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The King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army
British Army
that was originally raised in British North America
British North America
as the Royal American Regiment (also known as the Royal Americans) in the Seven Years' War
Seven Years' War
and for Loyalist service in the American Revolutionary War. Later, ranked as the 60th Regiment of Foot, the regiment served for more than 200 years throughout the British Empire. In 1958, the regiment joined the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
Infantry
and the Rifle Brigade in the Green Jackets Brigade and in 1966 the three regiments were formally amalgamated to become the Royal Green Jackets. The KRRC became the 2nd Battalion
Battalion
Royal Green Jackets. On the disbandment of 1/RGJ in 1992, the RGJ's KRRC battalion was redesignated as 1/RGJ, eventually becoming 2/RIFLES in 2007.

Contents

1 History

1.1 French and Indian War 1.2 American Revolutionary War 1.3 Napoleonic Wars 1.4 Anglo-Egyptian War
Anglo-Egyptian War
and Second Boer War 1.5 First World War

1.5.1 Regular Army 1.5.2 Territorial Force 1.5.3 New Armies

1.6 Inter-war years 1.7 Second World War

2 Royal Green Jackets 3 Territorial Battalions 4 Cadet Battalions 5 Alliances 6 See also 7 References 8 Sources 9 Further reading 10 External links

History[edit] French and Indian War[edit] The King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
was raised in the American colonies in 1756 as the 62nd (Royal American) Regiment to defend the thirteen colonies against attack by the French and their Native American allies. After Braddock's defeat in 1755, royal approval for a new regiment, as well as funds, were granted by parliament just before Christmas 1755 – hence the regiment's traditional birthday of Christmas Day. However, parliamentary delays meant that it was 4 March 1756 before a special act of parliament created four battalions of 1,000 men each to include foreigners for service in the Americas.[2]

Benjamin West's depiction of Sir William Johnson sparing Lord Dieskau's life after the Battle of Lake George. (Reportedly, the uniforms of soldiers in the background right are of the Royal Americans)

Soldier of the 60th Royal American Regiment in 1758

A regimental history compiled in 1879 by a captain in the Kings Royal Rifle Corps, states that, in November 1755, Parliament voted the sum of £81,000 for the purpose of raising a regiment of four battalions, each one thousand strong, for service in British North America. Parliament approved “An Act to enable His Majesty to grant commissions to a certain number of foreign Protestants, who have served abroad as officers or engineers, to act and rank as officers or engineers in America only under certain restrictions and regulations.” The Earl of Loudoun, who as commander-in-chief of the Forces in North America, was appointed colonel-in-chief of the regiment. About fifty officers’ commissions were given to Germans and Swiss, and none were allowed to rise above the rank of lieutenant-colonel.[3] According to a modern history of the regiment, the idea for creating this unique force was proposed by Jacques Prevost, a Swiss soldier and adventurer who was a friend of the Duke of Cumberland (the Duke was the King's second son and also Commander-in-Chief of the Forces). Prevost recognised the need for soldiers who understood forest warfare, unlike the regulars who were brought to America in 1755 by General Edward Braddock.[4] The regiment was intended to combine the characteristics of a colonial corps with those of a foreign legion. Swiss and German forest fighting experts, American colonists and British volunteers from other British regiments were recruited. These men were Protestants, an important consideration for fighting against the predominantly Catholic French. The officers were also recruited from Europe – not from the American colonies – and consisted of English, Scots, Irish, Dutch, Swiss and Germans. It was the first time foreign officers were commissioned as British Army
British Army
officers. In total, the regiment consisted of 101 officers, 240 non-commissioned officers and 4,160 enlisted men. The battalions were raised on Governors Island, New York. The regiment was renumbered the 60th (Royal American) Regiment in February 1757 when the 50th (Shirley's) and 51st (Pepperrell's) foot regiments were removed from the British Army
British Army
roll after their surrender at Fort Oswego.[5] Among the distinguished foreign officers given commissions in the 60th (Royal Americans) was Henry Bouquet, a Swiss citizen, whose ideas on tactics, training and man-management (including the unofficial introduction of the rifle and 'battle-dress') would become universal in the British Army
British Army
some 150 years later. Bouquet was commanding officer of the 1st battalion, and with his fellow battalion commanders, set about creating units that were better suited to warfare in the forests and lakes of northeast America.[6] The new regiment fought at Louisbourg in June 1758, the Cape Sable Campaign in September 1758 and Quebec in September 1759 in the campaign which finally wrested Canada from France; at Quebec it won from General James Wolfe
James Wolfe
the motto Celer et Audax (Swift and Bold). These were conventional battles on the European model, but fighting during Pontiac's War
Pontiac's War
in 1763 was of a very different character. The frontier war threatened the British control of North America. The new regiment at first lost several outlying garrisons such as Fort Michilimackinac, but finally proved its mastery of forest warfare under Bouquet's leadership at the victory of Bushy Run in August 1763.[7] The 60th was uniformed and equipped in a similar manner to other British regiments with red coats and cocked hats or grenadier caps,[6] but on campaign, swords were replaced with hatchets, and coats and hats cut down for ease of movement in the woods.[6] American Revolutionary War[edit] Two additional battalions of the regiment (the 3rd and 4th battalions) were raised in England in 1775, principally of men recruited from England and Hanover in 1775 for service in the American Revolutionary War. After assembly in the Isle of Wight, both battalions were sent in 1776 to Florida where they were joined by detachments from 1st and 2nd Battalions.[8] These battalions were deployed to Georgia and were involved in skirmishes at Sudbury in January 1779, the Battle of Briar Creek in March 1779, the Siege of Savannah
Siege of Savannah
in October 1779 where elements from the 4th Battalion
Battalion
captured the Colour of the 2nd South Carolina Regiment, and at Augusta in September 1780.[8] The 3rd and 4th battalions were disbanded in June 1783.[8] Napoleonic Wars[edit] During the Napoleonic Wars, the regiment saw action in the Peninsular War. The first four battalions had been raised as regular line battalions, but in 1797 a 5th battalion had been raised at Cowes
Cowes
on the Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
and equipped entirely with the Baker rifle, and wore green jackets with red facings.[6] The mixing of rifle troops and muskets proved so effective that eventually line battalion light companies were replaced with rifle companies. The line battalions found themselves in several different theatres, including the West Indies. The rifle battalion was soon joined by a second, and these found themselves in the Peninsula with Wellington's army, serving along with the 95th Rifles, and the King's German Legion
King's German Legion
rifle units. A 7th battalion was eventually raised as a rifle battalion specifically for service in the American War of 1812.[9] Anglo-Egyptian War
Anglo-Egyptian War
and Second Boer War[edit]

