KHAMMAM is the city in
Khammam district of the
Indian state of
Telangana . It is the headquarters of the
Khammam district and Khammam
mandal as well. It is located about 193 kilometres (120 mi) east of
the state capital, Hyderabad , 61 kilometres (38 mi) from
120 kilometres (75 mi) from
Warangal and also it is located about 100
kilometres (62 mi) North of the
Andhra Pradesh state capital,
Amaravathi . The river
Munneru flows on the western side of the town.
As of 2011 census of
India , it had a population of 284,268, with an
area of 94.37 km2. On 19 October 2012, the civic body of
Municipal corporation , which includes 14 surrounding
* 1 Etymology
* 2 History
* 3 Freedom movement
* 4 Geography
* 4.1 Topography
* 4.2 Climate
* 4.3 Floods
* 5 Demographics
* 6 Governance
* 7 Culture
* 8 Cityscape
* 9 Transport
* 10 Education
* 11 Media
* 12 Sports
* 13 References
* 14 External links
The name of
Khammam was derived from the temple of _Nrusimhadri_ and
a local hill. In Urdu, a vertical rock is referred as _Kamba_ and the
Khammam was derived from it by undergoing several changes with
names such as, _Stamba Sikhari_, _Stambadri_, _Kambhadri_, _Kambham
The present name of
Khammam is said to have been derived from the
name of the temple "Narsimhadri," later "Stamba Sikhari," and then it
was called "Stambadhri," which has the ancient temple of Narasimha
Swamy on its top. This temple is believed to have been existing since
Treta Yuga . The vertical rock under the temple is known as 'KAMBA'
which literally means pillar. The name of the town
Khammam has been
derived from "Kambam Mettu" to "Kammammet" or "
Khammam Mettu" to the
Khammam city." The district is also named as Khammam. On the
other hand, the historical records show that the name was "Kammamet."
City is located on the banks of a river called
Munneru which is a
tributary of the
Krishna River .
Khammam district has a lot of
historical importance in
Khammam City, which was the seat of Taluk Administration, was part of
Warangal District, until 1 October 1953. Five taluks of the
Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and
Paloncha (now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district Khammam
Khammam as District Headquarters. In 1959
Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of
East Godawari district, which were on the other side of the river
Godavari were merged into
Khammam on grounds of geographical
contiguity and administrative viability.
In 1973 a new taluk with
Sathupalli as headquarters was formed
carving out from
Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 four
new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Sudimalla, Aswaraopeta
Khammam district was initially a part of larger
Khammam shows that it has produced a number of leaders who
were part of the Freedom struggle, such as first generation Communist
leaders Peravelli Venkata Ramanaiah, Pendyala Satyanarayana Rao,
Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham, K.L.Narsimha Rao, and Chirravuri
Laxminarasaiah First Municipal Chairman of Khammam; Congress leaders
Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Chepuri Nenkanna, Madapati Ramchander Rao,
Sardar Jamalpuram Keshava Rao, Bommakanti Satyanarayana Rao,
Hayagreeva Chary, and Nizam Rashtra Vimochanam
Jalagam Vengala Rao ,
former Chief Minister of AP,
Prof. K. Venkata Ramiah , Founder and
Vice-Chancellor of KU.
Khammam district § Freedom movement
Some of the notable events in
Khammam town during freedom struggle .
* 1931 – First Independence movement in
* 1935 – First Library established in
* 1945 – 12th State Andhra Mahasabha meeting at
by Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as general secretary, Aahvana sangham.
Elected Baddam Ellareddy as president and Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao
as vice-president to 13th State Andhra Mahasabha in that meeting. The
meeting was held on March 26,27 and 28th. Puchala-pally Sundaraiah
participated in the meeting as guest.Nearly 40,000 people attended the
* 1946 – Mahathma Gandhi's visit to
Khammam mett (
Khammam town) on
5 August 1946
* 1947 August, 7 – Satyagraham at
Jamalapuram Kesava Rao, Kurapati Venkata Raju, Vattikonda Ramakotaiah,
Heeralal Moriya, Teegala Hanumantha Rao, Kolipaka Kishan Rao, Gella
Keshava Rao, Yadavalli Venkateswara Sharma , Pullabhotla Venkateswarlu
(Hyderabad congress present), Vutukuru Kamala (Freedom Fighter –
Khammam town as seen from Narasimha Swamy
hill, Right:South of
Khammam town as seen from Narasimha Swamy hill
Khammam is located at 17°15′N 80°09′E / 17.25°N
80.15°E / 17.25; 80.15 . It has an average elevation of 107
metres (351 feet).
