Kenosha /kɛˈnoʊˌʃɑː/ is a city in and the county seat of
Kenosha County, Wisconsin, United States. Kenosha is on the
southwestern shore of Lake Michigan. With an estimated population of
99,889 as of July 1, 2013, it is the fourth-largest city in
Wisconsin and the fourth-largest city on Lake Michigan. The city is
part of the United States
Chicago Combined Statistical
3.1 2010 census
3.2 2000 census
4 Law and government
5.1 Business and industry
5.3 Real estate and housing
7.1 Public schools
7.2 Private schools
7.3 Higher education
8 Health care
10 Civic organizations
14 Notable people
16 Sister cities
17 See also
19 Further reading
20 External links
Early archaeological sites have been discovered in the Kenosha
vicinity; the discoverer of two sites believes they antedate the
Clovis culture, making them contemporaneous with the ice age.
Paleo Indians settled in the area at least 13,500 years ago.
Potawatomi originally named the area ginoozhe (also transcribed
kenozia, kinoje) 'place of the pike'.
The early name by the
Ojibwa Indians is reported as Masu-kinoja. This
describes the place of spawning trout as "trout (pike) come all at
same time". Thousands of fish were entering the rivers from Lake
Michigan. Harvesting these fish provided food for the coming months.
The first white settlers, part of the Western Emigration Company,
arrived in the early 1830s from Hannibal and Troy, New York, led by
John Bullen, Jr., who sought to purchase enough land for a town.
Milwaukee and Racine, the group arrived at Pike Creek on 6
June 1835, building log homes at first and, later, homes of frame,
native stone, and brick. The first school and churches followed by
1835, with platting completed in 1836. As more settlers arrived
and the first post office was established, the community was first
known as Pike Creek in 1836. In the ensuing years, the area became
an important Great Lakes shipping port, and in 1837, the village was
renamed Southport, a name which lives on as a southeast-side
neighborhood, park, and elementary school, and has been adopted by
In 1850, another change brought the growing city (and later Kenosha
County) its current name, adapted from the Chippewa word Kinoje, which
means pike or pickerel.
Between 1902 and 1988, Kenosha produced millions of automobiles and
trucks under marques such as Jeffery, Rambler, Nash, Hudson,
American Motors Corporation
American Motors Corporation (AMC). A prototype steam
car was built in Kenosha by the Sullivan-Becker engineering firm in
1900. Two years later, the Thomas B. Jeffery Company, builders of the
Sterling bicycle, began production of the Rambler runabout. In 1902,
Oldsmobile were the first cars to employ mass-production
techniques. The 1902 Rambler was also the first automobile to use a
steering wheel, rather than the then-common tiller-controlled
steering. Auto executive
Charles W. Nash
Charles W. Nash purchased Jeffrey in 1916 and
the new company became Nash Motors. In May 1954, Nash acquired
Detroit-based Hudson and the new firm was named American Motors
Corporation. A 47-acre (190,000 m2) west side park and an
elementary school are named for Charles W. Nash.
In partnership with French automaker Renault, AMC manufactured several
models in Kenosha in the early 1980s, including the Alliance, which
won the 1983 "Car of The Year" award from Motor Trend. Two decades
earlier, AMC's 1963 Rambler Classic had also received the award. In
Renault sold its controlling interest in AMC to Chrysler
Corporation, which had already contracted with AMC for the production
of its M-body midsized cars at the Kenosha plant. The AMC Lakefront
plant (1960–88), a smaller facility, was demolished in 1990 (a
chimney-demolition ceremony that June drew 10,000 spectators) and was
redeveloped into HarborPark. The area now hosts lakeside
condominiums, a large recreational marina, numerous parks and
promenades, sculptures, fountains, the Kenosha Public Museum, and the
Civil War Museum, all of which are connected by the Kenosha Electric
Railway streetcar system.
From the start of the 20th century through the 1930s, Italian, Irish,
Polish, and German immigrants, many of them skilled craftsmen, made
their way to the city and contributed to the city's construction,
culture, architecture, music, and literature.
Kenosha has 21 locations and three districts listed on the National
Register of Historic Places including the Library Park, Third
Avenue, and the Civic Center historic districts. The city has a
Kenosha Landmarks Commission, and among the many local city-designated
landmarks are the 1929 YMCA at 711 59th Place, the Manor House at 6536
Third Avenue, the John McCaffary House at 5732 13th Court, the St.
