Kineton is a village and civil parish
on the River Dene
in southeast Warwickshire
, England. The village is part of Stratford-on-Avon district
, and in the 2001 census
it had a population of 2,278, increasing to 2,337 at the 2011 Census.
Kineton is about ten miles (16 km) from the towns of Banbury
to the south-east, Warwick
and Leamington Spa
to the north, and Stratford-upon-Avon
to the west. Nearby is the village of Wellesbourne
with its historic water mill
, Compton Verney House art gallery
, the British Motor Museum
, the Burton Dassett Hills
country park and the battlefield of Edgehill
. Kineton, in the district historically known as the Vale of the Red Horse
, can also be considered to be part of the informal area of Banburyshire
Kineton district council ward covers Gaydon, Lighthorne
, Lighthorne Heath
, Compton Verney
, Little Kineton and Chadshunt, a population of 4,228 according to the 2001 census, rising to 4,320 at the 2011 census. The village has some areas of light industry but is largely agricultural; many residents commute
to nearby towns and cities for employment.
The first recorded reference to Kineton was in 969, when Saxon King Edgar
granted some land here to a trusted counsellor.
The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book
as ''Kington''. On the outskirts of the village, at the foot of Pittern Hill, are the remains of the earthworks of a motte-and-bailey
castle, known as ''King John's Castle'', so called because it is believed that King John
held a Court Leet
there. Kineton gave its name to the area of south-east Warwickshire known as Kineton Hundred
Early in the 13th century, Stephen de Segrave
had a Tuesday market in his manor of Kineton, and a fair on the eve and day of St Peter and St Paul. The market died out by 1840, when the market house
was pulled down and a school built on its site, but the fair on 5 February continued until recently.
For a period of the English Civil War
, Kineton was looted by Prince Rupert
with part of the Royalist
army. This was after he had defeated Sir James Ramsay
, from the Parliamentarians
, and by doing this he failed to aid the rest of his army, thus leading to a neutral ending to the Battle of Edgehill
on 23 October 1642. A year later, in July 1643, King Charles
met with Queen Henrietta Maria
John Newton who lived from 1725 to 1807 and for a while lived in the village of Kineton where he wrote the words to "Amazing Grace" in 1772
William Kendall, co-builder of Birmingham Town Hall
and subsequent Warwick County Surveyor
and Steward to the Earl of Warwick, lived in Little Kineton in 1841.
During World War II
, Kineton served as a transit camp, with Polish and Czechoslovakia
n troops stationed there.
One of the UK's main military ammunition depots
is located partially within Kineton parish, and is known as the Defence Storage and Distribution Agency
(DSDA), Kineton. It extends to several hundred acres and is linked to the main Network Rail
system by a branch line. The depot also stores spare railway carriage
s and trains on behalf of the various UK train operating companies
Partially within Kineton parish, from 1942 until 1977, RAF Gaydon
operated as both a training unit and a front-line bomber base. In 1978, the site passed into civilian ownership and today contains the British Motor Museum
, the headquarters and factory of sports car manufacturer Aston Martin
, and the Jaguar Land Rover Gaydon Centre
Near the centre of the village stands St Peter's Church. Work on the current building, which replaced an earlier church on the same site, began in the 13th century. A completed church was consecrated in 1315. Of this new building only the fine tower remains.
The rest of the building has been rebuilt and remodelled over the centuries. In the 18th century Sanderson Miller
enlarged the nave
and added two transept
s. A further remodelling campaign, which transformed the building into its current form, took place in the 19th century.
In 2008, three new bells were cast to augment the bells to eight, one replacing an existing bell. Taylors Eayre & Smith Ltd
of Loughborough carried out the work. The eight bells were rung for the first time on 5 November 2008.
The village also has a 19th-century Methodist
chapel and a 20th-century Roman Catholic
church. Pittern Hill Mill
, north-west of the village, is a stone windmill of the 18th century.
Village shops include a Co-op store, a traditional butcher, a newsagent, a flower shop, an optician, and the Nifty Needle curtain and soft furnishings/fabrics shop and workroom. There is a post office/convenience store and had a branch of HSBC Bank
now converted into a pharmacy (2017). The village has a veterinary practice, a café, a fish and chip shop, two public houses
, "The Swan", newly refurbished, and ''The Carpenters Arms
'' (which has a Chinese take-away
inside) and a restaurant, ''Shukur's Brasserie'' (which offers Bangladeshi
and Indian cuisine
The village and surrounding area are served by Kineton Church of England
Primary School and Kineton High School
, which takes students aged 11–19.
Kineton is close to the Fosse Way
Roman Road and the M40 motorway
which links it to Birmingham
Regular bus service
s to Stratford upon Avon
and Leamington Spa
are operated by Stagecoach
and other independent companies.
The village was once served by the Stratford-upon-Avon and Midland Junction Railway
. Kineton railway station
opened on 1 June 1871 and was situated on the Broom to Fenny Compton
line. The station closed in 1963 due to the Beeching Axe
and the line itself closed two years later.
Kineton Sports and Social Club hosts football
teams. The football team competes in the Leamington & District Sunday Football League, affiliated to the Birmingham FA
and the cricket side competes in the Cotswold Hills League
. Kinetonbcycle are a group cycling from Little Kineton at 19:15 on Wednesday nights covering around 25 miles with on and off-road routes and including a pub stop.
Kineton Hign School is the home of Wellesbourne Badminton Club who play in the Leamington and Banbury Leagues and have a club night every Tuesday from 7.30 pm, and South Warwickshire Junior Badminton Club who are a Badminton England Affiliated Club playing on a Friday night at 6.30 pm.
The town of Kyneton
in Victoria, Australia was named after Kineton in the 19th century.
[Blake, Les (1977) ''Place Names of Victoria'', p. 147. Melbourne: Rigby Limited. ]
Kineton Community siteKineton NewsKineton High School siteKineton Primary School siteKineton Playgroup siteKineton village appraisal and plan 2003Defence Storage Distribution Agency at VillagebuzzKineton photo galleriesBBC Domesday Project – Kineton D-block GB-432000-249000Kineton & District Local History GroupBattleOfEdgehill.orgWellesbourne Badminton ClubSouth Warwickshire Junior Badminton Club
Category:Villages in Warwickshire