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The Info List - Kilimanjaro National Park


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Kilimanjaro National Park
Kilimanjaro National Park
is a Tanzanian national park, located 300 kilometres (190 mi) south of the equator[1] and in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. The park is located near the city of Moshi.[3] The park includes the whole of Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
above the tree line and the surrounding montane forest belt above 1,820 metres (5,970 ft).[1][3] It covers an area of 1,688 square kilometres (652 sq mi), 2°50'–3°10'S latitude, 37°10'–37°40'E longitude.[1] The park is administered by the Tanzania
Tanzania
National Parks Authority (TANAPA).[4] The park generated US $51 million in revenue in 2013,[5]:285 the second-most of any Tanzanian national park,[6]:258 and was one of only two Tanzanian national parks to generate a surplus during the 2012-13 budget year.[7] (The Ngorongoro Conservation Area, which includes the heavily visited Ngorongoro Crater, is not a national park.) The fees for park usage and for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
during the 2015-16 budget year are published on the Internet. TNPA has reported that the park recorded 58,460 tourists during the 2012-13 budget year, of whom 54,584 were foreigners.[7] Of the park's 57,456 tourists during the 2011-12 budget year, 16,425 hiked the mountain, which was well below the capacity of 28,470 as specified in the park's General Management Plan.[8]

Contents

1 History 2 Fauna 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] In the early twentieth century, Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
and the adjacent forests were declared a game reserve by the German colonial government.[3] In 1921, it was designated a forest reserve.[3] In 1973, the mountain above the tree line (about 2,700 metres (8,900 ft)) was reclassified as a national park.[1] The park was declared a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in 1987.[3] In 2005, the park was expanded to include the entire montane forest, which had been part of the Kilimanjaro Forest Reserve.[1][3] Fauna[edit] A variety of animals can be found in the park. Above the timberline, the Kilimanjaro tree hyrax, the grey duiker, and rodents are frequently encountered.[3] The bushbuck and red duiker appear above the timberline in places.[3] Cape buffaloes are found in the montane forest and occasionally in the moorland and grassland.[3] Elephants can be found between the Namwai and Tarakia rivers and sometimes occur at higher elevations.[3] In the montane forests, blue monkeys, western black and white colobuses, bushbabies, and leopards can be found.[3] See also[edit]

List of protected areas of Tanzania Marangu Chaga people

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f Kilimanjaro National Park
Kilimanjaro National Park
World Heritage Site, Tanzania National Parks ^ "Wings of Kili: Paragliding from Arica's highest peak". Daily News (Tanzania). Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Kilimanjaro National Park, World Heritage Center, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ^ Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
National Park, Tanzania
Tanzania
National Parks Authority Archived 2012-09-23 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Ghazali Musa; James Higham; Anna Thompson-Carr, eds. (5 June 2015). Mountaineering Tourism. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-66874-9.  ^ Ian Christie; Eneida Fernandes; Hannah Messerli; Louise Twining-Ward (2014). Tourism in Africa: Harnessing Tourism for Growth and Improved Livelihoods. World Bank Publications. ISBN 9781464801976.  ^ a b Park arrivals highlights, Tourism Performance, Corporate Information, Tanzania
Tanzania
National Parks, accessed 9 November 2015 Archived 20 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "PRESS STATEMENT: NUMBER OF MOUNT KILIMANJARO CLIMBERS NOT A THREAT", Tanzania
Tanzania
National Parks, 5 March 2014, accessed 31 July 2015 Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine.

v t e

World Heritage Sites in Tanzania

Kilimanjaro National Park Kondoa Irangi Rock Paintings Ngorongoro Conservation Area Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani
Kilwa Kisiwani
and Songo Mnara Selous Game Reserve Serengeti National Park Stone Town
Stone Town
of Zanzibar

v t e

National Parks of Tanzania

National Parks

Arusha Gombe Stream Jozani Chwaka Bay Katavi Kilimanjaro Kitulo Lake Manyara Mahale Mountains Mikumi Mkomazi Ruaha Rubondo Island Saadani Saanane Island Serengeti Tarangire Udzungwa Mountains

Reserves

Amani Biharamulo Grumeti Mpanga-Kipengere Ngorongoro Selous Uwanda

Marine Parks and Reserves

Dar es Salaam:

Bongoyo Mbudya Pangavini Fungu Yasini

Mafia Island Maziwe Island Mnazi Bay-Ruvuma Estuary

Organizations

Tanzania
Tanzania
National Parks Authority (TANAPA) Marine Parks and Reserves Unit (MPRU) Tanzania
Tanzania
Wildlife Division Ngorongoro Cons

.