KING ZHUANGXIANG OF QIN (281–247 BC), personal names YIREN and
ZICHU, was a ruler of the Qin state during the third century BC in the
Warring States period
Warring States period of ancient China.
Yiren was born to Lord Anguo , the second son and heir apparent of
King Zhaoxiang , and Lord Anguo's concubine Lady Xia. He was chosen to
serve as a hostage in the Kingdom of Zhao . In
Handan (the capital of
Zhao) he met a merchant,
Lü Buwei , who saw Yiren as extraordinary
and detected in him the potential to become the king of Qin in the
Lü Buwei treated Yiren well and presented his concubine Lady
Zhao to Yiren. Lady Zhao later bore Yiren a son, Ying Zheng .
In the meantime, through bribes and machinations,
Lü Buwei helped
Yiren return to Qin. He also successfully persuaded Lord Anguo's
primary spouse, the childless Lady Huayang, to adopt Yiren as her own
son, thereby making Yiren become Lord Anguo's legitimate heir apparent
. As Lady Huayang was a native of the Chu state , she renamed Yiren to
"Zichu" (lit. "son of Chu"). Upon the death of
King Zhaoxiang in 251
BC, Lord Anguo ascended the throne and became historically known as
King Xiaowen", but he died in the following year just three days
after his coronation. Zichu succeeded his father as the king of Qin
and became historically known as "
King Zhuangxiang of Qin". He named
Lü Buwei as his chancellor , Lady Zhao as his queen consort, and Ying
Zheng as his crown prince.
King Zhuangxiang died in 247 after reigning for three years. Ying
Zheng succeeded him and eventually unified China through a series of
wars against the other six major states, established the Qin Dynasty
in 221 BC, and became historically known as "
Qin Shi Huang
Qin Shi Huang " (First
Emperor of Qin).
* ^ ‘‘Records of the Grand Historian:
Qin Dynasty (English
translation). (1996). Ssu-Ma, Ch'ien. Sima, Qian. Burton Watson as
translator. Edition: 3, reissue, revised. Columbia.