Khachapuri ( ka|ხაჭაპური ''khach’ap’uri'' from ka|ხაჭო "curds" + ka|პური "bread") is a traditional Georgian
dish of cheese-filled bread. The bread is leavened and allowed to rise and is shaped in various ways, usually with cheese in the middle and a crust which is ripped off and used to dip in the cheese. The filling contains cheese
(fresh or aged, most commonly sulguni
), eggs and other ingredients.
It is very popular in Georgia, both in restaurants and as street food. As a Georgian staple food, the price of making khachapuri is used as a measure of inflation in different Georgian cities by the "khachapuri index," developed by the International School of Economics at Tbilisi State University
. It is Georgia's national dish
that is inscribed on the list of the Intangible cultural heritage of Georgia
. On the behalf and initiative of Gastronomic Association of Georgia, the 27th of February was announced as the National Khachapuri Day, to celebrate Georgia's timeless signature pastry as well as to promote its recognition internationally.
There are several distinctive types of khachapuri in Georgian food
from different regions of Georgia:
an (Imeruli), Khachapuri is the most popular form, made by pastry infused with yeast and white Imereti
an salted cheese.
(Acharuli/Adjaruli) A boat-shaped Khachapuri, with cheese, butter and egg yolk in the middle. It is thought to originate from the Lazi people, who were sailors. Khachapuri is a certain representation of the boat, sea and sun.
* Megrelian khachapuri (Megruli), similar to Imeritian but with more cheese added on top.
* Achma, from Abkhazia
, which has multiple layers and looks more like a sauceless lasagna.
n (Guruli) khachapuri has boiled eggs inside the dough and looks like a calzone
. Arguably, it is not a type of khachapuri. Gurians make them for Christmas and call them simply 'Christmas pie'. In the rest of Georgia, it is called 'Gurian pie'.
n (Osuri) khachapuri, which has potato, as well as cheese in its filling. It is commonly called Khabizgini.
an Penovani khachapuri is made with puff pastry dough, resulting in a flaky variety of the pie.
Khachapuri is popular in the post-Soviet states
, including Russia
, where it is usually a simple puff pastry
with cheese filling (the same pastry with meat filling is called "samsa
"). It was reported that 175,000 khachapuris were consumed during the 2014 Winter Olympics
in Sochi. Khachapuri is a popular street food
, where it is widely served in restaurants and school cafeterias. It has become increasingly popular as a brunch
food in Israel
, where it was brought over by Georgian Jews.
* Egg in the basket
* Grilled cheese
* Karelian pasty
* Roti canai
Revolution of khachapuriRecipe at New York Times
Category:Cuisine of Georgia (country)
Category:Georgian products with protected designation of origin