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Khammam
Khammam
is the city in Khammam district
Khammam district
of the Indian state
Indian state
of Telangana. It is the headquarters of the Khammam district
Khammam district
and Khammam mandal also.[3]It is located about 193 kilometres (120 mi) east of the state capital, Hyderabad, 61 kilometres (38 mi) from Suryapet, 120 kilometres (75 mi) from Warangal
Warangal
and also it is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) North of the Andhra Pradesh state capital, Amaravathi. The river Munneru
Munneru
flows on the western side of the town.[4] As of 2011[update] census of India, Khammam
Khammam
urban agglomeration has a population of 2,62,255.However, on 19 October 2012, the civic body of Khammam
Khammam
was upgraded to Municipal corporation, by merging 14 surrounding villages, resulting in addition of population. Post upgradation to corporation Khammam
Khammam
population is approximated to be 3,05,000.[5]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Freedom movement 4 Geography

4.1 Topography 4.2 Climate 4.3 Floods

5 Demographics 6 Governance 7 Culture 8 Landmarks 9 Transport 10 Education 11 Media 12 Sports

12.1 Festivals 12.2 Cuisine 12.3 Theatres 12.4 Parks

13 References 14 External links

Etymology[edit] Historical records show that the city's name was once "Kammamet."[6][7][8][9][10][11] History[edit] The City
City
is located on the banks of a river called Munneru
Munneru
which is a tributary of the Krishna River. Khammam district
Khammam district
has a lot of historical importance in Telangana. Khammam
Khammam
City, which was the seat of Taluk Administration, was part of the larger Warangal
Warangal
District, until 1 October 1953. Five taluks of the Warangal
Warangal
district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha
Paloncha
(now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district Khammam with Khammam
Khammam
as District Headquarters. In 1959 Bhadrachalam
Bhadrachalam
Revenue Division consisting Bhadrachalam
Bhadrachalam
and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godawari district, which were on the other side of the river Godavari were merged into Khammam
Khammam
on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability. In 1973, a new taluk with Sathupalli
Sathupalli
as its headquarters was carved out from Madhira
Madhira
and Kothagudem
Kothagudem
taluks. In the year 1976 four new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Sudimalla, Aswaraopeta and Khammam district
Khammam district
was initially a part of larger Warangal
Warangal
District. History of Khammam
Khammam
shows that it has produced a number of leaders who were part of the Freedom struggle, such as first generation Communist leaders Peravelli Venkata Ramanaiah, Pendyala Satyanarayana Rao, Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham, K.L.Narsimha Rao, and Chirravuri Laxminarasaiah First Municipal Chairman of Khammam; Congress leaders Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Chepuri Nenkanna, Madapati Ramchander Rao, Sardar Jamalpuram Keshava Rao, Bommakanti Satyanarayana Rao, Hayagreeva Chary, and Nizam Rashtra Vimochanam Jalagam Vengala Rao, former Chief Minister of AP, Prof. K. Venkata Ramiah, Founder and Vice-Chancellor of KU. Freedom movement[edit] See also: Khammam district
Khammam district
§ Freedom movement Some of the notable events in Khammam
Khammam
town during freedom struggle .

1931 – First Independence movement in Khammam
Khammam
proper 1935 – First Library established in Khammam
Khammam
town 1945 – 12th State Andhra Mahasabha meeting at Khammam
Khammam
organised by Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as general secretary, Aahvana sangham. Elected Baddam Ellareddy as president and Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as vice-president to 13th State Andhra Mahasabha in that meeting. The meeting was held on 26-28 March. Puchalapalli Sundarayya
Puchalapalli Sundarayya
participated in the meeting as guest.Nearly 40,000 people attended the meeting. 1946 – Mahathma Gandhi's visit to Khammam
Khammam
mett ( Khammam
Khammam
town) on 5 August 1946 1947 August, 7 – Satyagraham at Madhira
Madhira
and Khammam
Khammam
by Jamalapuram Kesava Rao, Kurapati Venkata Raju, Vattikonda Ramakotaiah, Heeralal Moriya, Teegala Hanumantha Rao, Kolipaka Kishan Rao, Gella Keshava Rao, Yadavalli Venkateswara Sharma, Pullabhotla Venkateswarlu (Hyderabad congress present), Vutukuru Kamala (Freedom Fighter – Telangana
Telangana
Vimochana)

Geography[edit]

Left:North of Khammam
Khammam
town as seen from Narasimha Swamy hill, Right:South of Khammam
Khammam
town as seen from Narasimha Swamy hill

Topography[edit] Khammam
Khammam
is located at 17°15′N 80°09′E / 17.25°N 80.15°E / 17.25; 80.15.[12] It has an average elevation of 107 metres (351 feet). Climate[edit]