King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
c. 1895-1914 by Harry Payne (1858–1927)

The 7th (Militia) Battalion, KRRC marching from their Depot in Barnet in 1900. This battalion became 6th ( Special
Special
Reserve), KRRC in 1908.

After the Napoleonic Wars, the regiment received a new title: first, in 1815, its name was changed to The Duke of York's Own Rifle Corps and then, in 1830, to the King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
(KRRC). In 1858, the Rifle Depot at Winchester
Winchester
was made their headquarters. The regiment served in the Anglo-Egyptian War
Anglo-Egyptian War
in 1882. During the rest of the 1800s, the unit also was active in China, Canada (Wolseley expedition), Afghanistan, India, Burma and South Africa. The regiment was deployed during the Second Boer War
Second Boer War
from the outset playing a key role in the first battle at Talana Hill.[10] Two officers from the regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross; Lieutenant Frederick Hugh Sherston Roberts[11] and Lieutenant Llewelyn Alberic Emilius Price-Davies.[12] Private Frederick Corbett
Frederick Corbett
also received the Victoria Cross for his action at Kafr Dowar, Egypt, on 5 August 1882; his VC was later rescinded when he was convicted of embezzlement, theft, and being absent without leave.[13] In 1908, the Volunteers and Militia were reorganised nationally, with the former becoming the Territorial Force
Territorial Force
and the latter the Special Reserve;[14] the regiment now had two Reserve but no Territorial battalions.[15][16] First World War[edit]

Memorial to William Henry Laverty, King's Royal Rifles, killed during the First World War. St Swithun-upon-Kingsgate Church, Winchester

King’s Royal Rifle Corps Memorial in Winchester

Regular Army[edit] The 1st Battalion
Battalion
landed at Rouen
Rouen
as part of the 6th Brigade in the 2nd Division in August 1914 for service on the Western Front[17] and saw action at the Battle of Mons
Battle of Mons
in August 1914, the First Battle of the Marne in September 1914, the First Battle of the Aisne
First Battle of the Aisne
in September 1914 and First Battle of Ypres
First Battle of Ypres
in October 1914 as well as the Battle of Festubert
Battle of Festubert
in May 1915, the Battle of Loos
Battle of Loos
in September 1915 and the Battle of the Somme
Battle of the Somme
in Autumn 1916 before taking part in the advance to the Hindenburg Line, the Battle of Arras in November 1917, the Battle of Cambrai in November 1917, the Second Battle of the Somme in Autumn 1918 and the Battle of the Selle in October 1918.[18] The war ended a month later with the signing of the Armistice of 11 November 1918. The 2nd Battalion
Battalion
landed at Le Havre
Le Havre
as part of the 2nd Brigade in the 1st Division in August 1914 for service on the Western Front[17] and saw action at the Battle of Aubers Ridge
Battle of Aubers Ridge
in May 1915.[19]

Prince Arthur, the Duke of Connaught, inspecting men of the 2nd Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
at Le Buissiere, near Bruay, 1 July 1918.

