KENOSHA /kɛˈnoʊˌʃɑː/ is a city in and the county seat of
Kenosha County ,
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate
* 3 Demographics
* 3.1 2010 census * 3.2 2000 census
* 4 Law and government
* 5 Economy
* 5.1 Business and industry * 5.2 Tourism * 5.3 Real estate and housing
* 6 Transportation
* 7 Education
* 7.1 Public schools * 7.2 Private schools * 7.3 Higher education * 7.4 Libraries
* 8 Health care * 9 Media * 10 Civic organizations
* 11 Culture
* 11.1 Music
* 12 Religion
* 13 Recreation
* 13.1 Parks * 13.2 Golf * 13.3 Cycling * 13.4 Sport
* 14 Notable people * 15 Rankings * 16 Sister cities * 17 See also * 18 References * 19 Further reading * 20 External links
Early archaeological sites have been discovered in the Kenosha
vicinity; the discoverer of two sites believes they antedate the
The early name by the
The first white settlers, part of the Western Emigration Company,
arrived in the early 1830s from Hannibal and
Troy, New York , led by
John Bullen, Jr., who sought to purchase enough land for a town.
In 1850, another change brought the growing city (and later Kenosha County) its current title, an Anglicized version of the early name Kinoje.
Between 1902 and 1988, Kenosha produced millions of automobiles and
trucks under marques such as Jeffery , Rambler , Nash , Hudson ,
LaFayette , and
American Motors Corporation (AMC). A prototype steam
car was built in Kenosha by the Sullivan-Becker engineering firm in
1900. Two years later, the
Thomas B. Jeffery Company , builders of the
Sterling bicycle, began production of the Rambler runabout. In 1902,
In partnership with French automaker
From the start of the 20th century through the 1930s, Italian, Irish, Polish, and German immigrants, many of them skilled craftsmen, made their way to the city and contributed to the city's construction, culture, architecture, music, and literature.
Kenosha has 21 locations and three districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places including the Library Park, Third Avenue, and the Civic Center historic districts. The city has a Kenosha Landmarks Commission, and among the many local city-designated landmarks are the 1929 YMCA at 711 59th Place, the Manor House at 6536 Third Avenue, the John McCaffary House at 5732 13th Court, the St. Matthew Episcopal Church at 5900 Seventh Avenue, the Washington Park Clubhouse at 2205 Washington Road, and the Justin Weed House at 3509 Washington Road.
In June 1993, the city installed reproductions of the historic Sheridan LeGrande street lights that were specially designed for Kenosha by Westinghouse Electric in 1928; these can be seen on Sixth Avenue between 54th Street and 59th Place. A classic two-mile (3.2 km) downtown electric streetcar system was opened on June 17, 2000, and on September 22nd, 2014, the Kenosha city council approved a crosstown extension of the system incorporating the existing route between 48th and 61st Streets on both Sixth and Eighth Avenues.
Kenosha is in southeastern
According to the
Kenosha has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with warm summers and cold winters. The record high is 105 °F (40 °C), set in July 2012. The record low is -31 °F (-35 °C) set in January 1985.
CLIMATE DATA FOR KENOSHA, WI (1981-2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1944-PRESENT)
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 65 (18) 69 (21) 83 (28) 90 (32) 94 (34) 102 (39) 105 (41) 102 (39) 100 (38) 89 (32) 81 (27) 70 (21) 105 (41)
AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 30.4 (−0.9) 33.7 (0.9) 42.8 (6) 52.8 (11.6) 62.7 (17.1) 73.3 (22.9) 79.3 (26.3) 78.1 (25.6) 71.0 (21.7) 59.7 (15.4) 47.1 (8.4) 34.3 (1.3) 55.43 (13.03)
AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 16.4 (−8.7) 20.2 (−6.6) 28.2 (−2.1) 37.5 (3.1) 46.3 (7.9) 56.6 (13.7) 63.5 (17.5) 63.4 (17.4) 55.4 (13) 43.9 (6.6) 32.8 (0.4) 20.7 (−6.3) 40.41 (4.66)
RECORD LOW °F (°C) −31 (−35) −23 (−31) −9 (−23) 10 (−12) 26 (−3) 33 (1) 41 (5) 40 (4) 30 (−1) 20 (−7) −5 (−21) −29 (−34) −31 (−35)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 1.76 (44.7) 1.39 (35.3) 2.57 (65.3) 3.77 (95.8) 3.94 (100.1) 3.63 (92.2) 3.63 (92.2) 4.05 (102.9) 3.47 (88.1) 2.99 (75.9) 2.82 (71.6) 2.12 (53.8) 36.14 (917.9)
AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 12.0 (30.5) 8.8 (22.4) 5.0 (12.7) 0.7 (1.8) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.1 (0.3) 1.0 (2.5) 8.2 (20.8) 35.8 (90.9)
EST. 2016 99,631
As of the census of 2010, there were 99,218 people, 37,376
households, and 24,090 families residing in the city. The population
density was 3,684.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,422.5/km2). There
were 40,643 housing units at an average density of 1,509.2 per square
mile (582.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.1% White ,
There were 37,376 households of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.5% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.17.
