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The town of Khorugh
Khorugh
(Tajik: Хоруғ), also transliterated as Horog, Khoroq, Khorogh, Khorog, or Xoroq is the capital of the Gorno-Badakhshan
Gorno-Badakhshan
(Tajik: Kuhistoni Badakhshon, "Badakhshan Mountainous Region") Autonomous Region (GBAO) in Tajikistan. It is also the capital of the Shughnon District
District
of Gorno-Badakhshan. It has a population of 28,000 (2000 census). Khorugh
Khorugh
is 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) above sea level in the Pamir Mountains
Pamir Mountains
(ancient Mount Imeon) at the confluence of the Gunt and Panj rivers. The city is bounded to the south (Nivodak) and to the north (Tem) by the deltas of the Shakhdara and Gunt, respectively. The two rivers merge in the eastern part of the city flow through the city, dividing it almost evenly until its delta in the Panj River, also being known as Amu Darya, or in antiquity the Oxus) on the border with Afghanistan. Khorugh
Khorugh
is known for its poplar trees that dominate the flora of the city.

Contents

1 History 2 Facilities and Education 3 Transportation 4 Climate 5 Sports 6 Photo gallery 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

Typical scenery in the area

Until the late 19th century, Khorugh
Khorugh
was in an area disputed between the Emir of Bukhara, Shah of Afghanistan, Russia
Russia
and Britain. The Russians emerged the winners of the region after The Great Game, which fixed the current northern border of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
on the Panj River
Panj River
and established the territory of Russian Pamir around Khorugh. Before 1896, when the Russians arrived and built a fort, the main town in the area was Kala-i Bar Panj (or Bar Panja Qal'a) somewhat downriver on the Afghan side. Following the fall of czarist Russia
Russia
and the rise of the Soviet Union, Khorugh
Khorugh
became the capital of Gorno-Badakhshan
Gorno-Badakhshan
in 1925. Soviet leaders encouraged the migration of settlers to the area with promises of pay, medals and automobiles, but with no industry and little arable land, the effort was not successful. Migration is playing an increasingly important role in the life of Khorugh. Historically, migration was part of Soviet policy for development. In the early 1950s the Soviet government encouraged migration of residents of Rushan district of Gorno Badakhshan to other parts of Tajikistan, especially to the area of Qumsangir, situated in the southern part of today's Khatlon region as the area needed workforce. This policy of migration is still encouraged by the present government of Tajikistan
Tajikistan
with the hope of creating better environment for the inhabitants and, to some extent, regulate the population density and land use within the country. With regard to Khorugh, migration plays a key role in its expansion and development. Although the youth has a tendency to go to Russia, they do come back or send resources back to build new houses. As a result of remittances and new migration from rural areas, though still tiny, Khorugh
Khorugh
is slowly expanding in many directions. One sign of this intense migration is that the gap, once existed between Khorugh
Khorugh
and village Tem is now filled with newly built houses. The same is true about the gap between village Tem and village Porshinev. Khorugh
Khorugh
occupied headlines in July 2012 due to a government forces clash with guerrillas. Over 40 people, including 12 soldiers were killed (many reports indicated that the number of casualties could be higher). The country’s security forces moved in to arrest suspects in the murder of secret services General Abdullo Nazarov. The alleged criminals were linked to former guerrilla leader-turned-border patrol commander Tolib Ayombekov. Ayombekov is alleged to have been involved in drug trafficking and the smuggling of tobacco and precious stones for many years.[1] Facilities and Education[edit] Modern Khorugh
Khorugh
is one of the poorest areas of Tajikistan, with the charitable organization Aga Khan Foundation
Aga Khan Foundation
providing almost the only source of cash income. However, the city does have its own university ( Khorugh
Khorugh
State University), founded in 1992), twelve schools, and several hospitals. There is a museum, the Khorog Regional Museum,[2] and the second highest botanical garden in the world, the Pamir Botanical Garden.[3][4]

Along the Dushanbe– Khorugh
Khorugh
highway

Khorugh
Khorugh
is also host to one of three campuses of the University
University
of Central Asia (UCA). The University
University
was founded in 2000 by the governments of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan, and The Aga Khan. It is the world’s first internationally chartered institution of higher education. The UCA currently operates a School of Professional and Continuing Education(SPCE), with a School of Arts and Sciences and a Graduate School of Development in the process of being established. The Khorog Campus
Campus
is will launch in September 2017 and will offer Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees in Economics and Earth and Environmental Sciences.[5]

Aga Khan Lycée, Khorugh University
University
of Central Asia Khorugh
Khorugh
State University

Transportation[edit] There is a bridge to the Afghan side of the river. Khorugh
Khorugh
is situated along the Pamir Highway
Pamir Highway
at the point where it leaves the Panj valley and heads east up the Gunt valley. The Pamir highway is the main road in Gorno-Badakhshan
Gorno-Badakhshan
and connects the Tajik capital of Dushanbe
Dushanbe
toward the west to the Republic of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
to the northeast. The highway is very difficult to pass in both directions, especially during winter and spring. Khorugh
Khorugh
also has a small airport, which can accommodate small capacity airplanes like AN-28
AN-28
turboprop and the Yakovlev YAK-40 jet operated by Tajik Air
Tajik Air
from Dushanbe
Dushanbe
or helicopters. Flights are frequently cancelled due to adverse cloud cover. Recently the Pamir Highway
Pamir Highway
was connected to the Karakorum Highway
Karakorum Highway
of China and Pakistan. Climate[edit] Khorugh
Khorugh
experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) with cold, relatively wet winters and hot, dry summers.

