KILMARNOCK (Scottish Gaelic : Cille Mheàrnaig, "Meàrnag's church")
is a large burgh in
East Ayrshire ,
Scotland with a population of
46,350, making it the 15th most populated place in
the second largest town in
Ayrshire . The
River Irvine runs through
its eastern section, and the
Kilmarnock Water passes through it,
giving rise to the name 'Bank Street'. Politically,
Scottish Labour , however, recently, there has been a swing in
support to the
Scottish National Party . Since 2007, the town has been
represented in the
Scottish Parliament by
Willie Coffey and from 2015
Alan Brown who represents the town in Westminster, both SNP members
of their respective parliaments. Brown's victory in the 2015 general
election was the first time the
Kilmarnock and Loudoun constituency
had not voted to elect a Labour MP since it's creation .
The first collection of work by Scottish poet
Robert Burns , Poems,
chiefly in the Scottish dialect, was published in
Kilmarnock in 1786,
and became known as the
Kilmarnock volume . The internationally
distributed whisky brand
Johnnie Walker originated in the town in the
19th century and until 2012 was still bottled, packaged and distilled
in the town at the
Johnnie Walker Hill Street plant. Protest and
backing from the
Scottish Government took place in 2009, after Diageo
, the owner of
Johnnie Walker announced plans to close the bottling
plant in the town after 289 years. The economy of Kilmarnock
today is largely dependent on skill force knowledge, with companies
Vodafone (Teleperformance Call Centre) occupying a large part
of the Rowallan Business Park Centre which is also home to Food
Partners, a nationwide sandwich franchise. Local property
redevelopment and regeneration company, The KLIN Group occupies the
former Andrew Barclay Sons ">
Kilmarnock Cross in 1849.
Kilmarnock comes from the Gaelic cill (cell), and the name
of Saint Marnoch or Mernoc who is also remembered in the name of
Portmarnock in Ireland and
Inchmarnock . It may come from the three
Gaelic elements mo, 'my', Ernán (name of the saint) and the
diminutive ag, giving Church of My Little Ernán. According to
tradition, the saint founded a church there in the 7th century. There
are 12 Church of
Scotland congregations in the town, plus other
denominations. In 2005, the Reverend
David W. Lacy , minister of the
town's Henderson Church, was elected Moderator of the General Assembly
of the Church of
The core of the early town appears to have lain around what is now
Laigh Kirk, Kilmarnock (Low Church), although the oldest parts of
the current building are no earlier than the 17th century, extending
north and northwest. In 1668 the town was largely destroyed by an
accidental fire. About 120 families lost most of their possessions
and were forced to live destitute in the fields surrounding the town.
These tradespeople had no other way of making a living and had already
been driven to the edge of poverty by having troops stationed with
them as part of the anti-Covenanter measures. Parish churches
Scotland collected money for the relief of these homeless
A comparatively modest settlement until the
Industrial Revolution ,
Kilmarnock extended considerably from around 1800 onwards, requiring
the opening of King Street , Portland Street, and Wellington Street.
Added later was John Finnie Street, which is regarded as "one of the
finest Victorian planned streets in Scotland." The Sandbed Street
Bridge is the oldest known surviving bridge in the area.
The Titchfield Street drill hall was completed in 1914.
Alan Brown and
Willie Coffey , current Members of the UK
Scottish Parliament for
Kilmarnock, as part of the
Kilmarnock and Loudoun parliamentary
constituency, had long been considered a "safe seat" for the Scottish
Labour Party , having been represented by a Labour MP since the
establishment of the constituency in 1983. However, in the 2015
General Election, for the first time since 1983, the seat changed
hands from Labour to the
Scottish National Party with the election of
Alan Brown . The
Member of Parliament for the
Kilmarnock and Loudoun
constituency area in the
Westminster parliament is Kilmarnock-born
Alan Brown . Brown defeated Labour candidate
Cathy Jamieson with an
overwhelming majority with Brown receiving 30,000 votes with Jamieson
only receiving 16,363. The member of the
Scottish Parliament (MSP)
Willie Coffey .
Scottish Parliament , the town, as part of the
Irvine Valley constituency, is represented by
Willie Coffey who has
represented the seat since the 2007 Scottish Parliamentary elections.
Similar to the voting pattern shown at UK General Elections, in the
Scottish Parliament elections,
Kilmarnock had always been seen as a
safe seat for Labour with an MSP representing the area since the
parliament's re-establishments in 1999.
