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The John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Expressway is a 17.8-mile-long (28.65 km) freeway in metropolitan Chicago, Illinois, in the United States that travels northwest from the neighborhood of West Loop to O'Hare International Airport. The highway is named for the 35th U.S. President, John F. Kennedy, and conforms to the Chicago-area convention of using the term Expressway for an Interstate Highway without tolls. The Interstate 90 (I-90) portion of the Kennedy is a part of the much longer I-90 (which runs 3,111.52 miles (5,007.51 km) from Boston, Massachusetts
Boston, Massachusetts
to Seattle, Washington). The Kennedy's official endpoints are the Circle Interchange
Circle Interchange
with Interstate 290 (Eisenhower Expressway/Congress Parkway) and the Dan Ryan Expressway (also I-90/94) at the east end, and the O'Hare Airport terminals at the west end. The Interstate 190 portion of the Kennedy is 3.07 miles (4.94 km) long and is meant to serve airport traffic. Interstate 90 picks up the Kennedy designation and runs a further 6.29 miles (10.12 km), before joining with I-94 for the final 8.44 miles (13.58 km).[1] Traveling eastbound from O'Hare, the Kennedy interchanges with the eastern terminus of the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway
Jane Addams Memorial Tollway
(Interstate 90) and with the Tri-State Tollway (Interstate 294) at a complex junction just west of Illinois Route 171
Illinois Route 171
(Cumberland Avenue). The Kennedy later merges with the southern end of the Edens Expressway
Edens Expressway
(Interstate 94) at Montrose Avenue; the Kennedy (at this point both I-90 and I-94) then turns south to its junction with the Dan Ryan and Eisenhower Expressways and Congress Parkway
Congress Parkway
at the Jane Byrne Interchange in downtown Chicago. With up to 327,000 vehicles traveling on some portions of the Kennedy daily, the Kennedy and its South Side extension, the Dan Ryan, are the busiest roads in Illinois.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Features 3 Exit list 4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

An eastbound view of the Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
heading toward downtown Chicago

The Kennedy was originally constructed along the route of Avondale Avenue, an existing diagonal street, and the northwest railroad corridor, in the late 1950s and completed on November 5, 1960. Originally named the Northwest Expressway for its general direction of travel, the Chicago
Chicago
City Council voted unanimously on November 29, 1963—one week after the assassination of President Kennedy—to rename the highway the John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Expressway.[2] Until 1978, the Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
was marked as I-94 and Illinois Route 194 (IL 194), I-90 and I-190 replaced IL 194 and thus the Eisenhower Expressway
Eisenhower Expressway
was renamed from I-90 to I-290. The express portion of the freeway was last reconstructed from 1992 through 1994,[3] when the existing express lanes, which previously were reversed by hand, were modernized. In addition, all aspects of the express lanes system were computerized, so that the process could be controlled at both ends from a central location. At least once a day, however, IDOT crews still examine the express lanes for debris while the lanes are closed.

Southeastward view of the Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
from the Montrose Blue Line Station, with the reversible express lanes to the right of the tracks

In 2005, the Washington Street bridge over the expressway was reconstructed, and the entrance ramps to both directions of the Kennedy were partially removed. The same was done in 2006 for the Monroe Street bridge. This left a disconnected portion of each ramp remaining on the expressway, to be removed and the existing "suicide ramps'" lengths extended when funding became available. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 provided the necessary funding for the construction between Hubbard Street and the Circle Interchange, commencing in summer 2009. The westbound (facing north) ramps at Adams Street and Madison Street, along with the eastbound (facing south) ramps at Randolph Street and Madison Street, were lengthened by removing what remained of abandoned ramps and lengthening the entrance ramps significantly.[4] The only remaining short, limited-sight, left-side suicide ramp entrance is from Lake Street to the eastbound expressway (heading south). As part of the project, eastbound (heading south) traffic patterns were adjusted. The two right-most lanes were made "exit only" for Chicago
Chicago
Loop, Congress Parkway, and Eisenhower Expressway
Eisenhower Expressway
exits, the Adams Street and Jackson Boulevard exits were combined, certain center median walls reconstructed, lanes restriped to remove the merging of the leftmost lanes, and appropriate signage changes. For example, the changes increased the taper for the Randolph Street entrance headed eastbound from 160 to 583 feet (49 to 178 m),[5] an increase of over 3.6 time. In the westbound direction (headed north), the exit ramp to Monroe Street was permanently removed. In 2015, the American Highway Users Alliance named the 12 miles (19 km) of the Kennedy between the Circle Interchange
Circle Interchange
and Edens junction the worst traffic bottleneck in the country.[6] Features[edit] The Blue Line operates in the median of the Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
for about 10 miles (16 km) from O'Hare International Airport
O'Hare International Airport
to just south of Addison Street. In 1984, the city of Chicago
Chicago
decided that the best option to serve the needs of the people regarding public transportation, was a rapid transit line constructed in the median to O'Hare instead of a fourth lane in both directions. This had been done previously in the early 1950s within the medians of the Eisenhower Expressway, and for the Dan Ryan Expressway
Dan Ryan Expressway
in 1969. The decision proved to be wise, as the rail line is heavily traveled by commuters and travelers during the rush hour.

