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Kew
Kew
(/kjuː/) is a suburban[2] district in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north-east of Richmond[3] and 7.1 miles (11.4 km) west by south-west of Charing Cross; its population at the 2011 Census was 11,436.[1] Kew
Kew
is the location of the Royal Botanic Gardens (" Kew
Kew
Gardens"), now a World Heritage Site, which includes Kew
Kew
Palace. Kew
Kew
is also the home of important historical documents such as Domesday Book, which is held at The National Archives. Successive Tudor, Stuart and Georgian monarchs maintained links with Kew. During the French Revolution, many refugees established themselves there and it was the home of several artists in the 18th and 19th centuries. Since 1965 Kew
Kew
has incorporated the former area of North Sheen[5] which includes St Philip and All Saints, the first barn church consecrated in England.[6] It is now in a combined Church of England ecclesiastical parish with St Luke's Church, Kew. Today, Kew
Kew
is an expensive residential area because of its suburban hallmarks. Among these are sports-and-leisure open spaces, schools, transport links, architecture, restaurants, no high-rise buildings, modest road sizes, trees and gardens. Most of Kew
Kew
developed in the late 19th century, following the arrival of the District line
District line
of the Underground. Further development took place in the 1920s and 1930s when new houses were built on the market gardens of North Sheen
North Sheen
and in the first decade of the 21st century when considerably more river-fronting flats and houses were constructed by the Thames
Thames
on land formerly owned by Thames
Thames
Water.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Governance 3 Economy

3.1 Chrysler
Chrysler
and Dodge

4 People

4.1 Royal associations with Kew

4.1.1 The Hanoverians

4.2 Georgian expansion 4.3 Artists associated with Kew 4.4 Other notable inhabitants

4.4.1 Historical figures 4.4.2 Living people

5 Demography

5.1 Homes and households 5.2 Ethnicity

6 Transport 7 Parks and open spaces 8 Sport and leisure 9 Societies 10 Education

10.1 Primary schools 10.2 Independent preparatory schools

11 Places of worship 12 Cemeteries and crematorium 13 Literary references to Kew 14 See also 15 Notes 16 References 17 Sources 18 Further reading 19 External links

Etymology[edit] The earliest written reference to Kew
Kew
is thought to be contained in Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars, as the location where the Roman Army forded the Thames
Thames
in 54 BC[7] although this has been disputed.[citation needed] The name Kew
Kew
is a combination of two words: the Old French
Old French
kai (landing place; "quay" derives from this) and Old English hoh (spur of land). The land spur is formed by the bend in the Thames. The name was recorded in 1327 as Cayho.[8] Governance[edit] Kew
Kew
forms part of the Richmond Park UK Parliament constituency. The Member of Parliament is Zac Goldsmith. For elections to the European Parliament it is part of the London constituency. For elections to the London Assembly
London Assembly
it is part of the South West London Assembly constituency. Kew
Kew
was added in 1892[9] to the Municipal Borough of Richmond which had been formed two years earlier, and which was in the county of Surrey. In 1965, under the London Government Act 1963, the boundaries of Greater London
Greater London
were expanded to include Kew
Kew
which, with Richmond, transferred to the new London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Economy[edit]

The Caxton Name Plate Manufacturing Company's former premises can still be identified from Kew
Kew
Bridge, with its name on the building

1954 Dodge
Dodge
Kew
Kew
lorry

1936 Chrysler
Chrysler
Heston in the National Railway Museum, York

The fashion clothing retailer Jigsaw's headquarters are in Mortlake Road, Kew.[10] A former industry in Kew
Kew
was that of nameplate manufacturing, by the Caxton Name Plate Manufacturing Company, based on Kew
Kew
Green. The company was founded in 1964 and folded in 1997.[11] Chrysler
Chrysler
and Dodge[edit] Cars and lorries were also manufactured in Kew. After Chrysler
Chrysler
bought the Maxwell Motor Company and their Kew
Kew
works, the cars of the lighter Chrysler
Chrysler
range – Chrysler
Chrysler
Airflows, De Sotos and Plymouths — were assembled here until the Second World War. Dodge
Dodge
trucks assembly moved to Kew
Kew
after Chrysler
Chrysler
bought Maxwell. The various models of De Sotos were named Richmond, Mortlake
Mortlake
and Croydon; Plymouths Kew
Kew
Six and Wimbledon. Following wartime aircraft production the plant did not resume assembly of Canadian cars. From the 1920s until 1967 Dodge
Dodge
made lorries here with the model name Kew. Kew
Kew
Retail Park stands on the site of the former factory.[12] People[edit] Main article: List of people from the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames Royal associations with Kew[edit]

