Kesariya is a town in Bihar,
India in the district of East Champaran,
near Rampur Khajuria (NH28). It is the site of a stupa built by the
Mauryan king Ashoka.
1 Buddhist legends
2 Kesariya Stupa
3 Viraat Ramayan Mandir
4 Transportation and hotels
6 External links
Ancient Kesariya was called Kesaputta and was a republic ruled by
Kalamas, which was later annexed by its monarchical neighbour Kosala.
Alara Kalama, the teacher of Buddha before enlightenment, is said to
belong to Kesaputta. Buddha is also said to have had direct connection
with Kesaputta. According to Jataka stories Buddha ruled this place as
a Chakravartin Raja in his previous birth. Similarly, it was during
one of his visits to Kesaputta that Buddha gave one of his most
important discourses, the celebrated Kessaputtiya Sutta, popularly
known as Kalama Sutta.
Kesariya stupa is believed to have been built
to honor the place where Buddha had spent the last days of his
journey, before attaining Nirvana. It is said that on his last journey
to Pawa, Buddha handed over his begging bowl to the following
Lichhivis, people of Vaishali and requested them to go back to
Vaishali. To venerate the end life of Buddha, the Lichhivis are said
to have built this stupa. While formerly, it was only a mud stupa, it
gained its present structure in the Maurya, Sunga and Kushana period.
Huien Tsang mentions having seen the grand
Stupa in Kia-shi-po-lo
(Kesariya) but it was deserted and vegetation had overgrown.
In the 1998 excavation, the place around the stupa was found to house
significant items, like Islamic coins, arrow heads, copper and
terracotta items, earthen lamps, decorated bricks, etc. A number of
images of Buddha, in ‘Bhoomi Sparsh Mudra’ and other sitting
postures, were also found.
Nearest Biggest Village Noori Mohalla Trilokwa (3.5 Km), Phultakiya (3
Km), Baisakhawa (2 Km), Ramgadhwa (4 Km), Tajpur (6 Km), Bairiya (6
Km), Bathana (5 Km), Nyagaw (4 Km), Etc.
The Four Main Sites
Four Additional Sites
Main article: Kesariya stupa
Kesariya stupa was discovered in 1958 during an excavation led by
KK Muhammed of Archaeological Survey of
India (ASI). The
stupa dates to between 200 AD and 750 AD and may have been associated
with the 4th century ruler, Raja Chakravarti. The local people call
Stupa as Devala, "means the house of god". Before the excavation
of this, they believed that inside it there is a temple of Shiva which
is built by King Bhema .
At 104 feet,
Viraat Ramayan Mandir
Main article: Viraat Ramayan Mandir
Viraat Ramayan Mandir
Viraat Ramayan Mandir is an upcoming Hindu temple complex that began
construction in Kesaria, Bihar, India, in 2012 with an estimated
budget of INR500 crore. When completed, it will be the largest
religious monument in the world, even larger than the Angkor Wat,
Cambodia. The Virat Ramayan Mandir will be almost double the height
of the world famous 12th century Angkor Wat temple complex in
Cambodia, which is 215 feet high.The temple will have a hall with a
seating capacity of 20,000 people.
Transportation and hotels
Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation  provides travel and
accommodation from the state capital, Patna, for visits to the Bodh
circuit (Bodhgaya, Rajgir, Nalanda, Vaishali, Kesaria, Lumbini,
Kushinagar, Sarnath), Jain Circuit (Rajgir, Pawapuri), and Sikh
Circuit in Bihar. The corporation owns hotels and circuit homes at
these tourist destinations.
^ http://www.buddhis t-pilgrimage.com/kesaria-stupa.html