Matthew Episcopal Church at 5900 Seventh Avenue, the Washington Park
Clubhouse at 2205 Washington Road, and the Justin Weed House at 3509
In June 1993, the city installed reproductions of the historic
Sheridan LeGrande street lights that were specially designed for
Kenosha by Westinghouse Electric in 1928; these can be seen on Sixth
Avenue between 54th Street and 59th Place. A classic two-mile
(3.2 km) downtown electric streetcar system was opened on June
17, 2000, and on September 22nd, 2014, the Kenosha city council
approved a crosstown extension of the system incorporating the
existing route between 48th and 61st Streets on both Sixth and Eighth
Kenosha is in southeastern
Wisconsin at 42°34′56″N
87°50′44″W / 42.58222°N 87.84556°W / 42.58222;
-87.84556 (42.582220, -87.845624). It is bordered by Lake Michigan
to the east, the Town of Somers to the north, the village of Bristol
to the west, and the village of Pleasant Prairie to the south.
Kenosha's passenger train station is the last stop on Chicago's Union
Metra Line and is almost halfway between
According to the United States
Census Bureau, the city has a total
area of 27.03 square miles (70.01 km2), of which, 26.93 square
miles (69.75 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2)
Kenosha has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with warm
summers and cold winters. The record high is 105 °F
(40 °C), set in July 2012. The record low is -31 °F
(-35 °C) set in January 1985.
Climate data for Kenosha, WI (1981-2010 normals, extremes
Record high °F (°C)
Average high °F (°C)
Average low °F (°C)
Record low °F (°C)
Average precipitation inches (mm)
Average snowfall inches (cm)
U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 99,218 people, 37,376
households, and 24,090 families residing in the city. The population
density was 3,684.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,422.5/km2). There
were 40,643 housing units at an average density of 1,509.2 per square
mile (582.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.1% White, 10.0%
African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific
Islander, 6.8% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.3% of the population.
There were 37,376 households of which 36.8% had children under the age
of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together,
15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a
male householder with no wife present, and 35.5% were non-families.
28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.17.
The median age in the city was 33.5 years. 26.8% of residents were
under the age of 18; 10.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.3%
were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 10.8% were 65 years
of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and
The 2010 census reported that the city's population are mainly
newcomers, with 51 percent of Kenosha residents having moved from
other cities and states. The Chamber of Commerce attributed this to
the city's museums, lakeshore attractions, cultural and work
opportunities, its public-school system, transportation amenities, and
relatively lower costs-of-living.
As of the census of 2000, there were 90,352 people, 34,411
households, and 22,539 families residing in the city. The population
density was 3,795.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,465.3/km2). There
were 36,004 housing units at an average density of 1,512.3 per square
mile (583.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.64% White,
7.68% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.04%
Pacific Islander, 4.83% from other races and 2.38% from two or more
races. 9.96% of the population were
Hispanic of any race. 25.5% were
of German, 11.5% Italian, 7.1% Irish and 6.6% Polish ancestry.
There were 34,411 households out of which 34.1% had children under the
age of 18 living with them: 47.1% were married couples living
together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present and
34.5% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of
individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age
or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family
size was 3.13.
In the city, the population included 27.2% under the age of 18, 10.1%
from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who
were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every
100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and
over, there were 93.2 males.
Law and government
Kenosha has an elected mayor, who is the chief executive, and an
appointed city administrator, who is the chief operating officer. The
mayor is elected every four years. The city's Common Council consists
of 17 aldermen from Kenosha's 17 districts (each district having
several wards), elected for two-year terms in even-numbered years.
The mayor of Kenosha is John Martin Antaramian, the longest-serving
chief executive in the city's history over four terms between 1992 and
2008. Antaramian was re-elected on April 5, 2016.
Kenosha is represented by
Paul Ryan (R) in the United States House of
Representatives, and by Ron Johnson (R) and
Tammy Baldwin (D) in the
United States Senate.
Robert Wirch (D) represents Kenosha in the
Wisconsin State Senate, and
Peter Barca (D) and
Tod Ohnstad (D)
represent Kenosha in the
Wisconsin State Assembly.