West Hall, Kew

Sarah Kirby (née Bull) and Joshua Kirby by Thomas Gainsborough

A musical portrait of Frederick, Prince of Wales
Frederick, Prince of Wales
and his sisters by Philip Mercier, dated 1733, uses the Dutch House, the present-day Kew Palace, as its plein-air backdrop

Marianne North
Marianne North
Gallery, Kew
Kew
Gardens, interior

French painter Camille Pissarro's impression of Kew Green
Kew Green
in 1892

Tomb of Johan Zoffany
Johan Zoffany
at St Anne's Church

Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester, was granted lands at Kew
Kew
in 1517. When he died in 1526 he left his Kew
Kew
estates to his third wife, Eleanor, with the remainder to his son George. In 1538 Sir George Somerset sold the house for £200 to Thomas Cromwell, who resold it for the same amount to Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk. Brandon had probably already inhabited Kew
Kew
during the life of his wife Mary Tudor, the daughter of Henry VII and widow of the French king Louis XII. According to John Leland's Cygnea Cantio ("Swan Song"), she stayed in Kew
Kew
(which he refers to as "Cheva")[13] for a time after her return to England.[14] One of Henry VIII's closest friends, Henry Norris, lived at Kew Farm,[15] which was later owned by Elizabeth I's favourite, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester.[16] This large palatial house on the Thames riverbank predated the royal palaces of Kew Palace
Kew Palace
and the White House. Excavations at Kew Gardens
Kew Gardens
in 2009 revealed a wall that may have belonged to the property.[17] In Elizabeth's reign, and under the Stuarts, houses were developed along Kew
Kew
Green.[18] West Hall, which survives in West Hall Road, dates from at least the 14th century and the present house was built at the end of the 17th century.[19] Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of James I, was given a household at Kew
Kew
in 1608.[14] Queen Anne subscribed to the building of the parish church on Kew Green, which was dedicated to St Anne in 1714, three months before the queen's death.[20] The Hanoverians[edit] The Hanoverians
Hanoverians
maintained the strongest links with Kew, in particular Princess Augusta who founded the botanic gardens[21] and her husband Frederick, Prince of Wales
Frederick, Prince of Wales
who lived at the White House in Kew. Augusta, as Dowager
Dowager
Princess of Wales, continued to live there until her death in 1721.[22] Frederick commissioned the building of the first substantial greenhouse at Kew
Kew
Gardens.[23] In 1761 the future George III and Queen Charlotte
Queen Charlotte
moved into the White House at Kew.[22] They established their main summer court at Kew
Kew
from the 1760s and 1770s. Queen Charlotte
Queen Charlotte
died at the Dutch House in Kew
Kew
in 1818.[22] William IV spent most of his early life at Richmond and at Kew
Kew
Palace, where he was educated by private tutors.[24] Georgian expansion[edit] During the French Revolution, many refugees established themselves in Kew, having built many of the houses of this period. In the 1760s and 1770s the royal presence attracted artists such as Thomas Gainsborough and Johann Zoffany.[14][25] Artists associated with Kew[edit]