Sign over the Kennedy Expressway, at the north entrance to Hubbard's Cave, encouraging commuters to use Metra
Metra
trains, such as one seen here passing over the highway, to avoid the common congestion

The second distinct features of the Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
are its reversible express lanes where I-94 merges into I-90. The reversible lanes lie in the median of the highway from the Kennedy Expressway/ Edens Expressway
Edens Expressway
junction until just north of the Loop (at Ohio Street), a distance of about eight miles (13 km). These reversible lanes allow two lanes of traffic to flow towards or away from the city, depending on the time of the day. The lanes are controlled by computers and verified by humans at a separate control center. Steel mesh barriers and breakaway gates prevent traffic from entering oncoming lanes. On January 25, 2014, a drunk driver broke through the safety gates and drove in the express lanes in the wrong direction, but was stopped by a snow plow; no injuries were reported.[7] This was the first wrong-way accident involving the express lanes.[citation needed] A third distinct feature is Hubbard's Cave, also called the Hubbard Street Tunnel, a continuous set of bridges for a number of streets and railroads over the highway that forms a tunnel. It is named for Hubbard Street, one of the streets it passes underneath. Hubbard's Cave is a landmark frequently heard in traffic reports on radio and TV.

Magikist
Magikist
Lips sign formerly located on the Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
at Montrose Avenue in Chicago, torn down in 2004

The final distinct features are the nine exits in two miles (3.2 km) between mile markers 50 and 51, and the southbound exit to I-290 and Congress Parkway
Congress Parkway
is marked as exits 51H and 51I. While the density of interchanges is quite dangerous, the hazard is partially offset by the fact that exits are 500 feet (150 m) apart on the right hand side, while entrances to the highway were 500 feet (150 m) apart, but on the left side. Known as the "suicide ramps", the entrance ramps on the left had little to no acceleration zone, and traffic on the ramps could not see mainline traffic until the last 500 feet (150 m) of the ramp. The 2009–10 reconstruction between Hubbard Street and the Circle Interchange improved safety by increasing the lengths of most entrance ramps and reduced bottlenecks by better utilizing the existing space. The Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
was the location of a large Magikist
Magikist
lips flashing sign which was a Chicago
Chicago
pop culture icon for many years. Located at the southeast corner where Montrose Avenue abutted the expressway, the sign was torn down in 2004.

Exit list[edit] The entire route is in Cook County.

Location mi[1] km Exit Destinations Notes

Chicago 0.00 0.00 — O'Hare International Airport Western terminus of I-190

0.99 1.59 — Bessie Coleman Drive – Terminal 5, Rental Car Return

1.27 2.04 2 US 12 / US 45 (Mannheim Road) Signed as exits 2A (north) and 2B (south); eastbound exit 2B shares a ramp with Bessie Coleman Drive

Rosemont 1.79 2.88 1D

I-294 south (Tollway)

1.81 2.91 1C

I-294 north (Tollway) to I-90 west (Tollway) – Milwaukee, Rockford Eastbound exit and westbound entrance

2.24 3.60 1 River Road Signed as exits 1A (north) and 1B (south) eastbound

Chicago 3.07

78.70 4.94

126.66 78

I-90 west (Tollway) to I-294 north (Tollway) – Rockford, Milwaukee Eastern terminus of I-190; westbound exit and eastbound entrance

