HOME
The Info List - Kilmarnock


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

KILMARNOCK (Scottish Gaelic : Cille Mheàrnaig, "Meàrnag's church") is a large burgh in East Ayrshire , Scotland
Scotland
with a population of 46,350, making it the 15th most populated place in Scotland
Scotland
and the second largest town in Ayrshire
Ayrshire
. The River Irvine runs through its eastern section, and the Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Water passes through it, giving rise to the name 'Bank Street'. Politically, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
tended to vote Scottish Labour , however, recently, there has been a swing in support to the Scottish National Party . Since 2007, the town has been represented in the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
by Willie Coffey and from 2015 by Alan Brown who represents the town in Westminster, both SNP members of their respective parliaments. Brown's victory in the 2015 general election was the first time the Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
and Loudoun constituency had not voted to elect a Labour MP since it's creation .

The first collection of work by Scottish poet Robert Burns
Robert Burns
, Poems, chiefly in the Scottish dialect, was published in Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
in 1786, and became known as the Kilmarnock volume . The internationally distributed whisky brand Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
originated in the town in the 19th century and until 2012 was still bottled, packaged and distilled in the town at the Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
Hill Street plant. Protest and backing from the Scottish Government took place in 2009, after Diageo , the owner of Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
announced plans to close the bottling plant in the town after 289 years. The economy of Kilmarnock today is largely dependent on skill force knowledge, with companies such as Vodafone
Vodafone
(Teleperformance Call Centre) occupying a large part of the Rowallan Business Park Centre which is also home to Food Partners, a nationwide sandwich franchise. Local property redevelopment and regeneration company, The KLIN Group occupies the former Andrew Barclay Sons "> Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Cross in 1849.

The name Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
comes from the Gaelic cill (cell), and the name of Saint Marnoch or Mernoc who is also remembered in the name of Portmarnock in Ireland and Inchmarnock . It may come from the three Gaelic elements mo, 'my', Ernán (name of the saint) and the diminutive ag, giving Church of My Little Ernán. According to tradition, the saint founded a church there in the 7th century. There are 12 Church of Scotland
Scotland
congregations in the town, plus other denominations. In 2005, the Reverend David W. Lacy , minister of the town's Henderson Church, was elected Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland
Scotland
.

The core of the early town appears to have lain around what is now the Laigh Kirk, Kilmarnock (Low Church), although the oldest parts of the current building are no earlier than the 17th century, extending north and northwest. In 1668 the town was largely destroyed by an accidental fire. About 120 families lost most of their possessions and were forced to live destitute in the fields surrounding the town. These tradespeople had no other way of making a living and had already been driven to the edge of poverty by having troops stationed with them as part of the anti-Covenanter measures. Parish churches throughout Scotland
Scotland
collected money for the relief of these homeless citizens.

A comparatively modest settlement until the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
extended considerably from around 1800 onwards, requiring the opening of King Street , Portland Street, and Wellington Street. Added later was John Finnie Street, which is regarded as "one of the finest Victorian planned streets in Scotland." The Sandbed Street Bridge is the oldest known surviving bridge in the area.

The Titchfield Street drill hall was completed in 1914.

GOVERNMENT

Alan Brown and Willie Coffey , current Members of the UK Parliament and Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
for Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
respectively

Kilmarnock, as part of the Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
and Loudoun parliamentary constituency, had long been considered a "safe seat" for the Scottish Labour Party , having been represented by a Labour MP since the establishment of the constituency in 1983. However, in the 2015 General Election, for the first time since 1983, the seat changed hands from Labour to the Scottish National Party with the election of Alan Brown . The Member of Parliament for the Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
and Loudoun constituency area in the Westminster
Westminster
parliament is Kilmarnock-born Alan Brown . Brown defeated Labour candidate Cathy Jamieson with an overwhelming majority with Brown receiving 30,000 votes with Jamieson only receiving 16,363. The member of the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
(MSP) for Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
is Willie Coffey .

In the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
, the town, as part of the Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
and Irvine Valley constituency, is represented by Willie Coffey who has represented the seat since the 2007 Scottish Parliamentary elections. Similar to the voting pattern shown at UK General Elections, in the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
elections, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
had always been seen as a safe seat for Labour with an MSP representing the area since the parliament's re-establishments in 1999.

Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
is the home of the East Ayrshire Council Chambers and offices situated on the London Road, thus making Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
the main town within East Ayrshire .

In local council elections, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
comprises four wards: Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
North, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
East and Hurlford, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
West and Crosshouse and Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
South.

The leader in East Ayrshire is Douglas Reid of the SNP party, who has been leader since 2007. The chief executive is Fiona Lees. Following the East Ayrshire Council election, 2012 , the SNP and the Scottish Conservative parties formed a coalition government for East Ayrshire, following the result of a hung council. At present, the Scottish Labour party is the opposition in the East Ayrshire parliament with their leader, Maureen McKay.