Climate data for Khorugh

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 12.2 (54) 10.0 (50) 18.4 (65.1) 30.0 (86) 35.0 (95) 38.2 (100.8) 37.9 (100.2) 37.8 (100) 36.0 (96.8) 29.5 (85.1) 20.5 (68.9) 12.6 (54.7) 38.2 (100.8)

Average high °C (°F) −1.2 (29.8) 0.6 (33.1) 6.8 (44.2) 15.7 (60.3) 21.4 (70.5) 26.6 (79.9) 30.1 (86.2) 30.4 (86.7) 26.1 (79) 18.2 (64.8) 9.5 (49.1) 2.3 (36.1) 15.5 (59.9)

Average low °C (°F) −11.2 (11.8) −8.9 (16) −1.7 (28.9) 5.2 (41.4) 8.6 (47.5) 12.1 (53.8) 15.2 (59.4) 15.1 (59.2) 9.9 (49.8) 4.1 (39.4) −1.1 (30) −6.5 (20.3) 3.4 (38.1)

Record low °C (°F) −25.4 (−13.7) −26.6 (−15.9) −19.8 (−3.6) −4.7 (23.5) −0.6 (30.9) 1.9 (35.4) 7.4 (45.3) 5.4 (41.7) −1.1 (30) −14.0 (6.8) −13.2 (8.2) −23.3 (−9.9) −26.6 (−15.9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 33.8 (1.331) 35.5 (1.398) 45.6 (1.795) 42.2 (1.661) 29.9 (1.177) 8.4 (0.331) 3.7 (0.146) 1.4 (0.055) 1.0 (0.039) 5.6 (0.22) 7.5 (0.295) 11.5 (0.453) 226.1 (8.901)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.8 9.8 8.3 7.7 5.8 2.6 1.0 0.1 0.8 4.6 6.5 7.0 62

Average relative humidity (%) 72.2 70.7 61.8 51.6 52.8 48.0 43.9 40.7 43.8 54.3 60.1 64.9 55.4

Mean monthly sunshine hours 108 103 139 178 223 262 269 275 245 181 144 105 2,232

Source #1: World Meteorological Organisation
World Meteorological Organisation
(UN) [6]

Source #2: climatebase.ru (extremes, rain days, humidity),[7] NOAA (sun only, 1961−1990)[8]

Sports[edit] Khorugh
Khorugh
is the location of highest altitude where bandy has been played.[9] Photo gallery[edit]

Panorama of Khorugh
Khorugh
from the north

Panorama of Khorugh
Khorugh
from the east

References[edit]

^ "Government Forces Clash with Guerrillas in Tajikistan". The Gazette of Central Asia. Satrapia. 24 Jul 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.  ^ "Regional Museum". lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 4 February 2018.  ^ "Pamir Botanical Garden". lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 2 February 2018.  ^ "Pamir Botanical garden". traveltajikistan.net. Retrieved 4 February 2018.  ^ "Undergraduate Programme - University
University
of Central Asia". www.ucentralasia.org. Retrieved 2016-10-10.  ^ "World Weather Information Service – Khorog". United Nations. Retrieved 5 January 2011.  ^ "Khorog,Tajikistan". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 1 February 2013.  ^ "Climate Normals for Ust-Cilma". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 1 February 2013.  ^ Фоминых, Борис (15 January 2011). "Опубликован календарь матчей турнира по хоккею с мячом Азиады-2011" (in Russian). Bandynet. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Khorugh.

Gorgâni, Tirdâd (May 2005)."Welcome to Xoroq (Khorogh)" (web archive, 1 August 2008). Tourist Information Office in Khorog Pamirs Tourism Association A great homepage on the Tajik Pamirs [1] Airport of Khorugh. A Bird's Eye View of Khorog

Coordinates: 37°29′N 71°33′E / 37.483°N 71.550°E / 37.483; 71.550

v t e

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region

Capital: Khorugh

Districts

Darvoz Ishkoshim Murghob Roshtqal'a Rushon Shughnon Vanj

Main cities and towns

Khorugh Kalai-Khumb Ishkoshim Murghab Roshtqal'a Rushon Vanj

Geography

Darvoz Range Vanj
Vanj
River Vanj
Vanj
Range Yazgulyam River Yazgulem Range Bartang River Rushan Range Gunt River Shughnon Range Sarikol Range Shakhdara River Shakhdara Range Ishkoshim Range Panj River Sarez Lake Zorkul
Zorkul
Lake Karakul Lake Mayakovskiy P

.