The 3rd Battalion
Battalion
landed at Le Havre
Le Havre
as part of the 80th Brigade in the 27th Division in December 1914 for service on the Western Front[17] and saw action at the Second Battle of Ypres
Second Battle of Ypres
in April 1915.[20] The 4th Battalion
Battalion
landed at Le Havre
Le Havre
as part of the 80th Brigade in the 27th Division in December 1914 for service on the Western Front and saw action at the Second Battle of Ypres
Second Battle of Ypres
in April 1915[21] but moved to Salonika in November 1915 before returning to France in June 1918.[17] Territorial Force[edit] The regiment did not have any territorial force battalions.[17] New Armies[edit] The 7th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boulogne-sur-Mer
as part of the 41st Brigade in the 14th (Light) Division
14th (Light) Division
in August 1914 for service on the Western Front[17] and saw action the Second Battle of Ypres
Second Battle of Ypres
in May 1915, the Battle of Delville Wood
Battle of Delville Wood
in July 1916 and the Battle of Flers–Courcelette in September 1916 as well as the advance to the Hindenburg Line, the Battle of Arras in April 1917, the Battle of Langemark in August 1917, the First Battle of Passchendaele
First Battle of Passchendaele
in October 1917 and the Second Battle of Passchendaele
Second Battle of Passchendaele
in November 1917 before taking part in the Battle of St Quentin in March 1918 and the Battle of the Avre in April 1918.[22] The 8th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boulogne-sur-Mer
as part of the 41st Brigade in the 14th (Light) Division
14th (Light) Division
in May 1915 for service on the Western Front[17] and saw action most of the same battles as the 7th Battalion.[23] The 9th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boulogne-sur-Mer
as part of the 42nd Brigade in the 14th (Light) Division in May 1915 for service on the Western Front[17] and saw action most of the same battles as the 7th and 8th battalions.[24] The 10th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
and 11th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boulogne-sur-Mer
as part of the 59th Brigade in the 20th (Light) Division in July 1915 for service on the Western Front[17] and saw action at the Battle of Mont Sorrel
Battle of Mont Sorrel
in June 1916, the Battle of Delville Wood in July 1916 and the Battle of Guillemont
Battle of Guillemont
in September 1916 as well as the Battle of Flers–Courcelette
Battle of Flers–Courcelette
in September 1916, the Battle of Morval
Battle of Morval
in September 1916 and the Battle of Le Transloy in October 1916 before taking part in the advance to the Hindenburg Line, the Battle of Langemarck in August 1917, the Battle of the Menin Road Ridge in September 1917, the Battle of Polygon Wood
Battle of Polygon Wood
in September 1917 and the Battle of Cambrai in November 1917.[25][26] The 12th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boulogne-sur-Mer
as part of the 60th Brigade in the 20th (Light) Division
20th (Light) Division
in July 1915 for service on the Western Front[17] and saw action most of the same battles as the 10th and 11th Battalions.[27] The 13th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boulogne-sur-Mer
as part of the 111th Brigade in the 37th Division in July 1915 for service on the Western Front[17] and saw action at the Battle of Morval
Battle of Morval
in September 1916, the advance to the Hindenburg Line and the Battle of Arras in April 1917 as well as the Battle of Passchendaele in Autumn 1917, the Battle of Cambrai in November 1917 and the Hundred Days Offensive
Hundred Days Offensive
in Autumn 1918 before taking part in the Battles of the Hindenburg Line
Hindenburg Line
and the Final Advance in Picardy.[28] The 16th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
(Church Lads Brigade) landed at Le Havre as part of the 100th Brigade in the 33rd Division in November 1915 for service on the Western Front.[17] The 17th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
( British Empire
British Empire
League) landed at Le Havre as part of the 117th Brigade in the 39th Division in March 1916 for service on the Western Front.[17] The 18th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
(Arts & Crafts) landed at Le Havre
Le Havre
as part of the 122nd Brigade in the 41st Division in March 1916 for service on the Western Front.[17] The 20th (Service) Battalion
Battalion
( British Empire
British Empire
League Pioneers) landed at Le Havre
Le Havre
as pioneer battalion for the 3rd Division in March 1916 for service on the Western Front.[17] The 21st (Service) Battalion (Yeoman Rifles) landed in France as part of the 124th Brigade in the 41st Division in May 1916 for service on the Western Front but moved to Italy in November 1917 before returning to France in March 1918.[17] Seven members of the regiment received the Victoria Cross.[29] Inter-war years[edit] After 1918, the unit returned to garrison duties in India, Palestine and Ireland. In 1922, the regiment was reduced from four to two battalions with the third and fourth being disbanded. In 1926, the Regiment was reorganised as one of the first mechanised infantry regiments.[30] Second World War[edit]

3-inch mortars of the 1st Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
set up beside a farm building, Italy, 27 January 1945.