ECONOMY

Wabtec Rail , formerly Andrew Barclay Sons "> Johnnie Walker production building on Hill Street, 2012. Johhnie Walker was created in the town centre in the 1800s and until 2012 continued to be bottled, distilled and blended in Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock

Kilmarnock's traditional industries were based around textiles and heavy engineering such as locomotives (Andrew Barclay and Sons ) from 1837, and valves (Glenfield and Kennedy), which are still in production. The firm is now trading as Glenfield Valves.

Carpets manufactured in Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
were internationally known for their quality and intricacy since the late 19th century. Carpets were made by Blackwood "> Carpet-making finally ceased in Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
in early 2005.

Archibald Finnie and his family lived at Springhill House (now a nursing home) near the Grange Academy . They owned many coal mines, pits and other companies in Springside and other places. John Finnie Street is named after one of the family. Shoes were also a major product for some time: Saxone had a factory in the town on the site where the Galleon Leisure Centre now stands. Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
had one of the earliest tram railways in the world, running to Troon over the (recently restored) Laigh Milton viaduct . The Glasgow
Glasgow
and South Western Railway set up their works here, producing nearly 400 locomotives by the time it was absorbed by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway in 1923. Some work continued, but heavy repairs were sent to St. Rollox . Locomotive repairs finished in 1952, and the works closed in 1959. Nevertheless, locomotives are still made by Hunslet-Barclay (now Wabtec ), as well as the maintenance of existing diesel and electric multiple units. From 1946 tractors were built in Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
in a large Massey-Harris factory on the outskirts of the town. It later became Massey-Ferguson , and closed in 1978. Glenfield and Kennedy still survives, albeit with a fraction of its former workforce, which at its height numbered in the thousands. Headquarters of the KLIN Group, allocated in the former Andrew Barclay HQ, still showing the original Andrew Barclay signage

Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
is the original home of Scotch whisky brand Johnnie Walker which was originally known as Walker's Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Whisky when the brand first started trading from the town in the mid-1800s. The Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
brand is a legacy left by John ‘Johnnie’ Walker after he started to sell whisky in his grocer’s shop in Ayrshire, Scotland. In 1908, when James Stevenson was the managing director, there was a re-branding of sorts. The whisky was renamed from Walker's Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Whiskies to Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
Whisky. In addition, the slogan, "Born 1820 – Still going Strong!" was created, along with the Striding Man, a figure used in their advertisements to this day.

In 2009, to much public backlash as well as backlash from the Scottish Government , First Minister of Scotland
Scotland
Alex Salmond
Alex Salmond
and local MP and MSP Cathy Jamieson and Willie Coffey , the owner of Johnnie Walker, Diageo
Diageo
, decided to close the bottling plant, originally by the end of 2011, ending the link between the whisky brand and the town. In September 2009, Diageo
Diageo
confirmed the plant in Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
would close, despite local protests. Production of Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
in Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
ceased during March 2012, after 192 years. It is now made at a new Diageo
Diageo
bottling plant in the eastern coast of Scotland
Scotland
in Leven, Fife
Leven, Fife
. Over the years, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
has been the home to other well-known companies, Andrew Barclay Sons & Co. , and Saxone Shoes. Saxone Shoes was bought by the British Sears group and became defunct when Sears sold it to Stylo . Andrew Barclay Son's "> University Hospital Crosshouse was constructed after the demolishing of the Kilmarnock Infirmary

The textile and manufacturing sectors across Scotland
Scotland
suffered significant decline in the post-war period and in particular from the 1960s, in the face of greater foreign competition. Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
was no exception, with the closure or significant reduction of many of its traditional large employers: Glenfield and Kennedy, Massey Ferguson, BMK and Saxone. Although significant attempts have been made to halt this decline and attract new employers, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
saw a continuing net loss of jobs in the five years to 2005. Although traditionally a main shopping area for most of the surrounding districts, patterns have changed over the last 20 years; traditional centres such as Ayr have been joined by new developments at Braehead
Braehead
and East Kilbride
East Kilbride
. This difficult economic climate is most visible in the town centre, the eastern part of which has been extensively redeveloped, with important historic buildings such as King Street Church and the town hall being demolished and Duke Street (the link from Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Cross to the Palace Theatre and out to the London Road) built over.