Big Star Drive-In Restaurant
House of Gerhard German-American Restaurant
6th Ave Downtown Kenosha
Kenosha, decades ago a bustling hub of manufacturing, is today a
bedroom community because of the ease of access to the
Milwaukee corridor. According to county statistics, 49% of
Kenosha's workforce commutes outside of Kenosha County to their
positions. Many travel northward towards
Milwaukee or south into the
Chicago area. The 2016 Kenosha County Out-Commuter Analysis,
underwritten by the Kenosha Area Business Alliance (www.kaba.org) and
an adjunct to the coincidental Labor Analysis of Kenosha County, found
that Kenosha's "out-commuters most likely work for positions in
healthcare, manufacturing, professional/scientific and technical
services. The majority of occupations included management,
business/financial, and office/administrative support position” and
that 73 percent of out-commuters have a bachelor's degree or a higher
level of education.
A June 2009 study by the
Milken Institute reported that Kenosha placed
in the national top-50 high-tech economies.
Jockey International Inc.
Business and industry
Snap-on Tools world headquarters and
Jockey International corporate
headquarters are in Kenosha. Kenosha has a number of light industrial
and distribution companies in outlying business parks.
Tourists spent an estimated $196.6 million in Kenosha County in 2015,
with the county ranking fourth in the state in tourist money
Kenosha Public Museum
Kenosha Public Museum System includes the main Kenosha Public
Museum, the Dinosaur Discovery Museum in association with Carthage
College and the Smithsonian, and the Kenosha Civil War Museum. On
Simmons Island, the Kenosha History Center and adjacent Maritime
Museum offer memorabilia from the city's nautical past.
Other popular tourism sites include the Jelly Belly Visitor Center
store and factory tours, and the Mars Cheese Castle with
The Kenosha HarborMarket is a European-style Farmer's Market held
mid-May through mid-October on Second Avenue bisected by the 56th
Street boulevard streetcar line. It hosts stalls with local food
products and artisans' creations. In winter, the market moves indoors
to the lobby of the 1927 Rhode Center of the Arts.
Real estate and housing
The number of households in Kenosha County increased by nearly 80%
from 1990 to 2005.
A Kenosha neighborhood
Number of households:
2005 housing statistics:
Total housing units: 67,568
Owner occupied: 42,197
Median value of homes: $167,500
Renter occupied: 16,518
Median rent paid: $722
Rental vacancy rate: 11.1%
A 2015 WalletHub survey listed Kenosha among the top 100 American
cities for first-time home buyers.
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Kenosha Electric Railway
PCC streetcar 4608 'Pittsburgh'.
See also: Streetcars in Kenosha, Wisconsin
Kenosha has been served by rail service to and from
Chicago since May
19, 1855, when the predecessors to the
Chicago and North Western
Chicago Railway Company (originally the
Illinois Parallel Railroad) and the original "Lake Shore Railroad"
(later the Green Bay,
Chicago Railway) were officially
joined with great ceremony just south of today's 52nd Street.
Kenosha has the only
Metra station in Wisconsin, with nine inbound and
nine outbound trains each weekday. Passenger ridership on the Kenosha
line was up by a slight 0.06% in 2009, while elsewhere on the 11-route
Metra system, passenger counts dropped by 5.2 percent. Not all Union
Pacific/North Line trains terminate and originate in Kenosha; most
terminate at Waukegan, Illinois, to the south of Kenosha.
Since June 2000, a 2-mile (3.2 km) streetcar line has served the
downtown area and HarborPark, connecting the
Metra station with
downtown and several area parks. Kenosha is one of the smallest cities
in America with any type of streetcar system today.
In addition to its streetcar line, Kenosha has a city bus network with
eight routes. Kenosha was the first city to color-code transit routes
(with the Blue, Green, Red, and Orange Lines), and also the first city
to use electric trolley buses in full transit service, both occurring
on February 14, 1932.
Kenosha Regional Airport
Kenosha Regional Airport (KENW) serves the city and surrounding
Union Pacific Railroad tracks on Bain Station Road
Metra Station pedestrian tunnel
Kenosha Unified School District
Kenosha Unified School District operates 23 public elementary
schools, five middle schools, seven charter schools, and six high
schools: Mary D. Bradford High School, George Nelson Tremper High
School, Indian Trail High School and Academy, LakeView Technology
Academy, Reuther Central High School, and Harborside Academy, the
latter a research school that uses the Expeditionary Learning Outward
Bound model; it was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates
Kenosha's private schools include St. Joseph Catholic Academy, All
Saints Catholic School, Bethany Lutheran School, Friedens Lutheran
School, Christ Lutheran Academy, Kenosha
Montessori School, Shoreland
Lutheran High School, and Christian Life School. At the beginning of
the 2011-2012 school year, St. Mary's and Holy Rosary schools became
campuses of All Saints Catholic School. Both campuses operate as the
same school with the same principal. St. Mark's and St. Joseph High
School have also conjoined into Saint Joseph Catholic Academy.