Franz (later Francis) Bauer (1758–1840) was an Austrian microscopist and botanical artist who became the first botanical illustrator at Kew Gardens. By 1790 he had settled at Kew, where as well as making detailed paintings and drawings of flower dissections, often at microscopic level, he tutored Queen Charlotte, her daughter Princess Elizabeth and William Hooker in the art of illustration, and often entertained friends and botanists at his home. He is buried at St Anne's,[26] next to Thomas Gainsborough. The American-born English artist Walter Deverell
Walter Deverell
(1827–1854), who was associated with the Pre-Raphaelite
Pre-Raphaelite
Brotherhood, lived at 352 Kew Road, then called Heathfield House. He had a studio at the end of the garden where there are now garages. In this setting he painted "The Pet".[27] George Engleheart
George Engleheart
(1750–1829), who was born in Kew,[28] was one of the greatest English painters of portrait miniatures. Thomas Gainsborough
Thomas Gainsborough
(1727–1788) visited Kew
Kew
many times, staying with his friend Joshua Kirby and, after Kirby's death, in a house probably rented by his daughter close to St Anne's Church, where he is buried.[25] Arthur Hughes (1832–1915), Pre-Raphaelite
Pre-Raphaelite
painter, lived and died at Eastside House, 22 Kew
Kew
Green, Kew.[29] The site is marked by a blue plaque.[30] Joshua Kirby (1716–1774) was a landscape painter, engraver, and writer, whose main artistic focus was "linear perspective", based on the ideas of English mathematician Brook Taylor. He was the son of topographer John Kirby, and the father of the writer Sarah Trimmer
Sarah Trimmer
and the entomologist William Kirby.[31] In 1760 he moved to Kew, where he taught linear perspective to George III.[32] He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society
Royal Society
in 1767.[33] Sir Peter Lely
Peter Lely
(1618–1680), portrait painter, had a house on the north side of Kew
Kew
Green.[34] On almost exactly the same site, Jeremiah Meyer (1735–1789), miniaturist to Queen Charlotte
Queen Charlotte
and George III, built a house a century later. Meyer is buried at St Anne's.[25] Charles Mozley
Charles Mozley
(1914–1991), artist and art teacher, lived and died at 358 Kew
Kew
Road, Kew.[35][36] Victorian artist Marianne North
Marianne North
(1830–1890) did not live in Kew, but she left to Kew Gardens
Kew Gardens
her collection of botanic art, painted on her extensive overseas travels, and funded a gallery – the Marianne North Gallery – to house them.[37] French Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro
Camille Pissarro
(1830–1903) stayed in 1892 at 10 Kew
Kew
Green, on the corner of Gloucester Road, which is marked by a blue plaque.[38] During his stay he painted Kew Gardens – Path to the Great Glasshouse (1892), [1] Kew
Kew
Greens (1892) [2] and Church at Kew
Kew
(1892).[3] His third son, Félix Pissarro (1874–1897), painter, etcher and caricaturist, died in a sanatorium at 262 Kew
Kew
Road in 1897.[39] The painter Johann Zoffany
Johann Zoffany
(1725–1810), who lived at Strand-on-the-Green, is buried at St Anne's.[40]

Other notable inhabitants[edit] Historical figures[edit]