More recently Portland Street, which formed the northerly part of the main shopping area, lay abandoned for many years due to a decline in retail trade and in the face of possible comprehensive redevelopment. The street has now been redeveloped, but has not yet regained its former degree of popularity, with a Gala Bingo and a J D Wetherspoon 's taking up much of one side of the street and the rest largely occupied by chain stores. In 2004, the Rough Guide to Scotland described the town as "shabby and depressed, saddled with some terrible shopping centres and a grim one-way system". The town, however, contains several parks such as Howard Park, Dean Park and Kay Park, and residential areas including London Road, Dundonald Road, McLelland Drive and Howard Park Drive. The town also boasts a collection of gift shops, cafes, bars and restaurants within the very desirable Bank Street area. There are retail parks at Queen's Drive and Glencairn Square. The former Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
bond warehouse has been upgraded and is now home to East Ayrshire Council's Social Work department

According to the local press in November 2007, the new SNP council have drawn up a Top Ten Hit List on 'eyesore' buildings in the town and their owners, and have revealed plans to crack down hard on property owners who have left their buildings fall into disrepair. Action is being taken to do something with each of these sites. Many of the buildings in disrepair are irreplaceable listed buildings such as the former ABC cinema (previously the King's Theatre) on Titchfield Street. Plans to improve the derelict building at the top of John Finnie Street that was destroyed by a fire in the late 1980s have been submitted to include a council office retaining the original façade. Work is estimated to be completed in 2012. A four-star hotel recently opened next to Rugby Park , the home of Kilmarnock F.C. , and new restaurants, such as Merchants and the Jefferson Restaurant, have opened in the town centre.

Regeneration activities have been discussed for Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
town centre; in early 2006, an application to Historic Scotland
Scotland
's Conservation Area Regeneration Scheme was successful, and in July 2006 an application under the Heritage Lottery Fund 's Townscape Heritage Initiative Scheme was pending. Work has finished on a quality housing development on the site of the former Kilmarnock Infirmary , north of the town centre. In the past there have been major efforts to improve the quality of life for residents in the town's worst housing estates, especially in parts of Shortlees, Longpark and Onthank. Much new quality housing has been constructed on the northern fringes of the town for commuters. With a journey time of 20 minutes from Kilmarnock to Glasgow
Glasgow
(roughly half that of the existing train service), the M77 motorway , an upgrade in 2005 of the A77, has transformed the journey between Glasgow
Glasgow
and Kilmarnock. Recent house price increases have reflected this.

TRANSPORT

Further information: Kilmarnock railway station Kilmarnock railway viaduct Kilmarnock railway station and its tower, showing the upgraded station clock

In 1812, the Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
and Troon Railway opened, mainly to carry coal from the area to the harbour at Troon, but also carrying passengers. In 1904, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
built its own tramway system, the Kilmarnock Corporation Tramways . An electric power station was built on the south bank of the River Irvine at Riccarton. Overhead power lines and tram lines were laid. With continued upgrading and expansion, the tram network at its peak went from Ayr
Ayr
Road in Riccarton at its southerly point, to Knockinlaw Road in Beansburn in the north.

At Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Cross, the line had an easterly spur that stretched along London Road, through Crookedholm and terminating at Hurlford . There had been proposed extensions along Portland Road, up John Finnie Street, West Langlands Street and eventually towards Crosshouse, but by this time, increasing costs and the far more flexible motor bus had made inroads and the trams ceased operation in 1926 during the General Strike . The council decided not to restart the service and the infrastructure was soon dismantled. Today the town is served by Kilmarnock railway station , which operates services from the town to all major locations in Scotland
Scotland
connecting with Stranraer for the ferries to the Port of Belfast as well as Larne Harbour in Northern Ireland and as far as Carlisle and Newcastle in England.

A recent development has been the regeneration of Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Railway Station under the umbrella of the Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Railway Station Heritage Trust. Additions to the station facilities include a gift shop, coffee shop and an Active Travel HUB where members of the public can access advice on travelling more sustainability. The HUB also offers a wide range of led walks and cycle rides to members of the public and community groups.

Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
has excellent road links to Glasgow
Glasgow
with the M77 motorway now completed from Fenwick to its junction with the M8 at the Kingston Bridge. A new south side motorway connects this point to the M74 near Calderpark when the latest phase of development is complete, eliminating some of the heavy traffic formerly travelling on the A71 through Hurlford, Galston, Newmilns, Darvel and Strathaven to join the M74 at Stonehouse. Stagecoach Group
Stagecoach Group
is the main transport provider in the town; it operates bus services to most major towns in the west of Scotland.

Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
lies on the intersection of 3 main roads: the A71 which runs from Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Irvine , the A76 from Dumfries
Dumfries
, and the A77/M77 from Stranraer to Glasgow, showing the significance of its location as an early market town.

EDUCATION AND LEARNING

Further information: Education in Scotland
Scotland
Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Academy is responsible for educating two Nobel Prize winners. It is the only school in Scotland
Scotland
to have done so.

Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
has one college, thirteen primary schools, four secondary schools and eleven nursery schools. There is also a college in the town, Ayrshire College previously known as Kilmarnock College
Kilmarnock College
and prior to that Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Technical College. The schools are managed by East Ayrshire Council.

The town's oldest secondary school Kilmarnock Academy dates back to the 1600s. The school in its present-day serves as a comprehensive school , which of three in Kilmarnock. It can trace its history back to the local burgh school founded in the 1630s and the first school to bear the name was established in 1807. Next to the school is the "Old Tech," formerly Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Technical School, which opened in 1910 as part of the Academy. It is also listed, but is no longer part of the school; it was closed in 1997 due to a reduction in student numbers, caused by a restructuring of educational resources in the area. The building remained closed, and reopened in 2006 as luxury housing, due to its prime location directly next to the Dick Institute , the town's primary library and museum, and the centre of town. In the art department at the school, there is a war memorial in memory of those who lost their lives in World War 1. Kilmarnock Academy is one of the few schools in the world to have educated two Nobel laureates : Alexander Fleming
Alexander Fleming
and John Boyd Orr (although only for four months, whereas his primary and secondary school career was at West Kilbride Public School). Hillhead Primary School, located in the Kilmaurs Road area of Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock

St Joseph's Academy was founded in 1955 in its present location, built on what were the outskirts of Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
at the time. The adjacent New Farm Loch estate eventually grew and enveloped the school. The school comprised an extended single building, housing most of the subjects taught within. Due to a lack of space, an additional building, commonly referred to as 'A' Block, was erected in the 1970s. As the school was constructed on what was essentially fields, the St Joseph's campus included a large playing field, comprising a red blaes hockey pitch, running tracks, and space for 4 grass football pitches. St. Conval's High School was later annexed to St. Joseph's in October 1998 and became known as St. Joseph's Cumnock. In 2004 St. Joseph's Cumnock Campus was closed due to falling attendance figures, and the town's Catholic children now attend the new St. Joseph's Academy campus in Kilmarnock, which now serves the entire Secondary Catholic population of East Ayrshire. In the early 21st century, a programme was initiated by central government to upgrade secondary schools throughout the country using a mixture of public and private money. St Joseph's was one of the schools selected for demolition and reconstruction, along with nearby Grange Academy . In 2008, the rebuilt St Joseph's was opened, including the new St Andrew's Primary – an amalgamation of the former feeder St Columba's and St Matthew's Primaries.

Another one of Kilmarnock's secondary schools, James Hamilton Academy is a non-denominational, co-educational, comprehensive school which means that it is open to all boys and girls who live in the area which the school serves. It is located in Sutherland Drive, Kilmarnock, (New Farm Loch), East Ayrshire. The P.E. Department consists of a Sports Hall, a Gym Hall and changing facilities. There are Technical Department, Science Labs, an I.T. Department, a Library, Maths and English Departments, Music facilities, Home Economics
Home Economics
facilities and a Social Subjects Department (Geography, History and Modern Studies). James Hamilton Academy, there is also a Primary School (New Farm Primary School), and a Nursery (New Farm Nursery) on campus. Willowbank School and St. Josephs Academy are two recent major investment projects from East Ayrshire to improve and upgrade Kilmarnock's schooling and educational provision in line with Scotland's new curriculum

In recent times, East Ayrshire Council have demolished some of the town's oldest schools, such as the Grange Academy along with St. Josepehs Academy, which have fallen into a state of disrepair and some of which have been hindered by falling pupil intakes. In September 2008, the new Grange Campus was completed and incorporated Grange Academy, Annanhill Primary, and Park School. The opening of the campus was delayed from August. The old Grange Academy and Annanhill Primary School buildings have been demolished.

EARLY CHILDHOOD CENTRES

* Cairns Early Childhood Centre * Dean Park Nursery * Flowerbank Early Childhood Centre * Gaelic Early Childhood Centre * Gargieston Early Childhood Centre * Hillbank Early Childhood Centre

* New Farm Early Childhood Centre * Onthank Early Childhood Centre * Riccarton Early Childhood Centre * Shortlees Early Childhood Centre * St Andrew's Early Childhood Centre

PRIMARY SCHOOLS

* Annanhill Primary School * Bellfield Primary School * Gargieston Primary School * Hillhead Primary School * Kirkstyle Primary School

* Loanhead Primary School * Mount Carmel Primary School * New Farm Primary School * Onthank Primary School * Shortlees Primary School * Silverwood Primary School * St Andrew's Primary School

SECONDARY SCHOOLS

* Kilmarnock Academy * Grange Academy * James Hamilton Academy * St Joseph\'s Academy

SPORTS

Further information: Kilmarnock F.C. , Ayrshire
Ayrshire
derby , and Rugby Park Rugby Park , home of Kilmarnock F.C.