Kenosha is home to the
University of Wisconsin-Parkside
University of Wisconsin-Parkside with over
Carthage College with over 2,500 students, and
the Kenosha campus of Gateway Technical College.
Concordia University Wisconsin, Cardinal Stritch University,
National-Louis University, and
Herzing University maintain campuses in
Kenosha. Journey Ministry College, a cohort of SUM Bible College and
Seminary, was established in 2011.
The Kenosha Public Library, which is part of the Kenosha County
Library System, operates in four locations throughout the city:
Northside Neighborhood Library, Southwest Neighborhood Library, Uptown
Neighborhood Library, and Simmons Neighborhood Library. Daniel H.
Burnham designed the 1900 Beaux-Arts Gilbert M. Simmons Library, which
is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Gilbert Simmons Library
Uptown Branch Library
Kenosha has two hospitals: the Froedert South Kenosha Medical Center
Campus downtown and the Aurora Medical Center at the extreme western
edge of the city limits. Just outside of the city limits is the
Froedert South St. Catherine's Medical Center Campus, which opened in
2002 and has a heart institute named in honor of cardiac surgeon
Michael E. DeBakey.
Kenosha Hospital & Medical Center
Kenosha Hospital's Palmer Recovery Unit
Former Mayer Drugs building with the sign still on the roof, in
The primary newspaper of Kenosha County is the Kenosha News, a
broadsheet with circulation of around 23,000 copies. Happenings
Magazine is an ad supported entertainment publication distributed at
local businesses since 1978, they also publish The Smart Reader, Homes
Plus, as well as other seasonal event-orientated magazines.
Kenosha News Building
Kenosha is considered as part of the
Milwaukee television market by
A.C. Nielsen, but due to a commuter population, Kenosha is also served
by Chicago's television stations, which are carried by Time Warner
Cable in addition to
Arbitron classifies Kenosha
as part of the
Chicago radio market. Five major radio stations
broadcast from Kenosha:
WLIP (CBS) 1050 AM, Gateway Technical
WGTD (91.1 FM), a member station of the
Radio News & Classical Music Network, rock
WIIL (95.1 FM) and
WWDV (96.9 FM), which simulcasts Chicago-based
FM). The Kenosha Convention and Visitors Bureau operates WPUR937 (1180
AM), a low-power tourist information station. Most of the AM and FM
radio stations from
Chicago can be heard clearly in
WPXE (Channel 55), owned by ION Television, is Kenosha's only locally
licensed television station. Its analog transmitter was based in
northern Racine County, while the digital tower is in Milwaukee's
tower farm site on the north side and the station's studios are just
south of suburban Glendale, serving the entire
Civic organizations in Kenosha include:
American Legion, Post 21
Danish Brotherhood, Lodge 14
Italian American Society of Kenosha
Kenosha Car Club
Kenosha Freemasons, Lodge 47
Kenosha Women's Club
Midwest Street Machine Association
Navy Club of the U.S.A., Ship 40
Rotary International District 6720, Clubs 2736-2737
Swedish American Club, Sigurd Lodge 30
Veterans of Foreign Wars, Post 1865
Kenosha's three downtown museums, the Kenosha Public Museum, the Civil
War Museum and the Dinosaur Discovery Museum, are Smithsonian
Completed in 2001, the
Kenosha Public Museum
Kenosha Public Museum is on the Lake Michigan
shoreline. Its main exhibit is a prehistoric woolly mammoth skeleton
uncovered in western Kenosha in 1992. Cut-marks on its bones indicate
that the animals were butchered by humans using stone tools. Carbon
dating indicates their age to be 12,500 radiocarbon years old or
14,500 calendar years old, one thousand radiocarbon years earlier than
the previously-accepted presence of humans in the Americas. The museum
also displays other ice age and fine art exhibits.
The Kenosha History Center is in the 1917 city water treatment plant
on Simmons Island adjoining the 1866
Kenosha Light Station. It
showcases the history of Kenosha from the time of Native American
settlements and the first European settlements to the present day. The
Kenosha North Pier Light
Kenosha North Pier Light is nearby.
