HOME
The Info List - King's College London


--- Advertisement ---



King's College London
London
(informally King's or KCL) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a founding constituent college of the federal University of London. King's was established in 1829 by King George IV and the Duke of Wellington, when it received its first royal charter (as a university college), and claims to be the fourth oldest university institution in England.[6][7][8] In 1836, King's became one of the two founding colleges of the University of London.[9][10][11] In the late 20th century, King's grew through a series of mergers, including with Queen Elizabeth College and Chelsea College of Science and Technology
Chelsea College of Science and Technology
(in 1985), the Institute of Psychiatry
Institute of Psychiatry
(in 1997), the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals and the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery (in 1998). King's has five campuses: its historic Strand Campus
Strand Campus
in central London, three other Thames-side campuses (Guy's, St Thomas' and Waterloo) and one in Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
in south London. In 2016/17, King's had a total income of £778.2 million, of which £192.6 million was from research grants and contracts.[2] It is the 12th largest university in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
by total enrolment.[4] It has the fifth largest endowment of any university in the United Kingdom, and the largest of any in London. Its academic activities are organised into nine faculties which are subdivided into numerous departments, centres and research divisions. King's is generally considered part of the 'golden triangle' of research-intensive English universities alongside the University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, University College London, Imperial College London, and The London
London
School of Economics.[12][13][14] It is a member of academic organisations including the Association of Commonwealth Universities, European University Association, and the Russell Group. King's is home to six Medical Research Council centres and is a founding member of the King's Health Partners
King's Health Partners
academic health sciences centre, Francis Crick Institute
Francis Crick Institute
and MedCity. It is the largest European centre for graduate and post-graduate medical teaching and biomedical research, by number of students,[15] and includes the world's first nursing school, the Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery.[16] Globally, it was ranked 23rd in the 2018 QS World University Rankings,[17] 34th in the 2017 CWTS Leiden Ranking,[18] 36th in the 2018 THE World University Rankings,[19] and 46th in the 2017 ARWU.[20] King's was ranked 41st in the world for reputation in the annual Times Higher Education survey of academics for 2017.[21] Nationally it was ranked 21st in the 2018 Complete University Guide,[22] 28th in the 2017 Times/ Sunday Times
Sunday Times
University Guide,[23] and 39th in the 2018 Guardian University Guide.[24] King's alumni and staff include 12 Nobel laureates; contributors to the discovery of DNA
DNA
structure, Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C
and the Higgs boson; pioneers of in-vitro fertilisation, stem cell/mammal cloning and the modern hospice movement; and key researchers advancing radar, radio, television and mobile phones. Alumni also include heads of states, governments and intergovernmental organisations; nineteen members of the current House of Commons and seventeen members of the current House of Lords; and the recipients of two Oscars, three Grammys and an Emmy.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Foundation

1.1.1 Duel
Duel
in Battersea Fields, 21 March 1829

1.2 19th century 1.3 20th century 1.4 2001 to present

2 Campus

2.1 Strand Campus 2.2 Guy's Campus 2.3 Waterloo Campus 2.4 St Thomas's Campus 2.5 Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
Campus 2.6 Redevelopment programme

3 Organisation and administration

3.1 Governance 3.2 Faculties and departments

3.2.1 Faculty of Arts and Humanities 3.2.2 Dental Institute 3.2.3 Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine 3.2.4 Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience 3.2.5 The Dickson Poon School of Law 3.2.6 Faculty of Natural and Mathematical Sciences 3.2.7 Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery 3.2.8 Faculty of Social Science and Public Policy 3.2.9 King's Business School

3.3 Finances 3.4 Coat of arms

3.4.1 Coat of arms
Coat of arms
of the medical schools

3.5 Affiliations and partnerships

4 Academics

4.1 Admissions 4.2 Teaching 4.3 Graduation 4.4 Research 4.5 Medicine 4.6 Libraries

4.6.1 Maughan Library 4.6.2 Other libraries

4.7 Museums, galleries and collections 4.8 Rankings and reputation 4.9 Associateship of King's College 4.10 Fellowship of King's College

5 Student life

5.1 Students' union 5.2 Student media 5.3 Sports 5.4 Societies and organisations 5.5 Student-led think tank 5.6 Music 5.7 Rivalry with University College London 5.8 Rivalry with the London
London
School of Economics 5.9 Student residences

5.9.1 Halls of residence 5.9.2 Intercollegiate halls of residence

6 Notable people

6.1 Notable alumni 6.2 Nobel laureates 6.3 Notable academics and staff

7 In popular culture

7.1 Fictional alumni 7.2 Fictional staff 7.3 Non-fictional staff 7.4 Fictional settings 7.5 Film settings

8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of King's College London Foundation[edit]

The patron of King's College London, King George IV, shown in a portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence

King's College, so named to indicate the patronage of King George IV, was founded in 1829 in response to the theological controversy surrounding the founding of " London
London
University" (which later became University College, London) in 1826.[25][26] London
London
University was founded, with the backing of Utilitarians, Jews and non-Anglican Christians, as a secular institution, intended to educate "the youth of our middling rich people between the ages of 15 or 16 and 20 or later"[27] giving its nickname, "the godless college in Gower Street".[28] The need for such an institution was a result of the religious and social nature of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, which then educated solely the sons of wealthy Anglicans.[29] The secular nature of London
London
University was disapproved by The Establishment, indeed, "the storms of opposition which raged around it threatened to crush every spark of vital energy which remained".[30] Thus, the creation of a rival institution represented a Tory
Tory
response to reassert the educational values of The Establishment.[31] More widely, King's was one of the first of a series of institutions which came about in the early nineteenth century as a result of the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
and great social changes in England following the Napoleonic Wars.[32] By virtue of its foundation King's has enjoyed the patronage of the monarch, the Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
as its visitor and during the nineteenth century counted among its official governors the Lord Chancellor, Speaker of the House of Commons and the Lord Mayor of London.[32]

King's College London
London
in 1831, as engraved by J. C. Carter

Duel
Duel
in Battersea Fields, 21 March 1829[edit]

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
and UK's Prime Minister then, fought a duel against the Earl of Winchilsea in 1829 over the Duke's support for the rights of Irish Catholics and the independence of the newly established King's College London

The simultaneous support of the Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (who was also Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
then), for an Anglican King's College London
London
and the Roman Catholic Relief Act, which was to lead to the granting of almost full civil rights to Catholics, was challenged by George Finch-Hatton, 10th Earl of Winchilsea, in early 1829. Winchilsea and his supporters wished for King's to be subject to the Test Acts, like the universities of Oxford, where only members of the Church of England could matriculate, and Cambridge, where non- Anglicans
Anglicans
could matriculate but not graduate,[33] but this was not Wellington's intent.[34] Winchilsea and about 150 other contributors withdrew their support of King's College London
London
in response to Wellington's support of Catholic emancipation. In a letter to Wellington he accused the Duke to have in mind "insidious designs for the infringement of our liberty and the introduction of Popery into every department of the State".[35] The letter provoked a furious exchange of correspondence and Wellington accused Winchilsea of imputing him with "disgraceful and criminal motives" in setting up King's College London. When Winchilsea refused to retract the remarks, Wellington – by his own admission, "no advocate of duelling" and a virgin duellist – demanded satisfaction in a contest of arms: "I now call upon your lordship to give me that satisfaction for your conduct which a gentleman has a right to require, and which a gentleman never refuses to give."[36] The result was a duel in Battersea Fields on 21 March 1829.[26][37] Winchilsea did not fire, a plan he and his second almost certainly decided upon before the duel; Wellington took aim and fired wide to the right. Accounts differ as to whether Wellington missed on purpose. Wellington, noted for his poor aim, claimed he did, other reports more sympathetic to Winchilsea claimed he had aimed to kill.[38] Honour was saved and Winchilsea wrote Wellington an apology.[35] " Duel
Duel
Day" is still celebrated on the first Thursday after 21 March every year, marked by various events throughout King's, including reenactments.[37][39] 19th century[edit]

William Otter
William Otter
(1831–36), the first Principal of King's College London

King's opened in October 1831 with the cleric William Otter
William Otter
appointed as first principal and lecturer in divinity.[25] The Archbishop of Canterbury presided over the opening ceremony, in which a sermon was given in the chapel by Charles James Blomfield, the Bishop of London, on the subject of combining religious instruction with intellectual culture. Despite the attempts to make King's Anglican-only, the initial prospectus permitted, "nonconformists of all sorts to enter the college freely".[40] William Howley: the governors and the professors, except the linguists, had to be members of the Church of England but the students did not,[41] though attendance at chapel was compulsory.[42] King's was divided into a senior department and a junior department, also known as King's College School, which was originally situated in the basement of the Strand Campus.[25] The Junior department started with 85 pupils and only three teachers, but quickly grew to 500 by 1841, outgrowing its facilities and leading it to relocate to Wimbledon in 1897 where it remains today, though it is no longer associated with King's College London.[41] Within the Senior department teaching was divided into three courses: a general course comprised divinity, classical languages, mathematics, English literature and history; a medical course; and miscellaneous subjects, such as law, political economy and modern languages, which were not related to any systematic course of study at the time and depended for their continuance on the supply of occasional students.[25] In 1833 the general course was reorganised leading to the award of the Associate of King's College
Associate of King's College
(AKC), the first qualification issued by King's.[25] The course, which concerns questions of ethics and theology, is still awarded today to students and staff who take an optional three-year course alongside their studies.

The Embankment terrace entrance to the Strand Campus
Strand Campus
overlooking the River Thames, originally designed by Sir William Chambers, was completed by Sir Robert Smirke in 1835

The river frontage was completed in April 1835 at a cost of £7,100,[43] its completion a condition of King's College London securing the site from the Crown.[25] Unlike those in the school, student numbers in the Senior department remained almost stationary during King's first five years of existence. During this time the medical school was blighted by inefficiency and the divided loyalties of the staff leading to a steady decline in attendance. One of the most important appointments was that of Charles Wheatstone
Charles Wheatstone
as professor of Experimental Philosophy.[25] At this time neither King's, " London
London
University", nor the medical schools at the London
London
hospitals could confer degrees. In 1835 the government announced that it would establish an examining board to grant degrees, with " London
London
University" and King's both becoming affiliated colleges. This became the University of London
University of London
in 1836, the former " London
London
University" becoming University College, London (UCL).[29] The first University of London
University of London
degrees were awarded to King's College London
London
students in 1839.[44] In 1840, King's opened its own hospital on Portugal
Portugal
Street near Lincoln's Inn Fields, an area composed of overcrowded rookeries characterised by poverty and disease. The governance of King's College Hospital was later transferred to the corporation of the hospital established by the King's College Hospital
King's College Hospital
Act 1851. The hospital moved to new premises in Denmark Hill, Camberwell
Camberwell
in 1913. The appointment in 1877 of Joseph Lister as professor of clinical surgery greatly benefited the medical school, and the introduction of Lister's antiseptic surgical methods gained the hospital an international reputation.[25] In 1845 King's established a Military Department to train officers for the Army and the British East India Company, and in 1846 a Theological Department to train Anglican priests. In 1855, King's pioneered evening classes in London;[41] that King's granted students at the evening classes certificates of college attendance to enable them to sit University of London
University of London
degree exams was cited as an example of the worthlessness of these certificates in the decision by the University of London
London
to end the affiliated colleges system in 1858 and open their examinations to everyone.[45] In 1882 the King's College London
London
Act amended the constitution. The act removed the proprietorial nature of King's, changing the name of the corporation from "The Governors and Proprietors of King's College, London" to "King's College London" and annulling the 1829 charter (although King's remained incorporated under that charter). The act also changing King's College London
London
from a (technically) for-profit corporation to a non-profit one (no dividends had ever been paid in over 50 years of operation) and extended the objects of King's to include the education of women.[25][46] The Ladies' Department of King's College London
London
was opened in Kensington Square
Kensington Square
in 1885, which later in 1902 became King's College Women's Department.[44] 20th century[edit] See also Contribution of King's College London
London
to the discovery of the structure of DNA
DNA
and Photo 51

Evacuated King's College London
London
students at the University of Bristol during the Second World War

The King's College London
London
Act 1903, abolished all remaining religious tests for staff, except within the Theological department. In 1910, King's was (with the exception of the Theological department) merged into the University of London
University of London
under the King's College London (Transfer) Act 1908, losing its legal independence.[47] During World War I the medical school was opened to women for the first time. The end of the war saw an influx of students, which strained existing facilities to the point where some classes were held in the Principal's house.[25] In World War II, the buildings of King's College London
London
were used by the Auxiliary Fire Service
Auxiliary Fire Service
with a number of King's staff, mainly those then known as college servants, serving as firewatchers. Parts of the Strand building, the quadrangle, and the roof of apse and stained glass windows of the chapel suffered bomb damage in the Blitz.[48][49] During the post-war reconstruction, the vaults beneath the quadrangle were replaced by a two-storey laboratory, which opened in 1952, for the departments of Physics and Civil and Electrical Engineering.[25] One of the most famous pieces of scientific research performed at King's were the crucial contributions to the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA
DNA
in 1953 by Maurice Wilkins
Maurice Wilkins
and Rosalind Franklin, together with Raymond Gosling, Alex Stokes, Herbert Wilson and other colleagues at the Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics at King's.[50][51][52] Major reconstruction of King's began in 1966 following the publication of the Robbins Report on Higher Education. A new block facing the Strand designed by E. D. Jefferiss Mathews was opened in 1972.[41] In 1980 King's regained its legal independence under a new Royal Charter. In 1993 King's, along with other large University of London
University of London
colleges, gained direct access to government funding (which had previously been through the university) and the right to confer University of London degrees itself. This contributed to King's and the other large colleges being regarded as de facto universities in their own right.[53] King's College London
London
underwent several mergers with other institutions in the late 20th century. These including the reincorporation in 1983 of the King's College School
King's College School
of Medicine and Dentistry, which had become independent of King's College Hospital
King's College Hospital
at the foundation of the National Health Service in 1948, mergers with Queen Elizabeth College
Queen Elizabeth College
and Chelsea College of Science and Technology in 1985, and the Institute of Psychiatry
Institute of Psychiatry
in 1997. In 1998 the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals merged with King's to form the King's College London
London
GKT School of Medical Education.[41][44][54][55] Also in 1998 Florence Nightingale's original training school for nurses merged with the King's Department of Nursing Studies as the Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
School of Nursing and Midwifery. The same year King's acquired the former Public Record Office building on Chancery Lane
Chancery Lane
and converted it at a cost of £35 million into the Maughan Library, which opened in 2002.[41] 2001 to present[edit]

The Maughan Library. Following a £35m renovation, it is the largest new university library in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
since World War II[56]

In July 2006, King's College London
London
was granted degree-awarding powers in its own right, as opposed to through the University of London, by the Privy Council.[57] This power remained unexercised until 2007, when King's announced that all students starting courses from September 2007 onwards would be awarded degrees conferred by King's itself, rather than by the University of London. The new certificates however still make reference to the fact that King's is a constituent college of the University of London.[58] All current students with at least one year of study remaining were in August 2007 offered the option of choosing to be awarded a University of London
University of London
degree or a King's degree. The first King's degrees were awarded in summer 2008.[59] In April 2011 King's became a founding partner in the UK Centre for Medical Research and Innovation, subsequently renamed the Francis Crick Institute, committing £40 million to the project.[60] The Chemistry department was reopened in 2011 following its closure in 2003.[61] In February 2012, Her Majesty The Queen officially opened Somerset House
Somerset House
East Wing.