The town is host to Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
F.C., a member of the Scottish Premiership and the oldest professional football club in Scotland. Their home ground is Rugby Park , the location of the stadium came about by the works of Ross Quigley, whom at the time was one of the first directors of the club. The etymology of the ground is that when founded, the club played both football and rugby. Rugby Park was one of the first football grounds in Scotland
Scotland
to have floodlights installed. In recent years the stadium has been modernised, firstly to bring it in line with the all-seating regulations, then rebuilt totally to make a new ground. It has also hosted international football matches and music concerts, most recently Elton John
Elton John
in June 2005. The club's foundation dates back to the very earliest days of organised football in Scotland, when a group of local cricketers looking for a sporting pursuit to occupy them outwith the cricket season formed a football club in 1869. Originally they played rugby rules, but the difficulty in organising fixtures and the growing influence of Queen\'s Park soon persuaded them to adopt the association code instead. These origins are reflected to this day by the name of the club's home ground – Rugby Park . Ayrshire Athletics Arena situated in Queens Drive. The facility was also used for training for Team Scotland
Scotland
during the 2014 Commonwealth Games .

Although not amongst the founder members of the Scottish Football Association in 1873, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
did join in time to compete in the inaugural Scottish Cup
Scottish Cup
tournament in 1873–74. Their 2–0 defeat against Renton in the first round on 18 October 1873 is thought to have been the first match ever played in the competition. Kilmarnock joined the Scottish League in 1895 and after winning consecutive Second Division titles were elected to the top flight for the first time in 1899 . The club's greatest success was in 1965 under the management of Willie Waddell . On the final day of the season, they travelled to face Hearts at Tynecastle requiring a victory by two goals to nil (due to the competition being decided by goal average at that period if teams were equal on points) to win the league at their opponents' expense. A 2–0 win saw Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
crowned Scottish League champions for the first, and to date only, time. This capped a period of strong consistency which had seen them occupy runners-up spot in four of the previous five seasons.

After a period of decline in the 1980s which saw the club relegated to the Second Division , Killie have returned to prominence, holding top division status since being promoted in 1993 and lifting the Scottish Cup
Scottish Cup
for the third time in 1997 after a 1–0 victory over Falkirk in the final. In March 2012, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
won the Scottish League Cup for the first time under the management of their manager Kenny Sheils , beating Celtic 1–0. Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
have qualified for European competitions on nine occasions, their best performance coming in the 1966–67 Fairs Cup when they progressed to the semi-finals, eventually being eliminated by Leeds United . The club have played in all three European competitions (European Cup , Cup Winners\' Cup and the UEFA Cup
UEFA Cup
).

There are two golf courses in the town, Annanhill Golf Course and Caprington Golf Course, which has both an 18-hole course and a 9-hole course. Both these courses are council owned and run by East Ayrshire Council . The local leisure complexes include the Galleon Centre: with a 25-metre swimming pool, baby pool, ice rink, squash courts, sauna, gym, games hall, bar area, bowling green and the New Northwest Centre (formerly the Hunter Centre) which contains a community gym and various local medical facilities. The new Ayrshire
Ayrshire
Athletics Centre was constructed in the Queens Drive area which includes a 400m running track outside of the main building.

CULTURE

Dean Castle
Dean Castle
, one of Scotland's oldest and an A-listed building

Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
boasts a large number of listed buildings. The Dick Institute , opened in April 1901, was severely damaged by fire only eight years after it opened. Some of the museums collections were lost in the fire. It reopened two years after the fire in 1911. The Dick Institute was used as an Auxiliary Hospital in 1917 during World War One. It is now shared by the Arts and Museums Service, and the Libraries, Registration and Information Service. The two Art Galleries and three Museum Galleries house permanent and temporary displays of Fine Art, Contemporary Art and Craft, Local and Industrial History and Natural Sciences. The Lending Library, Audio Library, Junior Library, Reference Library, and Learning Centre are all housed on the ground floor.

The first collection of work by Scottish poet Robert Burns
Robert Burns
, Poems, chiefly in Scots was published here in 1786. It was published at the current site of the Burn's Mall, dedicated to his work. This edition is known as the Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Edition or Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
volume. The ancestors of William Wallace held the Barony of Ricarton , where the suburb of Riccarton is now located, and, according to local tradition, Wallace was born at Ellerslie near Kilmarnock.

John Bowring , polyglot and fourth governor of Hong Kong, was Member of Parliament for Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
in 1835. In the castle of Kilmarnock, Dean Castle, there is an exhibition of armour and weapons, and the Van Raalte collection of musical instruments.