Kilmarnock is the home of the
East Ayrshire Council Chambers and
offices situated on the London Road, thus making
Kilmarnock the main
East Ayrshire .
In local council elections,
Kilmarnock comprises four wards:
Kilmarnock East and Hurlford,
Kilmarnock West and
The leader in
East Ayrshire is Douglas Reid of the SNP party, who has
been leader since 2007. The chief executive is Fiona Lees. Following
East Ayrshire Council election, 2012 , the SNP and the Scottish
Conservative parties formed a coalition government for East Ayrshire,
following the result of a hung council. At present, the Scottish
Labour party is the opposition in the
East Ayrshire parliament with
their leader, Maureen McKay.
Wabtec Rail , formerly Andrew Barclay Sons "> Johnnie Walker
production building on Hill Street, 2012. Johhnie Walker was created
in the town centre in the 1800s and until 2012 continued to be
bottled, distilled and blended in
Kilmarnock's traditional industries were based around textiles and
heavy engineering such as locomotives (Andrew Barclay and Sons ) from
1837, and valves (Glenfield and Kennedy), which are still in
production. The firm is now trading as Glenfield Valves.
Carpets manufactured in
Kilmarnock were internationally known for
their quality and intricacy since the late 19th century. Carpets were
made by Blackwood "> Carpet-making finally ceased in
Archibald Finnie and his family lived at Springhill House (now a
nursing home) near the Grange Academy . They owned many coal mines,
pits and other companies in Springside and other places. John Finnie
Street is named after one of the family. Shoes were also a major
product for some time: Saxone had a factory in the town on the site
where the Galleon Leisure Centre now stands.
Kilmarnock had one of the
earliest tram railways in the world, running to
Troon over the
Laigh Milton viaduct . The
Glasgow and South
Western Railway set up their works here, producing nearly 400
locomotives by the time it was absorbed by the London, Midland and
Scottish Railway in 1923. Some work continued, but heavy repairs were
sent to St. Rollox . Locomotive repairs finished in 1952, and the
works closed in 1959. Nevertheless, locomotives are still made by
Wabtec ), as well as the maintenance of existing
diesel and electric multiple units. From 1946 tractors were built in
Kilmarnock in a large Massey-Harris factory on the outskirts of the
town. It later became
Massey-Ferguson , and closed in 1978. Glenfield
and Kennedy still survives, albeit with a fraction of its former
workforce, which at its height numbered in the thousands.
Headquarters of the KLIN Group, allocated in the former Andrew Barclay
HQ, still showing the original Andrew Barclay signage
Kilmarnock is the original home of
Scotch whisky brand Johnnie Walker
which was originally known as Walker's
Kilmarnock Whisky when the
brand first started trading from the town in the mid-1800s. The
Johnnie Walker brand is a legacy left by John ‘Johnnie’ Walker
after he started to sell whisky in his grocer’s shop in Ayrshire,
Scotland. In 1908, when James Stevenson was the managing director,
there was a re-branding of sorts. The whisky was renamed from Walker's
Kilmarnock Whiskies to
Johnnie Walker Whisky. In addition, the slogan,
"Born 1820 – Still going Strong!" was created, along with the
Striding Man, a figure used in their advertisements to this day.
In 2009, to much public backlash as well as backlash from the
Scottish Government , First Minister of
Alex Salmond and
local MP and MSP
Cathy Jamieson and
Willie Coffey , the owner of
Diageo , decided to close the bottling plant,
originally by the end of 2011, ending the link between the whisky
brand and the town. In September 2009,
Diageo confirmed the plant
Kilmarnock would close, despite local protests. Production of
Johnnie Walker in
Kilmarnock ceased during March 2012, after 192
years. It is now made at a new
Diageo bottling plant in the eastern
Leven, Fife . Over the years,
been the home to other well-known companies, Andrew Barclay Sons & Co.
, and Saxone Shoes. Saxone Shoes was bought by the British Sears
group and became defunct when Sears sold it to Stylo . Andrew Barclay
University Hospital Crosshouse was constructed after the
demolishing of the
The textile and manufacturing sectors across
significant decline in the post-war period and in particular from the
1960s, in the face of greater foreign competition.
Kilmarnock was no
exception, with the closure or significant reduction of many of its
traditional large employers: Glenfield and Kennedy, Massey Ferguson,
BMK and Saxone. Although significant attempts have been made to halt
this decline and attract new employers,
Kilmarnock saw a continuing
net loss of jobs in the five years to 2005. Although traditionally a
main shopping area for most of the surrounding districts, patterns
have changed over the last 20 years; traditional centres such as Ayr
have been joined by new developments at
East Kilbride .
