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The Info List - King Of Northumbria


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Northumbria, a kingdom of Angles, in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland, was initially divided into two kingdoms: Bernicia and Deira. The two were first united by Aethelfrith around the year 604, and except for occasional periods of division over the subsequent century, they remained so. The exceptions are during the brief period from 633 to 634, when Northumbria
Northumbria
was plunged into chaos by the death of King Edwin in battle and the ruinous invasion of Cadwallon ap Cadfan of Gwynedd. The unity of the Northumbrian kingdoms was restored after Cadwallon's death in battle in 634. Another exception is a period from about the year 644 to 664, when kings ruled individually over Deira. In 651, King Oswiu had Oswine of Deira
Deira
killed and replaced by Aethelwald, but Aethelwald did not prove to be a loyal sub-king, allying with the Mercian king Penda; according to Bede, Aethelwald acted as Penda's guide during the latter's invasion of Northumbria
Northumbria
but withdrew his forces when the Mercians met the Northumbrians at the Battle of Winwaed. After the Mercian defeat at Winwaed, Aethelwald lost power and Oswiu's own son, Alchfrith, became king in his place. In 670, Aelfwine, the brother of the childless King Ecgfrith, was made king of Deira; by this point the title may have been used primarily to designate an heir. Aelfwine was killed in battle against Mercia
Mercia
in 679, and there was not another separate king of Deira
Deira
until the time of Norse rule.

Contents

1 Kings of Bernicia 2 Kings of Deira 3 Kings of Northumbria 4 Kings of Northumbria
Northumbria
in the Norse era 5 Family tree 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References

Kings of Bernicia[edit]

Reign Incumbent Notes

Esa (Oesa)

Eoppa son of Esa

547 to 559 Ida son of Eoppa

559 to 560? Glappa (Clappa)

(order and dates uncertain) Adda

(order and dates uncertain) Æthelric son of Ida

(order and dates uncertain) Theodric (Deoric) son of Ida

(order and dates uncertain) Frithuwald (Frithewlf)

(order and dates uncertain) Hussa

593(?) to 616 Æthelfrith son of Æthelric, also ruled Deira, killed in battle

Deira
Deira
Dynasty

616 to 12/14 October 632 Edwin son of Ælla of Deira, which he also ruled, killed in battle by Penda, King of Mercia

Bernicia
Bernicia
Dynasty

late 632 to 633 Eanfrith son of Æthelfrith

634 to 5 August 642 Oswald son of Æthelfrith, also ruled Deira, killed by Penda, King of Mercia; Saint Oswald

late 642 to 654 Oswiu son of Æthelfrith, became King of united Northumbria

Kings of Deira[edit]

Reign Incumbent Notes

559/560 to 589 Ælla (Aelli)

589/599 to 604 Æthelric (Aedilric)

Bernician Dynasty

593/604? to 616 Æthelfrith also king of Bernicia, killed in battle

Deira
Deira
Dynasty

616 to 12/14 October 632 Edwin son of Ælla, also ruled Bernicia, killed in battle by Cadwallon of Gwynedd and Penda of Mercia; Saint Edwin

late 633 to summer 634 Osric

633 to 5 August 642 Oswald son of Æthelfrith, also ruled Bernicia, killed by Penda, King of Mercia; Saint Oswald

642 to 644 Oswiu son of Æthelfrith, also ruled Bernicia

644 to 651 Oswine son of Osric, murdered

summer 651 to late 654 or 655 Æthelwold son of Oswald

654 to 15 August 670 Oswiu restored

656 to 664 Alchfrith

670 to 679 Ælfwine Sub-king under his brother Ecgfrith, King of Northumbria. Killed in the Battle of the Trent
Battle of the Trent
against King Æthelred of Mercia

Kings of Northumbria[edit]

Reign Incumbent Notes

654 to 15 February 670 Oswiu Hither of Bernicia
Bernicia
and Deira

February 670 to 20 May 685 Ecgfrith son of Oswiu, killed in battle against the Picts

May 685 to 14 December 704 Aldfrith (Ealdfrith, Aldfrid) son of Oswiu

late 704 to early 705 Eadwulf usurper

705 to 716 Osred I son of Aldfrith, killed in battle or murdered

716 to 718 Coenred distant descendant of Ida of Bernecia

718 to 29 May 729 Osric son of Aldfrith, adopted Ceolwulf as his heir

729 to 731 Ceolwulf brother of Coenred, deposed; Saint Ceolwulf

731 to 737/8 Ceolwulf restored; abdicated to become a monk

737 to 758 Eadberht son of Eata, a descendant of Ida of Bernicia, abdicated to become a monk

758 to 759 Oswulf (Osulf) son of Eadberht, murdered by his servants

759 to 765 Æthelwald Moll deposed

765 to 774 Alhred distant descendant of Ida of Bernicia, deposed and exiled

774 to 779 Æthelred I son of Æthelwald Moll, deposed

779 to 23 September 788 Ælfwald I son of Oswulf, murdered

788 to 790 Osred II son of Alhred, deposed and exiled

790 to 18 April 796 Æthelred I restored

796 Osbald exiled after a reign of 27 days

14 May 796 to 806/8 Eardwulf deposed

806/8 to 808/10 Ælfwald II (Elfwald II)

808 to 810 Eardwulf restored

810 to 841 Eanred son of Eardwulf

840/1 to 844 Æthelred II son of Eanred, deposed

844 Rædwulf (Redwulf) usurper

844 to c. 848/9 Æthelred II restored

c. 848/9 to 862/3 Osberht (Osbert) deposed

862/3/7 to 23 March 867 Ælle II usurper, killed by the Danes with Osbeorht

867 to 21 March 867 Osberht (Osbert) killed by the Danes with the usurper Ælle

Kings of Northumbria
Northumbria
in the Norse era[edit]

Reign Incumbent Notes

867 to 872 Ecgberht I puppet king of the Danes

872 to 876 Ricsige

876 to 877 Halfdan Ragnarsson Norse ruler in York. The northern part of Northumbria
Northumbria
remained under Anglo-Saxon rule.