Bush House, Strand Campus

In September 2014 King's College London
London
opened King's College London Mathematics School, a free school sixth form located in Lambeth
Lambeth
that specialises in mathematics.[62] In October 2014, Ed Byrne replaced Rick Trainor
Rick Trainor
as Principal of King's College London, the latter having served for 10 years. In December 2014, King's announced its plans to rebrand its name to 'King's London'.[63] It was emphasised that there were no plans to change the legal name of King's, and that the name 'King's London' was designed to promote King's and to highlight the fact that King's is a university in its own right.[64] King's announced that the rebranding plans had been dropped in January 2015.[65][66] On 10 March 2015, King's acquired a 50-year lease for the Aldwych Quarter site incorporating the historic grand Bush House
Bush House
building. It began occupation of the Bush House
Bush House
Building in September 2016 and will occupy the adjacent King House and Strand House from 2017 and Melbourne House from 2025. In October 2016, King's announced it had also taken a separate 50-year lease on the North-West Block of the Aldwych
Aldwych
Quarter which it will incorporate from 2018. Campus[edit] Strand Campus[edit] Main article: Strand Campus

The King's Building in the Strand Quadrangle

The Grade I listed King's College London
London
chapel on the Strand Campus seen today was redesigned in 1864 by Sir George Gilbert Scott

The Strand Campus
Strand Campus
is the founding campus of King's and is located on the Strand in the City of Westminster, sharing its frontage along the River Thames. The original campus comprises the Grade I listed King's Building of 1831 designed by Sir Robert Smirke, and the King's College London
London
Chapel redesigned in 1864 by Sir George Gilbert Scott, with the subsequent purchase of much of adjacent Surrey Street (including the Norfolk and Chesham Buildings) since the Second World War and the 1972 Strand Building. The Macadam Building of 1975 houses the Strand Campus Students' Union and is named after King's alumnus Sir Ivison Macadam, first President of the National Union of Students. The Strand Campus
Strand Campus
houses the arts and science faculties of King's, including the faculties of Arts & Humanities, Law, Social Science & Public Policy and Natural & Mathematical Sciences (formerly Physical Sciences & Engineering). Since 2010, the campus has expanded rapidly to incorporate the East Wing of Somerset House
Somerset House
and the Virginia Woolf
Virginia Woolf
Building next to LSE on Kingsway. On 10 March 2015, King's acquired a 50-year lease for the Aldwych
Aldwych
Quarter site incorporating the historic grand Bush House building. It began occupation of the Bush House
Bush House
Building in September 2016 and will occupy the adjacent King House and Strand House from 2017 and Melbourne House from 2025. In October 2016, King's announced it had also taken a separate 50-year lease on the North-West Block which it will incorporate from 2018.[67] The nearest Underground stations are Temple, Charing Cross and Covent Garden. Guy's Campus[edit] Main article: Guy's Campus

Henriette Raphael House, Guy's Campus

Guy's Campus
Guy's Campus
is situated close to London
London
Bridge and the Shard on the South Bank
South Bank
of the Thames
Thames
and is home to the Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine and the Dental Institute.[68] The campus is named for Thomas Guy, the founder and benefactor of Guy's Hospital
Guy's Hospital
established in 1726 in the London
London
Borough of Southwark. Building include; the Henriette Raphael building, constructed in 1902, the Gordon Museum of Pathology, the Hodgkin building, Shepherd's House and Guy's Chapel. The Students' Union centre at Guy's is situated in Boland House. Guy's Campus
Guy's Campus
is located opposite the Old Operating Theatre Museum, which was part of old St Thomas Hospital in Southwark. The nearest Underground stations are London
London
Bridge and Borough. Waterloo Campus[edit]

The Franklin-Wilkins Building, Waterloo Campus

The Waterloo Campus is located across Waterloo Bridge
Waterloo Bridge
from the Strand Campus, near the South Bank
South Bank
Centre in the London
London
Borough of Lambeth and consists of the James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell
Building and the Franklin–Wilkins Building. Cornwall House, now the Franklin-Wilkins Building, constructed between 1912 and 1915 was originally the His Majesty's Stationery Office (responsible for Crown copyright and National Archives), but was requisitioned for use as a military hospital in 1915 during World War I. It became the King George Military Hospital, and accommodated about 1,800 patients on 63 wards.[69] Now the largest university building in London, the building was acquired by King's in 1980s and underwent extensive refurbishment in 2000.[70][71] The building is named after Rosalind Franklin
Rosalind Franklin
and Maurice Wilkins
Maurice Wilkins
for their major contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA.[70] Today it is home to:

the School of Biomedical Sciences, Diabetes & Nutritional Sciences Division (part of the Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine) the School of Education, Communication & Society (part of the Faculty of Social Science & Public Policy) LonDEC – the London
London
Dental Education Centre (part of the Dental Institute)

The adjacent James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell
Building houses the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing & Midwifery, much of the central professional services functions of the College and the President & Principal's Office. The Building was named after Scottish mathematical physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who was the Professor of Natural Philosophy at King's from 1860 to 1865.[72] The nearest Underground station is Waterloo. St Thomas's Campus[edit]

A view of St Thomas' Hospital
St Thomas' Hospital
at St Thomas' Campus, from the Thames

The St Thomas' Campus in the London
London
Borough of Lambeth, facing the Houses of Parliament across the Thames, houses parts of the School of Medicine and the Dental Institute. The Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
Museum is also located here.[73] The museum is dedicated to Florence Nightingale, the founder of the Nightingale Training School of St Thomas' Hospital (now King's Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery). St Thomas' Hospital
St Thomas' Hospital
became part of King's College London
London
School of Medicine in 1998. The St Thomas' Hospital
St Thomas' Hospital
and Campus were named after St Thomas Becket.[74] The Department of Twin Research (TwinsUk), King's College London
London
is located in St. Thomas' Hospital. The nearest Underground station is Westminster. Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
Campus[edit]

King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
Campus

The Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at the Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
Campus enjoys a long history with the South London
London
and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust

Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
Campus is situated in south London
London
near the borders of the London
London
Borough of Lambeth
Lambeth
and the London
London
Borough of Southwark
Southwark
in Camberwell
Camberwell
and is the only campus not situated on the River Thames. The campus consists of King's College Hospital, the Maudsley Hospital and the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience
Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience
(IoPPN). In addition to the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, parts of the Dental Institute and School of Medicine, and a large hall of residence, King's College Hall, are situated here. Other buildings include the campus library known as the Weston Education Centre (WEC), the James Black Centre, the Rayne Institute (haemato-oncology) and the Cicely Saunders Institute (palliative care).[75] The Maurice Wohl Clinical Neuroscience Institute was opened by the Princess Royal in 2015 at the Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
Campus.[76] It is named after British philanthropist Maurice Wohl, who had a long association with King’s and supported many medical projects.[77] The nearest Overground station is Denmark Hill. Redevelopment programme[edit] As of 2016, King's is undergoing a £1 billion redevelopment programme of its estates.[78] Since 1999 over half of the activities of King's have been relocated in new and refurbished buildings.[79] Major completed projects include a £35 million renovation of the Maughan Library in 2002, a £40 million renovation of buildings at the Strand Campus, a £25 million renovation of Somerset House
Somerset House
East Wing, a £30 million renovation of the Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
Campus in 2007, the renovation of the Franklin-Wilkins Library at the Waterloo Campus and the completion of the £9 million Cicely Saunders Institute of Palliative Care in 2010.[80] The college chapel at the Strand Campus
Strand Campus
was also restored in 2001.[citation needed] The Strand Campus
Strand Campus
redevelopment won the Green Gown Award in 2007 for sustainable construction. The award recognised the "reduced energy and carbon emissions from a sustainable refurbishment of the historic South Range of the King's Building".[81] King's was also the recipient of the 2003 City Heritage Award for the conversion of the Grade II* listed Maughan Library.[82] Current projects include a £45 million development for the Maurice Wohl Clinical Neuroscience Institute, £18 million on modernising King's learning and teaching environments, a sports pavilion at Honor Oak Park.[83] In April 2012 a £20 million redevelopment of the Strand Campus Quad was announced and will provide an additional 3,700 square metres of teaching space and student facilities.[84] King's acquired a lease for the Aldwych
Aldwych
Quarter with initial term of 50 years.[67][85] King's will occupy Bush House
Bush House
and Strand House from September 2016, and King House and Melbourne House from 2025.[85] The Chairman of King's College London, Duke of Wellington
Duke of Wellington
said that the King's Strand Campus
Strand Campus
has had inadequate and cramped teaching space for too long, and the acquisition will transform the original campus of King's which dates back to 1829.[67] Organisation and administration[edit] Governance[edit] See also: List of Principals of King's College London
London
and List of Deans of King's College London

Principal from 1883–1897, Henry Wace

The head of King's College London
London
is formally the principal and president, currently held by Ed Byrne. The office is established by the charter of King's as "the chief academic and administrative officer of the College" and King's statutes require the principal to have the general responsibility to the council for "ensuring that the objects of the College are fulfilled and for maintaining and promoting the efficiency, discipline and good order of the College".[86] The charter and statutes granted in 2009 created the additional position of "president". As such the full title of the head of King's College London
London
is the "Principal and President".[87] Senior officers are called the Principal's Central Team. Six vice-principals have specific responsibilities for education; research and innovation; strategy and development; arts and sciences; international (developing the global research networks of King's); and health (where there is also a deputy vice-principal). The council is the supreme governing body of King's College London established under the charter and statutes, comprising 21 members. Its membership include the president of King's College London
London
Students' Union (KCLSU), as the student member; the principal and president; up to seven other staff members; and up to 12 lay members who must not be employees of King's.[88] It is supported by a number of standing committees.[89] The current chairman of the council is Charles Wellesley, 9th Duke of Wellington.[90] Sir Christopher Geidt
Sir Christopher Geidt
will succeed the Duke of Wellington
Duke of Wellington
as Chairman of Council from the beginning of the 2016 academic year.[91] The dean of King's College is an ordained person, which is unusual among British universities.[92] The dean is "responsible for overseeing the spiritual development and welfare of all students and staff". The Office of the Dean co-ordinate the Associateship of King's College programme, the chaplaincy and the chapel choir, which includes 25 choir scholarships.[92] One of the dean's roles is to encourage and foster vocations to the Church of England priesthood.[93] The Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
is the King's College London's visitor by right of office owing to the role of the Church of England in King's foundation.[94] Faculties and departments[edit] In the 19th century, King's College London
London
had five departments: Theological, General Literature and Science, Applied Sciences, Medical and Military.[95][96] The Theological Department provided studies in ecclesiastical history, pastoral theology and Exegesis
Exegesis
of testaments.[96] Languages and literature, history, law and jurisprudence, political economy, commerce, fencing, mathematics, zoology and natural history were taught within the Department of General Literature and Science,[96] and natural philosophy, geology, mineralogy and arts-related subjects were taught within the Department of Applied Sciences.[96] As of 2017[update], King's comprises nine academic faculties, which are subdivided into schools (for Social Science & Public Policy, Life Sciences & Medicine), departments, centres and research divisions. The latest addition was King's Business School, hosted in Bush House, which opened in August 2017.[97] Faculty of Arts and Humanities[edit]

Life-size wax sculpture of Virginia Woolf, a writer and alumna of King's

The Faculty of Arts and Humanities was formed in 1989 following the amalgamation of the faculties of Arts, Music and Theology.[98] The faculty encompasses traditional disciplinary subjects, as well as less-common subjects such as Hellenic, Portuguese and Medieval Studies, and emerging disciplines such as Digital Humanities and Queer Studies.[98] The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
(RADA) is administered through King's, and its students graduate alongside members of the departments which form the Faculty of Arts and Humanities. As RADA
RADA
does not have degree awarding powers, its courses are validated by King's.[99][100] Dental Institute[edit] The Dental Institute is the dental school of King's and focuses on understanding disease, enhancing health and restoring function.[101] The institute is the successor of Guy's Hospital
Guy's Hospital
Dental School, King's College Hospital Dental School, Royal Dental Hospital of London
London
School of Dental Surgery, and the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals. It was a part of King's School of Medicine and Dentistry until 2005, when the dental school became the Dental Institute. In 1799 Joseph Fox started to give a series of lectures on dental surgery at Guy’s Hospital, and was appointed dental surgeon in the same year.[102] Thomas Bell succeeded Fox as dental surgeon either in 1817 or 1825.[102] Frederick Newland Pedley, who was appointed assistant dental surgeon at Guy’s Hospital in 1885, advocated the establishment of a dental school within the hospital, and he flooded the two dental schools in London, the Metropolitan School of Dental Science and the London
London
School of Dental Surgery, with patients to prove that a further hospital was needed.[102] In December 1888, Guy’s Hospital Dental School was established.[102][103] Guy’s Hospital Dental School was recognised as a school of the University of London
London
in 1901. In the 1970s, since there was a decline in the demand for dental services, the Department of Health of the UK suggested that there should be a decrease in the number of dental undergraduate students as well as the duration of all courses.[102] In response to the recommendations, Royal Dental Hospital of London
London
School of Dental Surgery amalgamated with the Guy’s Hospital Dental School of the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals on 1 August 1983.[102] The establishment of King's College Hospital
King's College Hospital
Dental School was proposed by Viscount Hambleden at a Hospital Management Committee meeting on 12 April 1923. The dental school was opened on 12 November 1923 in King’s College Hospital.[55] Under the 1948 National Health Act, King's Medical and Dental School split from King's and became an independent school, but the school remerged with King's in 1983.[55] The school further merged with the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospitals in 1998.[55] Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine[edit]

The Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine is located at four campuses including the Guy's Campus

The Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine was created as a result of the merger of the School of Medicine with the School of Biomedical Sciences in 2014.[104] There are two schools of education in the Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine: the GKT School of Medical Education is responsible for the medical education and training of students on the MBBS
MBBS
programme, and the School of Bioscience Education is responsible for the biomedical and health professions education and training.[105] The faculty is divided into 7 schools, including Basic & Medical Biosciences, Biomedical Engineering & Imaging Sciences, Cancer & Pharmaceutical Science, Cardiovascular Medicine & Sciences, Immunology & Microbial Sciences, Life Course Sciences and Population Health Sciences.[106] Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience[edit] The Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience
Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience
(IoPPN) is a faculty and a research institution dedicated to discovering what causes mental illness and diseases of the brain, and to help identify new treatments of the diseases.[107] The institute is the largest centre for research and postgraduate education in psychiatry, psychology and neuroscience in Europe.[108] Originally established in 1924 as the Maudsley Hospital
Maudsley Hospital
Medical School, the institute changed its name to the Institute of Psychiatry
Institute of Psychiatry
in 1948, merged with King’s College London
London
in 1997, and was renamed IoPPN in 2014.[109][110] The Dickson Poon School of Law[edit] The Dickson Poon School of Law
The Dickson Poon School of Law
is the law school of King's. Law has been taught at King's since 1831.[111] The Faculty of Laws was founded in 1909 and became the School of Law in 1991.[111] The school includes various research centres and groups which serve as focal points for research activity, including the Centre of European Law (established in 1974), Centre of Medical Law and Ethics (established in 1978), Centre of British Constitutional Law and History (established in 1988), Centre of Construction Law, Centre for Technology, Ethics and Law in Society, Centre for Politics, Philosophy and Law, Transnational Law Institute and Trust Law Committee.[112] Faculty of Natural and Mathematical Sciences[edit] The Faculty of Natural and Mathematical Sciences was established in 2010, following the reorganisation of the School of Physical Sciences and Engineering. The faculty provides education and research in chemistry, informatics, physics, mathematics and telecommunications. Physics and Mathematics has been studied at the university since 1829 and 1830 respectively, and there are six Nobel laureates who were either students or academic staff of the faculty.[113] Chemistry has been taught at King's since its foundation in 1829, and Copley medallist John Frederic Daniell
John Frederic Daniell
was appointed the first professor.[114] The Department of Chemistry was forced to close in 2003 due to a decline in student numbers and reduced funding.[114] In 2012, a new Department of Chemistry was established and a new undergraduate degree, Chemistry with Biomedicine, was launched.[114] The new department covers traditional areas of chemistry (organic, inorganic, physical and computational chemistry) and other academic discipline including cell biology and physics.[114] The Department of Engineering was established in 1838, making it arguably the oldest school of engineering in England.[115] The Department of Engineering was the largest engineering school in the UK in 1893,[115][116]. The Division of Engineering was closed in 2013.[115] Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery[edit]

Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
and her class of nurses

The Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery
Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery
is a school for nurses and midwives. It also carries out nursing research and provides continuing professional development and postgraduate programmes. Formerly known as the Nightingale Training School and Home for Nurses, the faculty was established by Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
in 1860, and is the first nursing school in the world to be continuously connected to a fully serving hospital and medical school.[117][118] The Nightingale Training School was amalgamated in 1996 with the Olive Haydon School of Midwifery and the Thomas Guy
Thomas Guy
and Lewisham School of Nursing, and all staff and students were integrated at King’s by 1996.[118][119] Faculty of Social Science and Public Policy[edit] The Faculty of Social Science and Public Policy was established in 2001, and is one of the largest university centres focusing on policy-oriented research in the UK.[120] Following a restructuring in 2016, it is split into four schools:

School of Politics & Economics (European & International Studies, Middle Eastern Studies, Political Economy, Russia Institute) School of Education, Communication & Society School of Global Affairs (Geography, Global Health & Medicine, International Development, Brazil Institute, India Institute, Lau China Institute) School of Security Studies (Department of Defence Studies, Department of War Studies)

The Department of War Studies is unique in the UK and is supported by research facilities such as the King's Centre for Strategic Communications, Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
and the King's Centre for Military Health Research (KCMHR).[121] Set up in 2002, the King's Centre for Risk Management (KCRM) holds international research relating to risk management, governance and communication, and supports various projects, conferences and academic fellowships, facilitating in translating risk research into relevant and practical policy solutions.[122] The faculty also houses the African Leadership Centre, Institute for Contemporary British History, and London
London
Asia Pacific Centre for Social Science.[123] King's Business School[edit] King's Business School was established in 2017 at Bush House. The School of Management and Business within the Faculty of Social Science and Public Policy was reformed to create King's Business School. It offers programmes in economics, management, finance, entrepreneurship, human resource management and marketing.[124] Finances[edit] In the financial year ended 31 July 2014, King's had a total income of £603.67 million (2012/13 – £586.95 million) and total expenditure of £605.81 million (2012/13 – £577.38 million).[125] Key sources of income included £201.08 million from tuition fees and education contracts (2012/13 – £174.58 million), £171.55 million from research grants and contracts (2012/13 – £164.03 million), £122.43 million from Funding Council grants (2012/13 – £130.67 million) and £5.77 million from endowment and investment income (2012/13 – £6.4 million).[125] During the 2012/13 financial year King's had a capital expenditure of £105.9 million (2012/13 – £73 million).[125] At 31 July 2014 King's had total endowments of £162.6 million (31 July 2013 – £154.09 million) and total net assets of £828.37 million (31 July 2013 – £810.05 million).[125] King's has a credit rating of AA from Standard & Poor's.[125] In 2013/14, King's had the seventh-highest total income of any British university.[126] In October 2010 King's launched a major fundraising campaign—"World questionsKing's answers"—fronted by former British Prime Minister John Major, with a goal to raise £500 million by 2015.[127] This was surpassed even before 2015 and King's subsequently increased the target to £600 million.[128] It again met and beat this new target by raising £610 million.[129] Coat of arms[edit]

King's coat of arms used from 1829 to 1985

Entrance and coat of arms of the 19th century King's Building, Strand Campus

Main article: Coat of arms
Coat of arms
of King's College London The coat of arms displayed on the King's College London
London
charter is that of George IV. The shield depicts the royal coat of arms together with an inescutcheon of the House of Hanover, while the supporters embody King's motto of sancte et sapienter. No correspondence is believed to have survived regarding the choice of this coat of arms, either in King's archives or at the College of Arms, and a variety of unofficial adaptations have been used throughout the history of King's. The current coat of arms was developed following the mergers with Queen Elizabeth College
Queen Elizabeth College
and Chelsea College in 1985 and incorporates aspects of their heraldry.[5] The official coat of arms, in heraldic terminology, is:[130] Arms:

Or on a Pale Azure between two Lions rampant respectant Gules an Anchor Gold ensigned by a Royal Crown proper on a Chief Argent an Ancient Lamp proper inflamed Gold between two Blazing Hearths also proper.

The crest and supporters:

On a Helm with a Wreath Or and Azure Upon a Book proper rising from a Coronet Or the rim set with jewels two Azure (one manifest) four Vert (two manifest) and two Gules a demi Lion Gules holding a Rod of Dexter a female figure habited Azure the cloak lined coif and sleeves Argent holding in the exterior hand a Lond Cross botony Gold and sinister a male figure the Long Coat Azure trimmed with Sable proper shirt Argent holding in the interior hand a Book proper.

Coat of arms
Coat of arms
of the medical schools[edit]

Guy's coat of arms, displayed above the entrance to Guy's Campus

Although the St Thomas's Hospital Medical School
St Thomas's Hospital Medical School
and Guy's Medical School became legal bodies separate from St Thomas' Hospital
St Thomas' Hospital
and Guy's Hospital in 1948, the tradition of using the hospitals' shields and coat of arms continues today.[131] In 1949, St Thomas's Hospital Medical School
St Thomas's Hospital Medical School
was granted its own coat of arms. However, the St Thomas' Hospital
St Thomas' Hospital
coat of arms has still been used.[131] Guy’s Medical School proposed to apply for its own coat of arms after separating from Guy’s Hospital, yet the school decided to continue to use Guy's Hospital’s arms in 1954.[131] The two medical schools merged in 1982 and became the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals (UMDS). Simon Argles, secretary of UMDS, said that because of the name of the medical school it was more appropriate to use the hospital's coat of arms.[131] UMDS merged with King's College Hospital
King's College Hospital
to become Guy's, King's and St Thomas' School of Medicine in 1998. The shields of Guy’s and St Thomas’ hospitals are used in conjunction with King's shield in the medical schools' publications and graduation materials.[131] Affiliations and partnerships[edit] King's College London
London
is a constituent college and was one of the two founding members of the federal University of London.[132] King's is a member of Association of Commonwealth Universities
Association of Commonwealth Universities
(ACU), European University Association (EUA) and Universities UK. In 1998, King's joined the Russell Group, an association of 24 public research universities established in 1994.[133] King's is currently the only British member of the Institutional Network of the Universities from the Capitals of Europe (UNICA), a network of major higher education institutions in the European capital cities.[134] King's is a founding member of Global Medical Excellence Cluster (GMEC), the largest life science bio-cluster in the world[135] established with the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford, University College London
London
and Imperial College London.[136] King's is also the founding partner of FutureLearn, a massive open online course learning platform founded in December 2012. Launched in 2014, MedCity is the collaboration between King's and the other two main science universities in London, Imperial College and University College London.[137] In 2016, King's College London, together with Arizona State University and University of New South Wales, forms the PLuS Alliance, an international university alliance to address global challenges.[138][139] King's is also often regarded as part of the "golden triangle", a group of elite universities located in the English cities of Cambridge, Oxford and London, including the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford, Imperial College London, London School of Economics and University College London.[151] King's College London
London
is also a part of King's Health Partners, an academic health science centre comprises Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, King's College Hospital
King's College Hospital
NHS Foundation Trust, South London
London
and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust and King's College London itself.[152][153][154] King's is a participant and one of the founding members of the Francis Crick Institute.[155] King's offers joint degrees with many universities and other institutions, including Columbia University,[156] University of Paris I,[156] University of Hong Kong,[156] National University of Singapore,[157] Royal Academy of Music,[158] British Library,[158] Tate Modern,[158] Shakespeare’s Globe,[158] National Gallery,[158] National Portrait Gallery[158] and British Museum.[159][160] Academics[edit] Admissions[edit]

UCAS
UCAS
Admission Statistics

2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

Applications[161] 43,820 44,060 43,010 41,270 36,105

Offer Rate (%)[162] 69.7 66.3 66.7 63.1 60.4

Enrols[163] 6,030 6,010 5,620 5,035 4,435

Yield (%) 19.7 20.6 19.6 19.3 20.3

Applicant/Enrolled Ratio 7.27 7.33 7.65 8.20 8.14

Average Entry Tariff[22] n/a n/a 432 462 453

King's had the joint 15th highest average entry qualification for undergraduates of any UK university in 2015, with new students averaging 432 UCAS
UCAS
points (pre-2017 tariff),[164] equivalent to just above A*AAb or ABBab in A-level grades. In 2015, the university gave offers of admission to 66.7% of its applicants, the 7th lowest amongst the Russell Group.[165] 24.4% of King's undergraduates are privately educated, the fourteenth highest proportion amongst mainstream British universities.[166] In the 2016-17 academic year, the university had a domicile breakdown of 67:12:20 of UK:EU:non-EU students respectively with a female to male ratio of 62:37.[167] A freedom-of-information request in 2015 revealed that the university received 31,857 undergraduate applications and made 13,302 offers in 2014–15. This resulted in an offer rate of 41.8%, a yield rate on offers of 45.3% and an overall acceptance rate of 18.9%.[168] The School of Medicine received 1,764 applications, only 39 offers were made resulting in an offer rate of just 2.2%. Nursery & Midwifery, Physiotherapy and Clinical Dentistry had the lowest offer rates of 14%, 16% and 17% respectively.[169] Teaching[edit] King's academic year runs from the last Monday in September to the first Friday in June.[170] Different faculties and departments adopt different academic term structures. For example, the academic year of the Mathematics School and Department of War Studies is divided into three terms (Autumn, Spring and Summer terms);[171][172] while the Faculty of Arts & Humanities academic year runs in two semesters.[173] Graduation[edit] See also: Academic dress of King's College London

Prize-giving day in 1841

King's graduands with academic dress designed by Vivienne Westwood

Graduation ceremonies are held in January (winter) and June or July (summer), with ceremonies for students from most faculties held in Europe's largest arts complex, the Barbican Centre.[174] Owing to St Thomas's Medical School roots that could be traced to St Mary Overie Priory, students from the GKT School of Medical Education and Dental Institute graduate from Southwark Cathedral
Southwark Cathedral
adjacent to Guy's Campus.[175] After being vested the power to award its own degrees separately from the University of London
University of London
in 2006,[57] graduates began wearing King's College London
London
academic dress in 2008. King's graduates have since worn gowns designed by Vivienne Westwood.[176] Research[edit] In 2013/14 King's had a total research income of £171.55 million, of which £47.64 million was from UK charitable bodies; £38.26 million from Research Councils; £32.97 million from UK central government, local authorities, health and hospital authorities; £21.38 million from EU government and other bodies; £17.09 million from overseas (excluding EU); £13.11 million from UK industry, commerce and public corporations; and £1.11 million from other sources.[125] King's submitted a total of 1,369 staff across 27 units of assessment to the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) assessment (compared with 1,172 submitted to the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise (RAE 2008)).[177] In the REF results 40% of King's submitted research was classified as 4*, 45% as 3*, 13% as 2* and 2% as 1*, giving an overall GPA of 3.23.[178] In rankings produced by Times Higher Education
Times Higher Education
based upon the REF results King's was ranked 6th overall for research power and 7th for GPA (compared to 11th and joint 22nd respectively in the equivalent rankings for the RAE 2008).[178] The Times
The Times
Higher Education described King's as "arguably the biggest winner" in REF2014 after it rose 15 places on GPA, while submitting about 200 more people.[177] Medicine[edit] Main article: King's College London
London
GKT School of Medical Education King's claims to be the largest centre for healthcare education in Europe.[15] King's College London
London
School of Medicine has over 2,000 undergraduate students, over 1,400 teachers, four main teaching hospitals – Guy's Hospital, King's College Hospital, St Thomas' Hospital and University Hospital Lewisham
University Hospital Lewisham
– and 17 associated district general hospitals.[179] King's College London
London
Dental Institute is the largest dental school in Europe.[180] The Florence Nightingale School of Nursing & Midwifery is the oldest professional school of nursing in the world.[181] King's is a major centre for biomedical research. It is a founding member of King's Health Partners, one of the largest academic health sciences centres in Europe with a turnover of over £2 billion and approximately 25,000 employees.[15] It also is home to six Medical Research Council centres, and is part of two of the twelve biomedical research centres established by the NHS in England – the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust and King's College London, and the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at the South London
London
and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust and King's College London.[182] The Drug Control Centre at King's was established in 1978 and is the only WADA accredited anti-doping laboratory in the UK and holds the official UK contract for running doping tests on UK athletes.[183] In 1997, it became the first International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
accredited laboratory to meet the ISO/IEC 17025 quality standard.[184] The centre was the anti-doping facility for the London
London
2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.[185] Libraries[edit] King's library facilities are spread across its campuses. The collections encompass over one million printed books, as well as thousands of journals and electronic resources. Maughan Library[edit]

The Round Reading Room at the Maughan Library

Main article: Maughan Library The Maughan Library
Maughan Library
is King's largest library and is housed in the Grade II* listed 19th century gothic former Public Record Office building situated on Chancery Lane
Chancery Lane
at the Strand Campus. The building was designed by Sir James Pennethorne
James Pennethorne
and is home to the books and journals of the Schools of Arts & Humanities, Law, Natural & Mathematical Sciences, and Social Science & Public Policy. It also houses the Special
Special
Collections and rare books. Inside the Library is the octagonal Round Reading Room, inspired by the reading room of the British Museum, and the former Rolls Chapel (renamed the Weston Room following a donation from the Garfield Weston Foundation) with its stained glass windows, mosaic floor and monuments, including a Renaissance
Renaissance
terracotta figure by Pietro Torrigiano
Pietro Torrigiano
of Dr Yonge, Master of the Rolls, who died in 1516. Other libraries[edit]

Foyle Special
Special
Collections Library: Situated at Chancery Lane, the library houses a collection of 180,000 printed works as well as thousands of maps, slides, sound recordings and some manuscript material.[186] The collections are built up by purchase, gift and bequest over centuries, which cover all subject areas and contain many special items, including incunabula.[187] The collections are particularly strong in European military and diplomatic history, Jewish and Christian theology, the history of the British Empire, Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean, Germany, voyages and travels, medicine and science.[187] Tony Arnold Library: Situated at Chancery Lane, it houses a collection of over 3000 law books and 140 law journals. It was named after Tony Arnold, the longest serving Secretary of the Institute of Taxation. The library was opened on 18 December 1997, and in September 2001, the library became part of the law collection of King's College London.[188][189] Archives Reading Room: Situated at Chancery Lane, it holds a collection of institutional and research papers from King's and organisations merged with or founded by King's (such as King’s College Hospital, Guy’s and St Thomas’ medical and dental schools, the Institute of Psychiatry).[190] The reading room also houses research papers of former staff and students, including Sir Charles Wheatstone, Maurice Wilkins
Maurice Wilkins
and Eric Mottram.[190] Franklin-Wilkins Library: Situated at the Waterloo Campus, the library is home to extensive management and education holdings, as well as wide-ranging biomedical, health and life sciences coverage includes nursing, midwifery, public health, pharmacy, biological and environmental sciences, biochemistry and forensic science.[191] Wills Library and Keats Room: Situated in the Hodgkin Building at Guy's Campus, it was originally the main library for the Guy’s Hospital Medical School. The Wills Library was a gift in 1903 by the former governor of Guy's Hospital, the late Sir Frederick Wills[192] and it was opened as the Medical School Library.[193] Many books, archives and documents that were kept in the Wills Library, such as Guy's committee minute books, have been moved to the King's College London
London
Archives in 2004,[193] although the library still contains a collection of books that can be retrieved by request.[194] The Wills Library also incorporates the Keats Room named after King's alumni John Keats, who was a medical student at Guy's Hospital.[194] New Hunt's House Library: Situated at Guy's Campus, the library covers all aspects of biomedical science, including anatomy, biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, neuroscience, pharmacology and physiology. There are also extensive resources for medicine, dentistry, physiotherapy and health services.[195] St Thomas' House Library: Situated at St Thomas' Campus, its holdings cover all aspects of basic medical sciences, clinical medicine and health services research, and particularly focus on dermatology and paediatrics.[196] Institute of Psychiatry
Institute of Psychiatry
Library: The library is largest psychiatric library in Western Europe,[197] holding 3,000 print journal titles, 550 of which are current subscriptions, as well as access to over 3,500 electronic journals, 42,000 books, and training materials. The collections focus on psychiatry, psychology, neuroscience, neurology, genetics and psychotherapy.[198] Weston Education Centre Library: Situated at the Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
Campus, the library has particular strengths in the areas of gastroenterology, liver disease, diabetes, obstetrics, gynaecology, paediatrics and the history of medicine.[199] The collection supports the teaching and research of the GKT School of Medicine
GKT School of Medicine
and the Dental Institute, and also the clinical work of the King's College Hospital
King's College Hospital
and the South London
London
and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust.[199]