This difficult economic climate is most visible in the town centre,
the eastern part of which has been extensively redeveloped, with
important historic buildings such as King Street Church and the town
hall being demolished and Duke Street (the link from
to the Palace Theatre and out to the London Road) built over.
More recently Portland Street, which formed the northerly part of the
main shopping area, lay abandoned for many years due to a decline in
retail trade and in the face of possible comprehensive redevelopment.
The street has now been redeveloped, but has not yet regained its
former degree of popularity, with a Gala Bingo and a J D Wetherspoon
's taking up much of one side of the street and the rest largely
occupied by chain stores. In 2004, the Rough Guide to Scotland
described the town as "shabby and depressed, saddled with some
terrible shopping centres and a grim one-way system". The town,
however, contains several parks such as Howard Park, Dean Park and Kay
Park, and residential areas including London Road, Dundonald Road,
McLelland Drive and Howard Park Drive. The town also boasts a
collection of gift shops, cafes, bars and restaurants within the very
desirable Bank Street area. There are retail parks at Queen's Drive
and Glencairn Square. The former
Johnnie Walker bond warehouse
has been upgraded and is now home to
East Ayrshire Council's Social
According to the local press in November 2007, the new SNP council
have drawn up a Top Ten Hit List on 'eyesore' buildings in the town
and their owners, and have revealed plans to crack down hard on
property owners who have left their buildings fall into disrepair.
Action is being taken to do something with each of these sites. Many
of the buildings in disrepair are irreplaceable listed buildings such
as the former ABC cinema (previously the King's Theatre) on Titchfield
Street. Plans to improve the derelict building at the top of John
Finnie Street that was destroyed by a fire in the late 1980s have been
submitted to include a council office retaining the original façade.
Work is estimated to be completed in 2012. A four-star hotel recently
opened next to
Rugby Park , the home of
Kilmarnock F.C. , and new
restaurants, such as Merchants and the Jefferson Restaurant, have
opened in the town centre.
Regeneration activities have been discussed for
centre; in early 2006, an application to Historic
Conservation Area Regeneration Scheme was successful, and in July 2006
an application under the
Heritage Lottery Fund 's Townscape Heritage
Initiative Scheme was pending. Work has finished on a quality housing
development on the site of the former
Kilmarnock Infirmary , north of
the town centre. In the past there have been major efforts to improve
the quality of life for residents in the town's worst housing estates,
especially in parts of Shortlees, Longpark and Onthank. Much new
quality housing has been constructed on the northern fringes of the
town for commuters. With a journey time of 20 minutes from Kilmarnock
Glasgow (roughly half that of the existing train service), the M77
motorway , an upgrade in 2005 of the A77, has transformed the journey
Glasgow and Kilmarnock. Recent house price increases have
Kilmarnock railway station Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock railway station and its tower,
showing the upgraded station clock
In 1812, the
Troon Railway opened, mainly to carry
coal from the area to the harbour at Troon, but also carrying
passengers. In 1904,
Kilmarnock built its own tramway system, the
Kilmarnock Corporation Tramways . An electric power station was built
on the south bank of the
River Irvine at Riccarton. Overhead power
lines and tram lines were laid. With continued upgrading and
expansion, the tram network at its peak went from
Ayr Road in
Riccarton at its southerly point, to Knockinlaw Road in Beansburn in
Kilmarnock Cross, the line had an easterly spur that stretched
along London Road, through Crookedholm and terminating at
There had been proposed extensions along Portland Road, up John Finnie
Street, West Langlands Street and eventually towards Crosshouse, but
by this time, increasing costs and the far more flexible motor bus had
made inroads and the trams ceased operation in 1926 during the General
Strike . The council decided not to restart the service and the
infrastructure was soon dismantled. Today the town is served by
Kilmarnock railway station , which operates services from the town to
all major locations in
Scotland connecting with
Stranraer for the
ferries to the
Port of Belfast as well as Larne Harbour in Northern
Ireland and as far as Carlisle and Newcastle in England.