Khammam Average Weather in
Khammam for January Sunlight 9
hours a day Coldest January temperature 12 °C Coldest daily
temperature 16 °C Warmest daily temperature 28 °C Warmest January
temperature 38 °C Discomfort* Moderate Morning Humidity 76% Evening
Humidity 45% Rain in January 4 mm
Average Weather in
Khammam for February Sunlight 10 hours a day
Coldest February temperature 15 °C Coldest daily temperature 19 °C
Warmest daily temperature 29 °C Warmest February temperature 40 °C
Discomfort* Moderate Morning Humidity 67% Evening Humidity 39% Rain in
February 9 mm Wet days for February 1 days
Khammam experiences typical Indian climatic conditions. Summer season
is hot and the temperatures can climb rapidly during the day. Monsoon
season brings certain amount of rainfall and the temperatures
gradually reduce during this period. After the onset of the monsoon
day temperatures are much lower and as the winter approaches they
Summer season is from March and lasts till the end of May. During
this time day temperatures are high and can reach 40 °C to 42 °C.
Humidity is low as it is not located near the ocean. Conditions are
generally dry during this period and the temperatures range from a
minimum of 35 °C and can rise up to a maximum of 40 °C to 45 °C.
Monsoon season brings much needed relief from the heat. Monsoon
seasons are from the months of June to September. Temperatures average
around 30 °C during this period. The place gets rain from the South
West Monsoon. Some amount of rainfall can be experienced in the
October as well. Winter season is from December to February. January
is usually the coldest parts of the year. Temperatures range around 28
°C to 34 °C during this time.
* Winter: December To February
* Summer: March to June
* South West Monsoons – July to September
* North East Monsoons – October to November
Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy
season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. The cyclones
could occur any time of the year, but commonly between August and
CLIMATE DATA FOR KHAMMAM(1981–2010)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS
India Meteorological Department
During the 2015
India heat wave ,
Khammam experienced a maximum
temperature of 48 °C (118 °F).
Munneru river in
Khammam has been receiving higher annual rainfall than the rest of
state. The annual rain fall is 175 centimetres (69 in) during the
Khammam was also affected by the floods of
the tributary of Krishna River. In 2007, the floods stuck by the River
drowned the Bokkalagadda with the heavy 3-day rain. Again in 2009,
floods stuck and drowned the area again. Proposal was also there for
the construction of barricade here.Food Corporation of
Khammam releases food for the flood victims regularly.
As of 2011 census , the city had a population of 305,000. The total
population constitute, 91,019 males and 93,233 females —a sex ratio
of 1025 females per 1000 males. 17,131 children are in the age group
of 0–6 years, of which 8,876 are boys and 8,255 are girls —a ratio
of 1075 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 81.70% with
136,532 literates, significantly higher than the state average of
Khammam Municipal Corporation is the civic body of the city. Khammam
is one of the Historical
City of Telangana, having nearly 1000 years
of traceable History. It is the headquarters town of the District
Khammam and emerged as Municipal Corporation, with an extent of 94.37
km2. The town was constituted into a
Municipality on 24 March 1942 and
upgraded as special grade
Municipality in the year 2001..
Khammam is divided into 11 revenue wards with 41
Election wards. On October 19, 2012
Khammam municipality has been
announced as Municipal Corporation, adding 9 GramPanchayats around it
which developed in business with the town.Presently
Khammam has 20
revenues wards and 50 election divisions.
Bhakta Ramadasu Kala Kshetram, has been a prestigious National
theatre, constructed by the Government of
Andhra Pradesh in the name
of Sri. Bhakta Ramadasu (
Kancherla Gopanna ) was devotee of Sri Rama
and composer of carnatic music.
Khammam Fort , constructed in 950 AD by the
Kakatiya Dynasty , is on
a hill overlooking the town.