The 1st Battalion, KRRC, commanded initially by Lieutenant Colonel William Gott, was deployed to North Africa upon war's outbreak and saw action as part of the pivot group within the 7th Armoured Division at the Battle of Sidi Rezegh
Battle of Sidi Rezegh
in November 1941, the First Battle of El Alamein in July 1942 and the Second Battle of El Alamein
Second Battle of El Alamein
in October 1942 during the Western Desert Campaign. Rifleman
Rifleman
John Beeley
John Beeley
was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
for his actions during Operation Crusader in North Africa in late 1941.[31] The battalion, now part of the 2nd Armoured Brigade of the 1st Armoured Division, was then engaged in action throughout the final stages of the Tunisian Campaign. The battalion, now commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Edward Williams, served in the Italian Campaign then with the independent 9th Armoured Brigade and finally the 6th Armoured Division's 61st Infantry Brigade.[32] The 2nd Battalion, KRRC, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Wilson, was part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) that landed in France in May 1940. The battalion, which was part of the 30th Infantry
Infantry
Brigade, 1st Armoured Division, and now commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Euan Miller, was lost in the defence of Calais, where the brigade slowed the German advance and enabled the Dunkirk evacuation to proceed. The battalion was reformed in the summer of 1940 under the command of Lieutenant Colonel George Erskine
George Erskine
and transferred to the 22nd Armoured Brigade of the 1st Armoured Division. The reformed battalion took part in the Battle of Gazala
Battle of Gazala
in May 1942 and the Second Battle of El Alamein
Second Battle of El Alamein
in October 1942 during the North African Campaign. Following the Normandy landings
Normandy landings
in June 1944, the battalion, now under Lieutenant Colonel W. Heathcote-Amory, served in the 4th Armoured Brigade and in the subsequent campaign in North-West Europe. Two officers of note served with the battalion in its final campaign of the war, Roland Gibbs
Roland Gibbs
and Edwin Bramall.[32] The 1st Battalion
Battalion
of the Queen Victoria's Rifles
Queen Victoria's Rifles
(QFR) was a Territorial Army (TA) unit which had been closely associated with the KRRC. The battalion, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel J. A. M. Elison-Mccartney, was initially part of the TA 1st London Division, serving as the division's motorcycle battalion. However, like the 2nd Battalion, it was also lost in the defence of Calais in May 1940.[33] The battalion was later reformed in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and, in December 1940, transferred to the 27th Armoured Brigade, part of the newly formed 9th Armoured Division.[34] The 9th Battalion
Battalion
(The Rangers) was deployed to the Mediterranean theatre as part of the 1st Armoured Brigade in the 7th Armoured Division. It saw action in the Greek campaign in April 1941 before being disbanded in August 1942.[32] Royal Green Jackets[edit] In 1958 for administrative purposes, the KRRC was brigaded with the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
Infantry
and the Rifle Brigade to form the Green Jackets Brigade.[35] In 1958, the Regiment was re-titled the 2nd Green Jackets, the King's Royal Rifle Corps, while the two other regiments of the Green Jackets Brigade were re-titled the 1st Green Jackets (43rd and 52nd)
1st Green Jackets (43rd and 52nd)
and 3rd Green Jackets, the Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) respectively. In 1966, the three regiments were amalgamated to form the three battalions of the Royal Green Jackets.[36] Territorial Battalions[edit]

Queen Victoria's Rifles The Rangers The Queen's Westminsters

In the Second World War, the following territorial battalions were formally made part of the KRRC:

1st Battalion
Battalion
Queen Victoria's Rifles
Queen Victoria's Rifles
– 7th Battalion
Battalion
KRRC 2nd Battalion
Battalion
Queen Victoria's Rifles
Queen Victoria's Rifles
– 8th Battalion
Battalion
KRRC 1st Battalion
Battalion
The Rangers – 9th Battalion
Battalion
KRRC 2nd Battalion
Battalion
The Rangers – 10th Battalion
Battalion
KRRC 1st Battalion
Battalion
The Queen's Westminsters
Queen's Westminsters
– 11th Battalion
Battalion
KRRC 2nd Battalion
Battalion
The Queen's Westminsters
Queen's Westminsters
– 12th Battalion
Battalion
KRRC

Cadet Battalions[edit] There were two cadet battalions: 1st Cadet Battalion, The King’s Royal Rifle Corps and Queen Victoria’s Rifles Cadet Corps (re-titled the 2nd Cadet Battalion, The King’s Royal Rifle Corps in 1945). Over the years, the formation of the cadet battalions was changed regularly, due to the changes to do with rules and the commanding officer.[37] The 1st Cadet Battalion
Battalion
owes its foundation to the Reverend Freeman Wills, who was commissioned into the Volunteer Army in the rank of captain on 26 July 1890. He was also Vicar of St Agatha’s just behind Sun Street, Finsbury Square. On receiving his commission he decided to form a cadet company within the 1st Cadet Battalion, the Royal West Surrey Regiment. The Company quickly expanded to become the 2nd Cadet Battalion, the Royal West Surrey Regiment, at which point he moved the Battalion
Battalion
Headquarters to No. 2 Finsbury Square
Finsbury Square
(and in 1904 to 42 Sun Street, which he had specially built for the purpose). In 1894 he applied to HRH Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, Colonel-in-Chief, to affiliate to the Regiment, with the title of 1st Cadet Battalion, the King’s Royal Rifle Corps. Consent was granted on 8 November 1894 and the Battalion
Battalion
has remained a part of the Regiment ever since.[37] In the days of their foundation, Cadet battalions were privately organized and funded. On becoming a part of the King’s Royal Rifle Corps, subscriptions began to flow in and, after the commanding officer had spent nearly £1,000, the Battalion
Battalion
was placed on a financial basis that many Volunteer Corps would have envied. There were to be many ups and down in later years, especially when recognition of the Cadet Force was withdrawn between the two World Wars, but fortunately the enthusiasm and commitment of those involved consistently triumphed over the parsimony of Governments.[37] In 1900, when volunteers were urgently needed for the Second Boer War, the Commanding Officer, Colonel Freeman Croft-Wills persuaded the War Office to accept a Company of the older Cadets, principally N.C.O.s (Non-Commissioned Officers), the company being enrolled in the City Imperial Volunteers. Around 100 cadets thus served in South Africa with this unit, whilst other Cadets and ex-Cadets served in the Royal Army Medical Corps, and other units. Four were killed in action, one serving with the 1st Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
at the Battle of Dundee, and the others with units of the C.I.V.s. Their comrades erected brass plaques in their memory in the Drill Hall at Sun Street. These are now displayed in the Cadet Company Office here at Davies Street.[37] In recognition of this service, King Edward VII
Edward VII
granted the Battalion the honour of wearing on its accoutrements the Battle Honour “South Africa 1900-1902” (Army Order 151 of 1905). The announcement of this privilege was made to the Battalion
Battalion
by His Majesty, King George V, then Prince of Wales, when, accompanied by Her Majesty Queen Mary, he distributed the prizes at the Guildhall in the City of London. The 1st Cadet Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
are the only Cadet Unit in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
to have been granted such an honour and are permitted to wear the miniature 60th Cap Badge with the single Battle Honour, and call their Cadets “Riflemen”.[37] The 2nd Cadet Battalion, the King’s Royal Rifle Corps was formed in 1942 when a Home Guard instruction was issued ordering each Home Guard battalion to raise a cadet unit. Lieutenant-Colonel R.L. Clark of Queen Victoria’s Rifles was given the task and on 15 May 1942 the Queen Victoria’s Rifles Cadet Corps was born. Over the next three years the unit expanded to five companies, which in April 1945 led to it being re-titled the 2nd Cadet Battalion, The King’s Royal Rifle Corps. In 1951 the 1st and 2nd Cadet Battalion
Battalion
were amalgamated. This resulted in the disposal of the Headquarters of the 1st Cadet Battalion
Battalion
at 42 Sun Street. In 1954, the Battalion
Battalion
office of the ‘new’ 1st Cadet Battalion
Battalion
was established at 56 Davies Street, where it remains to this day.[37][38] Today, the KRRC 1st Cadet Battalion
Battalion
still exists, with the following units making up the Battalion:

