The town of
Khorugh (Tajik: Хоруғ), also transliterated as Horog,
Khoroq, Khorogh, Khorog, or Xoroq is the capital of the
Gorno-Badakhshan (Tajik: Kuhistoni Badakhshon, "Badakhshan Mountainous
Region") Autonomous Region (GBAO) in Tajikistan. It is also the
capital of the Shughnon
District of Gorno-Badakhshan. It has a
population of 28,000 (2000 census).
Khorugh is 2,200 metres
(7,200 ft) above sea level in the
Pamir Mountains (ancient Mount
Imeon) at the confluence of the Gunt and Panj rivers. The city is
bounded to the south (Nivodak) and to the north (Tem) by the deltas of
the Shakhdara and Gunt, respectively. The two rivers merge in the
eastern part of the city flow through the city, dividing it almost
evenly until its delta in the Panj River, also being known as Amu
Darya, or in antiquity the Oxus) on the border with Afghanistan.
Khorugh is known for its poplar trees that dominate the flora of the
2 Facilities and Education
6 Photo gallery
8 External links
Typical scenery in the area
Until the late 19th century,
Khorugh was in an area disputed between
the Emir of Bukhara, Shah of Afghanistan,
Russia and Britain. The
Russians emerged the winners of the region after The Great Game, which
fixed the current northern border of
Afghanistan on the
Panj River and
established the territory of
Russian Pamir around Khorugh. Before
1896, when the Russians arrived and built a fort, the main town in the
area was Kala-i Bar Panj (or Bar Panja Qal'a) somewhat downriver on
the Afghan side. Following the fall of czarist
Russia and the rise of
the Soviet Union,
Khorugh became the capital of
1925. Soviet leaders encouraged the migration of settlers to the area
with promises of pay, medals and automobiles, but with no industry and
little arable land, the effort was not successful.
Migration is playing an increasingly important role in the life of
Khorugh. Historically, migration was part of Soviet policy for
development. In the early 1950s the Soviet government encouraged
migration of residents of Rushan district of Gorno Badakhshan to other
parts of Tajikistan, especially to the area of Qumsangir, situated in
the southern part of today's Khatlon region as the area needed
workforce. This policy of migration is still encouraged by the present
Tajikistan with the hope of creating better environment
for the inhabitants and, to some extent, regulate the population
density and land use within the country. With regard to Khorugh,
migration plays a key role in its expansion and development. Although
the youth has a tendency to go to Russia, they do come back or send
resources back to build new houses. As a result of remittances and new
migration from rural areas, though still tiny,
Khorugh is slowly
expanding in many directions. One sign of this intense migration is
that the gap, once existed between
Khorugh and village Tem is now
filled with newly built houses. The same is true about the gap between
village Tem and village Porshinev.
Khorugh occupied headlines in July 2012 due to a government forces
clash with guerrillas. Over 40 people, including 12 soldiers were
killed (many reports indicated that the number of casualties could be
higher). The country’s security forces moved in to arrest suspects
in the murder of secret services General Abdullo Nazarov. The alleged
criminals were linked to former guerrilla leader-turned-border patrol
commander Tolib Ayombekov. Ayombekov is alleged to have been involved
in drug trafficking and the smuggling of tobacco and precious stones
for many years.
Facilities and Education
Khorugh is one of the poorest areas of Tajikistan, with the
Aga Khan Foundation
Aga Khan Foundation providing almost the only
source of cash income. However, the city does have its own university
Khorugh State University), founded in 1992), twelve schools, and
several hospitals. There is a museum, the Khorog Regional Museum,
and the second highest botanical garden in the world, the Pamir
Along the Dushanbe–
Khorugh is also host to one of three campuses of the
Central Asia (UCA). The
University was founded in 2000 by the
governments of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan, and The
Aga Khan. It is the world’s first internationally chartered
institution of higher education. The UCA currently operates a School
of Professional and Continuing Education(SPCE), with a School of Arts
and Sciences and a Graduate School of Development in the process of
being established. The Khorog
Campus is will launch in September 2017
and will offer Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees in
Economics and Earth and Environmental Sciences.
Aga Khan Lycée, Khorugh
University of Central Asia
Khorugh State University
There is a bridge to the Afghan side of the river.
Khorugh is situated
Pamir Highway at the point where it leaves the Panj valley
and heads east up the Gunt valley. The Pamir highway is the main road
Gorno-Badakhshan and connects the Tajik capital of
the west to the Republic of
Kyrgyzstan to the northeast. The highway
is very difficult to pass in both directions, especially during winter
Khorugh also has a small airport, which can accommodate
small capacity airplanes like
AN-28 turboprop and the Yakovlev YAK-40
jet operated by
Tajik Air from
Dushanbe or helicopters. Flights are
frequently cancelled due to adverse cloud cover.
Pamir Highway was connected to the
Karakorum Highway of
China and Pakistan.
Khorugh experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate
classification BSk) with cold, relatively wet winters and hot, dry
Climate data for Khorugh
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
World Meteorological Organisation
World Meteorological Organisation (UN) 
Source #2: climatebase.ru (extremes, rain days, humidity), NOAA
(sun only, 1961−1990)
Khorugh is the location of highest altitude where bandy has been
Khorugh from the north
Khorugh from the east
^ "Government Forces Clash with Guerrillas in Tajikistan". The Gazette
of Central Asia. Satrapia. 24 Jul 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
^ "Regional Museum". lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 4 February
^ "Pamir Botanical Garden". lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 2 February
^ "Pamir Botanical garden". traveltajikistan.net. Retrieved 4 February
^ "Undergraduate Programme -
University of Central Asia".
www.ucentralasia.org. Retrieved 2016-10-10.
^ "World Weather Information Service – Khorog". United Nations.
Retrieved 5 January 2011.
^ "Khorog,Tajikistan". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 1 February
^ "Climate Normals for Ust-Cilma". National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
^ Фоминых, Борис (15 January 2011).
"Опубликован календарь матчей турнира
по хоккею с мячом Азиады-2011" (in Russian).
Bandynet. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Khorugh.
Gorgâni, Tirdâd (May 2005)."Welcome to Xoroq (Khorogh)" (web
archive, 1 August 2008).
Tourist Information Office in Khorog Pamirs Tourism Association
A great homepage on the Tajik Pamirs
 Airport of Khorugh.
A Bird's Eye View of Khorog
Coordinates: 37°29′N 71°33′E / 37.483°N 71.550°E /
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region
Main cities and towns