79.60 128.10 79 IL 171 (Cumberland Avenue) Signed as exits 79A (south) and 79B (north)

80.30 129.23 80 Canfield Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance

81.20 130.68 81A IL 43 (Harlem Avenue)

81.20 130.68 81B Sayre Avenue (7000 West) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance

82.20 132.29 82A Nagle Avenue (6432 West) No westbound exit

82.40 132.61 82B Bryn Mawr Avenue (5600 North) Westbound exit only

82.80 133.25 82C Austin Avenue (6000 West) Eastbound exit only

83.30 134.06 83A Foster Avenue (5200 North) No eastbound exit

83.50 134.38 83B Central Avenue (5600 West) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance

84.20 135.51 84 Lawrence Avenue (4800 North) To I-94 west (Edens Expressway)

84.80

43.32 136.47

69.72 43B I-94 west (Edens Expressway) – Milwaukee "The Junction"; western terminus of concurrency with I-94; westbound exit and eastbound entrance

43.60 70.17 43C Montrose Avenue (4400 North) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance

43.90 70.65 43D Kostner Avenue (4400 West) Westbound exit only

44.30 71.29 44A IL 19 (Irving Park Road (4000 North)) / Keeler Avenue No westbound exit

44.50 71.62 44B IL 19 (Irving Park Road (4000 North)) / Pulaski Road(4000 West) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance

45.10 72.58 45A Addison Street (3600 North)

45.50 73.23 45B Kimball Avenue (3400 West)

45.80 73.71 45C Belmont Avenue (3200 North) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance

46.10 74.19 — Sacramento Avenue (3000 West) Eastbound entrance only

46.30 74.51 46A California Avenue (2800 West) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance

46.50 74.83 46B Diversey Avenue (2800 North) Westbound exit only and eastbound entrance

47.05– 47.50 75.72– 76.44 47A Western Avenue (2400 West) / Fullerton Avenue (2400 North) No eastbound access to Western Avenue

47.60 76.60 47B Damen Avenue (2000 West) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance

48.15 77.49 48A Armitage Avenue (2000 North)

48.70 78.38 48B IL 64 (North Avenue) (1600 North)

49.40 79.50 49A Division Street (1200 North)

49.70– 49.80 79.98– 80.15 49B Augusta Boulevard / Milwaukee Avenue (1000 North) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance

50.10 80.63 50A Ogden Avenue (1200 West) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance

50.40 81.11 50B Ohio Street east (600 North) Eastern terminus of express lanes

51.00 82.08 51A Lake Street (200 North) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance

51.10 82.24 51B Randolph Street west (150 North)

51.20 82.40 51C Washington Boulevard east (100 North) No entrance ramps

51.30 82.56 51D Madison Street (0 North/South)

51.40 82.72 51E Monroe Street (100 South) Eastbound exit only

51.50 82.88 51F Adams Street west (200 South) Eastbound exit only; shared ramp with exit 51G

51.60 83.04 51G Jackson Boulevard east (300 South) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; shared exit ramp with exit 51F

51.80 83.36 51H I-290 west (Eisenhower Expressway / IL 110) – West Suburbs Eastbound exit and westbound entrance

51.80 83.36 51I Congress Parkway
Congress Parkway
east – Chicago
Chicago
Loop (500 South) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance

51.80 83.36 — I-90 east / I-94 east (Dan Ryan Expressway) – Indiana I-90 and I-94 continue east

1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

      Concurrency terminus       Incomplete access       Route transition

References[edit]

^ a b c d Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2006). "T2 GIS Data". Illinois Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on August 10, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2007.  ^ "Northwest Expressway Is Renamed for Kennedy". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. November 30, 1963. Retrieved March 11, 2010.  ^ Hilkevitch, John (March 26, 2006). "Buckle Up, It Looks like a Long Ride". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. Retrieved March 26, 2006.  ^ Hilkevitch, Jon (July 13, 2009). " Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
Left-Lane 'Suicide' Ramps Makeover Begins Monday". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. Retrieved July 21, 2013.  ^ Hilkevitch, Jon (December 21, 2009). "Getting Around: Kennedy Expressway's New Ramps Get a Test-Drive". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. Retrieved July 21, 2013.  ^ Anderson, Lon; Gillen, Cathy; Singh, Daisy (2015). "Unclogging America's Arteries: Prescriptions for Healthier Highways" (Press release). American Highway Users Alliance. Retrieved November 24, 2015.  ^ "IDOT Snowplow Stops Wrong-Way Driver in Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
Express Lanes". Chicago
Chicago
Sun Times. Sun-Times Media Wire. January 25, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kennedy Expressway.