IN POPULAR CULTURE

Dick Institute , currently used as a library and museum. During World War I
World War I
, the building was used as a hospital for injured soldiers

Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
was voted the "UK's Friendliest Shopping Town" in 2006. In 2010, BBC Scotland
Scotland
filmed residents on the town's Onthank and Longpark area for the TV program The Scheme which broadcast in 2010 for two episodes so far, out of a planned four. The Scheme caused much controversy within residents of the community, who believed that the BBC only showed the "worst parts", leading to others believing that they were "pretty much the same". The series has been the subject of media criticism, with the series being labelled as "poverty porn " and described as giving a "misleading impression" of life on the estate. The final two episodes of the series were never broadcast due to legal issues. The programme makers denied allegations that their series exploited the residents of the estate.

Scottish singers The Proclaimers titled a song "The Joyful Kilmarnock Blues" on their first album, This Is the Story , released in 1987.

In The Railway Series
The Railway Series
, Dunde, Engine Number 6 of the Skarloey Railway was built by Andrew Barclay Sons "> Alexander Walker , creator of Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
Whisky

Below is a list of those who have either been born, lived in or have been associated with the town of Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
at some point of their life.

* Gilbert Adair ; writer * John Boyd Orr ; biologist, politician and Nobel Peace Prize -winner. * Des Browne ; former MP , UK defence minister and Scotland
Scotland
minister . * Joanne Calderwood ; strawweight mixed martial artist currently signed to the Ultimate Fighting Championship
Ultimate Fighting Championship
. * Willie Coffey ; local MSP . * Robert Colquhoun ; painter, printmaker and theatre set designer * William Cunninghame , 18th century merchant and Tobacco Lord . * Ian Deans ; Scottish-Canadian NDP politician representing Hamilton, Ontario. * Robert Dunsmuir ; coal miner and industrialist for the Hudson\'s Bay Company . * Charles Ewart ; cavalryman who famously captured a French regimental eagle at the Battle of Waterloo
Battle of Waterloo
* Alexander Fleming
Alexander Fleming
; (1881-1955), discoverer of penicillin and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
attended Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Academy. * Thomas Gardiner , California newspaperman. * William Hewitt ; Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland
Scotland
in 2009 * John Kelso Hunter ; 19th-century oil painter and author. * Ben and James Johnston, drummer and bassist of Scottish rock band Biffy Clyro

* Eleanor Kasrils ; first woman recruited into the African National Congress military wing. * Chris Kelso ; writer, illustrator, editor and journalist, born 1988. * David Lacy ; Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland
Scotland
and a local minister. * Robert Thomson Leiper , parasitologist and helminthologist * Rev Dr James Lindsay , theological author * Kirsty McCabe ; weather presenter and meteorologist BBC, ITV, Ch5 and Sky News. * Malky McCormick ; cartoonist. * Iain McDowall ; crime writer. * Margaret McDowall ; member of the Scottish swimming team and silver medal winner at the 1952 Helsinki Olympics . * Hugh McIlvanney ; sports journalist. * William McIlvanney ; writer, born 1936. * Lindsay McKenzie ; actress * Duncan Millar , recipient of the Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross

* Colin Mochrie
Colin Mochrie
; Scottish-Canadian comedian (of Whose Line is it Anyway? fame) born in Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
in 1957 * David Robertson ; played for Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
and Queen of the South before emigrating to New York where he played for the U.S. National team. * James Shaw ; Lord Mayor of London in 1805. * William and John Sloane; founders of W. former professional footballer and former SFA Chief Executive. * Major General Sir Robert Murdoch Smith (1835-1900), engineer, archaeologist and diplomat * Alexander Walker ; creator of Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
Scotch Whisky (1837-1889), Son of John "Johnnie" Walker. * John "Johnnie" Walker ; Originator of Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
Whisky, Grocer, and Father of Alexander Walker (1805-1857). * William Wallace ; One of the leaders of the Scottish War of Independence (d. 1305) * Kirsty Wark ; TV news and current affairs personality. * Patrick James McKay ( *29. Mai 1957) Karate-World champion.

TWIN TOWNS

Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
– as part of East Ayrshire Council – is twinned with five cites and has received awards from the Council of Europe
Council of Europe
for its work in twinning. Alès , France; Herstal
Herstal
, Belgium; Joué-lès-Tours , France; Kulmbach , Germany; and Santa Coloma de Gramenet , Spain.

The former Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
and Loudoun District Council is also twinned with Sukhum , Republic of Abkhazia, on the Black Sea
Black Sea
coast.

Following a review of links this link is now considered as a friendship link.

SEE ALSO

* Dudsday The old Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
hiring fair.