Khammam

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    15     30 16

    5     33 18

    5     37 22

    7     40 26

    15     42 28

    50     37 28

    85     32 25

    170     31 25

    160     33 23

    70     33 22

    10     31 18

    0     30 15

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    0.6     86 61

    0.2     91 64

    0.2     99 72

    0.3     104 79

    0.6     108 82

    2     99 82

    3.3     90 77

    6.7     88 77

    6.3     91 73

    2.8     91 72

    0.4     88 64

    0     86 59

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Climate for Khammam
Khammam
Average Weather in Khammam
Khammam
for January Sunlight 9 hours a day Coldest January temperature 12 °C Coldest daily temperature 16 °C Warmest daily temperature 28 °C Warmest January temperature 38 °C Discomfort* Moderate Morning Humidity 76% Evening Humidity 45% Rain in January 4 mm Average Weather in Khammam
Khammam
for February Sunlight 10 hours a day Coldest February temperature 15 °C Coldest daily temperature 19 °C Warmest daily temperature 29 °C Warmest February temperature 40 °C Discomfort* Moderate Morning Humidity 67% Evening Humidity 39% Rain in February 9 mm Wet days for February 1 days Khammam
Khammam
experiences typical Indian climatic conditions. Summer season is hot and the temperatures can climb rapidly during the day. Monsoon season brings certain amount of rainfall and the temperatures gradually reduce during this period. After the onset of the monsoon day temperatures are much lower and as the winter approaches they reduce further. Summer season is from March and lasts till the end of May. During this time day temperatures are high and can reach 40 °C to 42 °C. Humidity is low as it is not located near the ocean. Conditions are generally dry during this period and the temperatures range from a minimum of 35 °C and can rise up to a maximum of 40  °C to 45 °C. Monsoon season brings much needed relief from the heat. Monsoon seasons are from the months of June to September. Temperatures average around 30 °C during this period. The place gets rain from the South West Monsoon. Some amount of rainfall can be experienced in the October as well. Winter season is from December to February. January is usually the coldest parts of the year. Temperatures range around 28 °C to 34 °C during this time.

Winter: December To February Summer: March to June South West Monsoons  – July to September North East Monsoons  – October to November

Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. The cyclones could occur any time of the year, but commonly between August and November.

Climate data for Khammam(1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 30.6 (87.1) 32.4 (90.3) 34.6 (94.3) 36.6 (97.9) 39.7 (103.5) 38.3 (100.9) 35.8 (96.4) 35.0 (95) 34.9 (94.8) 33.0 (91.4) 31.3 (88.3) 30.6 (87.1) 34.4 (93.9)

Average low °C (°F) 20.2 (68.4) 21.8 (71.2) 24.0 (75.2) 26.3 (79.3) 28.0 (82.4) 28.2 (82.8) 26.9 (80.4) 26.5 (79.7) 26.0 (78.8) 24.8 (76.6) 22.5 (72.5) 20.6 (69.1) 24.7 (76.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.7 (0.736) 4.1 (0.161) 18.3 (0.72) 12.9 (0.508) 68.5 (2.697) 61.0 (2.402) 108.3 (4.264) 115.5 (4.547) 148.0 (5.827) 247.0 (9.724) 175.1 (6.894) 31.5 (1.24) 1,009 (39.724)

Average precipitation days 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.5 2.4 3.6 6.5 7.3 6.8 8.8 5.8 1.8 45.6

Source: India
India
Meteorological Department[13]

During the 2015 India
India
heat wave, Khammam
Khammam
experienced a maximum temperature of 48 °C (118 °F).[14][15] Floods[edit]

Munneru
Munneru
river in Khammam

Khammam
Khammam
has been receiving higher annual rainfall than the rest of state. The annual rain fall is 175 centimetres (69 in) during the monsoon season. Khammam
Khammam
was also affected by the floods of Munneru, the tributary of Krishna River. In 2007, the floods stuck by the River drowned the Bokkalagadda with a heavy three-day rain. Again in 2009, floods stuck and inundated the area. There has also been a proposal for the construction of a barricade. Food Corporation of India
India
storage centres in Khammam
Khammam
regularly release food for the flood victims[citation needed]. Demographics[edit]

Khammam
Khammam
UA population 

Census Pop.

