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Kim Yong-ju (Chosŏn'gŭl: 김영주; born 21 September 1920) is a North Korean politician and the younger brother of Kim Il-sung, who ruled North Korea
North Korea
from 1948 to 1994. Under his brother's rule, Kim Yong-ju held key posts in the Workers' Party of Korea
Workers' Party of Korea
during the 1960s and early 1970s, but he fell out of favor in 1974 following a power struggle with Kim Jong-il. Since 1998, he has held the ceremonial position of Honorary Vice President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly, North Korea's parliament. Biography[edit] Kim Yong-ju was born to Kim Hyŏng-jik
Kim Hyŏng-jik
and Kang Pan-sŏk in Mangyongdae
Mangyongdae
in 1920,[1] 8 years after his elder brother Kim Il-sung. After graduating from economics department at the Moscow State University in 1945,[2] where he also took a deep interest in philosophy,[3] Kim Yong-ju joined the Workers' Party of Korea. His rise through the party's echelons was fast: from the 1950s to the 1960s he was chief cadre (1954), vice-director (1957) and finally director (1960) of the WPK Organization and Guidance Department, and he was appointed member of the WPK Central Committee at the Party's 4th Congress in 1961. In 1966 he was promoted to Organizing Secretary of the WPK Central Committee. In 1967, he proposed to his brother the "Ten Principles for the Establishment of the One-Ideology System" (whose first principle was: "We must give our all in the struggle to unify the entire society with the revolutionary ideology of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung"), which were published only in 1974.[4] By 1970, when he was elected Politburo member, Kim Yong-ju was widely believed to be Kim Il-sung's most likely successor.[5] He was also elected to the top Central People's Committee and the SPA Presidium in 1972. However, at the same time Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
started grooming his own son Kim Jong-il
Kim Jong-il
to be his designated successor, and a power struggle erupted.[3] It was the period when the WPK was focusing ideologically on Kim Il-sung's Juche; while Kim Jong-il
Kim Jong-il
actively stood for this process, Kim Yong-ju, having studied in Russia, supported a more classical view of Marxism
Marxism
and was not fond of the extensive personality cult built around his brother.[3] This played to Kim Jong-il's advantage: Kim Yong-ju was more and more marginalized, his key allies Kim Do-man (director of propaganda) and Park Yong-guk (director of international liaison) were removed, and he himself was finally attacked by Kim Il-sung. After a Central Committee plenum in February 1974, Kim Jong-il was granted the position of heir apparent and Kim Yong-ju was demoted to vice-premier.[3] In 1975 he was also sent to Jagang Province under house arrest. Kim Yong-ju completely disappeared from the limelight until 1993, when he was called back to Pyongyang by Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
to serve as one of the Vice Presidents[6][7]. After the post of President of the DPRK was awarded eternally to Kim Il-sung, Kim Yong-ju was appointed Honorary Vice-President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly
Supreme People's Assembly
in 1998, a post he currently holds.

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Select[α] family tree of North Korea's ruling[β] Kim family[γ][δ][ε]

Kim Bo-hyon 1871–1955

Kim Hyong-jik 1894–1926

Kang Pan-sok 1892–1932

Kim Jong-suk 1919[ζ]–1949

Kim Il-sung 1912–1994

Kim Song-ae 1924–2014

Kim Yong-ju 1920–

Kim Young-sook 1947–

Song Hye-rim 1937–2002

Kim Jong-il 1941[ζ]–2011

Ko Yong-hui 1952–2004

Kim Ok 1964–

Kim Kyong-hui 1946–

Jang Song-thaek 1946–2013

Kim Pyong-il 1954–

Kim Sol-song 1974–

Kim Jong-nam 1971–2017

Kim Jong-chul 1981–

Kim Jong-un 1984–

Ri Sol-ju c. 1986–

Kim Yo-jong 1987–

Kim Han-sol 1995–

Kim Ju-ae c. 2012[ζ]–

Notes:

