Kevin O'Rourke
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Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke, (born 25 March 1963) is an Irish economist and historian, who specialises in
economic history Economic history is the academic learning of Economy, economies or economic events of the past. Research is conducted using a combination of historical methods, statistical methods and the Applied economics, application of economic theory to his ...
and
international economics International economics is concerned with the effects upon economic activity from international differences in productive resources and consumer preferences and the international institutions that affect them. It seeks to explain the patterns and ...
. Since 2019, he has been Professor of Economics at
New York University Abu Dhabi New York University Abu Dhabi (NYUAD, ar, جامعة نيويورك أبوظبي) is a degree granting, portal campus of New York University serving as a private, liberal arts college, located in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Together with ...
. He was Professor of Economics at
Trinity College, Dublin , name_Latin = Collegium Sanctae et Individuae Trinitatis Reginae Elizabethae juxta Dublin , motto = ''Perpetuis futuris temporibus duraturam'' (Latin) , motto_lang = la , motto_English = It will last i ...
from 2000 to 2011, and had previously taught at
Columbia University Columbia University (also known as Columbia, and officially as Columbia University in the City of New York) is a Private university, private research university in New York City. Established in 1754 as King's College on the grounds of Trinity ...
and
University College, Dublin University College Dublin (commonly referred to as UCD) ( ga, Coláiste na hOllscoile, Baile Átha Cliath) is a public research university in Dublin Dublin (; , or ) is the capital and largest city of Republic of Ireland, Ireland. On a ...
. From 2011 to 2019, he was Chichele Professor of Economic History at the
University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the List of oldest universit ...
and a
Fellow A fellow is a concept whose exact meaning depends on context. In learned or professional A professional is a member of a profession or any person who works in a specified professional activity. The term also describes the standards of educ ...
of
All Souls College, Oxford All Souls College (official name: College of the Souls of All the Faithful Departed) is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Unique to All Souls, all of its members automatically b ...
.


Early life and education

O'Rourke was born on 25 March 1963 in
Bern Bern () or Berne; in other Swiss languages, gsw, Bärn ; frp, Bèrna ; it, Berna ; rm, Berna is the ''de facto'' Capital city, capital of Switzerland, referred to as the "federal city" (in german: Bundesstadt, link=no, french: ville fédérale ...
, Switzerland. His father, Andrew O'Rourke, was a senior Irish diplomat who had served as ambassador to the UK and France among others. From 1980 to 1984, he studied economics and maths at
Trinity College Dublin , name_Latin = Collegium Sanctae et Individuae Trinitatis Reginae Elizabethae juxta Dublin , motto = ''Perpetuis futuris temporibus duraturam'' (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Ital ...
, and was elected a Scholar of the College in 1982. He graduated in 1984 with a
first class honours The British undergraduate degree classification system is a Grade (education), grading structure for undergraduate degrees or bachelor's degrees and Master's degree#Integrated Masters Degree, integrated master's degrees in the United Kingdom. The ...
Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree; as per tradition, his BA was later promoted to a
Master of Arts A Master of Arts ( la, Magister Artium or ''Artium Magister''; abbreviated MA, M.A., AM, or A.M.) is the holder of a master's degree awarded by University, universities in many countries. The degree is usually contrasted with that of Master of ...
(MA Dubl) degree. From 1984 to 1989, he attended
Harvard University Harvard University is a Private university, private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 1636 as Harvard College and named for its first benefactor, the History of the Puritans in North America, Puritan cler ...
, where he undertook
postgraduate studies Postgraduate or graduate education refers to Academic degree, academic or professional degrees, certificates, diplomas, or other qualifications pursued by higher education, post-secondary students who have earned an Undergraduate education, un ...
in economics. He was awarded a Master of Arts (AM) degree in June 1986 and a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in June 1989. His dissertation was titled "Agricultural Change and Rural Depopulation: Ireland 1845–76". Using computable general equilibrium techniques, and detailed statistics on the Irish economy collected by the UK administration, he challenged the hypothesis that Ireland's Great Famine was merely an inevitable acceleration of existing trends. His work showed that rural depopulation was not linked to relative price changes for agricultural goods, rather that it was driven by a (sudden, Famine-induced) change in the structure of the agricultural industry, in particular the use of potato as an input, as well as greater opportunities for Irish labourers abroad, in particular in the US, due to the again-sudden existence of emigrant networks and information flows back to Ireland.


