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There have been 12 monarchs of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(see Monarchy of the United Kingdom) since the merger of the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
and the Kingdom of Scotland
Scotland
on 1 May 1707. England and Scotland
Scotland
had been in personal union under the House of Stuart since 24 March 1603. On 1 January 1801, Great Britain merged with the Kingdom of Ireland
Kingdom of Ireland
(also previously in personal union with Great Britain) to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland. After most of Ireland left the union on 6 December 1922, its name was amended on 12 April 1927 to the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Contents

1 House of Stuart
House of Stuart
(1707–1714) 2 House of Hanover
House of Hanover
(1714–1901) 3 Houses of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1901–1917) and Windsor (1917–present) 4 Timeline of British monarchs 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

House of Stuart
House of Stuart
(1707–1714)[edit] Main article: House of Stuart Queen Anne had been Queen of England, Scotland
Scotland
and Ireland since 8 March 1702, and so became Queen of Great Britain upon the Union of England and Scotland.

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriages Death Claim Ref.

Before the Acts of Union 1707
Acts of Union 1707
See List of English monarchs, List of Scottish monarchs, and List of Irish monarchs.

Anne 1 May 1707 – 1 August 1714 (7 years, 92 days)

6 February 1665 St James's Palace

Daughter of James II and Anne Hyde George of Denmark St James's Palace 28 July 1683 No surviving children 1 August 1714 Kensington Palace Aged 49 Daughter of James VII and II

Cognatic primogeniture

Bill of Rights 1689 [2]

House of Hanover
House of Hanover
(1714–1901)[edit] Main article: House of Hanover The Hanoverian succession came about as a result of the Act of Settlement 1701, passed by the Parliament of England, which excluded "Papists" (i.e. Roman Catholics) from the succession. In return for access to the English plantations in North America and the West Indies, the Hanoverian succession and the Union were ratified by the Parliament of Scotland
Scotland
in 1707. After the death of Anne with no living children, George Louis, the son of Sophia of Hanover—granddaughter of James I through his daughter Elizabeth—was the closest heir to the throne who was not Catholic.[i]

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriages Death Claim Ref.

George I George Louis 1 August 1714[a] – 11 June 1727 (12 years, 315 days)

28 May 1660 Leineschloss

Son of Ernest Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Sophia of Hanover Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle 21 November 1682 2 children 11 June 1727 Osnabrück Aged 67 Great-grandson of James VI and I

Act of Settlement

Eldest son of Sophia of Hanover [3]

George II George Augustus 11 June 1727[b] – 25 October 1760 (33 years, 137 days)

30 October 1683 Herrenhausen

Son of George I and Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach 22 August 1705 Herrenhausen 8 children 25 October 1760 Kensington Palace Aged 76 Son of George I [4]

George III George William Frederick 25 October 1760[c] – 29 January 1820 (59 years, 97 days)

4 June 1738 Norfolk
Norfolk
House

Son of Prince Frederick and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz St James's Palace 8 September 1761 15 children 29 January 1820 Windsor Castle Aged 81 Grandson of George II [5]

George IV George Augustus Frederick 29 January 1820[d] – 26 June 1830 (10 years, 149 days)

12 August 1762 St James's Palace

Son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1) Maria Fitzherbert Park Lane 15 September 1785 No verified children

(2) Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel St James's Palace 8 April 1795 1 daughter 26 June 1830 Windsor Castle Aged 67 Son of George III [6]

William IV William Henry 26 June 1830[e] – 20 June 1837 (6 years, 360 days)

21 August 1765 Buckingham Palace

Son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen Kew Palace 13 July 1818 2 daughters 20 June 1837 Windsor Castle Aged 71 Son of George III [7]

Victoria Alexandrina Victoria 20 June 1837[f] – 22 January 1901 (63 years, 217 days)

24 May 1819 Kensington Palace

Daughter of the Duke of Kent
Kent
and Strathearn and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha St James's Palace 10 February 1840 9 children 22 January 1901 Osborne House Aged 81 Granddaughter of George III [8]

Houses of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1901–1917) and Windsor (1917–present)[edit] Main articles: House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
and House of Windsor Due to his father Albert, Prince Consort, being of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Edward VII
Edward VII
inaugurated a new royal house when he succeeded his mother Victoria, the last monarch of the House of Hanover, in 1901. George V
George V
changed its name in 1917, during the First World War, because of wartime anti-German sentiment in the country. The house name Windsor has since been used.

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriages Death Claim Ref.

Edward VII Albert Edward 22 January 1901[g] – 6 May 1910 (9 years, 105 days)

9 November 1841 Buckingham Palace

Son of Victoria and Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Alexandra of Denmark St George's Chapel 10 March 1863 6 children 6 May 1910 Buckingham Palace Aged 68 Son of Victoria [9]

George V George Frederick Ernest Albert 6 May 1910[h] – 20 January 1936 (25 years, 260 days)

3 June 1865 Marlborough House

Son of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark Mary of Teck St James's Palace 6 July 1893 6 children 20 January 1936 Sandringham House Aged 70 Son of Edward VII [10]

Edward VIII Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David 20 January 1936[i] – 11 December 1936 (Abdicated after 326 days)

23 June 1894 White Lodge

Son of George V and Mary of Teck Wallis Simpson Château de Candé 3 June 1937 No children 28 May 1972 Neuilly-sur-Seine Aged 77 Son of George V [11]

