Khon (Thai: โขน, pronounced [kʰǒːn]) is a dance drama
genre from Thailand. It is traditionally performed solely in the royal
court by men in masks accompanied by narrators and a traditional
piphat ensemble. A variation of this genre with female performers is
called khon phu ying (โขนผู้หญิง).
6 See also
A khon story has many characters. The most famous characters in the
story are the monkey warriors, Hanuman and Phra Ram.
Modern khon contains many elements from the lakhon nai and today,
includes female performers playing female characters, formerly
performed by men.:67 While the ogre and monkey characters wear
masks, most of the human characters do not.:66
Khon is based on the tales of the epic Ramakien.
originally could be performed by men only. Women performed only as
angels and goddesses. Today women perform as monkeys and demons. In
the past, khon was performed only by the royal family, with the sons
of the king performing as monkeys and demons. Thai
Khon stresses the
realistic dance moves, especially monkey, which focuses on beauty and
fine monkey-like dancing postures.
Khon training is begun at a very
young age, so that the performer can become flexible enough to do back
flips, especially by the monkey character.
Khon is a Thai traditional dance which combines many arts. There was
no exact evidence that dates its provenance, but it is mentioned in
Thai literature's Lilit Phra Lo (c. 1529) which was written before the
era of King
Narai Maharaj. The origin of khon can be hinted at
by the origin of the word "khon". Its origin is not precisely known,
but there are four possibilities. First, "khon" in Benguela Kalinin
appears in the words "kora" or "khon" which is the name of a musical
instrument made of Hindi leather. Its appearance and shape are similar
to the drum. It was popular and used for local traditional
performances. It was assumed that kora was one of the instruments used
in khon performances. In the
Tamil language "khon" derives from the
word "koll" which is close to "goll" or "golumn" in Tamil. These Tamil
words relate to dressing or decorating the body from head to toe as in
the use of khon costumes. "Khon" in Iran was derived from the words
"zurat khan" which means 'handed-doll' or 'puppet', used in local
performances. Its songs were similar to current khon. "Khon" in the
Khmer is mentioned in the Khmer dictionary. It means 'role play'.
Khon roles are dictated by long-standing tradition. The principal
characters are the hero, the heroine, the ogre, and the monkey. The
monkey is the most important role in khon.
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Khon by Prince Thaniniwat
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Dance in Thailand
^ a b Brandon, James R (1967). Theatre in Southeast Asia. Harvard
University Press. ISBN 0674875877. Retrieved 16 October
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-11. Retrieved
^ Ritthiboon, Pravit. "History of Khone Drama". L3Nr. Retrieved 16