Additionally, King's students and staff have full access to Senate House Library, the central library for the University of London
University of London
and the School of Advanced Study.[200] Undergraduate and postgraduate students also have reference access to libraries of other University of London
London
institutions under the University of London
University of London
Libraries Access Agreement.[201] Museums, galleries and collections[edit]

Opening of the King George III Museum
King George III Museum
by Albert, Prince Consort
Albert, Prince Consort
on 1 July 1843

King's currently operates two museums: Gordon Museum of Pathology
Gordon Museum of Pathology
and Museum of Life Sciences. Opened in 1905 at Guy's Campus, the Gordon Museum is the largest medical museum in the United Kingdom,[202] and houses a collection of approximately 8000 pathological specimens, artefacts, models and paintings, including Astley Cooper's specimens and Sir Joseph Lister's antiseptic spray.[203] The Museum of Life Sciences was founded in 2009 adjacent to the Gordon Museum, and it houses historic biological and pharmaceutical collections from the constituent colleges of the modern King's College London.[204] Between 1843 and 1927, the King George III Museum
King George III Museum
was a museum within King's College London
London
which housed the collections of scientific instruments of George III
George III
and eminent nineteenth-century scientists (including Sir Charles Wheatstone
Charles Wheatstone
and Charles Babbage). Due to space constraints within King's, much of the museum's collections were transferred on loan to the Science Museum in London
London
or kept in King's College London
London
Archives.[205] The Anatomy Museum was a museum situated on the 6th floor of the King's Building at the Strand Campus. The Anatomy Theatre was built next door to the museum in 1927,[206] where anatomical dissections and demonstrations took place. The Anatomy Museum's collection includes casts of injuries, leather models, skins of various animals from Western Australia donated to the museum in 1846,[207] and casts of heads of John Bishop and Thomas Williams, the murderers in the Italian Boy's murder in 1831.[208] The last dissection in the Anatomy Theatre was performed in 1997.[206] The Anatomy Theatre and Museum was renovated and refurbished in 2009, and is now a facility for teaching, research and performance at King's.[209] The Foyle Special
Special
Collections Library also houses a number of special collections, range in date from the 15th century to present, and in subject from human anatomy to Modern Greek poetry.[210] The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) Historical Collection is the largest collection contains material from the former FCO Library. The collection was a working tool used by the British government to inform and influence foreign and colonial policy.[211] Transferred to King’s in 2007, the FCO Historical Collection contains over 80,000 items including books, pamphlets, manuscript, and photographic material.[211] The Medical Collection include the historical library collections of the constituent medical schools and institutes of King's. The Rare Books Collection holds 12,000 printed books, including a 1483 Venice printing of Silius Italicus’s Punica, first editions of Charles Dickens' novels, and the 1937 (first) edition of George Orwell's The Road to Wigan Pier.[212] King’s College London
London
Archives holds the institution's records, which are among the richest higher education records in London.[213] King's archives collections include institutional archives of King's since 1828, archives of institutions and schools that were created by or have merged with King's, and records relating to the history of medicine. Founded in 1964, the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives holds the private papers of over 800 senior British defence personnel who held office since 1900.[214] Science Gallery London
London
is set to open in 2016 on King's Guy's Campus.[215] It is a public science centre where 'art and science collide',[216] and is a part of Global Science Gallery Network.[215][217] A flagship project for 'Culture at King’s College London', Science Gallery will include 2,000 m2 (21,528 sq ft) of public space and a newly landscaped Georgian courtyard.[216] There will be exhibition galleries, theatres, meeting spaces and a café; while unlike other science centre, it will have no permanent collection.[216] Daniel Glaser, the former Head of Engaging Science at Wellcome Trust, is Director of Science Gallery London.[216] Rankings and reputation[edit]

Rankings

Global rankings

ARWU[20] (2017, world) 46

ARWU[218] (2017, national) 7

CWTS Leiden[18] (2017, world) 34

QS[17] (2018, world) 23=

QS[219] (2018, national) 5=

THE[220] (2018, world) 36

THE[19] (2018, national) 7

National rankings

Complete[22] (2018, national) 21

The Guardian[24] (2018, national) 39

Times/Sunday Times[23] (2018, national) 28=

British Government assessment

Teaching Excellence Framework[221] Silver

Internationally, King's is consistently ranked among the top universities in the world by all major global university rankings compilers, having been placed between 19th by the 2015 QS World University Rankings, 27th by the world university rankings of the Times Higher Education
Times Higher Education
and 50th worldwide by the Academic Ranking of World Universities. As of 2017, King's is ranked in the top seven UK universities in all the six major academic rankings of global universities: QS, Times Higher Education, ARWU, University Ranking by Academic Performance, U.S. News & World Report (Best Global Universities Rankings) and Center for World University Rankings.[222][223][224] King's was ranked joint 14th overall in The Sunday Times
Sunday Times
10-year (1998–2007) average ranking of British universities based on consistent league table performance.[225] In recent years, however, the university has performed less well in domestic league tables, being placed outside of the top 20 in all three major tables for 2016. It should be noted that the methodologies of these tables include student satisfaction scores with teaching and feedback as a significant input.[226][227] In common with most other London institutions, King's performs less well on the National Student Survey (NSS), ranking 133rd for student satisfaction (out of 160 institutes) in the 2015 survey.[228] According to the 2015 Times and Sunday Times
Sunday Times
University Guide, their inclusion of student satisfaction scores, along with international guides including reputation scores from academics and employers, explains the disparity between King's ranking on their (domestic) table and global tables. They add that when the university is ranked according to student satisfaction scores from undergraduates on factors such as academic support, teaching, assessment and feedback, "King’s ranks 106 out of 123 institutions", although "despite the iffy student satisfaction scores, students continue to apply here in their droves" with an average of 8.1 applicants per place available for 2014 entry.[229] However, although the Complete University Guide has used the results of the NSS since at least 2011,[230] King's retained a position in their top 20 until the 2015 tables (published 2014),[231] managing 19th on the 2014 tables despite ranking joint 102nd (out of 124) for student satisfaction.[232] According to the 2017 Complete University Guide, 8 out of the 30 subjects offered by King's rank within the top 10 nationally, including Education (4th), Food Science (4th), Dentistry (5th), Law (5th), Music (5th), Business & Management Studies (6th), History (9th), and Classics & Ancient History (10th).[233] The Guardian University Guide 2017 ranks King's in the top ten in 8 subjects, including Law (4th), Economics (6th), Media & film studies (6th), Anatomy & physiology (8th), Dentistry (8th), Politics (9th), Classics & ancient history (10th), and History (10th). King's College London
London
has had 24 of its subject-areas awarded the highest rating of 5 or 5* for research quality,[234] and in 2007 it received a good result in its audit by the Quality Assurance Agency.[234] It is in the top tier for research earnings. The Times
The Times
Higher Education listed King's College London
London
as eighth in the list of the top 10 universities in clinical, pre-clinical and health subjects in its 2016 world rankings.[235] In September 2010, the Sunday Times
Sunday Times
selected King's as the "University of the Year 2010–11".[236] King's was ranked as the 5th best university in the UK for the quality of graduates according to recruiters from the UK's major companies.[237] In a survey by The New York Times
The New York Times
assessing the most valued graduates by business leaders, King's College London
London
graduates ranked 22nd in the world and 5th in the UK.[238] In the 2015 Global Employability University Survey of international recruiters, King's is ranked 43rd in the world and 7th in the UK.[239] King's was chosen as the 5th best UK university by major British employers in 2015.[240] In 2014, King's ranked 5th amongst multidisciplinary UK universities for highest graduate starting salaries (i.e. graduates' average annual salary six months after graduation).[241] In a big data research by the Institute for Fiscal Studies, University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge
and Harvard University, it was revealed the top 10% of King's male graduates working in England were the 7th highest earning students 10 years after graduation in comparison to graduates of all Higher Education providers (both multi and uni-disciplinary universities) in the UK and the top 10% of its female graduates were the 9th highest earning students 10 years after graduation in the same study.[242] The Guardian University Guide 2017 named King's as the 6th best university in the country for graduate career prospects, with 84.3% of students finding graduate-level jobs within six months of graduation.[243] Associateship of King's College[edit] The Associateship of King's College
Associateship of King's College
(AKC) is the original award of King's College, dating back to its foundation in 1829 and first awarded in 1835. It was designed to reflect the twin objectives of King's College's 1829 royal charter to maintain the connection between "sound religion and useful learning" and to teach the "doctrines and duties of Christianity".[244] Today, the AKC is a modern tradition that offers an inclusive, research-led programme of lectures that gives students the opportunities to engage with religious, philosophical and ethical issues alongside their main degree course. Graduates of King’s College London
London
may be eligible to be elected as 'Associates' of King's College by the authority of King's College London
London
council, delegated to the academic board. After election, they are entitled to use the post-nominal letters "AKC".[245] Fellowship of King's College[edit] See also: Category:Fellows of King's College London The Fellowship of King's College (FKC) is the highest award that can be bestowed upon an individual by King's College London. The award of the fellowship is governed by a statute of King's College London
London
and reflects distinguished service to King's by a member of staff, conspicuous service to King's, or the achievement of distinction by those who were at one time closely associated with King's College London.[246] The proposal to establish a fellowship of King's was first considered in 1847.[247] John Allen, a former chaplain of King's, was the first FKC. Each fellow had to pay two guineas for the fellowship privilege initially, but the fee was ceased from 1850.[247] A wide variety of people were elected as fellows of King's, including former principal Alfred Barry, former King’s student then professor Thorold Rogers, architect William Burges
William Burges
and ornithologist Robert Swinhoe.[247] The first women fellows were elected in 1904.[247] Lilian Faithfull, vice-principal of the King’s Ladies’ Department from 1894 to 1906, was one of the first women fellows.[247] Student life[edit] Students' union[edit]

The logo of King's College London
London
Students' Union

A papier-mâché version of Reggie the Lion, the mascot of KCLSU, outside the Great Hall in King's Strand Campus

Main article: King's College London
London
Students' Union Founded in 1873,[248] King's College, London
London
Union Society which later, in 1908, reorganised into King's College London
London
Students' Union, better known by its acronym KCLSU, is the oldest Students' Union in London
London
(University College London
London
Union being founded in 1893)[249] and has a claim to being the oldest Students' Union in England.[250][251] Athletic Club was one of the nineteenth-century student societies at King's formed in 1884.[252] The Students' Union provides a wide range of activities and services, including over 50 sports clubs (which includes the Boat Club which rows on the River Thames
Thames
and the Rifle Club which uses King's College London's shooting range located at the disused Aldwych tube station
Aldwych tube station
beneath the Strand Campus),[253] over 200 activity groups,[254] a wide range of volunteering opportunities, two bars/eateries (The Waterfront and Guy's Bar), a shop (King's Shop) and a gym (Kinetic Fitness Club). Between 1992 and 2013 the Students' Union operated a nightclub, Tutu's, named after alumnus Desmond Tutu.[255] The former President of KCLSU, Sir Ivison Macadam, after whom the Students' Union building on the Strand Campus
Strand Campus
(Macadam Building) has since been named, went on to be elected as the first President of the National Union of Students.[256] "Reggie the Lion" (informally "Reggie") is the official mascot of the Students' Union. In total there are four Reggies in existence. The original can be found on display in the Macadam Building in the Students' Union student centre at the Strand Campus. A papier-mâché Reggie lives outside the Great Hall at the Strand Campus. The third Reggie, given as a gift by alumnus Willie Kwan, guards the entrance of Willies Common Room in Somerset House
Somerset House
East Wing.[257] A small sterling silver incarnation is displayed during graduation ceremonies, which was presented to King’s by former Halliburton Professor of Physiology, Robert John Stewart McDowall, in 1959.[258] KCLSU
KCLSU
owns and operates several student run social spaces, including the cafe/coffee shop The Shed, and the bars Guy's Bar (both on Guy's Campus), The Waterfront and Philosophy Bar (both on Strand campus). Student media[edit] KCLSU
KCLSU
Student Media won Student Media of the Year 2014 at the Ents Forum awards[259] and came in the top three student media outlets in the country at the NUS Awards 2014.[260] Roar News is a tabloid newspaper for students at King's which is owned and funded by KCLSU. It is editorially independent of both the university and the students' union and its award-winning website is read by tens of thousands of people per month in over 100 countries.[261] In 2014 it had a successful awards season, scooping several national awards and commendations, including a Mind Media Award and Student Media of the Year.[260][262] The radio station of KCLSU, KCL Radio, was founded in 2009 as a podcast producer. The first live broadcast of KCL Radio was in 2011 at the London
London
Varsity.[263] In 2013, KCL Radio relaunched as a live station with more than 45 hours of live programming a week. The schedule of the radio station includes news, music, entertainment, debate, sport and live performance.[263] Other King's student media groups include the student television station KingsTV, and the photographic society KCLSU
KCLSU
PhotoSoc.[264] Sports[edit]

The annual Macadam Cup

There are over 50 sports clubs, many of which compete in the University of London
University of London
and British Universities & Colleges (BUCS) leagues across the South East.[253] The annual Macadam Cup
Macadam Cup
is a varsity match played between the sports teams of King's College London proper (KCL) and King's College London
London
Medical School (KCLMS). King's students and staff have played an important part in the formation of the London
London
Universities and Colleges Athletics. Created in January 2013, King’s Sport, a partnership between King's College London
London
and KCLSU, manages all the sports activities and facilities of King's.[265][266] King’s Sport runs the King’s Sport Health and Fitness Centre situated at the Waterloo Campus, which has been refurbished in 2014 and features an indoor cycling studio, fixed resistance and free weights and cardiovascular areas.[267] King’s Sport also operates 3 sports grounds in New Malden, Honor Oak Park
Honor Oak Park
and Dulwich.[268] There are also on-campus sports facilities at Guy’s, St Thomas's and Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
campuses.[267] King's students and staff can utilize Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust's fitness centre and swimming pool based within the Guy's and St Thomas' hospitals.[267][269] Societies and organisations[edit] In addition to their sporting societies, King's College London
London
also boast 300 other societies and groups in a wide variety of activities.[270] The Societies can be categorised by twelve main groups; Academic, Business & Entrepreneurship, Campaign, Common Interest, Culture, Faith & Spirituality, Fundraising, Media, Medical, Music Performance & Creative, Political and Volunteering. Student-led think tank[edit] In February 2011, King's College London
London
students founded London's first student-led think tank, the King’s Think Tank (formerly known as KCL Think Tank).[271] With a membership of more than 2000,[272][273] it is the largest organisation of its kind in Europe.[274] This student initiative organises lectures and discussions in seven different policy areas, and assists students in lobbying politicians, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and other policymakers with their ideas. Every September, it produces a peer-reviewed journal of policy recommendations called The Spectrum.[275][276] Music[edit] There are many music societies at King's including a cappella groups, orchestras, choir, musical theatre and jazz society.[277] King's has three orchestras: King's College London
London
Symphony Orchestra (KCLSO), King's College London
London
Chamber Orchestra and KCL Concert Orchestra.[277] Founded in 1945, the Choir of King's College London, one of the most acclaimed university choirs in England,[278][279] consists of around 30 choral scholars.[280] The choir regularly broadcasts on BBC Radio 3 and Radio 4 and has made recordings mainly focus on 16th-century English and Spanish repertoire.[280] All the King's Men (AtKM) is an all-male a cappella ensemble from King's College London. Founded in 2009, it has since risen to prominence in the university, becoming the first group outside of Oxford and Cambridge to win The Voice Festival UK.[281][282] Rivalry with University College London[edit] Main articles: King's College London
London
and UCL rivalry and The London Varsity

