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Kevin Brownlow (born 2 June 1938) is a British film historian, television documentary-maker, filmmaker, author, and film editor.[1][2] Brownlow is best known for his work documenting the history of the silent era. Brownlow became interested in silent film at the age of eleven. This interest grew into a career spent documenting and restoring film. He has rescued many silent films and their history. His initiative in interviewing many largely forgotten, elderly film pioneers in the 1960s and 1970s preserved a legacy of early mass-entertainment cinema. Brownlow received an Academy Honorary Award at the 2nd Annual Governors Awards given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences on 13 November 2010.[3] This was the first occasion on which an Academy Honorary Award was given to a film preservationist.[4]

Contents

1 It Happened Here
It Happened Here
and Winstanley 2 Cinema history and preservation 3 Filmography 4 Bibliography 5 References 6 External links

It Happened Here
It Happened Here
and Winstanley[edit] Brownlow's interest in World War II
World War II
prompted the creation of his alternative-history film, It Happened Here
It Happened Here
in which the Nazis have conquered Britain. Brownlow began work on the film at the age of 18 and soon began to collaborate with a friend Andrew Mollo, who was 16. After eight years of struggle, during which the film's content changed dramatically, it was completed in 1964 with the last-minute aid of Tony Richardson.[5] The film was widely seen in the UK at film festivals, and it was picked up for major distribution by United Artists (UA). There were negative reactions in the media to parts of the film, complaints from some Jewish groups, and in October 1965 UA's American president, Arthur B. Krim, said the film would not see theatrical release unless the offending parts were cut out. Brownlow and Mollo tried to convince UA to run the film complete, but they were outmanoeuvred. The film finally began its theatrical run in May 1966, minus the disputed scenes. It was seen in London, New York, Copenhagen, Paris, Stockholm, Los Angeles and Haifa, and was reviewed positively. After the run, UA reported to Brownlow and Mollo that all of the box office receipts had been used to pay the advertising and distribution costs. The two filmmakers did not make any money from the film.[6] In 1968, Brownlow published a book, How It Happened Here, which described the making of the film, and the reception it received. Not only does it explain how two teenage boys made a feature film, it also explores the provocative social issues raised by the film. Brownlow had allowed genuine British Fascists
British Fascists
to play themselves in the film, which angered some Jewish organizations. The book contained almost 100 pictures, mostly stills from the film and an introduction by film critic and author David Robinson. A new edition was published by UKA Press in 2007.[7] After this cinematic feat Mollo and Brownlow began another project, Winstanley,[8] about Gerrard Winstanley and the Diggers' commune following the English Civil War. The duo spent several years trying to gain support and following a long and difficult shoot, the film was released in 1975. In 2009 UKA Press published Winstanley: Warts and All, a making-of book. Brownlow had written it shortly after completing work on the film, but the manuscript had sat on the shelf for 34 years before being published. Cinema history and preservation[edit] Brownlow's first book on silent film, The Parade's Gone By..., was published in 1968. The book features many interviews with the leading actors and directors of the silent era and began his career as a film historian. Brownlow spent many years getting support for the restoration of Abel Gance's French epic, Napoléon (1927), a then mutilated film that used many novel cinematic techniques. Brownlow's championing of the film succeeded, and the restored version, with a new score by Carl Davis, was shown in London in 1980,[9] and again in London in 2013 with the Philharmonia Orchestra.[10] Gance lived to see the acclaim for his restored film. The San Francisco Silent Film Festival presented the complete 2000 restoration of the film, with Davis conducting his score, at the Paramount Theatre Oakland in March 2012.[11] Brownlow also began a collaboration with David Gill with whom he produced several documentaries on the silent era. The first was Hollywood (1980), a 13-part history of the silent era in Hollywood, produced by Thames Television. This was followed by Unknown Chaplin (1983) (Charlie Chaplin), Buster Keaton: A Hard Act to Follow (1987) (Buster Keaton), Harold Lloyd: The Third Genius (1989) (Harold Lloyd) and Cinema Europe: the Other Hollywood [12](1995), among others. They also restored and released many classic silent films through the Thames Silents series (later via Photoplay Productions) in the 1980s and 1990s, generally with new musical scores by Carl Davis. The Search for Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(2005; new version: 2010, UKA Press), a making-of book for Unknown Chaplin, was published in 2010. Since David Gill's death in 1997, Brownlow has continued to produce documentaries and conduct film restoration with Patrick Stanbury. These include Lon Chaney, A Thousand Faces (2000), Garbo, a documentary produced for Turner Classic Movies to mark the centenary of actress Greta Garbo's birth, and I Am King Kong
King Kong
(2005) about filmmaker Merian C. Cooper. In August 2010, Brownlow received an Honorary Academy Award[13] for his role in film and cinema history preservation. On 13 November 2016, Brownlow was featured in an episode of The Film Programme entitled, 'Napoleon and I', dedicated to Abel Gance's masterpiece, the 1927 film, Napoléon on BBC Radio 4, the UK network. It tells how Brownlow has spent 50 years of his life, piecing together the lost sequences into the latest restoration of the silent movie and about his meeting the dapper Gance, when still a schoolboy.[14] Filmography[edit]

