Kim Sŏng-ae (29 December 1924 – September 2014) was a North
Korean politician and the second wife of North Korean leader Kim
2 See also
Kim Song-ae originally worked as a secretary. She married Kim
Il-sung in 1952, following the death of Kim Il-sung's first wife in
1949, although due to the
Korean War no formal ceremony was held. One
Kim Il-sung had had an affair with her even before
his first wife died. She gave birth to a daughter (Kim Kyong-jin,
1953) and two sons (Kim Pyong-il, 1955; Kim Yong-il, 1957).
She later rose in political power. From the mid 1960s until the mid
Kim Song-ae allegedly held a significant amount of political
influence in North Korea. As her tenure of political significance
occurred in about the same period as that of
Jiang Qing in China
during the culture revolution,
Jang Jin-sung referred to Kim Song-ae
as the "North Korean mirror image of Jiang Qing".
In 1965, she became vice-chairwoman of the Central Committee of the
Korean Democratic Women's League
Korean Democratic Women's League (KDWL), and in 1971, she rose to be
chairwoman. In December 1972, she became a representative of the
People’s Supreme Assembly.
According to Jang Jin-sung,
Kim Song-ae had the ambition to place her
Kim Pyong-il in the position of successor to her spouse Kim
Il-sung, rather than his son from his first marriage, Kim Jong-il.
In this, she was supposedly supported by a faction of the North Korean
political elite, among them her brother Kim Kwang-hop, and Kim
Il-sungs brother Kim Yong-ju, and opposed by the faction of her
stepson Kim Jong-il. In the 1970s, her influence was reportedly
seen as excessive by the party, who started to curb it. In
parallel, her stepson
Kim Jong-il became the designated heir of Kim
Il-sung, and his faction worked to remove her from influence. In
Kim Song-ae lost her position as chair of the KDWL, which
removed her communication channel to the public and effectively curbed
her power base. Reportedly, Kim Song-ae, as well as her
brother-in-law Kim Yong-ju, who had supported her plans to place her
son in the position of heir instead of Kim Jong-il, was placed in
house arrest in 1981 upon the wish of the designated heir Kim
In 1993, she was reinstated by
Kim Jong-il as chair of the KDWL, but
her position was purely symbolic and nominal, and she was removed a
second time in 1998. Since 1998, little information about her has
reached the outside world.
In 2012, a report from a North Korean defector claimed that Kim
Song-ae had been declared insane in the early 1990s, even before the
death of Kim Il-sung, and since then been kept under supervision of a
psychiatric nurse in her house arrest.
There are rumors that she was killed in a car accident in
June 2001. Other reports claim she is still alive as of July 2011,
though in poor health, and that
Kim Pyong-il returned to Pyongyang
from his posting in Poland to visit her.
Select[α] family tree of North Korea's ruling[β] Kim
^ To keep the tree of manageable size, it omits some members, e. g.,
brothers and sisters of Kim Jong-il.
^ Names of Supreme Leaders of the DPRK (and the name of the article
being viewed, if any) are in bold font.
^ Korean names often have a variety of transliterations into English,
which can be confusing. For example, "Kim Jong-chul" may also be
written "Gim Jeong-cheol" or "Kim Jŏng-ch'ŏl" among many other
Korean romanization for more information.
^ Huss, Kan; Frost, Clay. "North Korea's First Family: Mapping the
personal and political drama of the Kim clan". msnbc.com. Retrieved 20
January 2013. (Confirms many, but not all, of the birth and
death years. See individual articles for more references.)
^ Yan, Holly (16 February 2017). "The world's most mysterious family
tree: Kim Jong Un's secretive dynasty is full of drama, death". Design
by Alberto Mier. CNN. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
^ a b c Official biographies of
Kim Jong-suk and
Kim Jong-il give
birth years of 1917 and 1942, respectively.
Kim Ju-ae may have been
born in late 2012 or early 2013.
North Korea portal
^ Not the same person as former premier Kim Yong-il
^ a b c d e f g h i Jang Jin-sung: Dear Leader: Poet, Spy, Escapee –
A Look Inside North Korea, 2014
^ a b c d NFNew Focus. Kim Il-sung’s wife was declared insane over
20 years ago. Politics. Tuesday 18 September 2012
^ NFNew FocusRo Song Sil: a key-elite of the North Korean system?
Politics. Monday 8 April 2013
^ a b Lee Su-gyeong (이수경) (2 May 2006). "김부자 실체:
김정일의 계모 김성애". Radio Free Asia (Korean service).
Archived from the original on 27 June 2007. Retrieved 20 May
^ "Kim Jong-il's Brother 'Under House Arrest in Pyongyang'", Chosun
Ilbo, 3 July 2011, retrieved 3 July 2011
Kim dynasty of North Korea
Kim Il-sung (1912–1994)
Kim Jong-il (1941–2011)
Kim Jong-un (1984–)
Kim Hyong-jik (Kim Il-sung's father)
Kang Pan-sok (Kim Il-sung's mother)
Kim Jong-suk (Kim Il-sung's first wife, Jong-il's mother)
Kim Yong-ju (Kim Il-sung's brother)
Kim Song-ae (Kim Il-sung's second wife)
Hong Il-chon (Kim Jong-il's first wife, divorced)
Song Hye-rim (Kim Jong-il's first mistress)
Kim Man-il (Kim Jong-il's brother)
Jang Song-thaek (Kim Jong-il's brother-in-law)
Kim Kyong-hui (Kim Jong-il's sister)
Kim Young-sook (Kim Jong-il's wife)
Ko Yong-hui (Kim Jong-il's second mistress, Jong-un's mother)
Kim Pyong-il (Kim Jong-il's half-brother)
Kim Ok (Kim Jong-il's third mistress)
Kim Yo-jong (Kim Jong-un's sister)
Kim Jong-chul (Kim Jong-un's brother)
Kim Sul-song (Kim Jong-un's half-sister)
Kim Jong-nam (Kim Jong-un's half-brother)
Ri Sol-ju (Kim Jong-un's wife)
Kim Ju-ae (Kim Jong-un's daughter)
Kim Han-sol (Kim Jon