The median age in the city was 33.5 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.3% were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 10.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.
The 2010 census reported that the city's population are mainly newcomers, with 51 percent of Kenosha residents having moved from other cities and states. The Chamber of Commerce attributed this to the city's museums, lakeshore attractions, cultural and work opportunities, its public-school system, transportation amenities, and relatively lower costs-of-living.
The 2010 census reported the following statistics :
2016 Population Estimates 99,631 Source: Vintage 2016 Population Estimates: Population Estimates
Median Household Income $ 49,160 Source: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
Persons in poverty, percent 19.5 % Source: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Profiles
Persons in poverty, percent, for State of
Educational Attainment: Percent high school graduate or higher 88.6 % Source: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Profiles
Persons without health insurance, percent 10.2 % Source: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Profiles
Median Housing Value $ 141,400 Source: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
Total Housing Units 40,660 Source: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
Number of Companies 5,837 Source: 2012 Survey of Business Owners: Company Summary
Male Median Income $ 30,551 Source: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
Female Median Income $ 20,145 Source: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
Veterans 5,867 Source: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Profiles
As of the census of 2000, there were 90,352 people, 34,411
households, and 22,539 families residing in the city. The population
density was 3,795.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,465.3/km2). There
were 36,004 housing units at an average density of 1,512.3 per square
mile (583.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.64% White,
There were 34,411 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them: 47.1% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present and 34.5% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city, the population included 27.2% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.
LAW AND GOVERNMENT
Kenosha has an elected mayor, who is the chief executive, and an appointed city administrator, who is the chief operating officer. The mayor is elected every four years. The city's Common Council consists of 17 aldermen from Kenosha's 17 districts (each district having several wards), elected for two-year terms in even-numbered years.
The mayor of Kenosha is John Martin Antaramian , the longest-serving chief executive in the city's history over four terms between 1992 and 2008. Antaramian was re-elected on April 5, 2016.
Kenosha is represented by
Big Star Drive-In Restaurant House of Gerhard German-American Restaurant 6th Ave Downtown Kenosha
Kenosha, decades ago a bustling hub of manufacturing, is today a
bedroom community because of the ease of access to the
Kenosha's poverty rate is lower than the state average, while its
median household income exceeds the state average. On Tuesday, August
29, 2006 the
A June 2009 study by the Milken Institute reported that Kenosha placed in the national top-50 high-tech economies. Jockey International Inc.
The city's largest employer is the educational system, including Kenosha Unified School District , UW-Parkside , Gateway Technical College and Carthage College . Kenosha's largest private employer is Abbott Laboratories , which recently purchased 400 acres (1.6 km2) land in Kenosha County. Others are employed at three hospitals and their satellite campuses.
BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY
Tourists spent an estimated $196.6 million in Kenosha County in 2015, with the county ranking fourth in the state in tourist money generated.
Kenosha Public Museum
Other popular tourism sites include the Jelly Belly Visitor Center store and factory tours, and the Mars Cheese Castle with Wisconsin-related products.
The Kenosha HarborMarket is a European-style Farmer's Market held mid-May through mid-October on Second Avenue bisected by the 56th Street boulevard streetcar line. It hosts stalls with local food products and artisans' creations. In winter, the market moves indoors to the lobby of the 1927 Rhode Center of the Arts.
REAL ESTATE AND HOUSING
The number of households in Kenosha County increased by nearly 80% from 1990 to 2005. A Kenosha neighborhood
Number of households:
* 1990: 47,029 * 2000: 56,057 * 2005: 58,715
2005 housing statistics:
* Total housing units: 67,568 * Owner occupied: 42,197 * Median value of homes: $167,500 * Renter occupied: 16,518 * Median rent paid: $722 * Rental vacancy rate: 11.1%
A 2015 WalletHub survey listed Kenosha among the top 100 American cities for first-time home buyers.
