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The King of Hanover
King of Hanover
(German: König von Hannover) was the official title of the head of state and hereditary ruler of the Kingdom of Hanover, beginning with the proclamation of the King of the United Kingdom George III, as "King of Hanover" during the Congress of Vienna, on 12 October 1814 at Vienna, and ending with the kingdom's annexation by Prussia on 20 September 1866.

Contents

1 History 2 List of Electors of Hanover 3 List of Kings of Hanover 4 List of Pretenders of Hanover 5 Standard and coat of arms 6 See also 7 Notes

History[edit] In 1813, George III of the United Kingdom
George III of the United Kingdom
was restored to his Hanoverian territories, and in October 1814 they were constituted as the independent Kingdom of Hanover
Kingdom of Hanover
at the Congress of Vienna. The personal union with the United Kingdom ended in 1837 on the accession of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
because the succession laws in Hanover, based on Salic law, prevented a female inheriting the title if there was any surviving male heir (in the United Kingdom, a male took precedence only over his own sisters).

List of Electors of Hanover[edit]

Electors of Hanover

Image Name Date Succession Notes

George I Louis 1708–1727 Son of Ernest Augustus. Became King of Great Britain
King of Great Britain
in 1714. Acquired Bremen-Verden
Bremen-Verden
in 1719.

George II Augustus 1727–1760 Son of George I. Acquired the Land of Hadeln
Land of Hadeln
in 1731.

George III William Frederick 1760–1806 Grandson of George II. Became King of the United Kingdom (by way of the act of union with Ireland) in 1801. Acquired the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück
Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück
in 1803. He lost (early 1801), regained (April 1801), lost again (May 1803), regained again (Autumn 1805), lost for a third time (early 1806), and regained for a third time (October 1813) de facto power in Hanover by various occupations and annexations during the Great French War (1801–1813). After the electoral title became defunct, with the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, nonetheless between 1806 and 1814, the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire was not recognised and George III retained the electoral title until early 1814 when George was proclaimed King of Hanover, a title which was universally recognised during the Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
(1814–15).

List of Kings of Hanover[edit]

Monarch Consort Reign Royal House

# Portrait Name Portrait Name Reign start Reign end

1

King George III (1738–1820) German: König Georg III

Queen Charlotte (1744–1818) German: Königin Charlotte 12 October 1814 29 January 1820 Hanover

2

King George IV (1762–1830) German: König Georg IV

Queen Caroline (1768–1821) German: Königin Caroline 29 January 1820 26 June 1830 Hanover

3

King William (1765–1837) German: König Wilhelm

Queen Adelaide (1792–1845) German: Königin Adelaide 26 June 1830 20 June 1837 Hanover

4

King Ernest Augustus (1771–1851) German: König Ernst August

Queen Frederica (1778–1841) 20 June 1837 18 November 1851 Hanover

5

King George V (1819–1878) German: König Georg V

Queen Marie (1818–1907) 18 November 1851 20 September 1866 Hanover

List of Pretenders of Hanover[edit]

George V, 20 September 1866 – 12 June 1878 Prince Ernest Augustus, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, 12 June 1878 – 14 November 1923 Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, 30 January 1923 – 30 January 1953 Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover (1914-1987), 30 January 1953 – 9 December 1987 Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover (born 1954), 9 December 1987 - present

Standard and coat of arms[edit] After the personal union with Great Britain ended in 1837, the monarchs of Hanover kept the British royal arms and standard, only introducing a new Crown (after the British model).

Royal Standard of Hanover

Royal Coat of arms of Hanover

See also[edit]

Line of succession to the former Hanoverian throne Kingdom of Hanover House of Hanover German Chancery

.