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Eamonn Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
FAIA (born June 14, 1922) is an Irish-born American Pritzker Prize-winning architect. He has been responsible for the design/master planning for over 200 built projects in both the U.S. and abroad. These projects include eight museums, 38 corporate headquarters, seven research facilities, performing arts centers, theaters, and campus buildings for six universities. In 1967 he created the master plan for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and since then has designed all of the new wings and installation of many collections including the recently reopened American[1] and Islamic wings. Among other awards, Roche received the Pritzker Prize
Pritzker Prize
in 1982,[2] the Gold Medal Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters
American Academy of Arts and Letters
in 1990, and the AIA Gold Medal
AIA Gold Medal
in 1993. In 2012, Roche was inducted into Irish America magazine's Hall of Fame.[3]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Prizes and Awards 3 Film 4 Buildings 5 Awards and honors 6 Further reading 7 References 8 External links

Biography[edit] Born in Dublin, but raised in Mitchelstown, County Cork, Roche graduated from University College Dublin
Dublin
in 1945. He then worked with Michael Scott from 1945-46. From summer to fall of 1946 he worked with Maxwell Fry
Maxwell Fry
in London. In 1947 he applied for graduate studies at Harvard, Yale, and Illinois Institute of Technology and was accepted at all three institutions, and left Ireland in 1948 to study under Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
at the Illinois Institute of Technology. In 1949, he worked at the planning office for the United Nations Headquarters building in New York City. In 1950, he joined the firm of Eero Saarinen
Eero Saarinen
and Associates.[4] His future partner, John Dinkeloo, joined the firm in 1951 and this was also where Roche met his wife Jane. In 1954, he became the Principal Design Associate to Saarinen and assisted him on all projects from that time until Saarinen's death in September 1961. In 1966, Roche and Dinkeloo formed Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
John Dinkeloo and Associates and completed Saarinen's projects. They completed 12 major unfinished Saarinen builds, including some of Saarinen's best-known work: the Gateway Arch, the expressionistic TWA Flight Center
TWA Flight Center
at JFK International Airport in New York City, Dulles International Airport outside Washington, DC, the strictly modern John Deere Headquarters in Moline, Illinois, and the CBS Headquarters building in New York City.[5] Following this, Roche and Dinkeloo's first major commission was the Oakland Museum of California, a complex for the art, natural history, and cultural history of California with a design featuring interrelated terraces and roof gardens.[6] The city was planning a monumental building to house natural history, technology and art, and Roche provided a unique concept: a building that is a series of low-level concrete structures covering a four block area, on three levels, the terrace of each level forming the roof of the one below, i.e. a museum (in three sections) with a park on its roof. This kind of innovative solution became Roche's trademark. This project was followed by the equally highly acclaimed Ford Foundation building in New York, considered the first large-scale architectural building in the USA to devote a substantial portion of its space to horticultural pursuits. Its famous atrium was designed with the notion of having urban green-space accessible to all and is an early example of the application of environmental psychology in architecture. The building was recognized in 1968 by the Architectural Record as "a new kind of urban space".[7] The acclaim that greeted the Oakland Museum and Ford Foundation
Ford Foundation
earned Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates
Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates
a ranking at the top of their profession. Shortly afterwards they began a 40-year association with the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
in New York, for whom they did extensive remodelling and built many extensions to house new galleries including one containing the Egyptian Temple of Dendur. Other high-profile commissions came from clients as varied as the Wesleyan University, United Nations, Cummins Engines, Union Carbide, The US Post Office and the Knights of Columbus. In 1982, Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
became one of the first recipients of the Pritzker Prize, generally regarded as architecture’s equivalent to the Nobel prize. Following this accolade Roche’s practice went global, receiving commissions for buildings in Paris, Madrid, Singapore and Tokyo. He completed his first and only Irish project The Convention Centre Dublin
Dublin
in 2010. Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates
Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates
has designed numerous corporate headquarters, office buildings, banks, museums, art centers, and even part of New York Zoo. Roche has served as a trustee of the American Academy in Rome, president of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, member of the National Academy of Design, and member of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts.[8] Prizes and Awards[edit] The work of Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
has been the subject of special exhibitions at the Museum of Modern Art, the Architectural Association of Ireland in Dublin, and the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. A 2012 exhibition Kevin Roche: Architecture as Environment opened at the Yale School of Architecture
Yale School of Architecture
in New Haven, Connecticut and has been viewed at The Museum of the City of New York and at the Building Museum in Washington, and the University of Toronto. In addition to the Pritzker Prize, Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
has been the recipient of numerous honours and awards including the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal Award, the American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal Award for Architecture, and the French Academie d'Architecture Grand Gold Medal. Film[edit] A feature documentary called Kevin Roche: The Quiet Architect is due for release in 2017. It is directed by Irish filmmaker (ex-architecture student) Mark Noonan. Buildings[edit]