Cottages on Kew
Kew
Green

William Aiton
William Aiton
(1731–1793), botanist, was appointed director in 1759 of the newly established botanical garden at Kew, where he remained until his death. He effected many improvements at the gardens, and in 1789 he published Hortus Kewensis, a catalogue of the plants cultivated there. When he died, he was succeeded as director at Kew Gardens by his son William Townsend Aiton (1766–1849), who was also botanist, and was born in Kew.[41] William Townsend Aiton was one of the founders of the Royal Horticultural Society.[41] He retired in 1841 but remained living at Kew, although passing much of his time with his brother at Kensington
Kensington
where he died in 1849.[41] Both father and son lived at Descanso House on Kew Green
Kew Green
and are buried in St Anne's churchyard[41][41] where the substantial family tomb is a prominent feature. Inside the church there is also a memorial to them.[42] David Blomfield
David Blomfield
(1934–2016), leader of the Liberal Party group on Richmond upon Thames
Thames
Council, writer, book editor and local historian, lived in Kew[43] Richard Cook (1957–2007), British jazz writer, magazine editor and former record company executive, was born in Kew[44] Stephen Duck (c.1705–1756), poet, lived in Kew[34] Prince Friso of the Netherlands (1968–2013), brother of King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, lived in Kew[45] Liberal Party leader Jo Grimond
Jo Grimond
(1913–1993) lived on Kew Green[5][46] Sir William Hooker
Sir William Hooker
(1785–1865) and his son Sir Joseph Hooker (1817–1911), botanists and directors of Kew
Kew
Gardens, lived at 49 Kew Green, Kew. The site is marked by a blue plaque[47][48] Alfred Luff (1846–1933), English cricketer, was born in Kew[49] Phil Lynott
Phil Lynott
(1949–1986), Irish rock guitarist, songwriter, vocalist and leader of Thin Lizzy, lived in Kew[50] Andrew Millar (1705–1768), Scottish bookseller, owned a country home in Kew Green
Kew Green
near the Thames-side royal palace of Kew[51] Samuel Molyneux (1689–1728), Member of Parliament, and an amateur astronomer, who was married to Lady Elizabeth Diana Capel, the eldest daughter of the Earl of Essex, inherited Kew
Kew
House on the death of Lady Capel of Tewkesbury.[52] Molyneux set up an observatory at the house and collaborated there with James Bradley
James Bradley
in innovative designs for reflecting telescopes.[52] Kew
Kew
House which later, as the White House, became the home of Prince Frederick and Princess Augusta, was pulled down in 1802 when George II's short-lived gothic "castellated palace" was built[53] Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1930–2008), playwright, dramatist, actor and director, lived at Fairmead Court, Taylor Avenue, Kew[54] Sir Hugh Portman, 4th Baronet (died 1632), MP for Taunton, lived in a house opposite Kew
Kew
Palace[34] Sir John Puckering
Sir John Puckering
(1544–1596), lawyer, politician, Speaker of the English House of Commons, and Lord Keeper
Lord Keeper
from 1592 until his death, lived in Kew[34] Anthony Saxton (1934–2015), advertising executive and headhunter, lived at 3 Mortlake
Mortlake
Road in Kew, and was a churchwarden of St Anne's Church, Kew[citation needed] John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute
(1713–1792), botanist and honorary director of Kew
Kew
Gardens, 1754–1772, adviser to Princess Augusta and tutor to George III and, later, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1762–63), lived at King’s Cottage, 33 Kew
Kew
Green[55] Patrick Troughton
Patrick Troughton
(1921–1987), actor, most famous for playing the Second Doctor
Second Doctor
in the TV series Doctor Who, lived in Kew[56] George Vassila (1857–1915), English cricketer, was born in Kew[57]

Living people[edit]

Geoffrey Archer, writer and former Defence Correspondent of ITN, lives in Kew[58] Mick Avory, musician and former drummer with The Kinks, lives in Kew[59] Nick Baird, former ambassador to Turkey
Turkey
and former Chief Executive of UK Trade & Investment, lives in Kew[citation needed] Ray Brooks, actor, lives in Kew[60] Justin Lee Collins, comedian and television presenter, lives in Kew[61] Sir David Durie, former Governor of Gibraltar, lives in Kew[62][63] Simon Fowler, social historian and author, lives in Kew[64] Sir Donald Insall, architect, lives in Kew[65] Milton Jones, comedian, was brought up in Kew[66] Gabby Logan, TV presenter, and her husband Kenny Logan, rugby player, live in Kew[67] Serge Lourie, former Leader of Richmond upon Thames
Thames
Council, and councillor for Kew
Kew
for 28 years, lives in Kew[68] Paul Ormerod, economist, lives in Kew[69] Jenny Tonge, Baroness Tonge, former MP, lives in Kew[70] Sue Vertue, television producer, and her husband Steven Moffat, television writer and producer, live in Kew[71][72]

Demography[edit] In the ten years from the time of the 2001 census, the population rose from 9,445[73] to 11,436,[1] the sharpest ten-year increase in Kew since the early 20th century. This was partly accounted for by the conversion of former Thames Water
Thames Water
land to residential use, and increases in property sizes. The figures are based on those for Kew ward,[73] the boundaries of the enlarged parish having been adjusted to allow for all wards in the borough to be equally sized. Homes and households[edit]

2011 Census homes

Ward Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats Shared between households[1]

Kew 426 1,029 1,212 2,268 4 25

Kew
Kew
Bridge

Kew
Kew
Pier

Kew Railway Bridge
Kew Railway Bridge
stonework

2011 Census households

Ward Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]