A Company, 231 KRRC (Paddington) Rifles ACF B Company, 232 KRRC (Westminster) Rifles ACF C Company, 233 KRRC (Camden) Rifles ACF D Company, 234 KRRC (Putney) RGJ ACF; until recently, when they formed the London Oratory School RGJ ACF unit (now CCF), although they were rebadged as Irish Guards
Irish Guards
in 2010 (making them the last remaining RGJ unit).

Alliances[edit]

 Canada – The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
(1956–1966)

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to King's Royal Rifle Corps.

Category:Battle honours of the King's Royal Rifle Corps Rifle Brigade – sister regiment sharing much common history and traditions

References[edit]

^ Russell, Professor W.M.S. (Rifleman, 12th Battalion
Battalion
KRRC, 1944-45). "A Note on the Regimental March". King's Royal Rifle Corps Association. Archived from the original on 14 May 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2016. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) ^ Cusick, p. 44 ^ Wallace, Captain Nesbit Willoughby, p. 1 ^ Williams, Edward G. (1973). "The Prevosts of the Royal Americans". Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. p. 7. Retrieved 11 June 2016.  ^ Brown, Robert (March 1909). Siege and Capture of Havana in 1762. 4. Maryland Historical Magazine. p. 324.  ^ a b c d "History and Uniform of the 60th (Royal American) Regiment of Foot, 1755-1760". Military Heritage. Retrieved 11 June 2016.  ^ "Battle of Bushy Run". Bushy Run Battlefield. Retrieved 11 June 2016.  ^ a b c Wallace, Lieutenant-General Sir Christopher (2005). The King's Royal Rifle Corps - the 60th Rifles - A Brief History: 1755 to 1965. Royal Green Jackets
Royal Green Jackets
Museum Trust, Winchester. p. 16-18. ISBN 0-9549-3700-7.  ^ Raynor, Keith. "Raising of the 7th Battalion
Battalion
of the 60th Regiment for North America". War of 1812. Retrieved 11 June 2016.  ^ "King's Royal Rifle Corps". Anglo-Boer War. Retrieved 11 June 2016.  ^ "No. 27157". The London Gazette. 26 January 1900. p. 506.  ^ "No. 27381". The London Gazette. 29 November 1901. p. 8409.  ^ Stewart, Iain (21 April 2004). "Frederick Corbett". Victoria Cross Trust. Retrieved 11 June 2016.  ^ "Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907". Hansard. 31 March 1908. Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ These were the 5th Battalion
Battalion
( Special
Special
Reserve) and the 6th Battalion ( Special
Special
Reserve) ^ "King's Royal Rifle Corps". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 25 December 2005. Retrieved 27 September 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "King's Royal Rifle Corps". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "1st Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "2nd Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "3rd Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "4th Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "7th Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "8th Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "9th Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "10th Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "11th Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "12th Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "13th Battalion
Battalion
King's Royal Rifle Corps". Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 14 June 2016.  ^ "King's Royal Rifle Corps". North East Medals. Retrieved 11 June 2016.  ^ "Machine gun company 2nd Battalion
Battalion
The King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
June 1928". Royal Green Jackets
Royal Green Jackets
Museum. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2016.  ^ "No. 35530". The London Gazette
The London Gazette
(Supplement). 17 April 1942. p. 1741.  ^ a b c " King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
(60th)". Desert Rats. Retrieved 15 June 2016.  ^ " Queen Victoria's Rifles
Queen Victoria's Rifles
training as a motor cycle recce battalion". Royal Green Jackets
Royal Green Jackets
Museum. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.  ^ Ordersofbattle.com "9th Armoured Division subordinates" Check url= value (help). Orders of Battle. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ Messenger, Charles. A History of British Infantry: For Love of Regiment, Volume 2, 1915-1994. p. 156.  ^ "Royal Green Jackets". British Army
British Army
units 1945 on. Retrieved 24 May 2014.  ^ a b c d e f Wallace, Lieutenant-General Sir Christopher (2005). The King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
- the 60th Rifles - A Brief History: 1755 to 1965. Royal Green Jackets
Royal Green Jackets
Museum Trust, Winchester. p. 235-236. ISBN 0-9549-3700-7.  ^ "1st Cadet Battalion, The King's Royal Rifle Corps" (PDF). King's Royal Rifle Corps Association. Archived from the original on 14 May 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2016. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)