King's traditional rivalry with UCL is nowadays most noted at the yearly varsity rugby match

Competition within the University of London
University of London
is most intense between King's and University College London, the two oldest institutions. Indeed, the University of London
University of London
when it was established has been described as "an umbrella organisation designed to disguise the rivalry between UCL and KCL."[283] In the early twentieth century, King's College London
London
and UCL rivalry was centred on their respective mascots.[284] University College's was Phineas Maclino, a wooden tobacconist's sign of a kilted Jacobite Highlander purloined from outside a shop in Tottenham Court Road
Tottenham Court Road
during the celebrations of the relief of Ladysmith in 1900. King's later addition was a giant beer bottle representing "bottled youth". In 1923 it was replaced by a new mascot to rival Phineas – Reggie the Lion, who made his debut at a King's-UCL sporting rag in December 1923, protected by a lifeguard of engineering students armed with T-squares. Thereafter, Reggie formed the centrepiece of annual freshers' processions by King's students around Aldwych
Aldwych
in which new students were typically flour bombed.[285] Although riots between respective college students occurred in central London
London
well into the 1950s, rivalry is now limited to the rugby union pitch and skulduggery over mascots, with the annual London
London
Varsity series culminating in the historic match between King's College London RFC and University College London
London
RFC.[284][286] Rivalry with the London
London
School of Economics[edit] On 2 December 2005, tensions between King's and the London
London
School of Economics (LSE) were ignited when at least 200 students from LSE (located in Aldwych
Aldwych
near the Strand Campus) diverted off from the annual "barrel run" and caused an estimated £32,000 of damage to the English department at King's.[287][288] The Times
The Times
reported that LSE director Howard Davies attended the fun run event,[289][290] while LSE claimed that Davies only attended for a short time.[291] King's principal, Sir Rick Trainor, deplored the behaviour, appealed to King's students to remain calm and called for no retaliation.[292][293] The LSE Students' Union
LSE Students' Union
later on 6 December issued a formal apology, condemned the actions, as well as promising to foot the bill for the damage repair.[291][293] Student residences[edit] Halls of residence[edit]

The Great Dover Street
Great Dover Street
halls of residence

King's has a total of nine halls of residence located throughout London. Accommodation is guaranteed for first year undergraduates and international postgraduates.[294] Great Dover Street
Great Dover Street
Apartments, Wolfson House and Iris Brook and Orchard Lisle are located on Guy's Campus in London
London
Bridge. Brian Creamer House, which was named after Dean of St Thomas's Hospital Medical School
St Thomas's Hospital Medical School
Brian Creamer,[295] and the Rectory are situated in the grounds of Lambeth
Lambeth
Palace near St Thomas' Campus. Stamford Street
Stamford Street
Apartments is located opposite Waterloo Campus and within walking distance of Strand Campus, and Champion Hill Residence is close to Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
Campus in south London. Urbanest Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge
is located within a walking distance from the Tower of London
London
and Tower Bridge. Angel Lane in Stratford, Ewen Henderson Court, Julian Markham House in Elephant and Castle, Moonraker Point in Southwark
Southwark
and Stratford One are nominated residences run by the Unite Group.[296] Hampstead Residence was a residence near the former King's Hampstead Campus, but was sold by King's College London
London
and is no longer a King's venue.[297] Intercollegiate halls of residence[edit] In addition to halls of residence run by King's, full-time students are eligible to stay at one of the Intercollegiate Halls of Residence offered by the University of London. King's has the largest number of bedspaces in the University of London
University of London
Intercollegiate Halls.[298] There are a total of eight intercollegiate halls of the University of London. Canterbury Hall, College Hall, Commonwealth Hall, Connaught Hall, Hughes Parry Hall and International Hall are located near Russell Square
Russell Square
in Bloomsbury. Lillian Penson Hall is situated in Paddington, and Nutford House is situated in Marble Arch. Additionally, students can apply to live in International Students House. Notable people[edit] Notable alumni[edit] Main article: List of King's College London
London
alumni

Theorist of the Higgs boson
Higgs boson
Peter Higgs
Peter Higgs
(BSc '50, MSc '52, PhD '54) was awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics

Structural biologist Michael Levitt
Michael Levitt
(BSc, 1967) was awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Lasker Award winner Michael Houghton (PhD, 1977), and Qui-Lim Choo (PhD, 1980) co-discovered Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C
in 1989

Notable alumni in the sciences include Nobel laureates Peter Higgs (Physics),[299] Michael Levitt
Michael Levitt
(Chemistry),[300] Max Theiler (Medicine) and Sir Frederick Hopkins (Medicine);[301][302] polymath Sir Francis Galton;[303] Raymond Gosling
Raymond Gosling
who took Photograph 51 which was critical evidence in identifying the structure of DNA; co-discoverers of Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C
and of the Hepatitis D
Hepatitis D
genome Michael Houghton and Qui-Lim Choo;[304] pioneer of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) Patrick Steptoe;[305] mammal cloning pioneer Keith Campbell;[306] pathologist Thomas Hodgkin;[307] founder of modern hospice philosophy Dame Cicely Saunders; botanist David Bellamy;[308] Shaw Prize
Shaw Prize
laureate Sir Richard Doll; Kyoto Prize
Kyoto Prize
laureate Anthony Pawson;[309] Wolf Prize laureates Michael Fisher (Physics) and Sir James Gowans (Medicine); Lasker Award winner John Hughes; Gairdner Foundation International Award winner R. John Ellis; Beriberi researcher Takaki Kanehiro; inventor of Kerosene
Kerosene
Abraham Pineo Gesner; inventor of the Seismometer
Seismometer
John Milne, engineer Vinita Marwaha Madill, and at least 110 Fellows of the Royal Society. Notable King's alumni in poetry and literature include the poet John Keats (Guy's Hospital),[307] the dramatist Sir W. S. Gilbert,[310] and the writers Thomas Hardy, Sir Arthur C. Clarke, Virginia Woolf,[307] Alain de Botton, Sir Michael Morpurgo, W. Somerset Maugham, Charles Kingsley, C. S. Forester, John Ruskin, Radclyffe Hall, Susan Hill,[307] Hanif Kureishi, Maureen Duffy,[307] Khushwant Singh, Sir Leslie Stephen
Leslie Stephen
and the Booker Prize winner Anita Brookner.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu
Desmond Tutu
(BD '65, MTh '66) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984

King's alumni in religion include the Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
laureate and Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town, Desmond Tutu,[311] former Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Carey,[312] former Chief Rabbi of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, Lord Sacks,[313] Primate of All Ireland, Richard Clarke, Archbishops of Cape Town, Njongonkulu Ndungane
Njongonkulu Ndungane
and Joost de Blank, Archbishop of the West Indies John Holder, Archbishop of New Zealand Churchill Julius, and the Ethiopian cardinal Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel. King's has educated numerous foreign Heads of State and Government including two former Presidents of Cyprus, Tassos Papadopoulos[314] and Glafcos Clerides,[315] Prime Minister of Jordan Marouf al-Bakhit,[316] President of the Seychelles France-Albert René,[317] Prime Minister of the Bahamas Sir Lynden Pindling,[318] President of Uganda Godfrey Binaisa,[319] Prime Minister of Iraq Abd al-Rahman al-Bazzaz,[320] Prime Minister of Grenada Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis Sir Lee Moore,[321] Governor General of Ghana William Hare, 5th Earl of Listowel, Governor General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Sir Sydney Gun-Munro, Governor of The British Virgin Islands Augustus Jaspert,[322] Governors of the Turks and Caicos Islands Martin Bourke[323] and John Freeman,[324] Governor of the Falkland Islands Nigel Phillips,[325] and Acting Prime Minister of Moldova Natalia Gherman. At ministerial level King's alumni include Deputy Prime Ministers of Canada (Anne McLellan), Singapore (S. Rajaratnam) and Egypt (Ziad Bahaa-Eldin); Vice Presidents of Kenya (Michael Kijana Wamalwa) and Sierra Leone ( Francis Minah and Abdulai Conteh); Foreign Ministers of Bulgaria (Nikolay Mladenov, now UN Special
Special
Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process), Japan (Hayashi Tadasu), Malaysia (Rais Yatim), Pakistan (Sir Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, later President of the UN General Assembly and the International Court of Justice), Ghana (Obed Asamoah), Kenya (James Nyamweya), Sierra Leone (J. B. Dauda) and Guyana (Sir Shridath Ramphal, later Secretary-General of the Commonwealth, and Frederick Wills); and Irish Finance Minister Michael Collins.

Novelist and poet Thomas Hardy
Thomas Hardy
(French, 1863)

Writer Virginia Woolf
Virginia Woolf
(Languages, 1901)

Notable King's alumni to have held senior positions in British politics include two Speakers of the House of Commons (Lord Maybray-King and Lord Ullswater) and the former Cabinet ministers Lord Watkinson, Lord Passfield and Lord Wilmot. As of the current Parliament there are 19 King's graduates in the House of Commons, namely Alex Burghart, Nic Dakin,[326] Mark Francois,[327] John Glen, Dan Jarvis, Phillip Lee,[328] Brandon Lewis,[329] Sarah Newton,[330] Matthew Offord,[331] Dan Poulter,[332] Lucy Powell,[333] Bob Seely, Tulip Siddiq,[334] Keith Simpson, Gary Streeter,[335] Gareth Thomas,[336] Michael Tomlinson, David Warburton,[337] and Sarah Wollaston.[338] As of the current Parliament there are 17 King's graduates in the House of Lords
House of Lords
including Lord Carlile,[339] Lord Clinton-Davis, Lord Dunlop,[340] Lord Kakkar,[341] Lord MacGregor, Baroness Morgan, Baroness O'Loan,[342] Lord Owen, Lord Plant,[343] Lord Rowlands,[344] Baroness Watkins, and the Lords Spiritual
Lords Spiritual
Tim Dakin,[345] Nick Holtam,[346] and Tim Thornton.[347] King's alumni in the arts include the impressionist Rory Bremner;[348] Queen bassist John Deacon;[348] Chief Executive of the Royal Opera House Alex Beard; Oscar winners Greer Garson
Greer Garson
and Edmund Gwenn; Grammy Award winners Boris Karloff, Sir John Eliot Gardiner
John Eliot Gardiner
and Peter Asher; Emmy Award
Emmy Award
winning director Sacha Gervasi, and the Golden Globe-winning composer Michael Nyman.[349] In law, King's alumni include the current High Court judges Sir David Foskett, Dame Geraldine Andrews
Geraldine Andrews
and Dame Bobbie Cheema-Grubb;[350][351][352] Judge of the International Court of Justice, Patrick Lipton Robinson;[353] Chief Justice of Western Australia, Wayne Martin and the current Attorneys General of Jamaica (Marlene Malahoo Forte), Trinidad and Tobago (Faris Al-Rawi) and Bermuda (Trevor Moniz).[354][355][356] King's alumni in the military include the current Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Petr Pavel, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe Sir Adrian Bradshaw, the former head of the British Army Lord Harding, head of the Singapore Armed Forces Neo Kian Hong, head of the Nigerian Armed Forces Ola Ibrahim, head of the Maltese Armed Forces Martin Xuereb, head of the Malaysian Army Md Hashim bin Hussein, head of the Pakistan Air Force Sohail Aman, head of the Sri Lankan Air Force Harsha Abeywickrama
Harsha Abeywickrama
and two heads of the Indian Air Force, Pratap Chandra Lal and Sir Richard Peirse; three Commandant General's of the Royal Marines, Ed Davis, Andy Salmon, and Sir Robert Fry, and two recipients of the Victoria Cross, Ferdinand Le Quesne and Mark Sever Bell. King's is also the alma mater of the founder of Bentley Motors, Walter Bentley;[357] oil magnate and philanthropist Calouste Gulbenkian; journalists Martin Bashir, Sophie Long, Jane Corbin, Sean Fletcher, Anita Anand
Anita Anand
and David Bond;[358] and the Olympic gold medalists Dame Katherine Grainger,[307][359] Paul Bennett,[360] and Kieran West.[361]

Romantic poet John Keats
John Keats
(Medicine, 1816)

Polymath Sir Francis Galton
Francis Galton
(Medicine, 1839)

Dramatist Sir W. S. Gilbert
W. S. Gilbert
of Gilbert and Sullivan (BA, 1856)

1929 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
laureate Sir Frederick Hopkins (Medicine, 1894)

1951 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
laureate Max Theiler (Medicine)

Science fiction writer Sir Arthur C. Clarke
Arthur C. Clarke
(BSc, 1948)

Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
Lord Carey (BD, 1962)

Impressionist and comedian Rory Bremner
Rory Bremner
(BA, 1984)

Writer and philosopher Alain de Botton
Alain de Botton
(MPhil, 1992)

Chairman of the Conservative Party Brandon Lewis
Brandon Lewis
(LLM)

Nobel laureates[edit] Main article: List of Nobel laureates
List of Nobel laureates
affiliated with King's College London There are 12 Nobel laureates who were either students or academics at King's College London.[301] Notable academics and staff[edit] See also: Category:Academics of King's College London. King's has benefited from the services of academics and staff at the top of their fields, including Sir Charles Lyell
Charles Lyell
(lawyer and geologist), Sir Charles Wheatstone
Charles Wheatstone
(best known for the Wheatstone bridge), Robert Bentley Todd
Robert Bentley Todd
(best known for describing Todd's paresis), James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell
(mathematical physicist), Florence Nightingale (the founder of modern nursing), Joseph Lister (pioneer of antiseptic surgery), Charles Barkla
Charles Barkla
(best known for the study of X-rays), Sir Charles Sherrington (known for his work on the functions of neurons), Sir Edward Appleton (physicist), Sir Owen Richardson (physicist), Maurice Wilkins
Maurice Wilkins
(best known for contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA), Rosalind Franklin
Rosalind Franklin
(best known for contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA), Mario Vargas Llosa (writer), Sir Roger Penrose
Roger Penrose
(mathematical physicist) and John Ellis (theoretical physicist).