Lakaram lake, Khammam city is another
tourist attraction. Apart from these there are many places
surrounding the town namely
Parnasala , Nelakondapalli
The city is connected to major cities and towns by means of road and
railways. National and state highways that pass through the city are
National Highway 365A, State Highway 3 and 42.
TSRTC operates buses to
various destinations from
Khammam bus station of the city. Khammam
railway station provides rail connectivity to the city, located on the
Kazipet–Vijayawada section of
New Delhi-Chennai main line . It is
Secunderabad railway division
Secunderabad railway division of the South Central
Railway zone .
There are various pharmacy colleges, and MBA, MCA, engineering
colleges like The Vazir Sultan College of Engieering around Khammam
city. Mamata Medical College which is also a teaching hospital located
in the city.SR & BGNR Degree and KMDC Degree & PG College also
conducts archaeological research on megalithic sites. For competitive
exams like groups, police, teacher jobs Right Choice IAS academy is
the famous coaching centre in entire khammam dist.
The major Telugu newspapers in city are Namaste
Telangana , Sakshi ,
Andhra Bhoomi ,
Andhra Prabha ,
Suryaa , Prajasakti
and Vishalandra. The major English newspapers in the city are The
Telangana Today , The Times of
Deccan Chronicle , The
Hindu Business Line ,
The New Indian Express
The New Indian Express and The Hans
Electronic Media include
HMTV , ETV and Sakshi .
* Sardar Patel Stadium – A stadium with all amenities including
sports complex, indoor stadium, swimming pool, cricket net, skating
rink, volleyball, basketball and tennis courts. There is a running
track around the football pitch.
* Pavilion Grounds By
Khammam Municipal Corporation
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* ^ _A_ _B_ "Basic Information". _Official website of Khammam
Municipal Corporation_. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
* ^ "District Codes". Government of
Telangana Transport Department.
Retrieved 4 September 2014.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "Khammam".
Telangana state portal. Retrieved 15 June
* ^ "Krishna District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 145.
Retrieved 21 February 2016.
* ^ "
Municipality upgraded". The Hindu. 2012-10-20.
* ^ Prof K Vijaya Babu; Jayaprakashnarayana Gade (2014). _Tourism
in India_. Zenon Academic Publishing. p. 126. ISBN 978-81-926819-7-9 .
Retrieved 21 February 2016.
* ^ A Descriptive and Historical Account of the Godavery District
in the Presidencyof Madras, H. Morris, 1878, London, p. 216
* ^ A manual of the Kistna district in the presidency of Madras,
Gordon Mackenzie, 1883, Madras, p. 25, 80
* ^ Buddhist remains in Āndhra and the history of Āndhra between
224 & 610 A.D., K. R. Subramanian, p. 149
* ^ A Handbook for India, Part I, Madras, John Murray, 1859, London
* ^ The Geography of India, J. Burgess, 1871, London, p. 48
* ^ The Church Missionary Intelligencer, Volume 2,1866, London, p.
* ^ "redirect to /world/IN/02/Khammam.html".
* ^ "
Khammam Climatological Table Period: 1981–2010". India
Meteorological Department . Retrieved 31 January 2016.
* ^ "Heatwave sweeps across India, 335 people dead". _The Times of
India _. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
* ^ "Hundreds Are Dying in a Blistering Heat Wave Sweeping Across
India". _Time _. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
* ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of
India 2011 Cities
having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General &
Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
* ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official
Portal of Andhra
Pradesh Government. p. 43. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July
2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
* ^ "Bhaktha Ramdas Kalakeshthram, Photo-India". Ugo.cn. Retrieved
* ^ "Lakaram lake".
Andhra Pradesh Tourism. Archived from the
original on 30 October 2013.
* ^ "Bus Stations". _
TSRTC _. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
* ^ Staff Reporter. "Brochure on megalithic sites in Khammam". _The
* ^ P. Sridhar. "Impetus for heritage conservation mission". _The
* ^ "Welcome to Sports Authority of
Andhra Pradesh (S A A P)".
Saap.in. Retrieved 2013-11-17.
Special Correspondent. "Bathukamma: Festivities in the air".
_The Hindu_. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
* ^ Gollapudi Srinivasa Rao. "
Bathukamma festivities to be