^ To keep the tree of manageable size, it omits some members, e. g., brothers and sisters of Kim Jong-il. ^ Names of Supreme Leaders of the DPRK (and the name of the article being viewed, if any) are in bold font. ^ Korean names often have a variety of transliterations into English, which can be confusing. For example, "Kim Jong-chul" may also be written "Gim Jeong-cheol" or "Kim Jŏng-ch'ŏl" among many other variations. See Korean romanization
Korean romanization
for more information. ^ Huss, Kan; Frost, Clay. "North Korea's First Family: Mapping the personal and political drama of the Kim clan". msnbc.com. Retrieved 20 January 2013.  (Confirms many, but not all, of the birth and death years. See individual articles for more references.) ^ Yan, Holly (16 February 2017). "The world's most mysterious family tree: Kim Jong Un's secretive dynasty is full of drama, death". Design by Alberto Mier. CNN. Retrieved 16 February 2017.  ^ a b c Official biographies of Kim Jong-suk
Kim Jong-suk
and Kim Jong-il
Kim Jong-il
give birth years of 1917 and 1942, respectively. Kim Ju-ae may have been born in late 2012 or early 2013.

References[edit]

North Korea
North Korea
portal Biography portal Politics portal

^ Profile of Kim Yong-ju in James Hoare, "Historical Dictionary of Democratic People's Republic of Korea" book (Scarecrow Press, 2012, ISBN 9780810861510), page 226 ^ "My First Trials Begin". The Daily NK. July 19, 2010. Kim Young Ju was from the law department at Moscow University  ^ a b c d Hwang Jang Yop's Memoirs (2006) ^ Ten Principles for the Establishment of the One-Ideology System, Columbia Law School website ^ "The Losers in N.Korea's Ruling Family", Chosun Ilbo, February 17, 2011. ^ https://www.upi.com/Archives/1993/12/11/Kim-Il-Sungs-brother-elected-North-Korean-vice-president/9854755586000/ ^ https://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015073049192

Party political offices

Preceded by Head of the WPK Organization and Guidance Department 1960–1974 Succeeded by Kim Jong-il

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Kim dynasty of North Korea

Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
(1912–1994) Kim Jong-il
Kim Jong-il
(1941–2011) Kim Jong-un
Kim Jong-un
(1984–)

1st generation

Kim Hyong-jik
Kim Hyong-jik
(Kim Il-sung's father) Kang Pan-sok
Kang Pan-sok
(Kim Il-sung's mother)

2nd generation

Kim Jong-suk
Kim Jong-suk
(Kim Il-sung's first wife, Jong-il's mother) Kim Yong-ju (Kim Il-sung's brother) Kim Song-ae (Kim Il-sung's second wife)

3rd generation

Hong Il-chon (Kim Jong-il's first wife, divorced) Song Hye-rim (Kim Jong-il's first mistress) Kim Man-il (Kim Jong-il's brother) Jang Song-thaek
Jang Song-thaek
(Kim Jong-il's brother-in-law) Kim Kyong-hui
Kim Kyong-hui
(Kim Jong-il's sister) Kim Young-sook (Kim Jong-il's wife) Ko Yong-hui
Ko Yong-hui
(Kim Jong-il's second mistress, Jong-un's mother) Kim Pyong-il
Kim Pyong-il
(Kim Jong-il's half-brother) Kim Ok
Kim Ok
(Kim Jong-il's third mistress)

4th generation

Kim Yo-jong
Kim Yo-jong
(Kim Jong-un's sister) Kim Jong-chul (Kim Jong-un's brother) Kim Sul-song (Kim Jong-un's half-sister) Kim Jong-nam
Kim Jong-nam
(Kim Jong-un's half-brother) Ri Sol-ju (Kim Jong-un's wife)

5th generation

Kim Ju-ae (Kim Jong-un's daughter) Kim Han-sol (Kim Jon

.