg Hohenzollern

Kingdom of Prussia
(1701–1918)[edit] Main article: Kingdom of Prussia

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image

Frederick I

the Mercenary King [1]

(1657-07-11)11 July 1657 – 25 February 1713(1713-02-25) (aged 55) 18 January 1701 25 February 1713 Son of Frederick William Hohenzollern

Frederick William I

the Soldier King

(1688-08-14)14 August 1688 – 31 May 1740(1740-05-31) (aged 51) 25 February 1713 31 May 1740 Son of Frederick I Hohenzollern

Frederick II

the Great

(1712-01-24)24 January 1712 – 17 August 1786(1786-08-17) (aged 74) 31 May 1740 17 August 1786 Son of Frederick William I Hohenzollern

Frederick William II (1744-09-25)25 September 1744 – 16 November 1797(1797-11-16) (aged 53) 17 August 1786 16 November 1797 Nephew of Frederick II Hohenzollern

Frederick William III (1770-07-03)3 July 1770 – 7 June 1840(1840-06-07) (aged 69) 16 November 1797 7 June 1840 Son of Frederick William II Hohenzollern

Frederick Wilhelm IV (1795-10-15)15 October 1795 – 2 January 1861(1861-01-02) (aged 65) 7 June 1840 2 January 1861 Son of Frederick William III; also President of the Erfurt Union (1849-1850) Hohenzollern

William I (1797-03-22)22 March 1797 – 9 March 1888(1888-03-09) (aged 90) 2 January 1861 9 March 1888 Brother of Frederick William IV; also President of the North German Confederation (1867-1871) and German Emperor
German Emperor
from 1871 Hohenzollern

Frederick III (1831-10-18)18 October 1831 – 15 June 1888(1888-06-15) (aged 56) 9 March 1888 15 June 1888 Son of William I; also German Emperor Hohenzollern

William II (1859-01-27)27 January 1859 – 4 June 1941(1941-06-04) (aged 82) 15 June 1888 28 November 1918 (abdicated) [2] Son of Frederick III; also German Emperor Hohenzollern


Pretenders to the Throne of Prussia
(1918–present)[edit] Main article: Line of succession to the former German throne

William II (28 November 1918 – 4 June 1941) Frederick William (4 June 1941 – 20 July 1951) Louis Ferdinand (20 July 1951 – 26 September 1994) George Frederick (26 September 1994 – present)

See also[edit]

Constitution of Prussia
(1850) Crown of Frederick I Crown of William II German Emperor History of Germany History of Prussia Hohenzollern Castle King in Prussia List of German monarchs List of rulers of Brandenburg List of Prussian consorts Lückentheorie Minister President of Prussia Neuchâtel Crisis Year of the Three Emperors


^ Spencer, Charles, Blenheim, Chapter 22: Vindication, p.316 ^ Statement of Abdication of William II


Hull, Isabel V. (2004), The Entourage of Kaiser Wilhelm II, 1888–1918 . Horne, Charles F. (2009), Source Records of the Great War, Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 1104855534 

External links[edit]

House of Hohenzollern

v t e

Monarchs of Prussia

Duchy of Prussia

Albert Albert Frederick John Sigismund1 George William1 Frederick William1 Frederick I1

Kingdom of Prussia

Frederick I1 Frederick William I1 Frederick II1 Frederick William II1 Frederick William III1 Frederick William IV William I2 Frederick III2 William II2

1also Elector of Brandenburg; 2also German Emperor

v t e

Orders, decorations and medals of Prussia


Order of the Black Eagle Order of the Red Eagle House Order of Hohenzollern Order of the Crown Johanniter Order Order of Louise Pour le Mérite Wilhelm-Orden Order of Merit of the Prussian Crown

Military decorations

Iron Cross Kulm Cross Military Merit Cross Military Honor Medal Merit Cross
Merit Cross
for War Aid Warrior Merit Medal

Civil decorations

Lifesaving Medal General Honor Decoration Merit Cross Jerusalem Cross Cross of the Mount of Olives Red Cross Medal Ladies Merit Cross Cross of Merit f