Sources[edit]

Cusick, Ray (2014). "Wellington's Rifles: The Origins, Development and Battles of the Rifle Regiments in the Peninsular War
Peninsular War
and at Waterloo from 1758 to 1815". Pen & Sword. ISBN 978-1781592878.  Missing or empty url= (help) Wallace, Lieutenant-General Sir Christopher (2005). The King's Royal Rifle Corps - the 60th Rifles - A Brief History: 1755 to 1965. Royal Green Jackets Museum Trust, Winchester. ISBN 0-9549-3700-7.  Wallace, Captain Nesbit Willoughby (1879). A Regimental chronicle and list of officers: The 60th, or The King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
formerly the 62nd, or The Royal American Regiment of Foot. Harrison. 

Further reading[edit]

Butler, Lieutenant Colonel Lewis (2015). The Annals of the King's Royal Rifle Corps, 1755-1965 (Seven volumes & an Appendix). Naval & Military Press. ISBN 978-1843424451.  Collett, Captain R.L. The History of 1st Cadet Battalion, The King's Royal Rifle Corps: Centenary 1894-1994 (undated pamphlet).  Deedes, WF; Wake, Sir Hereward (1949). Swift and Bold: the story of the King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
in the Second World War
Second World War
1939-1945. Gale and Polden, Aldershot.  Fairlie Wood, Herbert (1967). Famous Regiments: The King's Royal Rifle Corps. H. Hamilton.  Marston, Daniel (1997). Swift and Bold: The 60th Regiment and Warfare in North America, 1755-1765 (PDF). McGill University. ISBN 978-0612295056. 

External links[edit]

" King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
Association". Retrieved 4 April 2015. 

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The Rifles

Predecessors

1st generation

Devonshire Regiment
Devonshire Regiment
(1685–1958) 39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot
39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot
(1719–1881) 54th (West Norfolk) Regiment of Foot
54th (West Norfolk) Regiment of Foot
(1755–1881) Somerset Light Infantry
Infantry
(1685–1959) 32nd (Cornwall) Regiment of Foot
32nd (Cornwall) Regiment of Foot
(1702–1881) 46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
(1741–1881) 51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment of Foot
51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment of Foot
(1755–1881) 105th Regiment of Foot (Madras Light Infantry)
105th Regiment of Foot (Madras Light Infantry)
(1862–1881) 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot
53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot
(1755–1881) 85th Regiment of Foot (Bucks Volunteers)
85th Regiment of Foot (Bucks Volunteers)
(1793–1881) 68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)
68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)
(1758–1881) 106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry)
106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry)
(1868–1881) 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot
28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot
(1694–1881) 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot
61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot
(1758–1881) 49th (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (Hertfordshire) Regiment of Foot (1744–1881) 66th (Berkshire) Regiment of Foot
66th (Berkshire) Regiment of Foot
(1758–1881) 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot
62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot
(1756–1881) 99th (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot
99th (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot
(1824–1881) 43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot
43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot
(1741–1881) 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot
52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot
(1755–1881) King's Royal Rifle Corps
King's Royal Rifle Corps
(1756–1966) Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own)
Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own)
(1802–1966)

2nd generation

Dorset Regiment
Dorset Regiment
(1881–1958) Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
Infantry
(1881–1959) King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
Infantry
(1881–1968) King's Shropshire Light Infantry
Infantry
(1881–1968) Durham Light Infantry
Infantry
(1881–1968) Gloucestershire Regiment
Gloucestershire Regiment
(1881–1994) Royal Berkshire Regiment
Royal Berkshire Regiment
(1881–1959) Wiltshire Regiment
Wiltshire Regiment
(1881–1959) Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
Infantry
(1881–1966)

3rd generation

Devonshire and Dorset Regiment
Dorset Regiment
(1958–2007) Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry
Infantry
(1959–1968) The Light Infantry
Infantry
(1968–2007) Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment
Wiltshire Regiment
(1994–2007) Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment (1959–1994) Royal Green Jackets
Royal Green Jackets
(1966–2007)

