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Kensington Gardens, once the private gardens of Kensington Palace, are among the Royal Parks of London. The gardens are shared by the City of Westminster and the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
and sit immediately to the west of Hyde Park, in western central London. The gardens cover an area of 270 acres.[1] The open spaces of Kensington Gardens, Hyde Park, Green Park, and St. James's Park
St. James's Park
together form an almost continuous "green lung" in the heart of London. Kensington Gardens are Grade I listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[2]

Contents

1 Background and location 2 History 3 Buildings 4 In popular culture 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Background and location[edit]

Map of Kensington, showing the gardens

Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
are generally regarded as being the western extent of the neighbouring Hyde Park from which they were originally taken, with West Carriage Drive (The Ring) and the Serpentine Bridge forming the boundary between them. The Gardens are fenced and more formal than Hyde Park. Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
are open only during the hours of daylight, whereas Hyde Park is open from 5 am until midnight all year round. Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
has been long regarded as "smart" because of its more private character around Kensington Palace. However, in the late 1800s, Hyde Park was considered more "fashionable," because of its location nearer to Park Lane
Park Lane
and Knightsbridge.[3] History[edit] Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
was originally the western section of Hyde Park, which had been created by Henry VIII in 1536 to use as a hunting ground. It was separated from the remainder of Hyde Park in 1728 at the request of Queen Caroline[4] and designed by Henry Wise and Charles Bridgeman
Charles Bridgeman
in order to form a landscape garden, with fashionable features including the Round Pond,[5] formal avenues and a sunken Dutch garden. Bridgeman created the Serpentine between 1726 and 1731[5] by damming the eastern outflow of the River Westbourne
River Westbourne
from Hyde Park.[6] The part of the Serpentine that lies within Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
is known as "The Long Water".[5] At its north-western end (originally the inflow of the River Westbourne) in an area known as "The Italian Garden", there are four fountains and a number of classical sculptures. At the foot of the Italian Gardens is a parish boundary marker, delineating the boundary between Paddington
Paddington
and St George Hanover Square parishes, on the exact centre of the Westbourne river. Buildings[edit] The land surrounding Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
was predominantly rural and remained largely undeveloped until the Great Exhibition
Great Exhibition
in 1851. Many of the original features survive along with the Palace, and now there are other public buildings such as the Albert Memorial
Albert Memorial
(at the south-east corner of Kensington Gardens, opposite the Royal Albert Hall), the Serpentine Gallery, and Speke's monument. The park also contains the Elfin Oak, an elaborately carved 900-year-old tree stump. In popular culture[edit] The park is the setting of J.M. Barrie's book Peter Pan
Peter Pan
in Kensington Gardens, a prelude to the character's famous adventures in Neverland. The fairies of the gardens are first described in Thomas Tickell's 1722 poem Kensington Gardens. Both the book and the character are honoured with the Peter Pan statue
Peter Pan statue
by George Frampton
George Frampton
located in the park. Rodrigo Fresán's novel Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
concerns in part the life of J.M. Barrie
J.M. Barrie
and of his creation Peter Pan, and their relationship with the park, as well as the narrator's own. The Infocom
Infocom
interactive fiction game Trinity begins in the Kensington Gardens. The player can walk around many sections of the gardens, which are described in moderate detail. Gallery[edit]

Italian Garden fountains

The Serpentine Bridge seen from Hyde Park

Kensington Gardens, near the Flower Walk

The Long Water looking north-west from the Serpentine Bridge

Physical Energy by G. F. Watts

Physical Energy sculpture

The gardens and palace in winter

The Albert Memorial

Peter Pan
Peter Pan
statue

Kensington Gardens

See also[edit]

London portal

List of public art in Kensington Gardens

References[edit]

Citations

^ "About Kensington Gardens". The Royal Parks. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2014.  ^ Historic England, " Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
(1000340)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 10 February 2016  ^ Dunton 1896, p. 30. ^ Self 2014, p. 28. ^ a b c Skempton 2002, p. 341. ^ "Hyde Park History & Architecture". The Royal Parks. 2007. Archived from the original on 13 January 2006. Retrieved 14 May 2008. 