* Scotland
Scotland
portal

REFERENCES

* ^ "Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba - Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland
Scotland
- Database". gaelicplacenames.org. * ^ Brinkhoff (2007) * ^ General Register Office for Scotland
Scotland
- Settlements and Localities - Mid-2008. Gro-scotland.gov.uk. Retrieved on 16 July 2013. * ^ Department for Constitutional Affairs. Webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved on 16 July 2013. * ^ "Mid-2006 Population Estimates for Localities in Scotland". Archived from the original on 8 November 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2008. * ^ Smellie (1898). * ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20111015054231/http://www.electoralcalculus.co.uk/electdata_1983.txt * ^ Kilmarnock\'s Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
factory to shut. Kilmarnock Standard. Retrieved on 16 July 2013. * ^ "More than 20,000 take to streets to protest Johnnie Walker plant closure". The Daily Telegraph. London. 26 July 2009. * ^ Khan, Stephen (2 July 2009). " Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
is Johnnie Walker". The Guardian. London. * ^ Keep Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
in Kilmarnock. Scotland.gov.uk (15 July 2009). Retrieved on 2013-07-16. * ^ Archived 14 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ http://teleperformanceukcareers.co.uk/locations/spec-location/?/Kilmarnock * ^ https://food.list.co.uk/place/59171-food-partners-kilmarnock-ltd/ * ^ http://klinhomes.co.uk/contact * ^ https://www.wabtec.com/business-units/wabtec-rail-scotland * ^ https://www.utopiacomputers.co.uk/about * ^ https://www.utopiacomputers.co.uk/contact * ^ http://kilmarnockacademy.co.uk/famousindex.htm * ^ Cuthbertson, D. P. (2007). "Lord Boyd Orr (23 September 1880 to 25 June 1971)". British Journal of Nutrition. 27 (1): 1–5. PMID 4550999 . doi :10.1079/BJN19720063 . * ^ "Orr, John Boyd". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 2004. doi :10.1093/ref:odnb/31519 . * ^ Portraits of John Boyd Orr at the National Portrait Gallery, London * ^ jmathur_swayamprabha (26 September 2001). "Pyaar Ishq Aur Mohabbat (2001)". IMDb. * ^ "Manhunt (TV Series 2004– )". IMDb. * ^ McKay, Archibald (1858). The History of Kilmarnock. Kilmarnock. p. 1. Retrieved 7 January 2017. * ^ Chambers\'s Encyclopædia, Volume 6. London. 1890. p. 429. Retrieved 7 January 2017. * ^ Chamber, Robert (1885). Domestic Annals of Scotland. Edinburgh : W ">(PDF). Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
History. Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
District History Group. Retrieved 7 January 2017. * ^ " Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
John Finnie Street and Bank Street Conservation Area Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Plan". Docplayer. East Ayrhshire Council. Retrieved 7 January 2017. * ^ "Sandbed Street, Sandbed Bridge, Kilmarnock". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 7 January 2017. * ^ "Kilmarnock, 43 Titchfield Street, Headquarters 4th Battalion Of Scots Fusiliers". Canmore. Retrieved 18 June 2017. * ^ A B Members of Parliament - East Ayrshire Council. East-ayrshire.gov.uk (19 August 2011). Retrieved on 16 July 2013 * ^ " Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
& Loudoun". bbc.co.uk. * ^ Archived 14 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ East Ayrshire Council local elections - East Ayrshire Council. East-ayrshire.gov.uk. Retrieved on 16 July 2013. * ^ Archived 9 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ A B SNP and Tories form coalition. Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Standard. Retrieved on 16 July 2013. * ^ " Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
whisky to end 189-year link with Kilmarnock". The Guardian. London: Guardian. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2010. * ^ Press Association. " Diageo
Diageo
warn of further cuts as it prepares for jobs battle". * ^ " Diageo
Diageo
confirms Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
and Glasgow
Glasgow
plants will close Scotland
Scotland
STV News". News.stv.tv. 9 September 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2010. * ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-business-20371630 * ^ Andrew Barclay Sons & Co. history. Srpsmuseum.org.uk (30 June 2008). Retrieved on 2013-07-16. * ^ Archived 3 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Andrew Barclay Sons Russell, Michael (2007). Shirley McKie: The Price of Innocence. Berlinn. p. 5. Retrieved 7 January 2017. * ^ "ABC Cinema (Former), 24, Titchfield Street, Kilmarnock". Buildings at Risk Register for Scotland. Retrieved 7 January 2017. * ^ "Huge rise in Scots house prices". BBC News. 10 July 2004. Retrieved 1 May 2008. * ^ On 1 August, Ayr
Ayr
College, James Watt College (North Ayrshire) and Kilmarnock College
Kilmarnock College
merged to form Ayrshire
Ayrshire
College. http://www1.ayrshire.ac.uk/ * ^ "War Memorial". Retrieved 3 May 2011. * ^ K.A. famous former pupils - index and Neil Dickson profile. Kilmarnockacademy.co.uk. Retrieved on 16 July 2013. * ^ "Having been founded in 1869, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
can claim to be the second oldest surviving Association football
Association football
club in Scotland". Scotprem.com. Retrieved 14 May 2010. * ^ "1964–65 Scottish League Champions". killiefc.com. Retrieved 9 April 2010. * ^ Campbell, Andy. (18 March 2012) Celtic 0-1 Kilmarnock. BBC Sport. Retrieved on 16 July 2013. * ^ Archived 3 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Sir William Wallace". East Ayrshire Council. Retrieved 7 January 2017. * ^ "Welcome to Shop Kilmarnock". shopkilmarnock.co.uk. * ^ Graham, Jane (28 May 2010). "The Scheme: gritty TV or poverty porn?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 October 2015. * ^ A B "The Scheme: A brutal eye-opener or \'poverty porn\'?". The Scotsman. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2015. * ^ Debate over housing estate portrayal on \'The Scheme\', stv.tv, 19 May 2010 * ^ Producers of BBC series The Scheme hits back after MSP blasts show, Sunday Mail, 30 May 2010 * ^ https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=UH_EOUR4tmkC&pg=PT886&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q">\'\'Literary Encyclopedia\'\': William McIlvanney". Litencyc.com. 30 June 2002. Retrieved 22 February 2010. * ^ "Town Twinning". East Ayrshire Council. Archived from the original on 28 August 2008. Retrieved 16 September 2008. East Ayrshire is twinned with five European towns...In September 1980 Kilmarnock this was followed in August 1989 by the Plaque of Honour which is second only to the Europe Prize itself. Both are now kept within the council's offices in Kilmarnock. * ^ "TTA". Archived from the original on 5 May 2008. * ^ "Pro-Independence Scots Have A Friend - In Abkhazia". 17 September 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2015. * ^ "Members’ Services And Civic Ceremonial Sub-committee Of The Policy And Resources Committee - 7 September 2005" (PDF). East Ayrshire
Ayrshire
Council. Retrieved 11 May 2010.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Beattie, Frank (1994) Greetings from Kilmarnock, Ochiltree : R. Stenlake, ISBN 1-872074-41-3 * Beattie, Frank (2003) Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Memories, Sutton Publishing, ISBN 0-7509-3236-8 * Brinkhoff, T. (2007) City Population: Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Scotland, Online statistics (Retrieved 8 July 2007) * Malkin, John (1989) Pictorial History of Kilmarnock, Darvel : Alloway, ISBN 0-907526-42-X * Smellie, Thomas (1898) Sketches of Old Kilmarnock, Section II, limited edition of 250 copies, Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
: Dunlop ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