The Head Office for Bouygues
Bouygues
SA Holding company received the “Haute Qualité Environnementale (HQE)” which is the highest certification for environmental quality in building design in France.

Headquarters for Santander Central Hispano located in Madrid, Spain.

New American Wing for Twentieth Century Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The continuous glass wall at Lucent Technologies in Nurnberg, Germany wraps around the complex to create a unified street facade.

Unlike conventional New York office buildings which isolate the occupants, the Ford Foundation
Ford Foundation
Headquarters creates an environment of openness and fosters a sense of working family.[citation needed]

The DN Tower 21
DN Tower 21
in Tokyo, Japan.

1966 – Oakland Museum of California, Oakland, CA 1968 – The Ford Foundation, New York, NY 1969 – Administration, Student Union & Physical Education Buildings, RIT, Rochester, NY 1969 – The Knights of Columbus Building Headquarters, New Haven, CT 1969 – United States
United States
Post Office, Columbus, IN 1969 – Aetna Life and Casualty Company Computer Headquarters, Hartford, CT 1971 – Power Center for the Performing Arts, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 1973 – Center for the Arts, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 1974 – Fine Arts Center, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 1974 – The Pyramids (Indianapolis)
The Pyramids (Indianapolis)
College Life Insurance Company of America Headquarters, Indianapolis, IN 1978 – John Deere World Headquarters
John Deere World Headquarters
West Office Building, Moline, IL 1979 – Denver Performing Arts Complex, Denver, CO 1982 – The Corporate Center, Danbury, CT 1982 – Moudy Visual Arts and Communication Building, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 1983 – 2 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY[9] 1983 – General Foods Corporate Headquarters, Ryebrook, NY 1985 – Cummins Engine Company Corporate Headquarters, Columbus, IN 1985 – DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum, Williamsburg, VA 1986 – Conoco Inc. Petroleum Headquarters, Houston, TX 1988 – Central Park Zoo, New York, NY[10] 1988 – Bouygues
Bouygues
World Headquarters, Saint-Quentin-Yvelines, France 1989 – Leo Burnett Building
Leo Burnett Building
Company Headquarters, Chicago, IL 1990 – 750 7th Avenue, New York, NY 1990 – Metropolitano Office Building, Madrid, Spain 1992 – J.P. Morgan Headquarters, New York, NY 1993 – Corning Incorporated
Corning Incorporated
Corporate Headquarters, Corning, NY 1993 – Merck & Co. Inc. Headquarters, Whitehouse Station, NJ 1993 – NationsBank Building (now Bank of America Plaza), Atlanta, GA 1993 – Borland International Corporate Headquarters, Scotts Valley, CA 1993 – Tanjong and Binariang Headquarters/Menara Maxis, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1994 – Pontiac Marina Millenia Tower
Millenia Tower
and Ritz-Carlton Hotel, Singapore 1995 – Dai-ichi Life
Dai-ichi Life
Headquarters/ Norinchukin Bank Headquarters, DN Tower 21, Tokyo, Japan 1997 – Zesiger Sports and Fitness Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 1997 – Shiodome City Center, Tokyo, Japan 1997 – Helen and Martin Kimmel Center for University Life/ Skirball Center for the Performing Arts, New York University, New York, NY 1997 – Lucent Technologies, Lisle, IL/Naperville, IL 2000 – Ciudad Grupo Santander, Madrid, Spain 2001 – Securities and Exchange Commission
Securities and Exchange Commission
Headquarters, Washington, D.C. 2002 – Bouygues
Bouygues
SA Holding Company Headquarters, Paris, France 2003 – 1101 New York Avenue, Washington, D.C. 2003 – Renovation to Greek and Roman Court at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY 2005 – Lafayette Tower, Washington, D.C. 2007 – Renovation to American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY[11] 2008 – Renovation to American Wing at Metropolitan Museum of Art[12] 2009 – David S. Ingalls Rink
David S. Ingalls Rink
Restoration and Addition, Yale University, New Haven, CT 2010 – Convention Centre Dublin, Dublin, Ireland 2011 – Renovation to Islamic Wing at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY

Awards and honors[edit] Mr. Roche has been the recipient of numerous honors and awards, including the following:

Pritzker Prize American Institute of Architects
American Institute of Architects
– AIA Gold Medal American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medals – Gold Medal Award for Architecture Academie d'Architecture – Grand Gold Medal Total Design Award, American Society of Interior Designers Medal of Honor, New York Chapter of the AIA American Institute of Architects
American Institute of Architects
Twenty-five Year Award Classical America's Arthur Ross Award The Brendan Gill Prize of the Municipal Art Society of New York R. S. Reynolds Memorial Award New York State Award California Governor's Award for Excellence in Design Albert S. Bard First Honor Awards, City Club of New York Brandeis University Creative Arts Award in Architecture Brunner Award of the American Institute of Art and Letters New York Chapter American Institute of Architects
American Institute of Architects
Award

Honorary Degrees:

Wesleyan University, Doctorate of Fine Arts National University of Ireland, Doctorate of Fine Arts Albertus Magnus College, Doctorate of Fine Arts Iona College, Doctorate of Fine Arts Yale University, Doctorate of Fine Arts

Further reading[edit]

Articles

Currey, Mason. “Rediscovered Masterpiece: Ford Foundation”, Metropolis (December 2008), pp. 90–104 McMillan, Elizabeth. “Kevin Roche: Pritzker Prize
Pritzker Prize
Winner”, Veranda (October 2007), pp. 150–158, 241. Lee, Sangleem. “Kevin Roche”, Space (July 2006); pp. 159–181.

Special
Special
magazine editions

Nakamura, Toshio. Kevin Roche, Architecture and Urbanism (A+U) Extra Edition, Tokyo, Japan: The Japan Architect Co. Ltd. Yoshio Yoshida, Publisher, 1987 Hozumi, Toshio et al. Latest Works of Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
John Dinkeloo and Associates, Architecture & Urbanism, (A+U), No. 211, Tokyo, Japan: The Japan Architect Co., Ltd., April, 1988, No.211. Hara, Hiroshi and Nobutaka Ashira. America’s New Architectural Wave: The Architect Kevin Roche’s Appearance on The Scene, SD Space Design No. 63, A Monthly Journal of Art & Architecture, Tokyo, Japan: January 1970. Miller, Nory. Roche Dinkeloo, General Foods Headquarters, Texas Christian University Visual Arts Center, One Summit Square, Deere Financial Services Hdqrs., & Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
Interview Global Architecture, GA Document 9, A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., February 1984. Futagawa, Yukio. Roche Dinkeloo, 6 High Rise Projects Deutsche Bank, J. P. Morgan, Design for Two Buildings in Denver, Dallas Competition, High Rise Study in Houston]. Global Architecture, GA Document 12. Tokyo, Japan: A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., January 1985. Miller, Nory. Roche Dinkeloo Cummins Engine Company Corporate Office Building, Columbus Indiana & Conoco Inc. Petroleum Headquarters, Global Architecture, GA Document 14, editing and publishing by Yukio Futagawa, A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., photographs, RETORIA: Y. Futagawa & Associated Photographers, December 1985. Futagawa, Yukio. Roche Dinkeloo, Bouygues
Bouygues
Headquarters, Global Architecture, GA Document 22. Tokyo, Japan: A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., January 1989.