Nine, Dalmuir West (1962) It Happened Here
It Happened Here
(1966) The World of Josef Von Sternberg (Episode of BBC TV Series The Movies aired 16 January 1967) Abel Gance: The Charm of Dynamite (1968) The Charge of the Light Brigade (1968, editor) Winstanley (1975) Hollywood (TV series, 13 episodes, 1980) Millay at Steepletop (1983) Unknown Chaplin (1983)[15] Buster Keaton: A Hard Act to Follow (TV series, 3 episodes, 1987) Harold Lloyd: The Third Genius (1989) D. W. Griffith: Father of Film (1993) Cinema Europe: The Other Hollywood (TV series, 6 episodes, 1996) Universal Horror
Universal Horror
(1998) Lon Chaney: A Thousand Faces (2000) The Tramp and the Dictator (2002) Cecil B. DeMille: American Epic (2004) So Funny It Hurt: Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
& MGM (2004) Garbo (2005) I'm King Kong!: The Exploits of Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
(2005)

Bibliography[edit]

How It Happened Here. London: Secker & Warburg 1968; new edition: London & Japan: UKA Press 2007, ISBN 978-1-905796-10-6. The Parade's Gone By ... London: Secker & Warburg 1968.[16] The War, the West and the Wilderness. London: Secker & Warburg 1979. Hollywood, the Pioneers. London: Collins 1979. Napoleon: Abel Gance's Classic Film. London: Jonathan Cape 1983. Behind the Mask of Innocence. London: Jonathan Cape 1990. David Lean. London: Richard Cohen 1996, ISBN 1-86066-042-8. Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
Rediscovered. Rare pictures of a Hollywood legend. New York: Abrams 1999, ISBN 0-8109-4374-3.[17] The Search For Charlie Chaplin. Le Mani – Microart (Cineteca Bologna) 2005; New edition: UKA Press 2010, ISBN 978-1-905796-24-3 Winstanley. Warts and All. London & Yorkshire: UKA Press 2009, ISBN 978-1-905796-22-9

References[edit]

^ Horne, Philip (22 July 2011). "Kevin Brownlow: a life in the movies". Guardian. London. Retrieved 7 December 2012.  ^ Pollock, Dale (20 November 1983). "Rescuing a monument". LA Times. Retrieved 7 December 2012.  ^ [1] ^ King, Susan (10 November 2010). " Kevin Brownlow helped spread the word on silent film era". LA Times. Retrieved 7 December 2012.  ^ Robinson, David (1968). "Introduction", pp. 11–20. In Kevin Brownlow, How It Happened Here. London & Japan: UKA Press 2007, ISBN 978-1-905796-10-6. ^ Brownlow 1968, pp. 185–95. ^ http://davidgardiner.net/how.html ^ Caute, David (17 October 2008). "Looking back in regret at Winstanley". The Guardian. London.  ^ Brownlow, Kevin; Davis, Carl; Hutchinson, Pamela (29 November 2012). "How we made – Napoleon". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 August 2014.  ^ Scorsese, Martin (March 2012). "The Quest for Napoléon". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 7 December 2012.  ^ Horne, Philip (2011-07-22). "Kevin Brownlow: a life in the movies". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-07-20.  ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sl_NaFiLH5s ^ http://www.oscars.org/awards/governors/2010/brownlow.html ^ BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4
network. The Film Programme' episode of 13 November 2016 dedicated to Brownlow's story with the film and news of its release on DVD: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b006r5jt/episodes/downloads, retrieved 13 November 2016 ^ " Kevin Brownlow brings cinema's past to life". Variety. Retrieved 7 December 2012.  ^ " Kevin Brownlow Takes Silent-film Comedy Seriously". The Miami News. 30 July 1987. Retrieved 7 December 2012.  ^ "Brownlow Documents Days Before Talkies". Lawrence Journal-World. 19 September 1999. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 

External links[edit]

Kevin Brownlow on IMDb Kevin Brownlow biography and credits at the British Film Institute's Screenonline A Tribute to Kevin Brownlow by various friends and peers, May 2015, archived at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
6 Sept 2015 Mel Novikoff Award article by Dennis Doros of Milestone Films, 2007, archived at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
5 Oct 13 History Repeating by Elliott Stein in the Village Voice, 1999 Between the Map and the Painted Landscape: Kevin Brownlow's Historical Films by John C. Tibbetts, 2005, including January 1999 interview Interviews and articles by Brownlow: Silent Films, What was the Right Speed? by Brownlow in Sight & Sound, 1980, archived at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
9 Nov 11 Brownlow on Beckett (on Keaton) by Brownlow in Film West magazine, 1995 Silents Please by Brownlow in the Sunday Times, 24 March 2007; archived at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
15 Jun 11 Kevin Brownlow: Introduction to Silents lecture note for the 2007 San Francisco International Film Festival September 2008 interview + Parts 2, 3, 4, 5 at Ann Harding's Treasures blog March 2009 interview at Killruddery Film Festival October 2016 interview by Matthew Sweet on BBC Radio 3

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 31993694 LCCN: n79059913 ISNI: 0000 0001 1440 8566 GND: 171992407 SELIBR: 243574 SUDOC: 026755505 BNF: cb118942273 (data) BIBSYS: 90085845 NLA: 35022972 NKC: mzk2010573558 SNAC: w68p7fgh

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès

.