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Igor Sikorsky Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) ( uk, Міжнародний аеропорт «Київ» імені Ігоря Сікорського (Жуляни)) is one of the two passenger
airport An airport is an with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to park and maintain aircraft, and a . An airport consists of a , which comprises an aerially accessible open space including a ...

airport
s of the
Ukrainian Ukrainian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Ukraine * Something relating to Ukrainians an East Slavic people from Eastern Europe * Something relating to Demographics of Ukraine, in terms of demography: population of Ukraine * Somethi ...

Ukrainian
capital
Kyiv Kyiv ( uk, Київ) or Kiev . is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also share ...
, the other being
Boryspil International Airport Boryspil International Airport ( uk, Міжнародний аеропорт «Бориспіль») is an international airport in Boryspil, east of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. It is the country's largest airport, serving 65% of its passen ...
. It is owned by the municipality of Kyiv and located in the
Zhuliany Zhuliany ( uk , Жуляни) is a neighbourhood in the south-west of Kyiv Kyiv ( uk, Київ) or Kiev . is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine. It is in north-central Ukraine along the Dnieper River. Its population in July 201 ...

Zhuliany
neighbourhood, about southwest of the city centre. Aside from facilitating regular passenger flights, Kyiv International Airport is also the main
business aviation Business aircraft are those used by companies and corporations to enable the movement of people or goods related to the needs of the business. Most business aircraft are general aviation General aviation (GA) represents all civil aviation " ...
airport in Ukraine, and one of the busiest business aviation hubs in Europe.


History


Early years

The airport began in 1923 as a military airfield co-used by the Ukrpovitroshlyakh (Ukrainian Society of Air Communications), Ukraine's earliest civil aviation company, which in 1934 was integrated into
Aeroflot PJSC AeroflotRussian Airlines (russian: ПАО "Аэрофло́т — Росси́йские авиали́нии", ), commonly known as Aeroflot ( or ; russian: Аэрофлот, , ), is the flag carrier and largest airline of the Russian Feder ...

Aeroflot
as the latter's regional administration. The airport terminal was built only after
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved —including all of the great powers—forming two opposing s: the and the . In a total war directly involving m ...
in 1949. Until the 1960s, Zhuliany was the only passenger airport serving Kyiv. In 1959, the larger
Boryspil International Airport Boryspil International Airport ( uk, Міжнародний аеропорт «Бориспіль») is an international airport in Boryspil, east of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. It is the country's largest airport, serving 65% of its passen ...
was built near the city of
Boryspil Boryspil ( uk, Бориспіль, translit. ''Boryspil’'', ru , Борисполь; also referred to as ''Borispol'') is a city of regional significance located in the Kyiv Oblast (region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly di ...

Boryspil
, gradually replacing Zhuliany as the main airport serving Kyiv. Since that time the old "Kyiv" airport became commonly known just as "Zhuliany" (or ''Kyiv-Zhuliany'') and was used for Soviet domestic flights only.


International flights and traffic revival

After Ukraine gained independence in 1991, Zhuliany began receiving international flights from nearby countries (first from its former Soviet "domestic" destinations), increasingly so since the 2000s when Ukraine's civil aviation started booming. On 27 March 2011,
Wizz Air Wizz Air, legally incorporated as Wizz Air Hungary Ltd. ( hu, Wizz Air Hungary Légiközlekedési Types of business entity#Hungary, Kft.) and stylised as W!ZZ Air, is a European ultra low-cost airline with its head office in Budapest. The airline ...

Wizz Air
, a European
low-cost airline A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (occasionally referred to as ''no-frills'', ''budget'' or ''Discounts and allowances, discount carrier'' or ''airline'', and abbreviated as ''LCC'') is an airline that is operated with an especially high emp ...
, moved all its operations to Zhuliany from Boryspil, bringing around-the-clock flights to the airport and increasing passenger traffic by 15 to 20%. In 2012, the airport managed to survive the European cold wave without major flight delays or cancellations. Surrounded by major
railway Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is a man-made device that uses power to apply forces and contro ...

railway
s,
highway A highway is any public or private road A road is a wide way leading from one place to another, typically one with a specially prepared surface which vehicles and bikes can use. Roads consist of one or two roadways (British English: ...

highway
s and residential districts, the airport has limited possibilities to expand its
runway According to the International Civil Aviation Organization The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that ai ...

runway
. Therefore, it is limited in the
weight In science Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts ( descriptive knowledge), skills (procedural knowledge ...
of aircraft that are allowed to fly in the airport (currently up to
Boeing 737 The Boeing 737 is a produced by at its in . Developed to supplement the on short and thin routes, the retains the fuselage cross-section and nose with two underwing s. Envisioned in 1964, the initial 737-100 made its first flight in Ap ...

Boeing 737
/
Airbus A320 The Airbus A320 family are narrow-body airliner A narrow-body aircraft or single-aisle aircraft is an airliner arranged along a single aisle, permitting up to 6-abreast airline seat, seating in a aircraft cabin, cabin below of width. In con ...

Airbus A320
type). In 2013, the airport declared plans to expand the runway for additional 150 m, although stressing complete safety and operability of its current length. Other parts of the airport infrastructure are also being developed. The new "A"
terminal
terminal
opened on 17 May 2012, now receives all international and some domestic flights. Projects for expanding Zhuliany's
taxiway A taxiway is a path for aircraft at an airport connecting runways with Airport apron, aprons, hangars, Airport terminal, terminals and other facilities. They mostly have a hard surface such as asphalt or concrete, although smaller general aviatio ...
s and aircraft parking lots considered as well.