1911 9,117

1921 11,532

26.5%

1931 13,002

12.7%

1941 18,982

46.0%

1951 28,251

48.8%

1961 35,888

27.0%

1971 56,919

58.6%

1981 98,757

73.5%

1991 149,077

51.0%

2001 198,620

33.2%

2011 262,255

32.0%

Sources: [16]

As of 2011[update] census, the city had a population of 305,000. The total population constitute, 91,019 males and 93,233 females —a sex ratio of 1025 females per 1000 males. 17,131 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 8,876 are boys and 8,255 are girls —a ratio of 1075 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 81.70% with 136,532 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[17][18]

Religions in Khammam[19]

Religion

Percent

Hindu

73.41%

Muslim

24.39%

Christians

1.65%

Others†

0.55%

†Includes Sikhs, Jains

Governance[edit] The Khammam Municipal Corporation
Khammam Municipal Corporation
is the city's civic body. Khammam
Khammam
is one of Telangana's the historical cities, with nearly 1,000 years of traceable history. It is the headquarters of Khammam District. The town was constituted into a Municipality
Municipality
on 24 March 1942 and upgraded to a special grade municipality in the year 2001. Administratively, Khammam
Khammam
is divided into 11 revenue wards and 41 election wards. On 19 October 2012 Khammam
Khammam
municipality was announced as a Municipal Corporation, with a further 9 gram panchayats added around it which developed in business[clarification needed] with the town. Presently Khammam
Khammam
has 20 revenue wards and 50 election divisions. The Municipal Corporation has an area of 94.37 km2. Culture[edit] Bhakta Ramadasu Kala Kshetram,[20] has been a prestigious National theatre, constructed by the state Government in the name of Sri. Bhakta Ramadasu ( Kancherla Gopanna
Kancherla Gopanna
)[21] was devotee of Sri Rama and composer of carnatic music. Landmarks[edit] Khammam
Khammam
Fort, constructed in 950 AD by the Kakatiya Dynasty, is situated on a hill overlooking the town. Lakaram Lake is another tourist attraction.[22] Apart from these there are many places surrounding the town, such as Bhadrachalam, Parnasala, Nelakondapalli, Kusumanchi. Transport[edit]

Entrance to Khammam
Khammam
Station

The city is connected to major cities and towns by means of road and railways. National and state highways that pass through the city are National Highway 365A, State Highway 3 and 42. TSRTC
TSRTC
operates buses to various destinations from Khammam
Khammam
bus station of the city.[23] Khammam railway station provides rail connectivity to the city, located on the Kazipet–Vijayawada section
Kazipet–Vijayawada section
of the New Delhi-Chennai main line. It is administered under Secunderabad railway division
Secunderabad railway division
of the South Central Railway zone. Education[edit] There are various pharmacy colleges such as MAX Institute Of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Browns College Of Pharamcy and MBA, MCA, and engineering colleges around Khammam, such as the Swarna Bharathi Institute of Science and Technology Engineering College, The Vazir Sultan College of Engieering. Mamata Medical College is also a teaching hospital located in the city. SR & BGNR Degree and KMDC Degree & PG College also conducts archaeological research on megalithic sites. For competitive exams like groups, police, teacher jobs Right Choice IAS academy is the famous coaching centre in entire Khammam
Khammam
district.[24][25] Media[edit] The major Telugu newspapers in city are Namaste Telangana, Sakshi, Eenadu, Andhra Bhoomi, Andhra Prabha, Vaartha, Suryaa, Prajasakti and Vishalandra. The major English newspapers in the city are The Hindu, Telangana
Telangana
Today, The Times of India, Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu Business Line, The New Indian Express
The New Indian Express
and The Hans India. Electronic Media include HMTV, ETV and Sakshi. Sports[edit]

Sardar Patel Stadium[26] – A stadium with all amenities including sports complex, indoor stadium, swimming pool, cricket net, skating rink, volleyball, basketball and tennis courts. There is a running track around the football pitch. Pavilion Grounds By Khammam
Khammam
Municipal Corporation SR & BGNR Grounds

Festivals[edit] Women in the city celebrate Bathukamma, a floral festival in which they worship the goddess with different flowers for nine days.[27] The women carry their Bathukamma
Bathukamma
to the nearest temple of their locality, then they clap, sing and dance rhythmically around the Bathukamma.[28] Along with Bathukamma, Bonalu
Bonalu
was also declared a state festival on 15 June 2014.[29] Cuisine[edit] The cuisine of the city is mainly South Indian dishes. The breakfast items include Idli, Dosa, Vada, and Puri. Rice with variety of curries including curd is taken as main food and the most notable one is the Biryani. Special
Special
food items Harees
Harees
and Haleem
Haleem
are traditional food items available in the season of Ramadan.[30] Theatres[edit] There are 9 film theatres in the town. Among 9 theatres; Srinivasa, Vinoda, Raghava, Kinnerasani and Narthaki Theatres were near to both Bus and Railway Stations.