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Kenosha has been served by rail service to and from
Kenosha has the only
Since June 2000, a 2-mile (3.2 km) streetcar line has served the
downtown area and HarborPark, connecting the
In addition to its streetcar line, Kenosha has a city bus network with eight routes. Kenosha was the first city to color-code transit routes (with the Blue, Green, Red, and Orange Lines), and also the first city to use electric trolley buses in full transit service, both occurring on February 14, 1932.
Kenosha Regional Airport (KENW) serves the city and surrounding communities.
Union Pacific Railroad tracks on Bain Station Road *
The Kenosha Unified School District operates 23 public elementary schools, five middle schools, seven charter schools, and six high schools: Mary D. Bradford High School , George Nelson Tremper High School , Indian Trail High School and Academy , LakeView Technology Academy , Reuther Central High School , and Harborside Academy, the latter a research school that uses the Expeditionary Learning Outward Bound model ; it was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation .
Kenosha's private schools include St. Joseph Catholic Academy, All
Saints Catholic School, Bethany Lutheran School, Friedens Lutheran
School, Christ Lutheran Academy, Kenosha
The Kenosha Public Library, which is part of the Kenosha County Library System, operates in four locations throughout the city: Northside Neighborhood Library, Southwest Neighborhood Library, Uptown Neighborhood Library, and Simmons Neighborhood Library. Daniel H. Burnham designed the 1900 Beaux-Arts Gilbert M. Simmons Library, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Gilbert Simmons Library *
Uptown Branch Library
Kenosha has two hospitals: the Kenosha Medical Center Campus downtown and the Aurora Medical Center at the extreme western edge of the city limits. Just outside of the city limits is St. Catherine's Medical Center Campus, which opened in 2002 and has a heart institute named in honor of cardiac surgeon Michael E. DeBakey .
Kenosha Hospital ">
Kenosha Hospital's Palmer Recovery Unit *
Former Mayer Drugs building. Sign still on the roof. Downtown Kenosha.
The primary newspaper of Kenosha County is the Kenosha News , a broadsheet with circulation of around 23,000 copies. Happenings Magazine is an ad supported entertainment publication distributed at local businesses since 1978, they also publish The Smart Reader, Homes Plus, as well as other seasonal event-orientated magazines. Kenosha News Building
Kenosha is considered as part of the
A Maritime Museum has been created within the restored 1866 Southport Light and Lighthouse Keeper's cottage on Simmons Island.
The Kenosha Public Museum. *
Kenosha Civil War Museum
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Summer band performances are traditionally put on by the Kenosha American Legion Band (renamed the Kenosha Concert Band in 1963 and now called the Kenosha Pops Concert Band). Since 1988 the concerts have been at Kenosha's Sesquicentennial Bandshell in Pennoyer Park.
The Kenosha Lakeshore Youth Philharmonic offers an intensive orchestral experience to middle school and high school musicians.
Kenosha Unified School District offers a touring summer marching band
program for students at all school-band-age levels. Continental Band,
American Band, and Rambler Band offer opportunities for novice and
intermediate musicians. These bands perform in parades and concert
events throughout the summer in southern
Since 1974, KUSD high schools have staged Ye Olde Englishe Christmasse Feaste featuring the Madrigal Singers, a premium a cappella ensemble, along with jesters, fencers, jugglers and actors, in a dinner theater recreation of an authentic Renaissance manor house. Founded by Kurt Chalgren, the show typically runs four performances in the second weekend of December.
The Music of the Stars radio program, heard worldwide over WLIP, has originated from Kenosha since 1992.
The Kenosha Symphony Orchestra presents concerts in the acoustically-correct Reuther Central Auditorium (listed on the National Register of Historic Places) at Walter Reuther Central High School in downtown Kenosha. Film composer and orchestrator Lucien Cailliet , orchestrator for The Ten Commandments , was the KSO conductor until 1960.
Since 2002, the outdoor Peanut Butter and Jam Concert Series has been held every Thursday in July and August at Veterans Memorial Park.
Lincoln Park Live! concerts began in 2005 on the Lincoln Park lawns near the Warren Taylor Memorial Gardens.