Bibliography

Dunton, Larkin (1896). The World and Its People. Silver, Burdett.  Self, Andrew (2014). The Birds of London. A&C Black. ISBN 978-1-408-19404-1.  Skempton, A.W, ed. (2002). A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland: 1500–1830. Thomas Telford. p. 341. ISBN 978-0-727-72939-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
(category)

Official website The Garden a poem by Ezra Pound
Ezra Pound
set in Kensington Gardens

Links to related articles

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Parks and open spaces in London

Royal parks

Bushy Green Greenwich Hyde Kensington Regent's Richmond St James's

Large urban parks

Alexandra Arnos Barking Barra Hall Battersea Blackheath Brockwell Burgess Clissold Crystal Palace Dulwich Enfield Town Finsbury Forster Memorial Hampstead Heath Hanworth Holland Mayesbrook Mountsfield Old Deer Parsloes Primrose Hill Pymmes Queen's Park Ravenscourt Ruskin Southwark Valentines Victoria Wandsworth Wanstead West Ham Wimbledon

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Bayhurst Wood Bedfont Lakes Belhus Woods Eastbrookend Fairlop Waters Foots Cray Fryent Hainault Forest Havering High Elms Hornchurch Lee Valley South Norwood Stanmore Stockley Trent

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Woodland

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House gardens

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Entry-fee charging

Kew Gardens London Wetland Centre

Community gardens

Phoenix Garden Calthorpe Project

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Parks and open spaces by London borough

Barking and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth City of Westminster

v t e

J. M. Barrie's Peter Pan

Characters and setting

Main

Peter Pan Wendy Darling Captain Hook Mr. Smee Tinker Bell Tiger Lily

Other

Neverland

Lost Boys

Pixie Hollow

Cast members

Literary adaptations

Official books/plays

The Little White Bird Peter Pan
Peter Pan
in Kensington Gardens Peter and Wendy
Peter and Wendy
(play, book) Peter Pan
Peter Pan
in Scarlet

Starcatchers books

Peter and the Starcatchers Peter and the Shadow Thieves Peter and the Secret of Rundoon Peter and the Sword of Mercy The Bridge to Never Land Never Land Books

Film adaptations

Peter Pan
Peter Pan
films

Peter Pan
Peter Pan
(1924) Peter Pan
Peter Pan
(1953) Peter Pan
Peter Pan
(1988) Hook Return to Never Land Neverland Peter Pan
Peter Pan
(2003) Pan

Tinker Bell
Tinker Bell
films

Tinker Bell Tinker Bell
Tinker Bell
and the Lost Treasure Tinker Bell
Tinker Bell
and the Great Fairy Rescue Pixie Hollow Games Secret of the Wings Pixie Hollow Bake Off The Pirate Fairy Tinker Bell
Tinker Bell
and the Legend of the NeverBeast

Adaptations

Television

1976 musical The Adventures of Peter Pan Peter Pan
Peter Pan
& the Pirates Jake and the Never Land Pirates Once Upon a Time Neverland Peter Pan
Peter Pan
Live! Peter and Wendy

Stage

1950 musical 1954 musical Peter Pan: A Musical Adventure Peter and the Starcatcher Peter Pan
Peter Pan
360 Peter and Alice Finding Neverland
Neverland
(musical) Wendy & Peter Pan Peter Pan
Peter Pan
Goes Wrong Disney's Peter Pan
Peter Pan
Jr.