Kenosha's 59,000-square-foot (5,500 m2) Civil War Museum opened
on June 13, 2008. The main exhibit, "The Fiery Trial", opened
September 15, 2008. It is a 15,000-square-foot (1,400 m2) exhibit
offering an interactive experience of the role of six Midwestern
states before, during, and after the American Civil War.
The Dinosaur Discovery Museum, designated a federal repository, opened
in August 2006 in the historic Old Post Office adjoining the 56th
Street streetcar line at Tenth Avenue, and includes an on-site
paleontology laboratory operated through the Carthage College
Institute of Paleontology.
Kenosha Transit Carhouse at 724 54th Street, which houses
Kenosha's historic fleet of PCC streetcars, is occasionally open for
Lighthouse overlooking beach on Simmons Island
A Maritime Museum has been created within the restored 1866 Southport
Light and Lighthouse Keeper's cottage on Simmons Island.
The Kenosha Public Museum.
Kenosha Civil War Museum
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Summer band performances are traditionally put on by the Kenosha
American Legion Band (renamed the Kenosha Concert Band in 1963 and now
called the Kenosha Pops Concert Band). Since 1988 the concerts have
been at Kenosha's Sesquicentennial Bandshell in Pennoyer Park.
The Kenosha Lakeshore Youth Philharmonic offers an intensive
orchestral experience to middle school and high school musicians.
Wisconsin Performing Arts (SEWPA) sponsors the Opera à la
Carte evening concert series featuring middle school, high school and
The Music of the Stars radio program, heard worldwide over WLIP, has
originated from Kenosha since 1992.
The Kenosha Symphony Orchestra presents concerts in the
acoustically-correct Reuther Central Auditorium (listed on the
National Register of Historic Places) at Walter Reuther Central High
School in downtown Kenosha. Film composer and orchestrator Lucien
Cailliet, orchestrator for The Ten Commandments, was the KSO conductor
Since 2002, the outdoor Peanut Butter and Jam Concert Series has
been held every Thursday in July and August at Veterans Memorial Park.
Lincoln Park Live! concerts began in 2005 on the Lincoln Park lawns
near the Warren Taylor Memorial Gardens.
A number of outdoor jazz events are offered throughout the summer
months, most often at Veterans' Memorial Park and the historic Kemper
Bands that have originated in Kenosha include the Pat Crawford Big
Band, the Jazz Wave, the Parkside Reunion Big Band, Reminiscing
(defunct), Electric Hellfire Club, Lazarus A.D., Jungle Rot, Product
of Hate, and PATH.
Kenosha is home to a number of summer festivals, with the Outta Sight
Kite Flight, Taste of Wisconsin, Pike River Rendezvous (a historical
reenactment of Kenosha in the past), the Kenosha Classic Cruise-In Car
Show, Food Folks & Spokes, and others occurring in 2018.
Kenosha has dozens of churches, two synagogues, and is home to the
American Albanian Islamic Center of Wisconsin. Of the Christian
churches, 14 are Lutheran, 13 are Roman Catholic, and 12 are Baptist;
other Christian denominations with churches include Anglican,
Episcopal, Seventh-day Adventists, Churches of Christ, Methodism,
African Methodist Episcopal, Apostolic, Eastern Orthodox, and
Jehovah's Witness and The Church of Jesus Christ of
Our Lady of Mount Carmel Catholic Church
St. Mary's Catholic Church
Kenosha has eight miles (13 km) of
Lake Michigan shoreline
frontage, nearly all of which is public. The city has 74 municipal
parks, totaling 781.52 acres (3.1627 km2).
Kenosha's Washington Park includes the oldest operating velodrome in
the United States (opened in 1927) at Washington Bowl. The Kenosha
Velodrome Association sponsors American
Track Cycling sanctioned races
and training sessions at the "Bowl" throughout the summer. Races are
held on Tuesday evenings from mid-May through August. Free seating is
available on the inside of the track, and on important race days
concessions are available.
Petrifying Springs Park, which flanks the Pike River, was developed in
the 1930s on the northwestern edge of the city. It is named for its
artesian mineral water. Over ten miles (16 km) of trails wind
through the wooded park, which also contains an 18-hole golf course.
Hawthorn Hollow Nature Sanctuary and Arboretum has three historic
buildings and several trails for hiking.
Library Park is home to a statue of
Abraham Lincoln by Charles Henry
Niehaus as well as a veterans-memorial statue ("Winged Victory") by
the Italian sculptor Decco.