George VI Albert Frederick Arthur George 11 December 1936[j] – 6 February 1952 (15 years, 58 days)

14 December 1895 Sandringham House

Son of George V and Mary of Teck Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Westminster Abbey 26 April 1923 2 daughters 6 February 1952 Sandringham House Aged 56 Son of George V [12]

Elizabeth II Elizabeth Alexandra Mary 6 February 1952[k] – Present (66 years, 61 days)

21 April 1926 Mayfair

Daughter of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Philip of Greece and Denmark Westminster Abbey 20 November 1947 4 children Living Age 91 Daughter of George VI [13]

Timeline of British monarchs[edit]

See also[edit]

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
portal Royalty portal

British monarchs' family tree Succession to the British throne Alternative successions of the English crown Demise of the Crown Mnemonic verse of monarchs in England Monarchy of the United Kingdom List of British consorts List of monarchs in Britain by length of reign List of British monarchs
List of British monarchs
by longevity List of monarchs of the British Isles by cause of death Lists of monarchs in the British Isles

Notes[edit]

^ For a family tree showing King George I's relationship to Queen Anne, see George I of Great Britain
George I of Great Britain
§ Family tree.

Coronations

^ George I was crowned on 20 October 1714. ^ George II was crowned on 11 October 1727 with Queen Caroline. ^ George III was crowned on 22 September 1761 with Queen Charlotte. ^ George IV was crowned on 19 July 1821. ^ William IV was crowned on 8 September 1831 with Queen Adelaide. ^ Victoria was crowned on 28 June 1838. ^ Edward VII
Edward VII
was crowned on 9 August 1902 with Queen Alexandra. ^ George V
George V
was crowned on 22 May 1911 with Queen Mary. ^ Edward VIII
Edward VIII
was not crowned. ^ George VI
George VI
was crowned on 12 May 1937 with Queen Elizabeth. ^ Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
was crowned on 2 June 1953.

References[edit]

^ "Coats of arms". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2011.  ^ "Anne (r. 1702–1714)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 January 2018.  ^ "George I (r. 1714–1727)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ "George II (r. 1727–1760)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ "George III (r. 1760–1820)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ "King George IV (r. 1820–1830)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ "William IV (r. 1830–1837)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ "Victoria ( r. 1837–1901)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ " Edward VII
Edward VII
(r.1901–1910)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ " George V
George V
(r. 1910–1936)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ " Edward VIII
Edward VIII
(Jan–Dec 1936)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 August 2010.  ^ " George VI
George VI
(r.1936–1952)". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ "Her Majesty The Queen". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

"Archontology – English Kings/Queens from 871 to 1707". archontology.org.  "Britannia: Monarchs of Britain". britannia.com.  "British Royal Family History – Kings and Queens". britroyals.com.  "English Monarchs – A complete history of the Kings and Queens of England". englishmonarchs.co.uk. 

v t e

British monarchs

House of Stuart

Anne

House of Hanover

George I George II George III George IV William IV Victoria

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Edward VII George V

House of Windsor

George V Edward VIII George VI Elizabeth II

v t e

British royal titles

Monarch

King/Queen of United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(consort), Duke of Lancaster
Duke of Lancaster
& Duke of Normandy

Heir

Wales

Prince and Princess

Cornwall

Duke and Duchess

Rothesay

Duke and Duchess

Current titles

Edinburgh

Duke and Duchess

Cambridge

Duke and Duchess

York

Duke and Duchess

Gloucester

Duke

Kent

Duke

Wessex

Earl

Princess Royal

Princess Royal

Vacant titles

Clarence

Duke

Connaught
Connaught
and Strathearn

Duke ( Connaught
Connaught
is not part of the United Kingdom, Strathearn
Strathearn
is currently an earldom held by the Duke of Cambridge)

Kendal

Duke

Ross

Duke

Sussex

Duke

Windsor

Duke

Former titles

Albany

Duke (Suspended by the Titles Deprivation Act 1917)

Albemarle

Duke (Currently an Earldom held by the Keppel family)

Clarence and Avondale

Duke (Clarence is Vacant)

Clarence and St Andrews

Duke (Clarence is Vacant)

Cumberland

Duke ( Cumberland
Cumberland
is Suspended)

Cumberland
Cumberland
and Strathearn

Duke ( Cumberland
Cumberland
is Suspended)

Cumberland
Cumberland
and Teviotdale

Duke (Suspended by the Titles Deprivation Act 1917)

Exeter

Duke (Currently a Marquessate held by the Cecil family)

Gloucester
Gloucester
and Edinburgh

Duke (Currently both are separate Dukedoms)

Hereford

Duke (Currently a Viscountcy held by the Devereux family)

Kent
Kent
and Strathearn

Duke ( Kent
Kent
is currently a separate Dukedom) ( Strathearn
Strathearn
is currently an Earldom held by the Duke of Cambridge)

Kintyre
Kintyre
and Lorne

Duke (Currently both are Marquessate titles to the Duke of Argyll
Duke of Argyll
held by the Campbell family)

York
York
and Albany

Duke ( York
York
is currently a separate Dukedom, but Albany is Suspended)

Former titles Non-Royal Dukedoms

Bedford

Duke (Russell family)

Lennox

Duke (Lennox family, held by the Duke of Gordon)

Norfolk

Duke (Fitzalan-Howard family)

Richmond

Duke (Lennox family, held by the Duke of Gordon)

Somerset

Duk

.