Route map: Google

KML file (edit • help)

Display on Google Maps

Template:Attached KML/Kennedy Expressway KML is from Wikidata

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Expressway (I-90 and I-94) at Steve Anderson's ChicagoRoads.com Historic, Current & Average Travel Times For The Kennedy Expressway

v t e

John F. Kennedy

35th President of the United States
President of the United States
(1961–1963) U.S. Senator from Massachusetts (1953–1960) U.S. Representative for MA-11 (1947–1953)

Presidency (timeline)

Presidential Office: Inauguration Cabinet Judicial appointments

Supreme Court

Presidential pardons

Domestic policy: Clean Air Act Communications Satellite Act Community Mental Health Act Equal Pay Act Federal affirmative action Federal housing segregation ban Fifty-mile hikes Food for Peace New Frontier Pilot Food Stamp Program Space policy Status of Women (Presidential Commission) University of Alabama integration Voter Education Project

Foreign policy: Alliance for Progress Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Flexible response Kennedy Doctrine Peace Corps Trade Expansion Act USAID Vietnam War Cuba: Bay of Pigs Invasion Cuban Project Cuban Missile Crisis

ExComm

Soviet Union: Berlin Crisis Moscow–Washington hotline Vienna summit

White House: Presidential limousine Presidential yacht Resolute desk Situation Room

Presidential speeches

Inaugural address American University speech "We choose to go to the Moon" Report to the American People on Civil Rights "Ich bin ein Berliner" "A rising tide lifts all boats"

Elections

U.S. States House of Representatives elections, 1946 1948 1950 U.S. Senate election in Massachusetts, 1952 1958 1960 Presidential primaries 1960 Presidential campaign Democratic National Convention 1956 1960 U.S. presidential election, 1960

debates

Personal life

Birthplace and childhood home Kennedy Compound US Navy service PT-109

Biuku Gasa and Eroni Kumana Arthur Evans PT-59 Castle Hot Springs

Hammersmith Farm Coretta Scott King phone call Rocking chair "Happy Birthday, Mr. President"

Books

Why England Slept
Why England Slept
(1940) Profiles in Courage
Profiles in Courage
(1956) A Nation of Immigrants
A Nation of Immigrants
(1958)

Death

Assassination

timeline reactions in popular culture

State funeral

Riderless horse attending dignitaries

Gravesite and Eternal Flame

Legacy

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library and Museum (Boston) 1964 Civil Rights Act Apollo 11
Apollo 11
Moon landing Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center
(Florida) Kennedy Round U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development VISTA Cultural depictions

films Kennedy half dollar U.S. postage stamps U.S. five cent stamp Lincoln–Kennedy coincidences

Operation Sail

Memorials, namesakes

Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (Washington, D.C.) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
International Airport (New York) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial (London) John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
(Dallas) John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
(Portland, Oregon) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial (Runnymede, Britain) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial Bridge (Kentucky–Indiana) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
School of Government (Harvard Univ.) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Special
Special
Warfare Center and School (Fort Bragg, North Carolina) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
University (California) John Kennedy College (Mauritius) Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
(Chicago) MV John F. Kennedy USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) USS John F. Kennedy (CVN-79) Yad Kennedy
Yad Kennedy
(Jerusalem)

Family

Jacqueline Bouvier (wife) Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(daughter) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr.

son plane crash

Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
(son) Jack Schlossberg
Jack Schlossberg
(grandson) Rose Schlossberg
Rose Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Tatiana Schlossberg (granddaughter) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Fitzgerald (mother) Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
(brother) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington
Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington
(sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(brother) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(brother) P. J. Kennedy
P. J. Kennedy
(grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

← Dwight D. Eisenhower Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson

.