Kew 11,436 4,941 30 30 330

Ethnicity[edit] The 2011 census showed that 66.2% of the population were White British. Other White was the second largest category at 16%, with 8.1% being Asian.[74] Transport[edit] A main mode of transport between Kew
Kew
and London, for rich and poor alike, was by water along the Thames
Thames
which, historically, separated Middlesex
Middlesex
(on the north bank) from Surrey: Kew
Kew
was also connected to Brentford, Middlesex
Middlesex
by ferry, first replaced by bridge in 1759. The current Kew
Kew
Bridge, which carries the South Circular Road (the A205) was opened by King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra in 1903.[22] The A205 road
A205 road
commencing there passes through Kew
Kew
as a single carriageway. However Kew
Kew
Road provides the main road link to Richmond. The M4 motorway
M4 motorway
starts a short distance north of Kew, providing access to Heathrow Airport and the west. The A316 road
A316 road
starts in Chiswick
Chiswick
and continues over Chiswick Bridge
Chiswick Bridge
and a complex junction with the South Circular Road at Chalker's Corner at the south-eastern end of the district. Since 1869 rail services have been available from Kew Gardens
Kew Gardens
station. London Underground
London Underground
(District line) services run to Richmond and to central London. London Overground
London Overground
trains run to Richmond and (via Willesden
Willesden
Junction) to Stratford. Three bus routes serve Kew: the 65,[75] 391[76] and R68.[77] River bus services supported by publicly funded Transport for London are from Kew
Kew
Pier, to Richmond, Hampton Court
Hampton Court
and to Westminster
Westminster
Pier in central London.[78]

Nearest places

Brentford Richmond Gunnersbury Chiswick Mortlake Barnes

Nearest railway stations

Kew Bridge
Kew Bridge
station (South Western Railway) Kew Gardens
Kew Gardens
station (London Overground; London Underground
London Underground
District line) North Sheen
North Sheen
station (South Western Railway)

Bridges

Kew
Kew
Bridge, which carries the A205 South Circular Road. Beside the bridge is Kew
Kew
Pier, which serves tourist ferries operating under licence from London River Services. Kew
Kew
Railway Bridge

Parks and open spaces[edit]

Kew
Kew
Green

Japanese garden in Kew
Kew
Gardens

Westerley Ware

Kew Green
Kew Green
is used by Kew Cricket Club
Kew Cricket Club
for cricket matches in the summer. Kew
Kew
Pond, near the northeast corner of Kew
Kew
Green, believed to date from the tenth century,[79][80] is originally thought to have been a natural pond fed from a creek of the tidal Thames. During high (spring) tides, sluice gates are opened to allow river water to fill the pond via an underground channel. The pond is concreted, rectangular in shape and contains an important reed bed habitat which is vital for conservation and resident water birds. The pond is managed in partnership with the Friends of Kew
Kew
Pond.[81] North Sheen
North Sheen
Recreation Ground in Dancer Road, known locally as "The Rec", was originally part of an orchard belonging to the Popham Estate, owned by the Leyborne Pophams whose family seat was at Littlecote House, Wiltshire. Opened in June 1909 and extended in 1923, it now contains football pitches, a running track, a children's paddling pool, two extensive playgrounds, a large dog-free grassed area and a pavilion set amongst trees and shrubs.[82] It is also the home of a local football club, Kew
Kew
Park Rangers. A new £1 million sports pavilion[83] was opened in September 2011.[84] Pensford Field,[85] previously playing fields of the former Gainsborough School, is now a nature reserve and also the home of Pensford Tennis Club. St Luke's Open Space, a quiet sitting area and toddlers' play area, was previously a playground for a former Victorian primary school.[86][nb 1] Westerley Ware, a small garden and recreation ground at the foot of Kew
Kew
Bridge, has a memorial garden bordered by hedges, a grass area, three hard tennis courts and a children's playground. Originally created as a memorial garden to the fallen in the First World War, its name refers to the practice of netting weirs or "wares" to catch fish.[87][88]

Sport and leisure[edit] Kew's several other sports clubs include:

North Sheen
North Sheen
Bowling Club on Marksbury Avenue[89] Priory Park Club on Forest Road – tennis and (previously, until 2017) bowls[90][91] Putney Town Rowing Club
Putney Town Rowing Club
on Townmead Road Richmond Gymnastics Association on Townmead Road[92]

The nearest football club in the Football League is Brentford
Brentford
FC, approximately 1 mile away. Societies[edit]