Kenosha has been a Tree
City USA since 1982.
Petrifying Springs Park in October
Eichelman Park in September
Newman Park in September
Wolfenbüttel Park, so named for Kenosha's sister city in Germany.
Simmons Island Beach, with the Kenosha Pierhead Lighthouse in the
HarborPark overlooking Kenosha Harbor
Kenosha has a number of golf courses. Petrifying Springs Golf
Course was named the "No. 1 Sporty Course in Wisconsin". The
Washington Park Golf Course was dedicated on February 18, 1922, and
its 1937 English-cottage clubhouse is a city landmark. Most
recently, new private courses have opened, including Strawberry Creek.
Kenosha's Library Park is the home of Food Folks and Spokes, a
festival with food booths, entertainment, and a bicycle race that is
currently the first leg of the Tour of America's Dairyland. It was
formerly part of the International Cycling Classic's "Superweek".
Kenosha is home to the Washington Park Velodrome, the
longest-operating 333-meter track; it opened in 1927.
Kenosha was home to the short lived
NFL franchise in
1924. They folded after going 0-4-1. It was also the home of the
Kenosha Cardinals, a semi-professional football team between 1937 and
1941 which played at Lake Front Stadium at 58th Street and Third
The Kenosha Cougars are a semi-professional football team that plays
home games at Ameche Field.
The Kenosha Kingfish, a baseball team in the Northwoods League, played
its first game at historic
Simmons Field on May 31, 2014 with a
sold-out crowd of 3,218 fans, and in 2015 won their first
championship. Prior to the Kingfish, Kenosha was home to the
Frontier League Mammoths in 2003, the
Kenosha Twins from 1984-1992,
Kenosha Comets of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball
League from 1943-1951.
Kenosha Yacht Club
Kenosha Yacht Club was established in 1912.
Main article: List of people from Kenosha, Wisconsin
In 2005 Money listed Kenosha as 94th on its list of "Best Places to
In 2005, the
Milken Institute rated Kenosha 86th among the largest 200
metro areas in the United States in its "Best Performing Cities"
In May 2006,
Inc. Magazine ranked Kenosha #45 on its "Hottest Midsize
Worldwide ERC in 2006 included Kenosha among its "Best Cities for
Relocating Families" list in the 500,000 to 250,000 metro population
Kenosha's sister cities are:
Italy (since 1979)
France (since 1981)
Philippines (since 1986)
Germany (since 1970)
Wisconsin (23 March 2018). "Acts and Resolves Passed by the
Legislature of Wisconsin". David T. Dickson, printer to the state –
via Google Books.
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^ a b "American FactFinder". United States
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Census Quick Facts". census.gov. 2011-08-02. Retrieved
^ Wasion, David. "The
Mammoth Hunter: David Wasion's Quest for
Pre-Clovis People in North America" The Citizen Scientist, 11 February
2005. Accessed 8 April 2005.
^ Falk, Terrence. "Bones to Pick"
Milwaukee Magazine, April 2004
Bright, William. 2004. Native American Placenames of the United
States. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, p. 213.
Vogel, Virgil J. 1991. Indian Names on Wisconsin's Map. Madison:
Madison: University of
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^ City's auto history reaches back more than 100 years[dead link]
^ "Kenosha Unified School District". Nash.kusd.edu. Retrieved
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National Park Service
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kenosha, Wisconsin.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kenosha.
City of Kenosha
Kenosha Area Chamber of Commerce
Kenosha Area Convention & Visitors Bureau
Kenosha's Lost Industries, online exhibition
Sanborn fire insurance maps: 1886 1890 1894 1900 1905 1911 1918
"Kenosha, Wis.". The New Student's Reference Work. 1914.
The Kenosha Connection
Municipalities and communities of Kenosha County, Wisconsin, United
County seat: Kenosha
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or
State of Wisconsin
Eastern Ridges and Lowlands
Fox River Valley
Great River Road
Lake Superior Lowland
Major metropolitan areas
(pop. over 500,000)
Chicago metropolitan area
Madison metropolitan area
Milwaukee metropolitan area
Twin Cities metropolitan area
(pop. over 50,000)
(pop. 15,000 to 50,000)
Fond du Lac
(pop. over 15,000)
Fond du Lac
National Football League
National Football League club in 1924
Originally founded in 1902 as the Toledo Maroons
Based in Kenosha, Wisconsin
Toledo Maroons Players
City of Kenosha