Sir Charles Lyell

Sir Charles Wheatstone

Robert Bentley Todd

James Clerk Maxwell

Florence Nightingale

Joseph Lister

Charles Barkla

Sir Charles Sherrington

Sir Edward Appleton

Sir Owen Richardson

Maurice Wilkins

Mario Vargas Llosa

Sir Roger Penrose

John Ellis

In popular culture[edit]

King's College London's East Wing is a witness to the yearly hosting of London's favourite ice skating rink[362] by Somerset House
Somerset House
from November to January

Fictional alumni[edit] In the Sherlock episode "The Blind Banker", King's College London
London
can be seen listed in Watson's curriculum vitae.[363] In Philip Roth's novel The Professor of Desire, the main character David Kepesh spent a certain period of time studying comparative literature at King's on a Fulbright Scholarship.[364] In some of the paintings of Henry Hudson, Young Sen – a Chinese scientific prodigy who has been offered an unconditional place at King's to read medicine[365] – is depicted in his biographical painting series, showing the rise and fall of the protagonist.[366] Fictional staff[edit] In the Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes
story "The Adventure of the Resident Patient", Dr Percy Trevelyan describes himself as a " London
London
University man" who joined King's College Hospital
King's College Hospital
after graduating.[367] Non-fictional staff[edit] Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
has portrayed the life of Rosalind Franklin
Rosalind Franklin
in a play called Photograph 51 at the Noël Coward Theatre
Noël Coward Theatre
in the City of Westminster which premiered in September 2015. Franklin's colleague at King’s, Maurice Wilkins, was played by Stephen Campbell Moore.[368][369] The title refers to Photo 51, an x-ray crystallography image of the DNA
DNA
double helix structure produced by Franklin and a PhD student in 1952 at King’s College, London.[370] Fictional settings[edit] Part of Dan Brown's novel The Da Vinci Code
The Da Vinci Code
was set in the Round Reading Room of the Maughan Library, although no part of the film adaption was filmed there.[371] Film settings[edit] The neoclassical façade of King's, with the passage which connects the Strand to the Somerset House
Somerset House
terrace has been utilised to reproduce the late Victorian Strand in the opening scenes of Oliver Parker's 2002 film The Importance of Being Earnest. The East Wing of King's appears, as a part of Somerset House, in a number of other productions, such as Wilde, Flyboys, and The Duchess.[372] The Maughan Library
Maughan Library
has also been the location of some film shoots of popular movies, most notably The Da Vinci Code, Johnny English
Johnny English
(see Maughan Library
Maughan Library
description), The Imitation Game
The Imitation Game
and V for Vendetta.[372] References[edit]