A recent development has been the regeneration of
Station under the umbrella of the
Kilmarnock Railway Station Heritage
Trust. Additions to the station facilities include a gift shop, coffee
shop and an Active Travel HUB where members of the public can access
advice on travelling more sustainability. The HUB also offers a wide
range of led walks and cycle rides to members of the public and
Kilmarnock has excellent road links to
Glasgow with the M77 motorway
now completed from Fenwick to its junction with the M8 at the Kingston
Bridge. A new south side motorway connects this point to the M74 near
Calderpark when the latest phase of development is complete,
eliminating some of the heavy traffic formerly travelling on the A71
through Hurlford, Galston, Newmilns,
Darvel and Strathaven to join the
M74 at Stonehouse.
Stagecoach Group is the main transport provider in
the town; it operates bus services to most major towns in the west of
Kilmarnock lies on the intersection of 3 main roads: the A71 which
Edinburgh to Irvine , the A76 from
Dumfries , and the
Stranraer to Glasgow, showing the significance of its
location as an early market town.
EDUCATION AND LEARNING
Further information: Education in
is responsible for educating two Nobel Prize winners. It is the only
Scotland to have done so.
Kilmarnock has one college, thirteen primary schools, four secondary
schools and eleven nursery schools. There is also a college in the
Ayrshire College previously known as
Kilmarnock College and
prior to that
Kilmarnock Technical College. The schools are managed by
East Ayrshire Council.
The town's oldest secondary school
Kilmarnock Academy dates back to
the 1600s. The school in its present-day serves as a comprehensive
school , which of three in Kilmarnock. It can trace its history back
to the local burgh school founded in the 1630s and the first school to
bear the name was established in 1807. Next to the school is the "Old
Kilmarnock Technical School, which opened in 1910 as
part of the Academy. It is also listed, but is no longer part of the
school; it was closed in 1997 due to a reduction in student numbers,
caused by a restructuring of educational resources in the area. The
building remained closed, and reopened in 2006 as luxury housing, due
to its prime location directly next to the
Dick Institute , the town's
primary library and museum, and the centre of town. In the art
department at the school, there is a war memorial in memory of those
who lost their lives in World War 1.
Kilmarnock Academy is one of the
few schools in the world to have educated two Nobel laureates :
Alexander Fleming and John Boyd Orr (although only for four months,
whereas his primary and secondary school career was at West Kilbride
Public School). Hillhead Primary School, located in the Kilmaurs
Road area of
St Joseph's Academy was founded in 1955 in its present location,
built on what were the outskirts of
Kilmarnock at the time. The
adjacent New Farm Loch estate eventually grew and enveloped the
school. The school comprised an extended single building, housing most
of the subjects taught within. Due to a lack of space, an additional
building, commonly referred to as 'A' Block, was erected in the 1970s.
As the school was constructed on what was essentially fields, the St
Joseph's campus included a large playing field, comprising a red blaes
hockey pitch, running tracks, and space for 4 grass football pitches.
St. Conval's High School was later annexed to St. Joseph's in October
1998 and became known as St. Joseph's Cumnock. In 2004 St. Joseph's
Cumnock Campus was closed due to falling attendance figures, and the
town's Catholic children now attend the new St. Joseph's Academy
campus in Kilmarnock, which now serves the entire Secondary Catholic
population of East Ayrshire. In the early 21st century, a programme
was initiated by central government to upgrade secondary schools
throughout the country using a mixture of public and private money. St
Joseph's was one of the schools selected for demolition and
reconstruction, along with nearby Grange Academy . In 2008, the
rebuilt St Joseph's was opened, including the new St Andrew's Primary
– an amalgamation of the former feeder St Columba's and St Matthew's
Another one of Kilmarnock's secondary schools, James Hamilton Academy
is a non-denominational, co-educational, comprehensive school which
means that it is open to all boys and girls who live in the area which
the school serves. It is located in Sutherland Drive, Kilmarnock, (New
Farm Loch), East Ayrshire. The P.E. Department consists of a Sports
Hall, a Gym Hall and changing facilities. There are Technical
Department, Science Labs, an I.T. Department, a Library, Maths and
English Departments, Music facilities,
Home Economics facilities and a
Social Subjects Department (Geography, History and Modern Studies).
James Hamilton Academy, there is also a Primary School (New Farm
Primary School), and a Nursery (New Farm Nursery) on campus.
Willowbank School and St. Josephs Academy are two recent major
investment projects from
East Ayrshire to improve and upgrade
Kilmarnock's schooling and educational provision in line with
Scotland's new curriculum
In recent times,
East Ayrshire Council have demolished some of the
town's oldest schools, such as the Grange Academy along with St.