877 to 883 Interregnum

c. 883 to 895 Guðroðr

late 9th century/early 10th century[1]:79 Sigfroðr

late 9th century/early 10th century[1]:79 Knútr Sigfroðr and Knútr may have been joint kings for part or all of the period between 895 and 905[1]:79

fl. c. 900—902[1]:79 Æthelwold

c.902-910[1]:87 Hálfdan and Eowils Another king, Ingwær, brother of the above, may have ruled too. All three were killed at the Battle of Tettenhall.

914 (or before) to 921[2]:144–8 Ragnall Probably controlled much of Northumbria
Northumbria
before finally becoming king of York in 918.

921 to 927[2]:148–51 Sigtrygg Known as Sitric Cáech
Sitric Cáech
in Irish chronicles.

927 Gofraid ua Ímair

927 to 939 [2]:151,74 Æthelstan of Wessex As King of the English

939 to 941[2]:174,81 Olaf Guthfrithson son of Gofraid ua Ímair, known as Amlaíb mac Gofraid in Irish chronicles

941 to 943 or 944[2]:181–2 Amlaíb Cuarán son of Sigtrygg, known in England as Olaf Sihtricson

943 to 944 (with Amlaíb Cuarán?)[2]:182 Ragnall Guthfrithson

roughly 944 to 946[2]:182,86 Eadmund of Wessex As King of the English

c. 947 to 948[2]:186–8 Eric Bloodaxe

949 to 952[2]:186,88 Amlaíb Cuarán restored

952 to 954[2]:188–90 Eric Bloodaxe restored

from 954[2]:190 Eadred
Eadred
of Wessex Claiming and enforcing rule from 946;[2]:185–90 Kingdom absorbed permanently into England after 954[2]:190

Family tree[edit]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BERNICIA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Esa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eoppa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DEIRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ida died 559 (c.547–559)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yffi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glappa died 560 (559–560)

 

Adda died 568 (560–568)

 

Æthelric died 572 (568–572)

 

Theodoric died 579 (572–579)

 

Frithuwald died 585 (579–585)

 

Hussa died 592 (585–592)

 

Ælle died 588 (569–588)

 

Æthelric (589/599–604)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Æthelfrith died 616 (592–616)

 

Acha

 

Eadwine born c.586; died 633 (616–633)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Osric I died 634 (633–634)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eanfrith born c.595; died 634 (633–634)

 

Oswald born c.604; died 642 (634–642)

 

Oswiu born c.612; died 670 (642–670)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oswine died 651 (644–651)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Talorgan King of the Picts

 

Æthelwald I died 655 (651–655)

 

Ealhfriht died 664 (655–664)

 

Ecgfriht born c.645; died 685 (670–685)

 

Ealdfriht died 704 (685–704)

 

Ælfwine born c.661; died 679 (670–679)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Osred I born c.697; died 716 (704–716)

 

Osric II died 729 (718–729)

See also[edit]

Rulers of Bamburgh Earl of York Earl of Northumbria Earl of Northumberland List of English monarchs

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e Downham, Viking Kings . ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Woolf, Pictland to Alba .

References[edit]

Mackenzie, E; Ross, M (1834). An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the County Palatine of Durham. I. Newcastle upon Tyne: Mackenzie and Dent. p. xi. Retrieved 2012-02-28.  Downham, Clare (2007), Viking Kings of Britain and Ireland: The Dynasty of Ívarr to A.D. 1014, Edinburgh: Dunedin, ISBN 978-1-903765-89-0, OCLC 163618313  Woolf, Alex (2007), From Pictland to Alba, 789–1070, The New Edinburgh History of Scotland, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 978-0-7486-1234-5, OCLC 123113911 

v t e

Kingdoms and subdivisions of Anglo-Saxon England

Kingdoms

East Anglia Essex Kent Mercia Northumbria Bernicia Deira Sussex Wessex

Lesser kingdoms

Wiht Meonwara Surrey Lindsey Hwicce Magonsæte Pencersæte Pecsæte Wreocensæte Tomsæte Haestingas Gyrwas Southumbrians

Minor Anglo-Saxon tribes and fiefs

Ælfingas Æbbingas Godhelmingas Arosæte Beormingas Bilsæte Brahhingas Duddensæte Cilternsæte Eorlingas Husmerae Gaini Sunningas Brycgstowl Banesbyrig Lindisfaras Woccingas Nox-gaga and Oht-gaga Middle Saxons Middle Angles North Mercians Duddaæte Gyrwas Hroðingas Tetingas Basingas Snotingas Spaldingas Stoppingas Sweordora Tewingas Westerne Elmetsæte Gewisse Rēadingas Weorgoran Sumorsaete Waeclingas

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