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The Info List - King Of Castile





This is a list of kings and queens of the Kingdom and Crown of Castile. For their predecessors, see List of Castilian counts.

Contents

1 Kings of Castile

1.1 Jiménez Dynasty 1.2 House of Ivrea 1.3 Succession crisis 1.4 House of Trastámara 1.5 House of Habsburg

2 Suggested reading 3 See also

Kings of Castile[edit]

Royal arms of Castile

Jiménez Dynasty[edit] Further information: Jiménez Dynasty

Monarch Image Nickname Reign began Reign ended Notes

Ferdinand I

The Great 1037 27 December 1065 also King of León

Sancho II

The strong 27 December 1065 6 October 1072  

Alfonso VI

The Brave 6 October 1072 30 June 1109 also King of León

Urraca

  30 June 1109 8 March 1126 also Queen of León

House of Ivrea[edit] Further information: House of Ivrea The following dynasts are descendants, in the male line, of Urraca's first husband, Raymond of Burgundy.

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes

Alfonso VII

The Emperor 10 March 1126 21 August 1157 also King of León

Sancho III

The Desired 21 August 1157 31 August 1158  

Alfonso VIII

The Noble 31 August 1158 6 October 1214

16 July 1212 won a decisive victory for the Reconquista
Reconquista
at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa

Henry I

  6 October 1214 6 June 1217  

Berengaria

The Great 6 June 1217 30 August 1217 abdicated in favor of her son, Ferdinand III; died 1246

Ferdinand III

The Saint 30 August 1217 30 May 1252 also King of León
King of León
from 1230; all later kings were King of León
King of León
as well

Alfonso X

The Wise 30 May 1252 4 April 1284 elected King of the Romans
King of the Romans
in 1257, a title which he claimed until he renounced it in 1275

Sancho IV

The Brave 4 April 1284 25 April 1295  

Ferdinand IV

The Summoned 25 April 1295 7 September 1312  

Alfonso XI

The Just 7 September 1312 26 March 1350  

Peter

The Cruel 26 March 1350 23 March 1369 Killed by Henry II of Castile

Succession crisis[edit]

The Royal Bend of Castile, adopted since Alfonso XI in 1332 as the personal standard of the monarch

Following the death of Peter, a succession crisis arose between Peter's illegitimate half-brother Henry of Trastámara and the Englishman John of Gaunt, a great great grandson of Ferdinand III of Castile, who claimed the title of King of Castile and Léon by virtue of his marriage to Constance, daughter of Peter. Henry took the throne by force, and faced several military actions by John of Gaunt, who had forged an alliance with John I of Portugal
John I of Portugal
in an attempt to enforce his claim, however John of Gaunt
John of Gaunt
was unsuccessful in his campaigns, and Henry established the House of Trastámara
House of Trastámara
as the new ruling dynasty of Castile. House of Trastámara[edit] Further information: House of Trastámara

Royal arms of the Crown of Castile
Crown of Castile
by the time of John II

Henry II was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI. He was made count of Trastámara.

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes

Henry II

The Bastard 23 March 1369 29 May 1379 also claimed the throne from 1366

John I

  29 May 1379 9 October 1390  

Henry III

The Infirm 9 October 1390 25 December 1406  

John II

  25 December 1406 21 July 1454  

Henry IV

The Impotent 21 July 1454 11 December 1474  

Isabella I

The Catholic 11 December 1474 26 November 1504 After ruling for a month on her own, Isabella was then joined by her husband, Ferdinand, who ruled Castile jure uxoris as Ferdinand V.

Ferdinand V

The Catholic 15 January 1475 26 November 1504 Ferdinand was in Aragon when Isabella succeeded to the throne on 11 December 1474. He arrived at Segovia on 2 January 1475 and a negotiation ensued that was arbitrated by Archbishop Carrillo and Cardinal Mendoza. One of the points determined was whether Ferdinand was to be consort or jure uxoris king. In Concordia de Segovia, Carrillo and Mendoza wrote the opinion on 15 January 1475 that Ferdinand was jure uxoris King of Castile. Succeeding to the throne of Aragon as Ferdinand II on 19 January 1479, Ferdinand then ruled all of non-Portuguese Iberia except Granada (added in 1492) and Navarre (added in 1515) effectively creating a de facto united realm of España. In 1478 established the Spanish Inquisition
Spanish Inquisition
to displace the Papal Inquisition

Joanna

The mad 26 November 1504 12 April 1555 in name, with her husband Philip I (1504–1506). in confinement, with regent Archbishop Cisneros (1506-1508). in confinement, with her father Ferdinand V (1508-1516). in confinement, with her son Charles I (1516–1555)

House of Habsburg[edit] Further information: House of Habsburg

Arms of Philip I

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes

Philip I

The Handsome 26 November 1504 25 September 1506 jure uxoris king ruling on behalf of his wife, Joanna I

Charles I

The Emperor 13 March 1516 16 January 1556 jointly with his mother Joanna I in confinement to 1555, abdicated in favor of his son 1556, died 21 September 1558.

Philip II

The Prudent 16 January 1556 13 September 1598 son of Charles I and Isabella of Portugal

Philip III

The Pious 13 September 1598 31 March 1621 son of Philip II and Anna of Austria

Philip IV

The Great 31 March 1621 17 September 1665 son of Philip III and Margaret of Austria

Charles II

The Bewitched 17 September 1665 1 November 1700 son of Philip IV and Mariana of Austria

The Crown of Castile
Crown of Castile
existed in its own right within the Spanish crown and with its own law until the arrival of the Bourbon dynasty after the War of Spanish Succession. Suggested reading[edit]

Barton, Simon. The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Appendix I: "The Counts of Twelfth Century León and Castile and Aragon, pp. 235–302.

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Monarchs of Castile.

List of Castilian consorts Kingdom of Castile List of Aragonese monarchs List of Leonese monarchs List of Navarrese monarchs List of Spanish monarchs

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Monarchs of Castile

House of Jiménez

Ferdinand I "the Magno" Sancho II "the Strong" Alfonso VI "the Brave" Urraca "the Reckless"

House of Burgundy

Alfonso VII "the Emperor" Sancho III "the Desired" Alfonso VIII "the Noble" Henry I Berengaria Ferdinand III "the Saint" Alfonso X "the Wise" Sancho IV "the Brave" Ferdinand IV "the Summoned" Alfonso XI "the Avenger" Peter "the Cruel"

House of Trastámara

Henry II "the Fracticidal" John I Henry III "the Mourner" John II Henry IV "the Impotent" Isabella I "the Catholic" Ferdinand V "the Catholic" Joanna "the Mad"

House of Habsburg

Philip I "the Handsome" Charles I "the Emperor" Philip II "the Prudent" Philip III "the Devotional" Philip IV "the Stunned" Charles II "th

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