The Kew
Kew
Society

Motto We care about Kew

Formation 1901 (as the Kew
Kew
Union)[93]

Legal status registered charity

Membership

650[94]

Chair

Caroline Brock

Main organ

The Kew
Kew
Society Newsletter

Budget

£27,000[95]

Staff

none

Website www.kewsociety.org

The Kew
Kew
Horticultural Society, founded in 1938, organises an annual show on Kew Green
Kew Green
in late August/early September[96][97][98] as well as talks, events and outings throughout the year. The Kew
Kew
Society, founded in 1901 as the Kew
Kew
Union,[93] is a civic society that seeks to enhance the beauty of Kew
Kew
and preserve its heritage. It reviews all planning applications in Kew
Kew
with special regard to the architectural integrity and heritage of the neighbourhood, and plays an active role in the improvement of local amenities. The Society, which is a member of Civic Voice,[94] organises community events including lectures and outings and produces a quarterly newsletter. The Richmond Local History Society
Richmond Local History Society
is concerned with the history of Kew, as well as Richmond, Petersham and Ham.[99] Education[edit] Main article: List of schools in Richmond upon Thames Primary schools[edit]

Darell Primary and Nursery School is on Darell Road and Niton Road. It opened in 1906, as the Darell Road Schools, at the southern end of what had been the Leyborne-Popham estate.[100] Darell School was Richmond Borough Council’s first primary school and was built in the "Queen Anne" style, in brick with white stone facings. Although it has been extended several times, it is now the only Richmond primary school still in its historic original pre-1914 building.[101] Kew
Kew
Riverside Primary School, on Courtlands Avenue, opened in 2003.[102]

Our Lady of Loreto and St Winefride's, Kew's Roman Catholic church

The Barn Church

The Queen's Church of England
England
Primary School is in Cumberland Road, where it moved in 1969.[103] In her will of 1719, Dorothy, Lady Capel of Kew
Kew
House left to four trustees Perry Court Farm in Kent, which she had inherited from her father. One twelfth of the rent from the farm was to be given to St Anne's Church to establish a school in Kew.[104] In 1810, a "Free School" was opened in the church for 50 children, financed by subscribers who gave one guinea a year, in addition to a contribution by King George III. In 1824 the school moved to a site near the pond on Kew
Kew
Green. The foundation stone was laid on 12 August, the birthday of King George IV, who gave £300 on condition that it be called "The King's Free School". Queen Victoria gave permission for it to be called "The Queen's School" and decreed that its title should change with that of the monarch.

Independent preparatory schools[edit]

Broomfield House School, on Broomfield Road, was founded in 1876.[105] Kew
Kew
College, a co-educational school for 3–11 year olds, was founded in 1927 by Mrs Ellen Upton in rooms over a shop in Kew. Mrs Upton’s young daughter was one of the first pupils. The school later moved to Cumberland Road. In 1953, Mrs Upton retired and sold the school to Mrs Hamilton-Spry who, in 1985, handed over the buildings to a charitable trust to ensure the school's long term continuity. Kew Green
Kew Green
Preparatory School, at Layton House, Ferry Lane, near Kew Green, opened in 2004. Unicorn School, established in 1970, is a co-educational, parent-owned school on Kew
Kew
Road, opposite Kew
Kew
Gardens.

Places of worship[edit] Five churches in Kew
Kew
are currently in use:

Kew
Kew
Baptist Church Our Lady of Loreto and St Winefride's, Kew
Our Lady of Loreto and St Winefride's, Kew
(Roman Catholic) St Anne's Church, Kew
St Anne's Church, Kew
(Anglican) St Luke's Church, Kew
St Luke's Church, Kew
(Anglican) St Philip and All Saints Church, Kew
St Philip and All Saints Church, Kew
(the Barn Church) (Anglican)

Former churches include the late 19th-century Cambridge Road Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, previously known as the Gloucester Road Wesleyan Methodist Chapel[106] and also known as Cambridge Road Methodist Church,[107] which was in use from 1891 to 1969.[107] A late Victorian Salvation Army
Salvation Army
hall on North Road, built in the style of a chapel, was converted into flats (1–5 Quiet Way) in the early 21st century.[108] Cemeteries and crematorium[edit]

North Sheen
North Sheen
Cemetery

Mortlake
Mortlake
Crematorium and two cemeteries – North Sheen
North Sheen
Cemetery and Mortlake
Mortlake
Cemetery – are located in Kew.[109] Literary references to Kew[edit]

Lilac
Lilac
in Kew
Kew
Gardens

Tram
Tram
to Kew
Kew
and Richmond c.1900

I am His Highness' dog at Kew; Pray tell me, sir, whose dog are you?