East Ayrshire

TOWNS AND VILLAGES

* Afton Bridgend * Auchinleck
Auchinleck
* Catrine * Chapeltoun * Corsehill * Craigmalloch * Cronberry * Cumnock * Dalmellington
Dalmellington
* Dalrymple * Darvel * Drongan * Dunlop * Fenwick * Galston * Gatehead * Glenbuck * Greenholm * Haugh * Hurlford * Kilmarnock * Kilmaurs
Kilmaurs
* Knockentiber * Lugton * Mauchline * Moscow * Muirkirk * Netherthird * New Cumnock * Newmilns * Ochiltree * Patna * Polnessan * Priestland * Rankinston * Riccarton * Sorn * Stair * Stewarton * Trabboch * Waterside

SECONDARY EDUCATION

* Kilmarnock Academy * Grange Academy * St Josephs Academy * Stewarton Academy * Auchinleck
Auchinleck
Academy * Cumnock Academy * Doon Academy * Loudoun Academy
Loudoun Academy

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT

* Alan Brown (SNP) * Corri Wilson (SNP)

PLACES OF INTEREST

* Aiket Castle * Dalmore House and Estate * Loch Doon * Loudoun Castle
Loudoun Castle
* Kilmaurs
Kilmaurs
Place * Rowallan Castle
Rowallan Castle
* Scottish Industrial Railway Centre * Sorn Castle * Stair House * Dean Castle
Dean Castle
* Tam O\' Shanter Hone Works, Dalmore * Robertland House

SEE ALSO

* Ayrshire
Ayrshire
* South Ayrshire
Ayrshire
* North Ayrshire
Ayrshire
* Kilmarnock volume * Johnnie Walker
Johnnie Walker
* Ayrshir

.