Notes

^ "Our history". King's College London
London
Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine. Retrieved 13 February 2016.  ^ a b c "Financial Statements for the year to 31 July 2017" (PDF). King's College London. Retrieved 11 December 2017.  ^ a b "2014/15 Staff by HE provider". Higher Education Statistics Agency. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 18 March 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ a b c d "2016/17 Students by HE provider, level, mode and domicile" (CSV). Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 25 March 2018.  ^ a b "Branding Essentials". Branding Essentials 10 August 2015. Archived from the original on 12 November 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2015.  ^ "King's College London
London
- At a glance". www.kcl.ac.uk. Retrieved 2 September 2017.  ^ Byers, David (12 September 2010). "Profile: Durham University". London: The Sunday Times. Retrieved 15 September 2010. (subscription required) ^ "About King's – Dates". King's College London. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 1829 – The Duke of Wellington
Duke of Wellington
fights a duel with the Earl of Winchilsea in defence of his simultaneous role in the foundation of King's College and his support of the Roman Catholic Relief Act. King George IV signs the royal charter of King's College London.  ^ "A brief history". University of London. Retrieved 19 January 2013.  ^ "Foundation of the College". King's College London. Retrieved 19 January 2013.  ^ "Royal Charter of King's College London" (PDF). King's College London. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2013.  ^ a b Smaglik, Paul (6 July 2005). "Golden opportunities" [1 January 2017]. 436 (7047). Nature: 144–147. doi:10.1038/nj7047-144a. Retrieved 19 October 2010. . ^ a b "'Golden triangle' to win funding riches". Times Higher Education. 11 February 2010. The other institutions in the Cambridge-Oxford- London
London
"golden triangle" – University College London, Imperial College London
London
and the London
London
School of Economics – will also receive big cash windfalls, as will the University of Manchester.  ^ Mike Savage (5 November 2015). Social Class in the 21st Century. Penguin. p. 167. Higher education researchers often talk about a 'Golden Triangle' of universities. The 'triangle' describes an imaginary three-sided shape with corners in Oxford, Cambridge and London. The exact composition of the London
London
'corner' can vary, but typically it includes the London
London
School of Economics, King's College London, University College London
London
and Imperial College London.  ^ a b c "Key Facts". King's Health Partners. Retrieved 17 October 2015.  ^ Petroni, A (1969). "[The first nursing school in the world—St. Thomas Hospital School in London]". Munca Sanit. 17: 449–54. PMID 5195090.  ^ a b " QS World University Rankings
QS World University Rankings
2018". Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  ^ a b " CWTS Leiden Ranking
CWTS Leiden Ranking
2017 - PP top 10%". CWTS Leiden Ranking 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017.  ^ a b "World University Rankings 2018 - United Kingdom". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 5 September 2017.  ^ a b " Academic Ranking of World Universities
Academic Ranking of World Universities
2017". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "King's College London". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 3 September 2017.  ^ a b c "University League Table 2018". The Complete University Guide. Retrieved 26 April 2017.  ^ a b " The Times
The Times
and Sunday Times
Sunday Times
University Good University Guide 2018". Times Newspapers. Retrieved 24 September 2017.  ^ a b "University league tables 2018". The Guardian. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Cockburn, King, McDonnell (1969), pp. 345–359 ^ a b "Foundation". King's College London. Retrieved 9 February 2013.  ^ Hearnshaw (1929), p. 38 ^ Hibbert, Weinreb, Keay, Keay (2008), p. 958 ^ a b Banerjee, Jacqueline. "The University of London: The Founding Colleges". Retrieved 26 May 2007.  ^ MacIlwraith (1884), p. 32 ^ Thompson (1990), p. 5 ^ a b King's College London
London
and Somerset House, King's College London, c. 1963, p. 2, retrieved 12 February 2013  ^ "Beginnings: The History of Higher Education in Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
and Westminster – King's College London". Institute of Education. Retrieved 13 February 2013.  "Londoners who did study, for example in Oxford or Cambridge, had to be quite rich and also members of the Anglican Church." ^ "The famous Duel". King's College London. Retrieved 13 February 2013.  ^ a b Holmes (2002), p. 275 ^ "Winchilsea insults Wellington". King's College London
London
College Archives. Retrieved 13 February 2013.  ^ a b " Duel
Duel
Day – Questions and Answers". King's College London. Retrieved 9 February 2013.  ^ "Open Fire!". King's College London
London
College Archives. Retrieved 13 February 2013.  ^ "Alumni celebrate Duel
Duel
Day". King's College London. 2007. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2008.  ^ Hearnshaw (1929), p. 80 ^ a b c d e f Hibbert, Weinreb, Keay, Keay (2008), p. 462 ^ Prospectus of King's College, London: academical year 1854-5, p. 7 ^ Thompson (1986), p. 6 ^ a b c "History & today". About King's. King's College London. Retrieved 31 January 2016.  ^ Opening of the University of London. The Athenaeum. 1554. 8 August 1857. pp. 1005–1007.  ^ The Calendar of King's College, London. 1896. pp. v–xvii.  ^ University of London, the Historical Record: (1836–1912). University of London. 1912. pp. 7–24.  ^ Heulin (1979), p. 2 ^ "The Strand Quadrangle Architectural Competition Preliminary briefing paper" (PDF). King's College London. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  ^ Maddox (2002), p. 124 ^ " Maurice Wilkins
Maurice Wilkins
and Rosalind Franklin". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ "King's, DNA
DNA
& the continuing story". King's College London. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ Rebecca Smithers; Donald MacLeod (10 December 2005). "College vote brings break-up of university a step nearer". The Guardian. Over the past 10 years the university has become an increasingly loose federation of independent institutions that are universities in their own right and receive their grants directly from the Higher Education Funding Council for England, although they still hand out degrees on behalf of the central university.  ^ "Dates: 1900–1949". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ a b c d "King's College Hospital". The birth of modern dentistry. King's Collections. Retrieved 29 January 2016.  ^ O'Leary (2010), p. 404 ^ a b "King's Governance". King's College London. Retrieved 29 December 2014.  ^ "Certificate FAQs" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 September 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.  ^ "King's College London
London
– Lions on the catwalk". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 29 December 2014.  ^ "Three's company: Imperial, King's join UCL in £700m medical project". Times Higher Education. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2013.  ^ Jump, Paul (2 September 2011). "King's chemistry department rises again". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 12 March 2013.  ^ "King's College London
London
- King's College London
London
Mathematics School". www.kcl.ac.uk.  ^ "Officer Statement on the King's Rebrand". KCLSU
KCLSU
Student Officers Blog. Retrieved 26 December 2015.  ^ "King's rebrand – update". King's College London. Retrieved 26 December 2015.  ^ "King's College London
London
ditches 'pretentious' rebrand after student anger". Independent. Retrieved 26 December 2015.  ^ "King's College London
London
drops rebrand plan". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 26 December 2015.  ^ a b c King's College London
London
(10 March 2015). "King's College London to lease Aldwych
Aldwych
Quarter opposite its Strand Campus". King's College London. Retrieved 31 March 2015.  ^ "Guy's Campus". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ "Franklin Wilkins Building, Kings College- 150 Stamford Street, London, UK". Manchesterhistory.net. Retrieved 20 March 2012.  ^ a b "Waterloo Campus". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ "Waterloo Campus Tour" (PDF). King's College London. Retrieved 30 December 2015.  ^ "James Clerk Maxwell". King's College London. Retrieved 30 December 2015.  ^ "St Thomas' Campus". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ "The Foundation of St Thomas's" (PDF). p. 1.  ^ " Denmark Hill
Denmark Hill
Campus". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ "HRH The Princess Royal
The Princess Royal
opens one of the world's leading neuroscience institutes". King's College London. Retrieved 21 November 2015.  ^ "King's awarded £10m for world-leading Hub for Neuropsychiatry Imaging Research and Therapeutics". Science Business. Retrieved 21 November 2015.  ^ "About King's". King's College London. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ "King's By Numbers". King's College London. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ "Projects". King's College London. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ "King's wins top Green Award". King's College London. Archived from the original on 11 June 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2007.  ^ "King's library wins prestigious heritage award". King's College London. Archived from the original on 8 July 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2007.  ^ "Current Projects". King's College London. Archived from the original on 19 April 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ "Strand Quad redevelopment". King's College London. Retrieved 19 January 2013.  ^ a b " Aldwych
Aldwych
Quarter". King's College London. Archived from the original on 31 January 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ "Office of the Principal". King's College London. Archived from the original on 3 March 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.  ^ "Charter and Statutes of King's College London" (PDF). King's College London. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2013.  "(6) There shall be a Principal and President of the College who shall be the chief academic and executive officer of the College and his powers and duties shall, subject to the provisions of this Our Charter, be as prescribed by the Statutes." ^ "College Council". King's College London. Retrieved 9 February 2013.  ^ "The Council and its standing committees" (PDF). King's College London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 June 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.  ^ "Chairman of the College Council". King's College London. Archived from the original on 12 April 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2013.  ^ " Sir Christopher Geidt
Sir Christopher Geidt
announced as new King's Chairman". King’s College London. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ a b King's College London. "The Dean". Retrieved 16 February 2013.  ^ King's College London. "Vocations group". Retrieved 16 February 2013.  ^ " Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
visits King's". King's College London. 8 May 2006. Archived from the original on 23 March 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2007.  ^ University of London, King's College (1850). The Calendar of King's College, London
London
1850–1851. John W Parker. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ a b c d University of London, King's College (1857). The Calendar of King's College, London
London
1857–1858. John W Parker. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ "Asia business leaders in fundraiser celebrations". News and Events. King’s College London. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ a b "Faculty of Arts & Humanities – About the Faculty". Faculty of Arts & Humanities. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ "About RADA". Archived from the original on 22 August 2008. Retrieved 23 August 2008.  ^ "RADA: An Introduction". The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Retrieved 23 January 2016.  ^ "Dental Institute – About the Institute". Dental Institute. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ a b c d e f "Guy's Hospital". The birth of modern dentistry. King's Collections. Retrieved 28 January 2016.  ^ Kabir, Alamgir (May 1995). "Feature—Frederick Newland-Pedle" (PDF). Guy' s Gazette. 109 (2447): 151–167. Retrieved 29 January 2016.  ^ "Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine – Our history". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ "Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine" (PDF). Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ https://www.kcl.ac.uk/lsm/about/New-Faculty-Academic-Configuration.aspx ^ "About the IoPPN". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ "Research". South London
London
and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ " Institute of Psychiatry
Institute of Psychiatry
gets a new name". British Psychological Society. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ "IoPPN Our history". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ a b "King's College London
London
School of Law Records". London: King's College London
London
College Archives. March 2001. Retrieved 22 January 2013.  ^ " The Dickson Poon School of Law
The Dickson Poon School of Law
– Our centres". Dickson Poon School of Law. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ "About the Faculty of Natural & Mathematical Sciences". Faculty of Natural & Mathematical Sciences. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ a b c d "Department of Chemistry – History". Department of Chemistry. Retrieved 28 January 2016.  ^ a b c "About the Division of Engineering". Faculty of Natural & Mathematical Sciences. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ "King's College London
London
Engineering Student Records". National Archives. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ Petroni, A (1969). "[The first nursing school in the world--St. Thomas Hospital School in London]". Munca Sanit. 17: 449–54. PMID 5195090.  ^ a b " Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery – About the Faculty". King's College London. Retrieved 25 January 2016.  ^ " Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery – History". Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery. Retrieved 25 January 2016.  ^ "Faculty of Social Science & Public Policy – About". Faculty of Social Science & Public Policy. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ "King's Centre for Military Health Research". Retrieved 9 January 2013.  ^ "King's College London
London
– Welcome to KCRM". kcl.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 31 August 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ " London
London
Asia Pacific Centre". King's College London. Retrieved 2 August 2017.  ^ "School of Management & Business". King's College London. Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ a b c d e f "Financial Statements for the year to 31 July 2014" (PDF). King's College London. Retrieved 3 January 2015.  ^ " Times Higher Education
Times Higher Education
university financial health check 2015". Times Higher Education. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2015.  ^ "Major campaign aims to put King's among the fundraising elite". Times Higher Education. 28 October 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "King's College London
London
- WHAT HAVE WE ACHIEVED?". www.kcl.ac.uk.  ^ "World questions - King's answers - What have we achieved? - King's Alumni Community". alumni.kcl.ac.uk.  ^ King's College London
London
(2008), King's College London
London
Corporate identity guidelines, p. 4  ^ a b c d e "The basics" (PDF). King's College London. Retrieved 20 January 2016.  ^ "A brief history". University of London. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ "Do you want to be in my gang?". Times Higher Education. 19 November 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ "Members and Contacts". UNICA. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ "The Rare Diseases Consortium: partnership and progress in rare diseases". Pfizer. Retrieved 31 December 2015. [permanent dead link] ^ "What is GMEC?". GMEC. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ "About Us". MedCity. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ "Our Global Reach". PLuS Alliance. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "King's launch PLuS alliance". King’s College London. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "Oxbridge windfall". Times Higher Education. 4 August 1995. : "A large amount of the cash awarded to humanities postgraduates still goes to the "Golden Triangle" of Oxford, Cambridge and London, British Academy figures reveal." ^ "The future of the University of London: a discussion paper from the Provost of UCL" (PDF). University College London. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "UK confirmed as 'global education superpower' in international university rankings". Re:locate. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ " London
London
top city in global university rankings". BBC News. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "Johnson floats £10bn biotech fund for London". Politics & Policy. Financial Times. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "Golden triangle pulls ahead in REF shake-out" (PDF). Research Fortnight. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "'First large-scale evidence' that graduates from prestige universities dominate elite". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "Unequal Britain: The growing power of a small elite". Big Issue. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "England's golden triangle". New Scientist. 20 April 2005.  ^ "The golden triangle holds the secret". Times Higher Education. 1 March 2002.  ^ Alok Jha (3 June 2003). "Gold rush". The Guardian.  ^ King's is included in some listing[12][140][141][142][143][144][145][146][147] but not in others [13][148][149][150] ^ "Heart operation using MRI is world first". BBC News. 9 January 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.  ^ "Top hospitals link up with university to form research centre". London
London
Evening Standard. 10 April 2008. Archived from the original on 19 April 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2010.  ^ "The partners". King's Health Partners. Archived from the original on 31 October 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.  ^ "About Us". Francis Crick Institute. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ a b c "International Dual Degrees". King's College London. Retrieved 14 January 2016.  ^ "Contemporary India Research MPhil / PhD, option of joint PhD with NUS". King;s College London. Retrieved 14 January 2016.  ^ a b c d e f "Collaborations & partnerships". King's College London
London
Faculty of Arts & Humanities. Archived from the original on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.  ^ "MA in 18th-Century Studies". British Museum. Retrieved 14 January 2016.  ^ "Eighteenth-Century Studies MA". King's College London. Retrieved 14 January 2016.  ^ "End of Cycle 2017 Data Resources DR4_001_03 Applications by provider". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.  ^ "Sex, area background and ethnic group: K60 Kings College London (University of London)". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.  ^ "End of Cycle 2017 Data Resources DR4_001_02 Main scheme acceptances by provider". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.  ^ "University League Table 2018". Complete University Guide. Retrieved 25 April 2017.  ^ "Which elite universities have the highest offer rates". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 October 2016.  ^ "Widening participation: UK Performance Indicators 2016/17". hesa.ac.uk. Higher Education Statistics Authority. Retrieved 1 February 2018.  ^ "Where do HE students study?". hesa.ac.uk. Higher Education Statistics Authority. Retrieved 9 February 2018.  ^ "KCL Undergraduate Admissions Statistics". theuniversitybuzz.blogspot.co.uk.  ^ "Breakdown of undergraduate admissions statistics - a Freedom of Information request to King's College London" (PDF). 11 July 2015.  ^ "Term dates". King's College London. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "WAR STUDIES Term dates". King's College London. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ "King's College London
London
Maths School – Our Term Dates". King's College London. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ "Faculty of Arts & Humanities – Term dates". King's College London. Retrieved 31 December 2015.  ^ "Locations". Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2009.  ^ "Venue Information". Archived from the original on 17 September 2015.  ^ Hume, Marion (September 2008). "Westwood unveils gowns" (PDF). London. Retrieved 24 June 2015.  ^ a b "REF 2014 winners: who performed best?". Times Higher Education. 18 December 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2014.  ^ a b "Overall ranking of institutions including power market share" (PDF). Times Higher Education. Based upon the results of the 2014 Research Excellence Framework. 16 February 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2014.  ^ "Division of Medical Education". King's College London. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "Put a smile back on your face". The Independent. London. 29 July 2004. Retrieved 7 September 2010.  ^ "Nursing & Midwifery – About us". King's College London. Archived from the original on 22 October 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "Biomedical Research Centres". NHS National Institute for Health Research. National Institute for Health Research. Archived from the original on 23 April 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2016.  ^ "Drug Control Centre". King's College London. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "The Drug Control Centre at King's College". King's College London. Retrieved 5 April 2013.  ^ " London
London
Olympics 2012". King's College London. Archived from the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  ^ "About our collections". Retrieved 12 November 2015.  ^ a b " Special
Special
Collections". Retrieved 11 November 2015.  ^ "CIOT – Using the Library". Chartered Institute of Taxation. 18 December 1997. Archived from the original on 30 September 2006. Retrieved 29 April 2010.  ^ "Tony Arnold Library". The Chartered Institute of Taxation. Retrieved 30 January 2016.  ^ a b "Archives Reading Room". King's College London. Retrieved 30 January 2016.  ^ "Franklin Wilkins Library". King's College London. Archived from the original on 28 April 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.  ^ "Seventy-eighth Annual Meeting of the British Medical Association London, JUL". Br Med J. 2 (2553): 1622–1624. 4 December 1909. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.2553.1622.  ^ a b Gunga, Hanns-Christian (27 February 2009). Nathan Zuntz: His Life and Work in the Fields of High Altitude Physiology and Aviation Medicine. Academic Press. p. 204. Retrieved 30 January 2016.  ^ a b "Wills Library & Keats Room". King's College London. Retrieved 30 January 2016.  ^ "New Hunt's House Library". King's College London. Archived from the original on 16 September 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2012.  ^ "St Thomas' House Library". King's College London. Retrieved 30 January 2016.  ^ " Institute of Psychiatry
Institute of Psychiatry
Library Collection". Cornucopia. Museums, Libraries and Archives Council. Retrieved 14 February 2016. [permanent dead link] ^ "Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience Library". King's College London. Retrieved 30 January 2016.  ^ a b "Weston Education Centre". King's College London. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.  ^ "University of London". Membership. Senate House Library. Retrieved 16 February 2016.  ^ " University of London
University of London
Libraries Access Agreement". The University of London. Retrieved 16 February 2016.  ^ "About the Gordon Museum". Gordon Museum of Pathology. Retrieved 22 October 2015.  ^ "The Gordon Museum collection". Gordon Museum of Pathology. Retrieved 22 October 2015.  ^ "About the Museum of Life Sciences". Health Faculties, King's College London. Retrieved 23 October 2015.  ^ "The King George III Museum
King George III Museum
Collection, [1768–1970]". College Archives. King's Collections. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ a b "Anatomy Museum". King’s College London. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.  ^ "KING'S COLLEGE LONDON: Secretary's in-correspondence". King's Collections. Retrieved 9 February 2016.  ^ "The Italian Boy's murder discovered, 1831". Dickens, Scrooge and the Victorian poor. King's Collections. Retrieved 9 February 2016.  ^ "Anatomy Theatre & Museum". King's College London. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.  ^ "Overview of Special
Special
Collections". Retrieved 12 November 2015.  ^ a b "Explore 500 years of world history" (PDF). Library Services. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2016.  ^ "Rare Books Collection". Retrieved 12 November 2015.  ^ "College Archives". Retrieved 12 November 2015.  ^ "Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives". Retrieved 12 November 2015.  ^ a b "Science Gallery London". King's College London. Archived from the original on 21 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ a b c d "What is SG London". KCL. Archived from the original on 5 April 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ "Science Gallery London". Science Gallery London. Retrieved 15 January 2016.  ^ " Academic Ranking of World Universities
Academic Ranking of World Universities
2017 - UK". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ " QS World University Rankings
QS World University Rankings
2018 - United Kingdom". Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  ^ "World University Rankings 2018". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 5 September 2017.  ^ " Teaching Excellence Framework outcomes". Higher Education Funding Council for England. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ "United Kingdom". Rank by Country. URAP. Retrieved 17 September 2017.  ^ "United Kingdom". Best Global Universities Rankings. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "CWUR 2016 – United Kingdom". Center for World University Rankings. Retrieved 17 September 2017. [permanent dead link] ^ "University ranking based on performance over 10 years" (PDF). The Times. London. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 April 2008. Retrieved 28 April 2008.  ^ "Methodology". League Tables. The Complete University Guide. Archived from the original on 16 April 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2016.  ^ "Methodology behind the Guardian University Guide 2016". the guardian. Retrieved 5 February 2016.  ^ " National Student Survey 2015: the overall satisfaction results in full". Times Higher Education. 12 August 2015.  ^ "King's College London". The Times. London. Retrieved 15 June 2015.  ^ "Methodology". 2011. Archived from the original on 16 April 2011.  ^ "King's College London".  ^ "University League Table 2014". Retrieved 7 February 2016.  ^ "Who's in the Top Ten for their Subjects 2017". The Complete University Guide. Retrieved 23 May 2016.  ^ a b Profile, King's College London, 2006  ^ "Britain and America make up Times Higher Education's top 10 universities in clinical, pre-clinical and health subjects". The Independent. Retrieved 9 October 2015.  ^ "King's wins 'University of the Year'". King's College London. 12 September 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2012.  ^ "The best UK universities chosen by major employers". Times Higher Education. London. 12 November 2015.  ^ "What business leaders say". The New York Times. 20 October 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "Global Employability University Ranking 2015 results". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 15 November 2015.  ^ "The best UK universities chosen by major employers". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 23 February 2016.  ^ "Best universities for high starting salaries". Daily Telegraph. London. 17 April 2016.  ^ "How English domiciled graduate earnings vary with gender, institution attended, subject and socio-economic background" (PDF). Institute of Fiscal Studies. London. 17 April 2016.  ^ Aftab Ali (24 May 2016). "Imperial College London
London
beats Oxbridge universities for highest graduate employment rate". The Independent.  ^ "AKC". King's College London. Retrieved 10 March 2015.  ^ "How to become an AKC". King's College London. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "C3 Honorary Degrees, Fellowships and Honorary Fellowships of King's College London" (PDF). King's College London
London
Ordinances. King's College London. November 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ a b c d e "Fellows of King's". King's College London. Retrieved 31 January 2016.  ^ "Timeline". History & today. King's College London. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "UCLU". University College London
London
Union. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ "Dates: 1850–1899". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  "1873 – The first students' Union Society is instituted at King's." ^ "KING'S COLLEGE LONDON: Union of Students". King's College London Archives. March 2001. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  "Records, 1874–1994, of King's College London
London
Union Society, Students' Union, and other student societies". ^ "KING'S COLLEGE LONDON: Union of Students". College Archives. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ a b "Clubs". KCLSU. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ "Activities". KCLSU. Retrieved 21 January 2013.  ^ "Farewell Tutu's: nightclub closes after over 20 years". King's College London
London
Alumni Online. Retrieved 12 September 2013.  ^ "A brief history". Our history. National Union of Students. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "A new space for undergraduates". King's College London. Retrieved 27 December 2015.  ^ "Graduation ceremonies" (PDF). King's College London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "King's student media 'best in the country' after another successful awards evening". Roar! News.  ^ a b "Student media at King's comes in top three nationwide at NUS Awards". Roar! News.  ^ "Roar! wins best website". King's College London.  ^ "Mind Media Awards shortlist announced". www.mind.org.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2014.  ^ a b "KCL Radio – Kings College, London". The Student Radio Association Ltd. Retrieved 29 January 2016.  ^ "Student Media". KCLSU. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "King's Sport". Sports. KCLSU. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ "About Us". King’s Sport. King’s College London. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ a b c "On Campus". Facilities. King's College London. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ "Facilities". King's sport. King's College London. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ "The Thomas Guy
Thomas Guy
Club". Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ "Societies & Groups". www.kclsu.org.  ^ "Our Story – Our Mission". King’s Think Tank. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ "KCL Think Tank Society". CampusPolicy. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ "Bored of party politics on campus? Think about thinktanks". Guardian Students. the Guardian. Retrieved 8 February 2016.  ^ King's College London
London
(10 March 2011). "Student think tank launches at King's". Retrieved 21 August 2015.  ^ KCL Think Tank Society. "Our Story – Our Mission". Retrieved 21 August 2015.  ^ "King's College London
London
– Student Think Tank re-launched for new academic year". King's College London. Retrieved 21 April 2013.  ^ a b "Music Societies". King's College London. Archived from the original on 8 September 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2016.  ^ "King's College London
London
Choir". Hyperion Records. Retrieved 13 February 2016.  ^ "The Choir of King's College London
London
at the Brandenburg Festival 2013". Bachtrack Ltd. Retrieved 13 February 2016.  ^ a b "About the Choir". King’s College London. Retrieved 13 February 2016.  ^ "All the King's Men Reign in VF-UK Final". The UK University A Cappella Blog. 10 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 January 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2015.  ^ "All the King's Men Place Third in ICCA Finals; SoCal VoCals Win Third Title". The UK University A Cappella Blog. 29 April 2012. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2015.  ^ Thompson (1990), p. 7 ^ a b "History – The London
London
Varsity". The London
London
Varsity. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "The College mascots: Phineas and Reggie". King's Collections. Retrieved 16 February 2016.  ^ "The London
London
Varsity Live". UniSportOnline. 29 February 2012. Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "Students in university rampage". BBC News. 7 December 2005. Retrieved 20 November 2006.  ^ The Beaver. LSESU. 26 September 2006. ^ Foster, Patrick; Blair, Alexandra (8 December 2005). "LSE director at event that led to £30,000 rampage". The Times. Times Newspapers Limited. Twenty-four hours after the LSE director expressed regret for “the damage and disturbance caused by a number of our students”, photographs have revealed that Mr Davies, a former Deputy Governor of the Bank of England, also attended the event.  ^ "Today's news". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 16 February 2016.  ^ a b "AU Barrel incident on Friday 2 December". London
London
School of Economics and Political Science. Archived from the original on 31 December 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2016.  ^ "Partying students attack college". BBC News. 7 December 2005. Retrieved 16 February 2016.  ^ a b MacLeod, Donald (6 December 2005). "LSE apologises for student rampage". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 February 2016.  ^ "King's College London
London
Residences". King's College London. 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.  ^ "Brian Creamer". Telegraph. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ "Our Residences". King's College London. Retrieved 21 January 2016. [permanent dead link] ^ "Hampstead Residence". King's Venues. Retrieved 21 January 2016.  ^ " University of London
University of London
– Intercollegiate Halls". University of London. 3 March 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2010.  ^ "Professor Peter Higgs". King's College London. Retrieved 12 September 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2010.  ^ a b "King's Nobel laureates". King's College London. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ Needham, Joseph (December 1962). "Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins, O.M., F.R.S. (1861–1947)". Notes and Records of the Royal Society. The Royal Society. 17 (2): 117–162. doi:10.1098/rsnr.1962.0014. JSTOR 531218. (subscription required) ^ ‘GALTON, Sir Francis’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ^ Liver Cirrhosis and Its Development – Google Books. books.google.co.uk. 31 March 2001. ISBN 978-0-7923-8760-2. Retrieved 12 January 2014.  ^ ‘STEPTOE, Patrick Christopher’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 1920–2016 ^ "Professor Keith Campbell". The Daily Telegraph. London. 11 October 2012.  ^ a b c d e f "Notable Alumni". News & features. King's Alumni Community. Retrieved 15 February 2016.  ^ "Notable Alumni" (PDF). King's College London. 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2008.  ^ "Obituaries: Professor Tony Pawson". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ Jane W. Stedman, ‘Gilbert, Sir William Schwenck (1836–1911)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 ^ "Desmond Tutu". King's College London. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ " George Carey
George Carey
– 103rd Archbishop of Canterbury". The Archbishop of Canterbury. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "Biography of the Chief Rabbi Lord Sacks". Office of the Chief Rabbi. Archived from the original on 1 April 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ Smith, Helena (8 January 2009). "Obituary: Tassos Papadopoulos". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "Glafkos Ioannou Clerides". Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2008.  ^ "Biography of Marouf al-Bakhit". Retrieved 22 December 2008. (subscription required) ^ Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries (2005). The Riverside dictionary of biography. Houghton Mifflin. p. 670. ISBN 978-0-618-49337-1. Retrieved 31 March 2013. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ O'Neill, Terry (2006). The Bahamas Speed Weeks. Veloce Publishing Ltd. p. 353. ISBN 978-1-84584-018-1. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ Wolfgang, M. E.; Lambert, R. D. (1977). Africa in Transition. American Academy of Political and Social Science. p. 204.  ^ Esposito, John L (2004). The Oxford Dictionary of Islam – Abdul-Rahman al-Bazzaz. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-512559-7. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "Court Building to be named in honour of Sir Lee Llewellyn Moore on National Heroes Day". Office of the Prime Minister of the Government of St. Kitts & Nevis. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "Faculty of Social Science & Public Policy and Global Institutes" (PDF). King's College, London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 May 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2017.  ^ "Martin Bourke". Who's Who. (subscription required) ^ "Britain's nuclear arms control policy in the context of Anglo- American relations 1957-68 / John Patrick George Freeman". Senate House, London. Retrieved 31 December 2017.  ^ "Change of Governor of the Falklands Islands". gov.uk. 30 June 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017.  ^ ‘DAKIN, Nicholas’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘FRANCOIS, Rt Hon. Mark (Gino)’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘LEE, Phillip James’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘LEWIS, Brandon’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘NEWTON, Sarah’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ "Homeless Tory
Tory
MP brother's desperate plea to 'help me out of hell'". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ ‘POULTER, Dr Daniel Leonard James’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘POWELL, Lucy Maria’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘SIDDIQ, Tulip, (Mrs C. W. St J. Percy)’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘STREETER, Gary Nicholas’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘THOMAS, Gareth Richard’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘WARBURTON, David John’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘WOLLASTON, Sarah’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ "New Year's Honours 2012". King's College London. Retrieved 12 September 2013.  ^ ‘DUNLOP’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘KAKKAR’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘O’LOAN’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘PLANT OF HIGHFIELD’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘ROWLANDS’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘WINCHESTER, Bishop of’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ ‘SALISBURY, Bishop of’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ TRURO, Bishop of’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ a b "King's Notable Alumni". King's College London. 2006. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2008.  ^ ‘NYMAN, Michael’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ "The Hon Sir David Foskett
David Foskett
FKC". King's College London. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "Courts and Tribunals Judiciary". judiciary.gov.uk.  ^ ‘CHEEMA, Parmjit-Kaur, (Bobbie), (Mrs R. P. S. Cheema-Grubb)’, Who's Who 2016, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
Publishing plc, 2016 ^ "ICJ Press Release" (PDF). ICJ official site. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014.  ^ Carter, Jediael (9 March 2016). "Women welcome appointment to executive". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ "PM, AG TAKE OATH TODAY". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ "Law alumnus Trevor Moniz
Trevor Moniz
on protecting Bermuda's 'Old World' charm", Alumni Online – King's College London. ^ " W. O. Bentley
W. O. Bentley
– The Founder of Bentley". Rolls Royce & Bentley. 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.  ^ "King's alumnus to anchor US TV news show". King's College London. 2005. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "KCL's Katherine Grainger
Katherine Grainger
wins gold – King's Alumni Online". kcl.ac.uk.  ^ "Alumni produce Super Saturday double in Rio". kcl.ac.uk.  ^ "King's Olympic Hopefuls – King's Alumni Online". kcl.ac.uk.  ^ "Skate at Somerset House". 22 September 2016.  ^ Thompson, Steve (writer) and Lyn, Euros (director). (1 August 2010). "The Blind Banker". Sherlock (2010). Series 1. Episode 2. BBC One. ^ Roth, Philip (23 December 2010). The Professor Of Desire. Random House. ISBN 978-1-4464-0066-1. Retrieved 22 January 2016.  ^ "Dylan Jones meets iconic artist Henry Hudson". GQ Magazine. Archived from the original on 26 April 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.  ^ "Smutty Putty: Henry Hudson re-renders Hogarth's A Rake's Progress at Sotheby's". Evening Standard. Retrieved 22 April 2015.  ^ Doyle, Arthur Conan (5 November 2007). The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes: The Complete Short Stories: The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes and The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes
(Non-slipcased edition) (Vol. 1) (The Annotated Books). W. W. Norton & Company. p. 611. ISBN 0-393-24181-5. Retrieved 22 January 2016.  ^ " Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
in Photograph 51: Anger at 'slur' on Rosalind Franklin's colleague in new play about the DNA
DNA
pioneers". The Independent. Retrieved 24 January 2016.  ^ "Photograph 51 review – Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
captures the ecstasy of scientific discovery". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 January 2016.  ^ " Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
Returns to the West End". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 April 2015.  ^ "Round Reading Room" (PDF). Library News. King's College London. Spring 2013.  ^ a b "King's on screen: film scenes around campus". Alumni Online. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 