Josepehs Academy, which have fallen into a state of disrepair and some
of which have been hindered by falling pupil intakes. In September
2008, the new Grange Campus was completed and incorporated Grange
Academy, Annanhill Primary, and Park School. The opening of the campus
was delayed from August. The old Grange Academy and Annanhill Primary
School buildings have been demolished.
EARLY CHILDHOOD CENTRES
* Cairns Early Childhood Centre
* Dean Park Nursery
* Flowerbank Early Childhood Centre
* Gaelic Early Childhood Centre
* Gargieston Early Childhood Centre
* Hillbank Early Childhood Centre
* New Farm Early Childhood Centre
* Onthank Early Childhood Centre
* Riccarton Early Childhood Centre
* Shortlees Early Childhood Centre
* St Andrew's Early Childhood Centre
* Annanhill Primary School
* Bellfield Primary School
* Gargieston Primary School
* Hillhead Primary School
* Kirkstyle Primary School
* Loanhead Primary School
* Mount Carmel Primary School
* New Farm Primary School
* Onthank Primary School
* Shortlees Primary School
* Silverwood Primary School
* St Andrew's Primary School
* Grange Academy
James Hamilton Academy
* St Joseph\'s Academy
Kilmarnock F.C. ,
Ayrshire derby , and Rugby
Rugby Park , home of
The town is host to
Kilmarnock F.C., a member of the Scottish
Premiership and the oldest professional football club in Scotland.
Their home ground is
Rugby Park , the location of the stadium came
about by the works of Ross Quigley, whom at the time was one of the
first directors of the club. The etymology of the ground is that when
founded, the club played both football and rugby.
Rugby Park was one
of the first football grounds in
Scotland to have floodlights
installed. In recent years the stadium has been modernised, firstly to
bring it in line with the all-seating regulations, then rebuilt
totally to make a new ground. It has also hosted international
football matches and music concerts, most recently
Elton John in June
2005. The club's foundation dates back to the very earliest days of
organised football in Scotland, when a group of local cricketers
looking for a sporting pursuit to occupy them outwith the cricket
season formed a football club in 1869. Originally they played rugby
rules, but the difficulty in organising fixtures and the growing
influence of Queen\'s Park soon persuaded them to adopt the
association code instead. These origins are reflected to this day by
the name of the club's home ground –
Rugby Park . Ayrshire
Athletics Arena situated in Queens Drive. The facility was also used
for training for Team
Scotland during the
2014 Commonwealth Games .
Although not amongst the founder members of the Scottish Football
Association in 1873,
Kilmarnock did join in time to compete in the
Scottish Cup tournament in 1873–74. Their 2–0 defeat
against Renton in the first round on 18 October 1873 is thought to
have been the first match ever played in the competition. Kilmarnock
joined the Scottish League in 1895 and after winning consecutive
Second Division titles were elected to the top flight for the first
time in 1899 . The club's greatest success was in 1965 under the
Willie Waddell . On the final day of the season, they
travelled to face Hearts at Tynecastle requiring a victory by two
goals to nil (due to the competition being decided by goal average at
that period if teams were equal on points) to win the league at their
opponents' expense. A 2–0 win saw
Kilmarnock crowned Scottish League
champions for the first, and to date only, time. This capped a period
of strong consistency which had seen them occupy runners-up spot in
four of the previous five seasons.
After a period of decline in the 1980s which saw the club relegated
to the Second Division , Killie have returned to prominence, holding
top division status since being promoted in 1993 and lifting the
Scottish Cup for the third time in 1997 after a 1–0 victory over
Falkirk in the final. In March 2012,
Kilmarnock won the Scottish
League Cup for the first time under the management of their manager
Kenny Sheils , beating Celtic 1–0.
Kilmarnock have qualified for
European competitions on nine occasions, their best performance coming
in the 1966–67 Fairs Cup when they progressed to the semi-finals,
eventually being eliminated by Leeds United . The club have played in
all three European competitions (European Cup , Cup Winners\' Cup and
UEFA Cup ).
There are two golf courses in the town, Annanhill Golf Course and
Caprington Golf Course, which has both an 18-hole course and a 9-hole
course. Both these courses are council owned and run by East Ayrshire
Council . The local leisure complexes include the Galleon Centre: with
a 25-metre swimming pool, baby pool, ice rink, squash courts, sauna,
gym, games hall, bar area, bowling green and the New Northwest Centre
(formerly the Hunter Centre) which contains a community gym and
various local medical facilities. The new
Ayrshire Athletics Centre
was constructed in the Queens Drive area which includes a 400m running
track outside of the main building.