Epigram, engraved on the Collar of a Dog
Dog
which I gave to his Royal Highness (Frederick, Prince of Wales), 1736[110] (Alexander Pope, 1688–1744)

And the wildest dreams of Kew
Kew
are the facts of Khatmandhu

In The Neolithic Age, 1892 (Rudyard Kipling, 1865–1936)

Go down to Kew
Kew
in lilac-time, in lilac-time, in lilac-time; Go down to Kew
Kew
in lilac-time (it isn't far from London!) And you shall wander hand in hand with love in summer's wonderland; Go down to Kew
Kew
in lilac-time (it isn't far from London!)

The Barrel-Organ, 1920 (Alfred Noyes, 1880–1958)

Trams and dusty trees. Highbury
Highbury
bore me. Richmond and Kew Undid me.

The Waste Land, 1922 (T. S. Eliot, 1888–1965)

Lady Croom: My hyacinth dell is become a haunt for hobgoblins, my Chinese bridge, which I am assured is superior to the one at Kew, and for all I know at Peking, is usurped by a fallen obelisk overgrown with briars.

Arcadia, 1993 (Tom Stoppard, 1937–)

See also[edit]

Kew
Kew
Green Kew
Kew
Letters Kew
Kew
Observatory

Notes[edit]

^ The former building of St Luke's School is now an art studio."Kew Studio". Retrieved 10 October 2017. 

References[edit]

^ a b c d e Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density [4] Office for National Statistics ^ A City of Villages: Promoting a sustainable future for London's suburbs (PDF). SDS Technical Report 11. Greater London
Greater London
Authority. August 2002. ISBN 1-85261-393-9. Retrieved 16 January 2014.  ^ "History of Kew, in Richmond upon Thames
Thames
and Surrey". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 3 June 2014.  ^ Census Information Scheme (2012). "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Greater London
Greater London
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Sources[edit]

Blomfield, David (1994). Kew
Kew
Past, Chichester, Sussex: Phillimore & Co. Ltd. ISBN 0-85033-923-5

Further reading[edit]

Blomfield, David (2011), The Story of Kew
Kew
(5th, enlarged, edition), London: Leyborne Publications, ISBN 0-9520515-3-2  Blomfield, David; May, Christopher (2016), Kew
Kew
at War 1939–1945, London: Richmond Local History Society, ISBN 978-0-9550717-4-4 CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Walford, Edward (1883), "Kew", Greater London, London: Cassell & Co., OCLC 3009761 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kew, London.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Kew.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for London/Richmond-Kew.

Kew
Kew
TW9 community website Kew
Kew
area profile HistoryWorld: Kew
Kew
timeline Richmond Local History Society

v t e

London Borough of Richmond upon Thames

Districts

Barnes East Sheen Fulwell Ham Hampton Hampton Hill Hampton Wick Kew Mortlake Petersham Richmond St Margarets Strawberry Hill Teddington Twickenham Whitton

Railway stations

Barnes Barnes Bridge Fulwell Hampton Hampton Wick Kew
Kew
Gardens Mortlake North Sheen Richmond St Margarets Strawberry Hill Teddington Twickenham Whitton

River Thames
River Thames
bridges, islands and river services

Bridges Benn's Island Corporation Island Eel Pie Island Glover's Island Platts Eyot Swan Island Tagg's Island Trowlock Island Hammerton's Ferry Hampton Ferry Kew
Kew
Pier Richmond Lock Teddington
Teddington
Lifeboat Station Teddington
Teddington
Lock former Twickenham
Twickenham
Ferry

Other rivers and streams

Beverley Brook River Crane Duke of Northumberland's River Longford River Sudbrook and Latchmere stream River Thames