Recent developments

In the first half of 2013, the airport's passenger traffic rose 2.7-fold (to 816,757 passengers per year) since the beginning of the year, including 4.2-fold growth of the domestic traffic. According to the media and industry experts, once underdog Zhuliany Airport has rapidly grown into a major, and more efficient, competitor to the country's leading Boryspil Airport. As of July 2013,
Moscow Moscow (, ; rus, links=no, Москва, r=Moskva, p=mɐˈskva, a=Москва.ogg) is the capital and largest city of Russia Russia (russian: link=no, Россия, , ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe ...

Moscow
,
Treviso Treviso ( , ; vec, Trevixo) is a city and ''comune The (; plural: ) is a local administrative division of Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting ...

Treviso
and
Dortmund Dortmund (; Westphalian language, Westphalian nds, Düörpm ; la, Tremonia) is the third-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne and Düsseldorf, and the List of cities in Germany by population, eighth-largest city of Germany, with ...

Dortmund
were the most popular international destinations from the airport, with
Simferopol Simferopol () is the second-largest city on the Crimean Peninsula, and the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, (Autonomous) Republic of Crimea. Simferopol is an important political, economic and transport hub of the peninsula, and serve ...
,
Donetsk Donetsk ( , ; uk, Донецьк, translit=Donećk , russian: Донецк ), formerly known as Aleksandrovka, Yuzivka (or Hughesovka), Stalin and Stalino (see also: ), is an industrial city in eastern located on the River in the disputed ...

Donetsk
and
Odessa Odessa (russian: Оде́сса ) or Odesa ( uk, Оде́са ) is the third most populous and in and a major tourism center, seaport and transport hub located in the south-west of the country, on the northwestern shore of the . The city is als ...

Odessa
leading among domestic destinations. Also in 2013, the airport opened a new domestic terminal and a new business terminal, with currently 3 terminals in service. In March 2015, Wizz Air Ukraine announced that it would cease operations leading to the cancellation of several routes from their base at the airport. Only some of their former routes were taken over by its parent,
Wizz Air Wizz Air, legally incorporated as Wizz Air Hungary Ltd. ( hu, Wizz Air Hungary Légiközlekedési Types of business entity#Hungary, Kft.) and stylised as W!ZZ Air, is a European ultra low-cost airline with its head office in Budapest. The airline ...

Wizz Air
, though the airlines has since expanded its flight network from the airport, with twenty destinations to be served by August 2017. Between 14 and 24 May 2017, the airport was closed for runway improvement work. On 22 March 2018, the
Kyiv City Council Kyiv City Council ( uk, Київська міська рада, translit=Kyivska miska rada), also known as Kyivrada ( uk, Київрада), is the city council A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative bod ...
officially renamed the airport ''International Airport "Kyiv" (Zhulyany) Igor Sikorsky'' in honor of
Igor Sikorsky Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (russian: И́горь Ива́нович Сико́рский, p=ˈiɡərʲ ɪˈvanəvitʃ sʲɪˈkorskʲɪj, a=Ru-Igor Sikorsky.ogg, tr. ''Ígor' Ivánovič Sikórskij''; May 25, 1889 – October 26, 1972)Fortier ...

Igor Sikorsky
. Nevertheless, the airport continued to be referred to commonly as ''Zhuliany''.


Airlines and destinations

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany):


Neighboring aviation facilities

* A major aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul company, the so-called Kyiv Aircraft Repair Plant 410, adjoins the airport. * In 2003, the
Ukraine State Aviation Museum The State Aviation Museum is an aviation museum located next to Zhulyany Airport in Kyiv, Ukraine. The museum offers both aircraft exhibits and interactive displays. The museum is one of the larger aviation museums displaying Soviet technology.
was created in one of the industrial estates neighboring the airport. It is the largest aviation museum in Ukraine, exhibiting some unique Soviet examples including original prototypes for famous airliners.


Statistics


Ground transportation


Road

The airport is connected to the city's main highway infrastructure via Povitroflotskyi Avenue and served by a number of city transport routes, including:iev.aero – Directions to airport
retrieved 21 June 2018
* Trolleybus Route 22: 'Kyiv' Airport-Olzhycha Street ''(transfer for
metro Metro, short for metropolitan, may refer to: Geography * Metro (city), a city in Indonesia * A metropolitan area A metropolitan area or metro is a region consisting of a densely populated core city, urban core and its less-populated surro ...

metro
at Dorohozhychi Station – )'' * Bus Route 78: 'Kyiv' Airport-Vasylkivska (Kyiv Metro), Vasylkivska Metro Station'' (transfer for
metro Metro, short for metropolitan, may refer to: Geography * Metro (city), a city in Indonesia * A metropolitan area A metropolitan area or metro is a region consisting of a densely populated core city, urban core and its less-populated surro ...

metro
– )'' As well as marshrutka, private bus routes. Car parking facilities at the airport itself are limited, but long-term parking can be found in the airport's immediate vicinity. Taxis can often be found waiting directly outside the terminal, in the passenger drop-off/pick-up area.


Rail

The airport's old passenger terminal is located about 0.5 km away from the :uk:Київ-Волинський, Kyiv-Volynskyi rail station – a stop for elektrichka commuter trains as well as for the intracity Kyiv Urban Electric Train, Urban Electric Train service.


See also

* List of airports in Ukraine * List of the busiest airports in Ukraine * List of the busiest airports in Europe * List of the busiest airports in the former USSR


References


External links


Official website of the airport
* {{authority control Airports in Kyiv Holosiivskyi District Airports established in 1923 1923 establishments in Ukraine