Bibliography

Cockburn, J. S.; King, H. P. F.; McDonnell, K. G. T., eds. (1969). "The University of London: The Constituent Colleges". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 1 - Physique, Archaeology, Domesday, Ecclesiastical Organization, The Jews, Religious Houses, Education of Working Classes to 1870, Private Education from Sixteenth Century. Victoria County History. Institute of Historical Research, University of London. ISBN 978-0-19-722713-8. Retrieved 9 February 2013.  Harte, N. B. (1986). The University of London, 1836–1986 An Illustrated History. London: Athlone Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0-485-12052-3.  Hearnshaw, F. J. C. (1929). The Centenary History of King's College, London, 1828–1928. George G. Harrap & Co.  Heulin, Gordon (1979). King's College London, the Chapel (PDF). King's College London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 June 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2013.  C. Hibbert; B. Weinreb; J. Keay; J. Keay (2008). The London Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). p. 958.  Holmes, Richard (2002). Wellington The Iron Duke. London: Harper Collins Publishers. ISBN 978-0-00-713750-3.  MacIlwraith, W. (1884). The Life and Writings of George Grote: An Essay. Barford & Newitt.  Maddox, Brenda (2002). Rosalind Franklin
Rosalind Franklin
The Dark Lady of DNA. Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-655211-0.  Thompson, F.M.L. (1990). The University of London
University of London
and the World of Learning, 1836–1986. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-85285-032-6.  King's College London
London
(1854–55). Prospectus of King's College, London
London
academical year 1854-5. London: R. Clay. Retrieved 4 March 2013.  House of Lords
House of Lords
Sessional Papers 1801–1833 – Appendix to seventh Report of Commissioners of Woods, Forests & Land Revenue. 270. Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1830. p. 48. Retrieved 3 March 2013.  Comment – quarterly newsletter of King's College London, edited by the Public Relations Department. Profile – annual publication of King's College London. Report – annual publication of King's College London.

Further reading[edit]

Hearnshaw, F. J. C. (1929). The Centenary History of King's College, London, 1828–1928. George G. Harrap & Co.  Huelin, G. (1978) King's College London, 1828–1978. Jones, C. K. (2004) King's College London: In the service of society. Taylor, Claire; Williams, Gwyn; Kenyon-Jones, Christine (2006). King's College London
London
Contributions to biomedicine A continuing story. King's College London
London
School of Medicine. ISBN 978-0-9552620-0-5. 

External links[edit]

Official website Virtual Tour of King's College London King's College London
London
lists of students who graduated over 80 years ago, 1836– King's College London
London
military personnel, 1914–1918

v t e

King's College London

University of London

Academic faculties

Business School Dental Institute Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience Faculty of Arts and Humanities Faculty of Natural & Mathematical Sciences Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine School of Law Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty of Social Science & Public Policy

Departments, centres and divisions

Centre for Children and Adolescents Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine Department of Digital Humanities Department of Philosophy Department of War Studies Digital Classicist International Centre for Prison Studies Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives Maurice Wohl Clinical Neuroscience Institute MRC SGDP Centre Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases Twins Early Development Study Department of International Development

People

Principal: Ed Byrne Chairman of the Council: Christopher Geidt, Baron Geidt Dean: Richard Burridge Visitor: Archbishop of Canterbury

Academics List of notable alumni List of Chaplains List of Deans List of Nobel laureates

Buildings and places

Guy's Campus

Gordon Museum of Pathology Museum of Life Sciences

Strand Campus

Bush House King's College London
London
Chapel King's Building Maughan Library Somerset House
Somerset House
East Wing

King George III
George III
Museum

Student life

GKT Rugby Football Club Macadam Cup Reggie the Lion Roar News newspaper Rugby Club Students' Union (KCLSU) Tolstoy Cup

Affiliates

Medical

Evelina London
London
Children's Hospital Francis Crick Institute Guy's Hospital King's Health Partners King's College Hospital South London
London
and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust

Bethlem Royal Hospital Lambeth
Lambeth
Hospital Maudsley Hospital

St Thomas' Hospital University Hospital Lewisham

Other

Golden triangle King's College London
London
Mathematics School King's College School Royal Academy of Dramatic Art Russell Group Thomas Young Centre

Other

Academic dress of King's College London Aldwych
Aldwych
tube station Associateship of King's College Chelsea College of Science and Technology Coat of arms
Coat of arms
of King's College London History of King's College London Inkha King's College London
London
Business King's College London–UCL rivalry Roman Baths, Strand Lane Third-oldest university in England debate Queen Elizabeth College

Category Commons Wikisource Wikiquote Wikinews

Links to related articles

v t e

DNA
DNA
structure research at King's College London
London
1947–1959

Rosalind Franklin Raymond Gosling John Randall Alexander Stokes Maurice Wilkins Herbert Wilson Photo 51

v t e

King's Health Partners

Partners

Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust King's College Hospital
King's College Hospital
NHS Foundation Trust King's College London South London
London
and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust

Hospitals

Guy's Hospital King's College Hospital St Thomas' Hospital Bethlem Royal Hospital Lambeth
Lambeth
Hospital Maudsley Hospital University Hospital Lewisham

Associated institutions

King's College London
London
School of Medicine

v t e

University of London

Colleges and institutions

Current

Birkbeck City Courtauld Institute of Art Goldsmiths Heythrop College Institute of Cancer Research King's College London
London
(KCL) London
London
Business School London
London
School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) London
London
School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Queen Mary Royal Academy of Music Royal Central School of Speech and Drama Royal Holloway (RHUL) Royal Veterinary College St. George's School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) University College London
London
(UCL)

Former and defunct

Bedford College Chelsea College of Science and Technology Imperial College London Institute of Education Institute of Psychiatry Institute for the Study of the Americas London
London
Consortium New College London Queen Elizabeth College Regent's Park College Royal Postgraduate Medical School School of Pharmacy School of Slavonic and East European Studies University Marine Biological Station Millport St Thomas's Hospital Medical School Westfield College Wye College

Central bodies and programmes

Senate House Libraries School of Advanced Study

Institute of Advanced Legal Studies Institute of Classical Studies Institute of Commonwealth Studies Institute of English Studies Institute of Historical Research

Centre for Metropolitan History

Institute of Latin
Latin
American Studies Institute of Modern Languages Research Institute of Philosophy Warburg Institute

University of London
University of London
Institute in Paris University of London
University of London
(formerly International Programmes)

People

Chancellor: HRH The Princess Royal Vice-Chancellor: Sir Adrian Smith Visitor: Lord President of the Council

Academics Alumni Heads of Colleges List of University of London
University of London
people

Places and buildings

Current

Bloomsbury Gordon Square Halls of residence

College Hall Connaught Hall The Garden Halls International Hall Lillian Penson Hall Nutford House

Malet Street Russell Square Senate House Tavistock Square Torrington Square Woburn Square

Former

6 Burlington Gardens Church of Christ the King Halls of residence

Canterbury Hall Commonwealth Hall Hughes Parry Hall

Other

Academic dress The Careers Group History London
London
Student University of London
University of London
Big Band University of London
University of London
Boat Club University of London
University of London
Computer Centre University of London
University of London
Union (Rebranded) Parliamentary Constituency (Abolished)

Category

v t e

Francis Crick Institute

Funded by

Cancer Research UK Imperial College London King's College London Medical Research Council University College London Wellcome Trust

Senior staff

Simon Boulton Doreen Cantrell David Cooksey Julian Downward Jeremy Farrar Steve Gamblin Peter Gruss Adrian Hayday Tim Hunt Malcolm Irving Harpal Kumar Robin Lovell-Badge Tomas Lindahl Paul Nurse Anne O'Garra Keith Peters Geraint Rees John Skehel Jim Smith Richard Treisman Frank Uhlmann Jean-Paul Vincent David Willetts Philip Yea

Incorporating

National Institute for Medical Research London
London
Research Institute

v t e

Russell Group

Members

Birmingham Bristol Cambridge Cardiff Durham Edinburgh Exeter Glasgow Imperial College London King's College London Leeds Liverpool London
London
School of Economics Manchester Newcastle Nottingham Oxford Queen's Queen Mary Sheffield Southampton University College London Warwick York

People

Wendy Piatt David Eastwood

v t e

Universities and colleges in London

Education in London

Universities

University of London

Birkbeck Central School of Speech and Drama City Courtauld Institute of Art Goldsmiths Heythrop College Institute of Cancer Research King's College London London
London
Business School London
London
School of Economics London
London
School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Queen Mary Royal Academy of Music Royal Holloway Royal Veterinary College School of Advanced Study St George's SOAS University College London

Other

University of the Arts London BPP Brunel East London Greenwich Kingston Imperial College London University of Law London
London
Met London
London
South Bank Middlesex Regent's University London Richmond Roehampton Royal College of Art St Mary's Westminster West London

Other university-level colleges

London
London
School of Journalism New College of the Humanities Pearson College

Further education colleges

Barking & Dagenham Barnet & Southgate Bexley Bromley Capel Manor Carshalton City & Islington City Lit City of Westminster Croydon Ealing, Hammersmith & West London Fashion Retail Greenwich Haringey, Enfield & North East London Harrow Havering Hillcroft Kensington & Chelsea Kingston Lambeth Lewisham Southwark Marine Society Mary Ward Morley New City Newham North West London Richmond Adult Richmond upon Thames Sutton South Thames Stanmore Uxbridge Waltham Forest West Thames Westminster Kingsway Workers' Educational Working Men's

Sixth form colleges

Big Creative BSix Christ the King Coulsdon ELAM Haringey Harris Westminster Havering John Ruskin King's London
London
Maths Leyton London
London
Academy of Excellence Newham St Charles St Dominic's St Francis Xavier Sir George Monoux Tech City William Morris Woodhouse

List

v t e

Universities in the United Kingdom

England

East Anglia

Anglia Ruskin BPP Cambridge East Anglia Norwich University of the Arts Suffolk

London

University of London

Birkbeck City Courtauld Goldsmiths Heythrop Institute of Cancer Research KCL London
London
Business School LSE LSHTM Queen Mary Royal Academy of Music RCSSD Royal Holloway Royal Veterinary College St George's SOAS UCL

Other

BPP Brunel East London Greenwich Imperial Kingston Law London
London
Met London
London
South Bank Middlesex Regent's University London Richmond, The American International University in London Royal College of Art Royal College of Music Roehampton St Mary's University of the Arts London Westminster West London

Midlands

Aston BPP Birmingham Birmingham City Bishop Grosseteste Coventry De Montfort Derby Harper Adams Keele Law Leicester Lincoln Loughborough Newman Northampton Nottingham Nottingham Trent Staffordshire University College Birmingham Warwick Wolverhampton Worcester

North

Bolton BPP Bradford Central Lancashire Chester Cumbria Durham Edge Hill Huddersfield Hull Lancaster Law Leeds Leeds Beckett Leeds Trinity Liverpool Liverpool Hope Liverpool John Moores LSTM Manchester Manchester Metropolitan Newcastle Northumbria Salford Sheffield Sheffield Hallam Sunderland Teesside York York St. John

South

Arts University Bournemouth Ashridge Bath Bath Spa Bedfordshire Bournemouth BPP Brighton Bristol Buckingham Buckinghamshire New Canterbury Christ Church Chichester Cranfield Creative Arts Essex Exeter Falmouth Gloucestershire Hertfordshire Kent Law Oxford Oxford Brookes Plymouth Portsmouth Reading Royal Agricultural University St Mark & St John Southampton Southampton Solent Surrey Sussex UWE Winchester

Northern Ireland

Queen's Ulster

Scotland

Aberdeen Abertay Dundee Dundee Edinburgh Edinburgh Napier Glasgow Glasgow Caledonian Heriot-Watt Highlands and Islands Queen Margaret Robert Gordon Royal Conservatoire of Scotland St Andrews Stirling Strathclyde West of Scotland

Wales

Aberystwyth Bangor Cardiff Cardiff Metropolitan South Wales Swansea Swansea Metropolitan UW Trinity Saint David Wrexham Glyndŵr

Overseas territories

Bermuda College Cayman Islands Law School International College of the Cayman Islands Saint James School of Medicine St. Matthew's University University of Gibraltar University College of the Cayman Islands University of Science, Arts and Technology University of the West Indies

Crown dependencies

University of the Channel Islands in Guernsey

Non−geographic

Lambeth
Lambeth
degrees Open University University of London
University of London
International Programmes

Related

List by date of foundation (Third-oldest in England) List by endowment List by enrollment Colleges within universities Degree abbreviations National Union of Students Rankings Undergraduate degree classification UCAS HEFCE Scottish Funding Council

Category Commons List

v t e

Institutional Network of the Universities from the Capitals of Europe (UNICA)

Amsterdam (UvA) Ankara (AU) Ankara (METU) Athens Belgrade Berlin (FU Berlin) Berlin (HU Berlin) Bratislava Brussels (ULB) Brussels (VUB) Bucharest Budapest Copenhagen Dublin (UCD) Helsinki Lausanne (UNIL) Lisbon (ULisboa) Lisbon (NOVA) Ljubljana London
London
(KCL) Madrid (UAM) Madrid (UCM) Moscow Nicosia Oslo Paris I Paris III Paris VI Paris-Dauphine Prague Riga (Latvia) Rome III Rome-La Sapienza Rome-Tor Vergata Skopje Sofia Stockholm Tallinn (TU) Tallinn (TUT) Tirana Vienna Vilnius Warsaw Zagreb

Portals Access related topics

London
London
portal United Kingdom
United Kingdom
portal University portal

Find out more on's Sister projects

Media from Commons News stories from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Source texts from Wikisource Data from Wikidata

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 128638237 ISNI: 0000 0001 2322 6764 GND: 42229-0 SUDOC: 028090624 BNF:

.