Sports venues

Athletic Ground, Richmond Barn Elms Playing Fields The Championship Course Cricket
Cricket
clubs and grounds Golf clubs and courses Hampton Pool The Lensbury Pools on the Park Royal Tennis Court, Hampton Court Teddington
Teddington
Pools and Fitness Centre Thames
Thames
Young Mariners Twickenham
Twickenham
Stadium Twickenham
Twickenham
Stoop former Ranelagh Club former Richmond Ice Rink

Events

Annual sports events Hampton Court
Hampton Court
Palace
Palace
Festival Hampton Court
Hampton Court
Palace
Palace
Flower Show IRB Rugby Aid Match

Breweries and pubs

Britannia, Richmond The Bull's Head The Crown, Twickenham Dysart Arms The Fox, Twickenham The George, Twickenham Hare and Hounds, Sheen Jolly Coopers, Hampton Old Ship, Richmond Park Hotel, Teddington Richmond Brewery Stores Sun Inn, Barnes Twickenham
Twickenham
Fine Ales Watney Combe & Reid White Cross, Richmond The White Swan, Twickenham‎

Theatres, cinemas and music venues

The Bull's Head Crawdaddy Club The Exchange Olympic Studios Orange Tree Theatre Puppet Theatre Barge Richmond Theatre TwickFolk Wathen Hall former Eel Pie Island
Eel Pie Island
Hotel

Film and recording studios

Astoria The Boathouse, Twickenham Eel Pie Studios Olympic Studios Teddington
Teddington
Studios Twickenham
Twickenham
Film Studios

Media and publishing

Richmond and Twickenham
Twickenham
Times former Gaydar Radio former Hogarth Press

Historical royal palaces

Hampton Court
Hampton Court
Palace Kew
Kew
Palace Richmond Palace

Other places of interest

123 Mortlake
Mortlake
High Street 14 The Terrace, Barnes 18 Station Road, Barnes 70 Barnes High Street Asgill House Brinsworth House Bushy House Chapel House Chapel in the Wood Clarence House Diana Fountain, Bushy Park Doughty House Douglas House Downe House East Sheen
East Sheen
Filling Station Fulwell bus garage Garrick's Temple to Shakespeare Garrick's Villa Grove House, Hampton Ham House Hampton Youth Project Harrods Furniture Depository Hogarth House The Homestead, Barnes King's Observatory Kneller Hall Langham House Langham House Close Latchmere House Lichfield Court Marble Hill House Montrose House The Naked Ladies National Physical Laboratory Normansfield Theatre The Old Court House Ormeley Lodge Parkleys The Pavilion, Hampton Court Pembroke Lodge Pope's Urn Pope's Grotto Poppy Factory The Queen's Beasts Royal Military School of Music Royal Star and Garter Home St Leonard's Court Strawberry Hill House Stud House Sudbrook House and Park The Terrace, Barnes Thatched House Lodge University Boat Race Stones Victoria Working Men's Club West Hall, Kew White Lodge The Wick Wick House Yelverton Lodge York House

History

Adana Printing Machines Admiralty Research Laboratory Alcott House Ashe baronets Barnes rail crash Camp Griffiss Cross Deep House GHQ Liaison Regiment Hampton Court
Hampton Court
Conference Kew
Kew
Letters Mortlake
Mortlake
Tapestry Works Mount Ararat, Richmond Murder of Amélie Delagrange Murder of Julia Martha Thomas Petersham Hole Pocock baronets Pope's villa Radnor House Richmond Flyers Richmond, Petersham and Ham Open Spaces Act 1902 Ringway 2 Sheen Priory Star and Garter Hotel, Richmond Towpath murders Treaty of Hampton Court
Hampton Court
(1562) Twickenham
Twickenham
Park Vandeput baronets Warren-Lambert Wigan baronets

Parliamentary constituencies

Richmond Park Twickenham former Richmond and Barnes former Richmond (Surrey)

Other topics

Almshouses Archives, museums and art galleries Cemeteries, crematoria and memorials Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Hospitals Local government People Places of worship Public art Schools, colleges and universities Sports clubs

Parks, open spaces and nature reserves in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington
Kensington
High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey
Surrey
Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greate

.