Dean Castle , one of Scotland's oldest and an A-listed building
Kilmarnock boasts a large number of listed buildings. The Dick
Institute , opened in April 1901, was severely damaged by fire only
eight years after it opened. Some of the museums collections were lost
in the fire. It reopened two years after the fire in 1911. The Dick
Institute was used as an Auxiliary Hospital in 1917 during World War
One. It is now shared by the Arts and Museums Service, and the
Libraries, Registration and Information Service. The two Art Galleries
and three Museum Galleries house permanent and temporary displays of
Fine Art, Contemporary Art and Craft, Local and Industrial History and
Natural Sciences. The Lending Library, Audio Library, Junior Library,
Reference Library, and Learning Centre are all housed on the ground
The first collection of work by Scottish poet
Robert Burns , Poems,
chiefly in Scots was published here in 1786. It was published at the
current site of the Burn's Mall, dedicated to his work. This edition
is known as the
Kilmarnock Edition or
Kilmarnock volume. The ancestors
William Wallace held the Barony of Ricarton , where the suburb of
Riccarton is now located, and, according to local tradition, Wallace
was born at Ellerslie near Kilmarnock.
John Bowring , polyglot and fourth governor of Hong Kong, was Member
of Parliament for
Kilmarnock in 1835. In the castle of Kilmarnock,
Dean Castle, there is an exhibition of armour and weapons, and the Van
Raalte collection of musical instruments.
IN POPULAR CULTURE
Dick Institute , currently used as a library and museum. During
World War I
World War I , the building was used as a hospital for injured soldiers
Kilmarnock was voted the "UK's Friendliest Shopping Town" in 2006.
In 2010, BBC
Scotland filmed residents on the town's Onthank and
Longpark area for the TV program The Scheme which broadcast in 2010
for two episodes so far, out of a planned four. The Scheme caused much
controversy within residents of the community, who believed that the
BBC only showed the "worst parts", leading to others believing that
they were "pretty much the same". The series has been the subject of
media criticism, with the series being labelled as "poverty porn "
and described as giving a "misleading impression" of life on the
estate. The final two episodes of the series were never broadcast due
to legal issues. The programme makers denied allegations that their
series exploited the residents of the estate.
Scottish singers The Proclaimers titled a song "The Joyful Kilmarnock
Blues" on their first album,
This Is the Story , released in 1987.
The Railway Series
The Railway Series , Dunde, Engine Number 6 of the Skarloey
Railway was built by Andrew Barclay Sons "> Alexander Walker ,
Johnnie Walker Whisky
Below is a list of those who have either been born, lived in or have
been associated with the town of
Kilmarnock at some point of their
Gilbert Adair ; writer
* John Boyd Orr ; biologist, politician and Nobel Peace Prize
Des Browne ; former MP , UK defence minister and
Joanne Calderwood ; strawweight mixed martial artist currently
signed to the
Ultimate Fighting Championship
Ultimate Fighting Championship .
Willie Coffey ; local MSP .
Robert Colquhoun ; painter, printmaker and theatre set designer
William Cunninghame , 18th century merchant and Tobacco Lord .
Ian Deans ; Scottish-Canadian NDP politician representing
Robert Dunsmuir ; coal miner and industrialist for the Hudson\'s
Bay Company .
Charles Ewart ; cavalryman who famously captured a French
regimental eagle at the
Battle of Waterloo
Battle of Waterloo
Alexander Fleming ; (1881-1955), discoverer of penicillin and
winner of the
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine attended
* Thomas Gardiner , California newspaperman.
* William Hewitt ; Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church
Scotland in 2009
John Kelso Hunter ; 19th-century oil painter and author.
* Ben and James Johnston, drummer and bassist of Scottish rock band
Eleanor Kasrils ; first woman recruited into the African National
Congress military wing.
Chris Kelso ; writer, illustrator, editor and journalist, born
David Lacy ; Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of
Scotland and a local minister.
Robert Thomson Leiper , parasitologist and helminthologist
* Rev Dr James Lindsay , theological author
Kirsty McCabe ; weather presenter and meteorologist BBC, ITV, Ch5
and Sky News.
Malky McCormick ; cartoonist.
Iain McDowall ; crime writer.
Margaret McDowall ; member of the Scottish swimming team and
silver medal winner at the
1952 Helsinki Olympics .
Hugh McIlvanney ; sports journalist.
William McIlvanney ; writer, born 1936.