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Regiments of Foot 1740–1881

1st or The Royal Scots 2nd (Queen's Royal) 3rd (East Kent – The Buffs) 4th (The King's Own Royal) 5th (Northumberland) (Fusiliers) 6th (Royal 1st Warwickshire) 7th (Royal Fusiliers) 8th (The King's) 9th (East Norfolk) 10th (North Lincoln) 11th (North Devonshire) 12th (East Suffolk) 13th (1st Somersetshire) (Prince Albert's Light Infantry) 14th (Buckinghamshire – The Prince of Wales's Own) 15th (York, East Riding) 16th (Bedfordshire) 17th (Leicestershire) 18th (The Royal Irish) 19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding – Princess of Wales's Own) 20th (East Devonshire) 21st ( Royal Scots
Royal Scots
Fusiliers) 22nd (Cheshire) 23rd (Royal Welch Fusiliers) 24th (2nd Warwickshire) 25th (King's Own Borderers) 26th (Cameronian) 27th (Inniskilling) 28th (North Gloucestershire) 29th (Worcestershire) 30th (Cambridgeshire) 31st (Huntingdonshire) 32nd (Cornwall) Light Infantry 33rd (The Duke of Wellington's) 34th (Cumberland) 35th (Royal Sussex) 36th (Herefordshire) 37th (North Hampshire) 38th (1st Staffordshire) 39th (Dorsetshire) 40th (2nd Somersetshire) 41st (The Welsh) 42nd (Oglethorpe's) 42nd (The Royal Highland) (The Black Watch) 43rd (Spotswood's) 43rd (Monmouthshire Light Infantry) 44th (1st Marines) 44th (East Essex) 45th (2nd Marines) 45th (Nottinghamshire Sherwood Foresters) 46th (3rd Marines) 46th (South Devonshire) 47th Regiment (4th Marines) 47th (Lancashire) 48th (5th Marines) 48th (Northamptonshire) 49th (6th Marines) 49th (Hertfordshire - Princess Charlotte of Wales's) 50th (7th Marines) 50th (American Provincials) 50th (The Queen's Own) 51st (8th Marines) 51st Regiment of Foot (Cape Breton Regiment) 51st (2nd York, West Riding, The King's Own Light Infantry) 52nd (9th Marines) 52nd (Oxfordshire Light Infantry) 53rd (10th Marines) 53rd (Shropshire) 54th (West Norfolk) 55th (Westmorland) 56th (West Essex) 57th (West Middlesex) 58th (Rutlandshire) 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) 60th (De Grangues's) 60th (The King's Royal Rifle Corps) 61st (Gooch's) 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot 62nd (Baterau's) 62nd (Royal American) 62nd (1st Highland Battalion) 62nd (Wiltshire) 63rd (American) 63rd (2nd Highland Battalion) 63rd (West Suffolk) 64th (Loudon's Highlanders) 64th (Draper's) 64th (2nd Staffordshire) 65th (Shirley's) 65th (2nd Yorkshire, North Riding) 66th (Pepperrell's) 66th (Berkshire) Regiment of Foot 67th (Bolton's) 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot 68th (Bedford's) 68th (Durham) (Light Infantry) 69th (South Lincolnshire) 70th (Surrey) 71st (1758-1763) 71st (Fraser's Highlanders) 71st (Invalids) 71st (Highland Light Infantry) 72nd (1758–1763) 72nd (Invalids) 72nd (Royal Manchester Volunteers) 72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders) 73rd (1758–1763) 73rd (Invalids) 73rd (Highland) 73rd (Perthshire) 74th (1758–1763) 74th (Invalids) 74th (Argyleshire Highlanders) 74th (Highland) 75th (1758–1763) 75th (Invalids) 75th (Prince of Wales's Regiment) 75th (Stirlingshire) 76th (1758–1763) 76th (McDonnell's Highlanders) 76th Regiment of Foot 77th (Montgomery's Highlanders) 77th (Atholl Highlanders) 77th (East Middlesex) (Duke of Cambridge's Own) 78th (Fraser's Highlanders) 78th (Highland) 78th (Highland) (The Ross-shire Buffs) 79th (1758-1763) 79th (Royal Liverpool Volunteers) 79th (Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) 80th (Light Armed) 80th (Royal Edinburgh Volunteers) 80th (Staffordshire Volunteers) 81st (Invalids) 81st (Aberdeenshire Highland) 81st (1793) 81st (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers) 82nd (invalids) 82nd (1777) 82nd (1793) 82nd (Prince of Wales's Volunteers) 83rd (1757-1763) 83rd (Royal Glasgow Volunteers) 83rd (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers) 83rd (County of Dublin) 84th (1758-1764) 84th (Royal Highland Emigrants) 84th (York and Lancaster) 85th (Royal Volontiers Light Infantry) 85th (1779-1783) 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (The King's Light Infantry) 86th (1759-1763) 86th (1779-1783) 86th (Royal County Down) 87th (Keith's Highlanders) 87th (1779-1783) 87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) 88th (Highland Volunteers) 88th (1779-1783) 88th (Connaught Rangers) 89th (Highland) 89th (1779-1783) 89th (Princess Victoria's) 90th (Irish Light Infantry) 90th (Yorkshire Volunteers) 90th (Perthshire Light Infantry) 91st (1759-1763) 91st (Shropshire Volunteers) 91st (1793-1795) 91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders) 92nd (Donegal Light Infantry) 92nd (1779-1783) 92nd (1793-1795) 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) 93rd (1760-1763) 93rd (1779-1783) 93rd (Highland) (1794-1995) 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) 94th (Royal Welsh Volunteers) 94th (1780-1783) 94th (Irish) 94th (Scots Brigade) 94th 95th (1759-1763) 95th (1780-1783) 95th (1794-1796) 95th (Riflemen) 95th (1816-1818) 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot 96th (1760-1763) 96th (British Musketeers) 96th (1803-1816) 96th (Queen's Own Germans) 96th Regiment of Foot 97th (1760-1763) 97th (1780-1784) 97th (Inverness-shire Highlanders) 97th (Queen's Own Germans) 97th (1816-1818) 97th (The Earl of Ulster's) Regiment of Foot 98th (1760-1763) 98th (1780-1784) 98th (Argyllshire Highlanders) 98th (1804-1816) 98th (Prince of Wales's Tipperary) 98th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Foot 99th (1760-1763) 99th (Jamaica Regiment) 99th (1794-1797) 99th (Prince of Wales's Tipperary) 99th (Prince Regent's County of Dublin) 99th (Duke of Edinburgh's) 100th (Highland) 100th (1780-1784) 100th (Gordon Highlanders) 100th (Prince Regent's County of Dublin) 100th (New South Wales Corps) 100th (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) 101st (Highland) 101st (1780-1783) 101st (Irish) 101st (Duke of York's Irish) 101st (Royal Bengal Fusiliers) 102nd (Queen's Royal Volunteers) 102nd (1780-1783) 102nd (Irish) 102nd (New South Wales Corps) 102nd (Royal Madras Fusiliers) 103rd Regiment of Foot (Volunteer Hunters) 103rd Regiment of Foot (King's Irish Infantry) 103rd (Loyal Bristol Volunteers) 103rd (1809-1816) 103rd (Royal Bombay Fusiliers) 104th (King's Volunteers) 104th (1780-1783) 104th (Royal Manchester Volunteers) 104th (New Brunswick Regiment) 104th (Bengal Fusiliers) 105th (Queen's Own Royal Highlanders) 105th (Volunteers of Ireland) 105th (1794-1796) 105th (Madras Light Infantry) 106th (Black Musqueteers) 106th (1794-1796) 106th (Bombay Light Infantry) 107th (Queen's Own Royal Regiment of British Volunteers) 107th 1794-1795 107th (Bengal Light Infantry) 108th (1760-1763) 108th (1794-1795) 108th (Madras Infantry) 109th (1761-1763) 109th (Aberdeenshire) 109th (Bombay Infantry) 110th (Queen's Royal Musqueteers) 110th (1794-1795) 111th (1761-1763) 111th (Loyal Birmingham Volunteers) 112th (King's Royal Musqueteers) 112th (1794-1795) 113th (Royal Highlanders) 113th (1794-1795) 114th (Royal Highlander Volunteers) 114th (1794-1795) 115th (Royal Scotch Lowlanders) 115th (Prince William's) 116th (Invalids) 116th (Perthshire Highlanders) 117th (Invalids) 117th (1793-1795) 118th (Invalids) 118th (1794-1795) 119th (The Prince's Own) 119th (1794-1796) 120th (1762-1763) 120th (1794-1795) 121st (1761-1763) 121st (1794-1795) 122nd (1762-1764) 122nd (1794-1796) 123rd (1762-1764) 123rd (1794-1796) 124th (1762-1763) 124th (Waterford) 125th 126th 127th 128th 129th 130th 131st 132nd (Highland) 133rd (Highland) 134th (Loyal Limerick) 135th (Limerick)