References[edit]

^ COTTER, HOLLAND (January 15, 2012). "The Met Reimagines the American Story". Art Review. New York Times. Retrieved 23 February 2012.  ^ Goldberger, Paul (April 15, 1982). " Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
Wins PRITZKER PRIZE in Architecture". Times Article. New York Times. Retrieved February 23, 2012.  ^ Langan, Sheila. " Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
Visionary Architect"[permanent dead link], "Irish America magazine", March 14, 2012; accessed March 21, 2012. ^ "An Irish starchitect: the iconic buildings that have made Kevin Roche's reputation", The Irish Times, April 9, 2011. ^ unknown, unknown (December 14, 1992). "Architecture Award to Kevin Roche". December 14, 1992. New York Times. Retrieved February 23, 2012.  ^ http://www.krjda.com/Sites/Projects_Museums.html ^ http://www.architecturalrecord.com/ext/resources/news/2016/01-Jan/InTheCause/Ford-Foundation-Jonathan-Barnett-February-1968.pdf ^ Thomas E. Luebke, ed., Civic Art: A Centennial History of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, 2013): Appendix B, p. 553. ^ GOLDBERGER, PAUL (November 29, 1987). "ARCHITECTURE VIEW; Kevin Roche Finishes a Trio And Changes His Tune". New York Times. Retrieved 23 February 2012.  ^ unknown, unknown (September 30, 1989). " Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
Honored For Redesign of Zoo". September 30, 1989. New York Times. Retrieved 23 February 2012.  ^ VOGEL, CAROL (January 5, 2012). "Advertise on NYTimes.com Grand Galleries for National Treasures". Times Article. New York Times. Retrieved 23 February 2012.  ^ Yudell, Leslie. "Leslie Yudell". Architectural Record. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kevin Roche.

Profile. archiseek.com New Haven Coliseum infosite. yurgeles.net Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
profile. PritzkerPrize.com Yale School of Architecture
Yale School of Architecture
Honors Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
with Exhibition, Symposium.

v t e

Pritzker Architecture Prize
Pritzker Architecture Prize
laureates

Philip Johnson
Philip Johnson
(1979) Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
(1980) James Stirling (1981) Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
(1982) I. M. Pei
I. M. Pei
(1983) Richard Meier
Richard Meier
(1984) Hans Hollein
Hans Hollein
(1985) Gottfried Böhm
Gottfried Böhm
(1986) Kenzo Tange (1987) Gordon Bunshaft
Gordon Bunshaft
and Oscar Niemeyer
Oscar Niemeyer
(1988) Frank Gehry
Frank Gehry
(1989) Aldo Rossi
Aldo Rossi
(1990) Robert Venturi
Robert Venturi
(1991) Álvaro Siza Vieira
Álvaro Siza Vieira
(1992) Fumihiko Maki
Fumihiko Maki
(1993) Christian de Portzamparc
Christian de Portzamparc
(1994) Tadao Ando
Tadao Ando
(1995) Rafael Moneo
Rafael Moneo
(1996) Sverre Fehn
Sverre Fehn
(1997) Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
(1998) Norman Foster (1999) Rem Koolhaas
Rem Koolhaas
(2000) Herzog & de Meuron (2001) Glenn Murcutt
Glenn Murcutt
(2002) Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
(2003) Zaha Hadid
Zaha Hadid
(2004) Thom Mayne
Thom Mayne
(2005) Paulo Mendes da Rocha
Paulo Mendes da Rocha
(2006) Richard Rogers
Richard Rogers
(2007) Jean Nouvel
Jean Nouvel
(2008) Peter Zumthor
Peter Zumthor
(2009) Kazuyo Sejima
Kazuyo Sejima
and Ryue Nishizawa / SANAA
SANAA
(2010) Eduardo Souto de Moura
Eduardo Souto de Moura
(2011) Wang Shu
Wang Shu
(2012) Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
(2013) Shigeru Ban
Shigeru Ban
(2014) Frei Otto
Frei Otto
(2015) Alejandro Aravena
Alejandro Aravena
(2016) Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem, and Ramón Vilalta / RCR Arquitectes (2017) B. V. Doshi
B. V. Doshi
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 40170981 LCCN: n85069293 ISNI: 0000 0000 8375 190X GND: 11860161X SELIBR: 350599 SUDOC: 152566732 BNF: cb16545924c (data) BIBSYS: 90349445 ULAN: 500032415 NLA: 35664967 NDL: 00454440 BNE: XX5146

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