Lindsay McKenzie ; actress
Duncan Millar , recipient of the
Colin Mochrie ; Scottish-Canadian comedian (of Whose Line is it
Anyway? fame) born in
Kilmarnock in 1957
* David Robertson ; played for
Kilmarnock and Queen of the South
before emigrating to New York where he played for the U.S. National
* James Shaw ; Lord Mayor of London in 1805.
* William and John Sloane; founders of W. former professional
footballer and former SFA Chief Executive.
* Major General Sir
Robert Murdoch Smith (1835-1900), engineer,
archaeologist and diplomat
* Alexander Walker ; creator of
Johnnie Walker Scotch Whisky
(1837-1889), Son of John "Johnnie" Walker.
* John "Johnnie" Walker ; Originator of
Johnnie Walker Whisky,
Grocer, and Father of Alexander Walker (1805-1857).
William Wallace ; One of the leaders of the Scottish War of
Independence (d. 1305)
Kirsty Wark ; TV news and current affairs personality.
* Patrick James McKay ( *29. Mai 1957) Karate-World champion.
Kilmarnock – as part of
East Ayrshire Council – is twinned with
five cites and has received awards from the
Council of Europe
Council of Europe for its
work in twinning.
Alès , France;
Herstal , Belgium;
Joué-lès-Tours , France;
Kulmbach , Germany; and Santa Coloma de
Gramenet , Spain.
Kilmarnock and Loudoun District Council is also twinned
Sukhum , Republic of Abkhazia, on the
Black Sea coast.
Following a review of links this link is now considered as a
Dudsday The old
Kilmarnock hiring fair.
* ^ "Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba - Gaelic Place-Names of
* ^ Brinkhoff (2007)
* ^ General Register Office for
Scotland - Settlements and
Localities - Mid-2008. Gro-scotland.gov.uk. Retrieved on 16 July 2013.
* ^ Department for Constitutional Affairs.
Webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved on 16 July 2013.
* ^ "Mid-2006 Population Estimates for Localities in Scotland".
Archived from the original on 8 November 2008. Retrieved 1 October
* ^ Smellie (1898).
* ^ Kilmarnock\'s
Johnnie Walker factory to shut. Kilmarnock
Standard. Retrieved on 16 July 2013.
* ^ "More than 20,000 take to streets to protest Johnnie Walker
plant closure". The Daily Telegraph. London. 26 July 2009.
* ^ Khan, Stephen (2 July 2009). "
Kilmarnock is Johnnie Walker".
The Guardian. London.
* ^ Keep
Johnnie Walker in Kilmarnock. Scotland.gov.uk (15 July
2009). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
* ^ Archived 14 March 2012 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ http://klinhomes.co.uk/contact
* ^ https://www.wabtec.com/business-units/wabtec-rail-scotland
* ^ https://www.utopiacomputers.co.uk/about
* ^ https://www.utopiacomputers.co.uk/contact
* ^ http://kilmarnockacademy.co.uk/famousindex.htm
* ^ Cuthbertson, D. P. (2007). "Lord Boyd Orr (23 September 1880 to
25 June 1971)". British Journal of Nutrition. 27 (1): 1–5. PMID
4550999 . doi :10.1079/BJN19720063 .
* ^ "Orr, John Boyd". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
2004. doi :10.1093/ref:odnb/31519 .
* ^ Portraits of John Boyd Orr at the National Portrait Gallery,
* ^ jmathur_swayamprabha (26 September 2001). "Pyaar Ishq Aur
Mohabbat (2001)". IMDb.
* ^ "Manhunt (TV Series 2004– )". IMDb.
* ^ McKay, Archibald (1858). The History of Kilmarnock. Kilmarnock.
p. 1. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
* ^ Chambers\'s Encyclopædia, Volume 6. London. 1890. p. 429.
Retrieved 7 January 2017.
* ^ Chamber, Robert (1885). Domestic Annals of Scotland. Edinburgh
: W ">(PDF).
Kilmarnock District History Group.
Retrieved 7 January 2017.
* ^ "
Kilmarnock John Finnie Street and Bank Street Conservation
Area Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Plan". Docplayer. East
Ayrhshire Council. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
* ^ "Sandbed Street, Sandbed Bridge, Kilmarnock". British Listed
Buildings. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
* ^ "Kilmarnock, 43 Titchfield Street, Headquarters 4th Battalion
Of Scots Fusiliers". Canmore. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
* ^ A B Members of Parliament -
East Ayrshire Council.
East-ayrshire.gov.uk (19 August 2011). Retrieved on 16 July 2013
* ^ "
Kilmarnock & Loudoun". bbc.co.uk.