Regimental titles in italics indicate they were disbanded or renumbered before 1881.

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British infantry regiments World War I

Foot Guards

Grenadier Guards Coldstream Guards Scots Guards Irish Guards Welsh Guards Guards Machine Gun Regiment Household Battalion

Line regiments

Royal Scots
Royal Scots
(Lothian Regiment) Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) Buffs (East Kent Regiment) King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) Northumberland Fusiliers Royal Warwickshire Regiment Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) King's (Liverpool Regiment) Norfolk Regiment Lincolnshire Regiment Devonshire Regiment Suffolk Regiment Prince Albert's (Somerset Light Infantry) Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment) East Yorkshire Regiment Bedfordshire Regiment Leicestershire Regiment Royal Irish Regiment Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment) Lancashire Fusiliers Royal Scots
Royal Scots
Fusiliers Cheshire Regiment Royal Welsh Fusiliers South Wales Borderers King's Own Scottish Borderers Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers Gloucestershire Regiment Worcestershire Regiment East Lancashire Regiment East Surrey Regiment Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment) Border Regiment Royal Sussex Regiment Hampshire Regiment South Staffordshire Regiment Dorsetshire Regiment Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment) Welsh Regiment Black Watch
Black Watch
(Royal Highlanders) Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry Essex Regiment Sherwood Foresters
Sherwood Foresters
(Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) Loyal North Lancashire Regiment Northamptonshire Regiment Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment) Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) King's Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry) King's (Shropshire Light Infantry) Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment) King's Royal Rifle Corps Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment) Manchester Regiment Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment) York and Lancaster Regiment Durham Light Infantry Highland Light Infantry Seaforth Highlanders
Seaforth Highlanders
(Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's) Gordon Highlanders Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders Royal Irish Rifles Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers) Connaught Rangers Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians) Royal Dublin Fusiliers Royal Munster Fusiliers Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own)

Territorial Force

Honourable Artillery Company Monmouthshire Regiment Cambridgeshire Regiment London Regiment Inns of Court Regiment Hertfordshire Regiment Herefordshire Regiment Northern Cyclist Battalion Highland Cyclist Battalion Kent Cyclist Battalion Huntingdonshire Cyclist Battalion

Territorial Battalions of Regular Infantry
Infantry
Regiments

Liverpool Rifles, King's (Liverpool Regiment) Liverpool Scottish, King's (Liverpool Regiment) Leeds Rifles, Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment) Cinque Ports Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment Robin Hood Rifles Hallamshire Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment Glasgow Highlanders

Channel Islands Militia

Royal Militia of the Island of Jer

.