Academic career

From 1989 to 1992, O'Rourke was an assistant professor in the Graduate School of Business,
Columbia University Columbia University (also known as Columbia, and officially as Columbia University in the City of New York) is a Private university, private research university in New York City. Established in 1754 as King's College on the grounds of Trinity ...
. In 1992, he moved to
University College, Dublin University College Dublin (commonly referred to as UCD) ( ga, Coláiste na hOllscoile, Baile Átha Cliath) is a public research university in Dublin Dublin (; , or ) is the capital and largest city of Republic of Ireland, Ireland. On a ...
as a college lecturer in its Department of Economics. He was promoted to statutory lecturer in 1997. For the spring of 1999, he was a visiting
associate professor Associate professor is an academic title with two principal meanings: in the North American system and that of the ''Commonwealth system''. Overview In the ''North American system'', used in the United States and many other countries, it is a ...
in the Department of Economics,
Harvard University Harvard University is a Private university, private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 1636 as Harvard College and named for its first benefactor, the History of the Puritans in North America, Puritan cler ...
. During this time, O'Rourke established himself as one of the leading scholars on nineteenth-century
globalization Globalization, or globalisation ( Commonwealth English; see spelling differences), is the process of interaction and integration among people, companies, and governments worldwide. The term ''globalization'' first appeared in the early 2 ...
, together with Jeffrey Williamson, his former PhD advisor. Their book 'Globalization and History' won the Economics category of the APA 1999 Professional/Scholarly Publishing Annual Awards Competition. In 2000, he moved to
Trinity College, Dublin , name_Latin = Collegium Sanctae et Individuae Trinitatis Reginae Elizabethae juxta Dublin , motto = ''Perpetuis futuris temporibus duraturam'' (Latin) , motto_lang = la , motto_English = It will last i ...
where he was appointed
Professor Professor (commonly abbreviated as Prof.) is an Academy, academic rank at university, universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries. Literally, ''professor'' derives from Latin as a "person who pr ...
of Economics. In Spring 2005, he was a visiting professor to '' Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris'' (Sciences Po). During his time at Trinity, he expanded his research on international trade, culminating in 'Power & Plenty', a history of the world economy in the second millennium. Later in the decade, as the
Great Recession The Great Recession was a period of marked general decline, i.e. a recession, observed in national economies globally that occurred from late 2007 into 2009. The scale and timing of the recession varied from country to country (see map). At t ...
struck, O'Rourke became interested in the parallels between it and the
Great Depression The Great Depression (19291939) was an economic shock that impacted most countries across the world. It was a period of economic depression that became evident after a major fall in stock prices in the United States. The Financial contagion, ...
. Posts at popular economics blog VoxEU by O'Rourke and
Barry Eichengreen Barry Julian Eichengreen (born 1952) is an American economist and Economic history, economic historian who holds the title of George Pardee, George C. Pardee and Helen N. Pardee Professor of Economics and Political Science at the University of C ...
on the topic remain the most popular articles ever published on the site. From 2009 to 2011, O'Rourke was the President of the European Historical Economics Society, a
learned society A learned society (; also learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organization that exists to promote an academic discipline, profession, or a group of related disciplines such as the arts and science. Membership ...
of European economic historians. He has also served as editor of the organization's publication, the '' European Review of Economic History''. He has also served as editor for other
peer-reviewed Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with similar competencies as the producers of the work (:wiktionary:peer#Etymology 2, peers). It functions as a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within th ...
academic journals An academic journal or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which Scholarly method, scholarship relating to a particular list of academic disciplines, academic discipline is published. Academic journals serve as permanent and transpar ...
, including the ''
Journal of Economic History ''The Journal of Economic History'' is an academic journal of economic history which has been published since 1941. Many of its articles are quantitative, often following the formal approaches that have been called new economic history, cliometr ...
'', '' World Politics'', and ''Oxford Economic Papers''. In 2011, O'Rourke joined the
University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the List of oldest universit ...
as Chichele Professor of Economic History. With this appointment, he was also elected a University Academic Fellow of
All Souls College, Oxford All Souls College (official name: College of the Souls of All the Faithful Departed) is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Unique to All Souls, all of its members automatically b ...
. In January 2014, he additionally became research director of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), a European charity. In 2019, he left Oxford and moved to the
United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (UAE; ar, اَلْإِمَارَات الْعَرَبِيَة الْمُتَحِدَة ), or simply the Emirates ( ar, الِْإمَارَات ), is a country in Western Asia (Middle East, The Middle East). It is ...
where he joined
New York University Abu Dhabi New York University Abu Dhabi (NYUAD, ar, جامعة نيويورك أبوظبي) is a degree granting, portal campus of New York University serving as a private, liberal arts college, located in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Together with ...
as Professor of Economics.


Honours

In 2009, O'Rourke was elected Member of the Royal Irish Academy (MRIA), an all-Ireland learned society. In 2013, he was elected a
Fellow of the British Academy Fellowship of the British Academy (FBA) is an award granted by the British Academy to leading academics for their distinction in the humanities and social sciences. The categories are: # Fellows – scholars resident in the United Kingdom # C ...
(FBA), the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and social sciences.


Selected works

* * * *O'Rourke, Kevin H. 2019. A Short History of Brexit. Penguin.


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:ORourke, Kevin 1963 births Living people Academics of Trinity College Dublin Academics of University College Dublin Alumni of Trinity College Dublin Chichele Professors of Economic History Columbia Business School faculty Economic historians Fellows of All Souls College, Oxford Fellows of the British Academy Harvard University alumni 20th-century Irish economists 20th-century Irish historians 21st-century Irish historians Members of the Royal Irish Academy Scholars of Trinity College Dublin New York University Abu Dhabi faculty 21st-century Irish economists