* ^ Archived 14 July 2007 at the
Wayback Machine .
East Ayrshire Council local elections -
East Ayrshire Council.
East-ayrshire.gov.uk. Retrieved on 16 July 2013.
* ^ Archived 9 November 2011 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ A B SNP and Tories form coalition.
Retrieved on 16 July 2013.
* ^ "
Johnnie Walker whisky to end 189-year link with Kilmarnock".
The Guardian. London: Guardian. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 22 February
* ^ Press Association. "
Diageo warn of further cuts as it prepares
for jobs battle".
* ^ "
Glasgow plants will close
Scotland STV News". News.stv.tv. 9 September 2009. Retrieved 22
Andrew Barclay Sons & Co. history. Srpsmuseum.org.uk (30 June
2008). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
* ^ Archived 3 January 2012 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ Andrew Barclay Sons Russell, Michael (2007). Shirley McKie: The
Price of Innocence. Berlinn. p. 5. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
* ^ "ABC Cinema (Former), 24, Titchfield Street, Kilmarnock".
Buildings at Risk Register for Scotland. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
* ^ "Huge rise in Scots house prices". BBC News. 10 July 2004.
Retrieved 1 May 2008.
* ^ On 1 August,
Ayr College, James Watt College (North Ayrshire)
Kilmarnock College merged to form
* ^ "War Memorial". Retrieved 3 May 2011.
* ^ K.A. famous former pupils - index and Neil Dickson profile.
Kilmarnockacademy.co.uk. Retrieved on 16 July 2013.
* ^ "Having been founded in 1869,
Kilmarnock can claim to be the
second oldest surviving
Association football club in Scotland".
Scotprem.com. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
* ^ "1964–65 Scottish League Champions". killiefc.com. Retrieved
9 April 2010.
* ^ Campbell, Andy. (18 March 2012) Celtic 0-1 Kilmarnock. BBC
Sport. Retrieved on 16 July 2013.
* ^ Archived 3 November 2011 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ "Sir William Wallace".
East Ayrshire Council. Retrieved 7
* ^ "Welcome to Shop Kilmarnock". shopkilmarnock.co.uk.
* ^ Graham, Jane (28 May 2010). "The Scheme: gritty TV or poverty
porn?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
* ^ A B "The Scheme: A brutal eye-opener or \'poverty porn\'?". The
Scotsman. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
* ^ Debate over housing estate portrayal on \'The Scheme\', stv.tv,
19 May 2010
* ^ Producers of BBC series The Scheme hits back after MSP blasts
show, Sunday Mail, 30 May 2010
Encyclopedia\'\': William McIlvanney". Litencyc.com. 30 June 2002.
Retrieved 22 February 2010.
* ^ "Town Twinning".
East Ayrshire Council. Archived from the
original on 28 August 2008. Retrieved 16 September 2008. East Ayrshire
is twinned with five European towns...In September 1980 Kilmarnock
this was followed in August 1989 by the Plaque of Honour which is
second only to the Europe Prize itself. Both are now kept within the
council's offices in Kilmarnock.
* ^ "TTA". Archived from the original on 5 May 2008.
* ^ "Pro-Independence Scots Have A Friend - In Abkhazia". 17
September 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
* ^ "Members’ Services And Civic Ceremonial Sub-committee Of The
Policy And Resources Committee - 7 September 2005" (PDF). East
Ayrshire Council. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
* Beattie, Frank (1994) Greetings from Kilmarnock,
Ochiltree : R.
Stenlake, ISBN 1-872074-41-3
* Beattie, Frank (2003)
Kilmarnock Memories, Sutton Publishing, ISBN
* Brinkhoff, T. (2007) City Population: Great Britain and Northern
Ireland: Scotland, Online statistics (Retrieved 8 July 2007)
* Malkin, John (1989) Pictorial History of Kilmarnock,
Alloway, ISBN 0-907526-42-X
* Smellie, Thomas (1898) Sketches of Old Kilmarnock, Section II,
limited edition of 250 copies,
Kilmarnock : Dunlop ;background:none
TOWNS AND VILLAGES
* Grange Academy
* St Josephs Academy
* Doon Academy
MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT
Alan Brown (SNP)
Corri Wilson (SNP)
PLACES OF INTEREST
* Aiket Castle
Dalmore House and Estate
Scottish Industrial Railway Centre
* Tam O\' Shanter Hone Works, Dalmore
* Robertland House