Aditya Theatre Tirumala Theatre Vinoda Theatre

Srinivasa Theatre Narthaki Theatre Sunder Max Theatre

Kinnerasani Theatre Sairam Theatre Raghava Theatre

Parks[edit] There were only few parks in the town. Lakaram Park can be accessed frequently in the town.

Lakaram Park (Sequel) Municipal Park Gandhi Park Jammibanda Park Danavayyagudem Park

References[edit]

^ a b "Basic Information". Official website of Khammam
Khammam
Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 18 February 2016.  ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana
Telangana
Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014.  ^ "Khammam". Telangana
Telangana
state portal. Retrieved 15 June 2015.  ^ "Krishna District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 145. Retrieved 21 February 2016.  ^ " Khammam
Khammam
Municipality
Municipality
upgraded". The Hindu. 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2013-11-17.  ^ A Descriptive and Historical Account of the Godavery District in the Presidencyof Madras, H. Morris, 1878, London, p. 216 ^ A manual of the Kistna district in the presidency of Madras, Gordon Mackenzie, 1883, Madras, p. 25, 80 ^ Buddhist remains in Āndhra and the history of Āndhra between 224 & 610 A.D., K. R. Subramanian, p. 149 ^ A Handbook for India, Part I, Madras, John Murray, 1859, London ^ The Geography of India, J. Burgess, 1871, London, p. 48 ^ The Church Missionary Intelligencer, Volume 2,1866, London, p. 73 ^ "redirect to /world/IN/02/Khammam.html".  ^ " Khammam
Khammam
Climatological Table Period: 1981–2010". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 January 2016. [dead link] ^ "Heatwave sweeps across India, 335 people dead". The Times of India. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015.  ^ "Hundreds Are Dying in a Blistering Heat Wave Sweeping Across India". Time. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ https://data.gov.in/resources/town-amenities-khammam-district-andhra-pradesh-2011.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India
India
2011 Cities
Cities
having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2014.  ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal
Portal
of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.  ^ "Khammam City
City
Population Census 2011 – Telangana".  ^ "Bhaktha Ramdas Kalakeshthram, Photo-India". Ugo.cn. Retrieved 2013-11-17.  ^ Kancherla Gopanna ^ "Lakaram lake". Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Tourism. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013.  ^ "Bus Stations". TSRTC. Retrieved 20 May 2016.  ^ Staff Reporter. "Brochure on megalithic sites in Khammam". The Hindu.  ^ P. Sridhar. "Impetus for heritage conservation mission". The Hindu.  ^ "Welcome to Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
(S A A P)". Saap.in. Retrieved 2013-11-17.  ^ Special
Special
Correspondent. "Bathukamma: Festivities in the air". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 July 2015.  ^ Gollapudi Srinivasa Rao. " Bathukamma
Bathukamma
festivities to begin from Sept. 24". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 July 2015.  ^ "Bonalu, Bathukamma
Bathukamma
declared state festivals". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 July 2015.  ^ " City
City
Of Khammam » Harees
Harees
popular than Haleem
Haleem
in Khammam". City
City
Of Khammam. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Khammam.

Official website of Khammam
Khammam
District.

v t e

Urban local bodies in Telangana

Municipal corporations

Hyderabad Warangal Nizamabad Khammam Karimnagar Ramagundam

Municipalities

Adilabad Armoor Bellampalli Bhainsa Bhadrachalam Bhongir Bhupalpalle Chegunta Bodhan Devarakonda Dubbaka Gadwal Gajwel Huzurabad Husnabad Ieeja Jangaon Jagtial Jammikunta Kamareddy Kodad Koratla Kothagudem Mancherial Medak Meerpet Mahabubnagar Miryalguda Nalgonda Nirmal Palwancha Sadasivpet Sangareddi Suryapet Siddipet Sircilla Tandur Vikarabad Wanaparthi Zahirabad

Mahabubabad

Nagar Panchayats

Huzurnagar Kaghaznagar Kalwakurthy Kollapur Manuguru Madhira Mandamarri Metpally

Narayanpet Nakrekal Peddapalli Parkal Sathupalli Shadnagar Vemulawada Yellandu Bhanswada

v t e

Khammam
Khammam
district

District headquarters

Khammam

Revenue divisions

Bhadrachalam Khammam Kothagudem Palwancha

Mandals

Khammam
Khammam
(Urban) Khammam
Khammam
(Rural)

Cities

Khammam

Towns

Kothagudem Manugur Palwancha Sathupalle Yellandu

Census Towns

Ballepalle Bhadrachalam Chunchupalle Garimellapadu Khanapuram Haveli Khanapuram Laxmidevipalle Madhira Sarapaka

.