Kimberley Regiment
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The Kimberley Regiment is an
infantry Infantry is an army specialization whose military personnel, personnel engage in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored warfare, armored forces. Also known as foot soldiers, infantrymen or infanteer, i ...

infantry
regiment A regiment is a military unit Military organization or military organisation is the structuring of the armed force A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intend ...
of the
South African Army The South African Army is the ground warfare Ground warfare or land warfare is the process of military operations eventuating in combat that takes place predominantly on the battlespace land surface of the Earth, planet. Land warfare is ...

South African Army
. As a reserve unit, it has a status roughly equivalent to that of a
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ir ...

British
Army Reserve A military reserve force is a military organization whose members simultaneously hold military and civilian occupations. These members are not normally kept under arms and their main role is to be available to fight when their military requir ...
or United States
Army National Guard The Army National Guard (ARNG), in conjunction with the Air National Guard The Air National Guard (ANG), also known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force of the United States Air Force The United States Air Force (USA ...
unit.


History


Volunteer Forces on the Diamond Fields

The regiment's origins lie in the early, lawless,
diamond rush A diamond rush is a period of feverish migration of workers to an area where diamond Diamond is a Allotropes of carbon, solid form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure called diamond cubic. At Standard conditi ...
days in
Kimberley Kimberly or Kimberley may refer to: Places and historical events Australia * Kimberley (Western Australia) ** Roman Catholic Diocese of Kimberley * Kimberley Warm Springs, Tasmania * Kimberley, Tasmania a small town * County of Kimberley, a c ...
in the 1870s. To bring law and order to the region, which was then known as
Griqualand West Griqualand West is an area of central South Africa with an area of 40,000 km2 that now forms part of the Northern Cape Province. It was inhabited by the Griqua people – a semi-nomadic, Afrikaans-speaking nation of mixed-race origin, who ...
, the government encouraged the formation of part-time volunteer forces. Among them were the ''Kimberley Light Horse'' and the ''Du Toitspan Hussars'', both formed in 1876, which amalgamated in 1877 to form the ''Diamond Fields Horse''. Volunteers from the DFH served in the 9th Frontier War in 1877, in operations in Griqualand West in 1878, and in the Basutoland Gun War in 1880 and 1881. Kimberley later raised two more units, the ''Victoria Rifles of Kimberley'' in 1887, and the ''Kimberley Scots'' in 1890. They, along with the ''Diamond Fields Artillery'', amalgamated in 1890 to form the ''Kimberley Rifles''. Both the ''DFH'' and the ''Kimberley Rifles'' served in the 1896-1897 Bechuanaland campaign. In 1899, the two units amalgamated to form the ''Kimberley Regiment''. Regimental traditions have survived from each of the constituent cavalry, artillery and rifle units, with a distinctly Scottish element very much in evidence in the uniforms, pipe band and regimental culture to this day.


Anglo Boer War

During the
Anglo-Boer War The Second Boer War ( af, Tweede Vryheidsoorlog, lit. "Second Freedom War", 11 October 189931 May 1902), also known as the Boer War, the Anglo–Boer War, or the South African War, was a conflict fought between the British Empire The B ...
of 1899 to 1902, the Regiment helped to defend the city during the four-month-long
Siege of Kimberley The siege of Kimberley took place during the Second Boer War at Kimberley, Northern Cape, Kimberley, Cape Colony (present-day South Africa), when Boer forces from the Orange Free State and the South African Republic, Transvaal besieged the diam ...
. It is one of only two regiments of the British Empire holding as a Battle Honour the defence of its own city - in this instance Defence of Kimberley.


Union Defence Force

On 1 July 1913 the Regiment was embodied in the Union Defence Force (South Africa), Citizen Force of the South African National Defence Force, Union Defence Forces, as the ''7th Infantry (Kimberley Regiment)''.


World War One

During World War I, it fought in the German South-West Africa campaign in 1915, providing two battalions. It further provided 'C' Company of the composite 1st Regiment of the 1st Infantry Brigade (South Africa), 1st South African Brigade which fought in France. At Delville Wood, Private William Faulds (later Captain ) was the only South African to be awarded the Victoria Cross for his part in that epic battle. The title of the Regiment reverted to ''Kimberley Regiment'' in 1932.


World War Two

During World War II, the Kimberley Regiment fought in Italy in 1944 and 1945, forming the Motor Battalion together with the Imperial Light Horse Regiment in the Armoured Brigade of the 6th Armoured Division (South Africa), 6th South African Armoured Division throughout the Italian Campaign. Winning Battle Honours and awards for bravery, the Kimberley Regiment also suffered more casualties than any other South African regiment in the campaign.


Border War

Kimberley Regiment was the first to become officially bilingual (English and Afrikaans) in South Africa, in 1963. It was later, in 1977, the first South African Regiment to apply to become multiracial, although the request was not approved at the time. The regiment served in the South African Border War in the 1970s and 1980s.


SANDF Era

Since 1994 it has been deployed in peace-keeping roles in the Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo.


Leadership


Alliances

* - Duke of Lancaster's Regiment, The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's Lancashire and Border)


Battle honours

The twenty authorised Battle Honours on the Regimental Colour include: *Gaika-Gcaleka 1877 - 1878 *
Griqualand West Griqualand West is an area of central South Africa with an area of 40,000 km2 that now forms part of the Northern Cape Province. It was inhabited by the Griqua people – a semi-nomadic, Afrikaans-speaking nation of mixed-race origin, who ...
1878 *Basutoland 1880 - 1881 *Transkei 1880 - 1881 * Bechuanaland 1896 - 1897 *
Siege of Kimberley The siege of Kimberley took place during the Second Boer War at Kimberley, Northern Cape, Kimberley, Cape Colony (present-day South Africa), when Boer forces from the Orange Free State and the South African Republic, Transvaal besieged the diam ...
*South Africa 1899 - 1902 *South-West Africa 1914 - 1915 *Italy 1944 - 1945 *Cassino II *Celleno *Florence *The Greve *Gothic Line *Monte Porro del Bagno *Monte Vigese *Monte Salvaro *Po Valley


Insignia


Current Dress Insignia


See also

* Kimberley Star


References

{{SA Army Units Infantry regiments of South Africa Military units and formations established in 1876 Military units and formations in Kimberley Military units and formations of the Second Boer War Military units and formations of the British Empire Military units and formations of South Africa in the Border War Military units and formations of South Africa in World War I 1876 establishments in Griqualand West