A number of outdoor jazz events are offered throughout the summer months, most often at Veterans' Memorial Park and the historic Kemper Center.
Bands that have originated in Kenosha include the Pat Crawford Big Band, the Jazz Wave, the Parkside Reunion Big Band, Reminiscing (defunct), Electric Hellfire Club , Lazarus A.D. , Jungle Rot , Product of Hate , and PATH.
Kenosha has dozens of churches, two synagogues, and is home to the
American Albanian Islamic Center of Wisconsin. Of the Christian
churches, 14 are Lutheran , 13 are Roman Catholic , and 12 are Baptist
; other Christian denominations with churches include Anglican ,
Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Kenosha has eight miles (13 km) of Lake Michigan shoreline frontage, nearly all of which is public. The city has 74 municipal parks, totaling 781.52 acres (3.1627 km2).
Kenosha's Washington Park includes the oldest operating velodrome in
Petrifying Springs Park, which flanks the Pike River, was developed in the 1930s on the northwestern edge of the city. It is named for its artesian mineral water. Over ten miles (16 km) of trails wind through the wooded park, which also contains an 18-hole golf course.
Hawthorn Hollow Nature Sanctuary and Arboretum has three historic buildings and several trails for hiking.
Library Park is home to a statue of
Kenosha has been a Tree
Petrifying Springs Park in October *
Eichelman Park in September *
Newman Park in September *
Simmons Island Beach, with the Kenosha Pierhead Lighthouse in the distance. *
HarborPark overlooking Kenosha Harbor
Kenosha has a number of golf courses. Petrifying Springs Golf Course was named the "No. 1 Sporty Course in Wisconsin". The Washington Park Golf Course was dedicated on February 18, 1922, and its 1937 English-cottage clubhouse is a city landmark. Most recently, new private courses have opened, including Strawberry Creek.
Kenosha's Library Park is the home of Food Folks and Spokes, a
festival with food booths, entertainment, and a bicycle race that is
currently the first leg of the Tour of America's Dairyland. It was
formerly part of the International Cycling Classic's "Superweek".
Kenosha is home to the Washington Park
The city was the home of the Kenosha Cardinals , a semi-professional football team between 1937 and 1941 which played at Lake Front Stadium at 58th Street and Third Avenue.
The Kenosha Cougars are a semi-professional football team that plays home games at Ameche Field.
The Kenosha Kingfish, a baseball team in the Northwoods League , played its first game at historic Simmons Field on May 31, 2014 with a sold-out crowd of 3,218 fans, and in 2015 won their first championship.
The Kenosha Yacht Club was established in 1912.
Main article: List of people from Kenosha,
* In 2005 Money listed Kenosha as 94th on its list of "Best Places
* In 2005, the
Milken Institute rated Kenosha 86th among the largest
200 metro areas in the
Kenosha's sister cities are:
* ^ A B
* Bright, William. 2004. Native American Placenames of the United
States. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, p. 213.
* Vogel, Virgil J. 1991. Indian Names on Wisconsin's Map. Madison:
Madison: University of
* ^ "Ancestry.com - Genealogy and Family History Records".
Rootsweb.ancestry.com. 2001-04-22. Retrieved 2011-08-02.
* ^ A B "Town of Southport No More". Kenosha Democrat. March 11,
1853. p. 3. Retrieved August 13, 2014 – via
* ^ "Origin of the name". Wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved
* ^ City\'s auto history reaches back more than 100 years
* ^ "Kenosha Unified School District". Nash.kusd.edu. Retrieved
* ^ "Harbor Park: a brief history". Kenoshakorner.com. 2008-08-11.
National Park Service
* Gutsche, Robert Jr. "As Racine\'s Heritage Museum faces closure, Kenosha is a museum boomtown" The Journal Times , October 27, 2005. Accessed June 13, 2016. * "Southport Light Station Museum". Picture Your Kenosha. Kenosha Area Convention and Visitor's Bureau. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
* ^ Picture Your Kenosha. Kenosha Area Convention and Visitor's
Retrieved 13 June 2016. Missing or empty title= (help )
* ^ happeningsmag.com-Tiny Content
* ^ "Churches in Kenosha, Wisconsin". Retrieved 2015-09-13.
* ^ "AAICW Website". Archived from the original on 2011-09-01.
* ^ "
* Dudley, Kathryn Marie (1994). The End of the Line: Lost Jobs, New
Lives in Postindustrial America. Chicago: University of
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