King Zhuangxiang of Qin (281–247 BC), personal names Yiren and
Zichu, was a ruler of the Qin state during the third century BC in the
Warring States period
Warring States period of ancient China.
Yiren was born to Lord Anguo, the second son and heir apparent of King
Zhaoxiang, and Lord Anguo's concubine Lady Xia. He was chosen to serve
as a political hostage in the Kingdom of Zhao. In
Handan (the capital
of Zhao) he met a merchant, Lü Buwei, who saw Yiren as extraordinary
and detected in him the potential to become the king of Qin in the
Lü Buwei treated Yiren well and presented his concubine Lady
Zhao to Yiren. Lady Zhao later bore Yiren a son, Ying Zheng.
In the meantime, through rewards and machinations,
Lü Buwei helped
Yiren return to Qin. He also successfully conditioned Lord Anguo's
primary spouse, the childless Lady Huayang, to adopt Yiren as her own
son, thereby making Yiren become Lord Anguo's legitimate heir
apparent. As Lady Huayang was a native of the Chu state, she renamed
Yiren to "Zichu" (lit. "son of Chu"). Upon the death of
in 251 BC, Lord Anguo ascended the throne and became historically
known as "
King Xiaowen", but he died in the following year just three
days after his coronation. Zichu succeeded his father as the king of
Qin and became historically known as "
King Zhuangxiang of Qin". He
Lü Buwei as his chancellor, Lady Zhao as his queen consort, and
Ying Zheng as his crown prince.
King Zhuangxiang died in 247 after reigning for three years. Ying
Zheng succeeded him and eventually unified China through a series of
wars beside the other six major states, established the
Qin Dynasty in
221 BC, and became historically known as "Qin Shi Huang" (First
Emperor of Qin).
^ ‘‘Records of the Grand Historian:
Qin Dynasty (English
translation). (1996). Ssu-Ma, Ch'ien. Sima, Qian. Burton Watson as
translator. Edition: 3, reissue, revised. Columbia. University Press.
ISBN 0231081693, 9780231081696. pg 35. pg 59.
King Zhuangxiang of Qin
House of Ying
Died: 247 BC
King of Qin
Rulers of Qin
Marquis of Qin
State of Qin
Duke Hui I
Duke Hui II
Qin Shi Huang
Qin Er Shi
Xia → Shang → Zhou → Qin → Han → 3 Kingdoms → Jìn / 16
Kingdoms → S. Dynasties / N. Dynasties → Sui → Tang → 5
Dynasties & 10 Kingdoms → Liao / Song / W. Xia / Jīn → Yuan
→ Ming →