Video games

Peter Pan
Peter Pan
and the Pirates Peter Pan: Adventures in Never Land Kingdom Hearts Hook

Prose

The Child Thief

Graphic novels

Peter Pank Lost Girls Marvel Fairy Tales

Music

Albums

The Wendy Trilogy Faith, Trust, and Pixie Dust

"Lost Boy" (Ruth B song) Somewhere in Neverland "Peter Pan" (Kelsea Ballerini song)

Attractions

Disney on Ice Fantasmic! Peter Pan's Flight
Peter Pan's Flight
(ride) Pixie Hollow

Allusions

Never Never Land

Biographies

The Lost Boys Finding Neverland

Related

Llewelyn Davies boys Peter Pan
Peter Pan
syndrome/Wendy dilemma Peter Pan
Peter Pan
copyright Disney franchise Peter Pan
Peter Pan
statue

Category

v t e

London landmarks

Buildings and structures

Bridges

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Entertainment venues

Cinemas

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Craven Cottage
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The Den
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Emirates Stadium
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Loftus Road
(Queens Park Rangers) London Stadium
London Stadium
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Selhurst Park
(Crystal Palace) Stamford Bridge (Chelsea) The Valley (Charlton Athletic) White Hart Lane
White Hart Lane
(Tottenham Hotspur)

Other major sports venues

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club The Championship Course
The Championship Course
(rowing) Crystal Palace National Sports Centre Lord's
Lord's
(cricket) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park The Oval
The Oval
(cricket) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium
(rugby)

Theatres

Adelphi Apollo Victoria Coliseum Criterion Dominion Lyceum Old Vic Palladium Royal National Theatre Royal Opera House Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Theatre Royal Haymarket Vaudeville

Other

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Government

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Museums and galleries

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Places of worship

All Hallows-by-the-Tower BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Bevis Marks Synagogue Methodist Central Hall Regent's Park
Regent's Park
Mosque St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary-le-Bow St Paul's Cathedral Southwark Cathedral Westminster Abbey Westminster Cathedral

Retailing

Shops

Fortnum & Mason Hamleys Harrods Liberty Peter Jones Selfridges

Shopping centres and markets

Borough Market Brent Cross Burlington Arcade Kensington Arcade Leadenhall Market The Mall Wood Green One New Change Petticoat Lane Market Royal Exchange Westfield London Westfield Stratford City

Royal buildings

Partly occupied by the Royal Family

Buckingham Palace Clarence House Kensington Palace St James's Palace

Unoccupied

Banqueting House Hampton Court Palace Kew Palace The Queen's Gallery Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace

Skyscrapers

Broadgate Tower 1 Canada Square 8 Canada Square 25 Canada Square 1 Churchill Place 20 Fenchurch Street Heron Tower Leadenhall Building The Shard St George Wharf Tower 30 St Mary Axe Tower 42

Structures

Albert Memorial ArcelorMittal Orbit Big Ben Cleopatra's Needle Crystal Palace transmitting station London Eye London Wall Marble Arch The Monument Nelson's Column Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
("Eros") Thames Barrier Wellington Arch

Transport

City Airport Heathrow Airport Charing Cross station Clapham Junction station Euston station King's Cross station Liverpool Street station London Bridge
London Bridge
station Paddington
Paddington
station St Pancras station Stratford station Victoria station Waterloo station Victoria Coach Station Emirates Air Line cable car

Other

Barbican Estate Battersea Power Station British Library BT Tower Kew Gardens Lambeth Palace Lloyd's building London Zoo Oxo Tower St Bartholomew's Hospital Smithfield Market Somerset House

Parks

Royal Parks

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Other

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Squares and public spaces

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Piccadilly
Circus Sloane Square Trafalgar Square

Streets

Aldwych Baker Street Bishopsgate Bond Street Carnaby Street Chancery Lane Charing Cross Road Cheapside Cornhill Denmark Street Fenchurch Street Fleet Street Haymarket Jermyn Street Kensington High Street King's Road Lombard Street The Mall Oxford Street Park Lane Piccadilly Portobello Road Regent Street Shaftesbury Avenue Sloane Street Strand Tottenham Court Road Victoria Embankment Whitehall

Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°10′49″W / 51.50722°N 0.18028°W /

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