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Kenneth Charles Loach (born 17 June 1936) is an English director of television and independent film. He is known for his socially critical directing style and for his socialist ideals, which are evident in his film treatment of social issues such as poverty (Poor Cow, 1967), homelessness (Cathy Come Home, 1966) and labour rights (Riff-Raff, 1991, and The Navigators, 2001). Loach's film Kes (1969) was voted the seventh greatest British film of the 20th century in a poll by the British Film Institute. Two of his films, The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) and I, Daniel Blake (2016) received the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the Cannes Film Festival, making him the ninth filmmaker to win the award twice.[1] Loach, a social campaigner for most of his career, believes the current criteria for claiming benefits in the UK are "a Kafka-esque, Catch 22 situation designed to frustrate and humiliate the claimant to such an extent that they drop out of the system and stop pursuing their right to ask for support if necessary".[2]

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 Early life, The Wednesday Play
The Wednesday Play
and Kes 1.2 Mid-career works 1.3 Later feature films

2 Film style 3 Political activities

3.1 Affiliations 3.2 Campaign for boycott of Israel

4 Personal life and honours 5 Filmography

5.1 Television 5.2 Cinema 5.3 Documentary

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Life and career[edit] Early life, The Wednesday Play
The Wednesday Play
and Kes[edit] Loach was born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, the son of Vivien (née Hamlin) and John Loach.[3] He attended King Edward VI Grammar School and went on to study law at St Peter's College, Oxford.[4] He graduated with a law degree in 1957. After Oxford He spent 2 years in the Royal Air Force. [5] Loach's ten contributions to the BBC's Wednesday Play anthology series include the docudramas Up the Junction
Up the Junction
(1965), Cathy Come Home (1966) and In Two Minds (1967). They portray working-class people in conflict with the authorities above them. Three of his early plays are believed to be lost.[6] His 1965 play Three Clear Sundays dealt with capital punishment, and was broadcast at a time when the debate was at a height in the United Kingdom.[7] Up the Junction, adapted by Nell Dunn from her book with the assistance of Loach, deals with an illegal abortion while the leading characters in Cathy Come Home, by Jeremy Sandford, are affected by homelessness, unemployment, and the workings of Social Services. In Two Minds, written by David Mercer, concerns a young schizophrenic woman's experiences of the mental health system. Tony Garnett began to work as his producer in this period, a professional connection which would last until the end of the 1970s.[8] During this period, he also directed the absurdist comedy The End of Arthur's Marriage, about which he later said that he was "the wrong man for the job".[9] Coinciding with his work for The Wednesday Play, Loach began to direct feature films for the cinema, with Poor Cow
Poor Cow
(1967) and Kes (1969). The latter recounts the story of a troubled boy and his kestrel, and is based on the novel A Kestrel for a Knave by Barry Hines. The film was well received, although the use of Yorkshire dialect
Yorkshire dialect
throughout the film restricted its distribution, with some American executives at United Artists
United Artists
saying that they would have found a film in Hungarian easier to understand.[10] The British Film Institute
British Film Institute
named it No 7 in its list of best British films of the twentieth century, published in 1999.[11][12] Mid-career works[edit] During the 1970s and 1980s, Loach's films were less successful, often suffering from poor distribution, lack of interest and political censorship. His documentary The Save the Children Fund Film (1971) was commissioned by the charity, who subsequently disliked it so much they attempted to have the negative destroyed. It was only screened publicly for the first time on 1 September 2011, at the BFI Southbank.[13] Loach concentrated on television documentaries rather than fiction during the 1980s, and many of these films are now difficult to access as the television companies have not released them on video or DVD. At the end of the 1980s, he directed some television advertisements for Tennent's Lager to earn money.[14] Days of Hope (1975) is a four part drama for the BBC directed by Loach from, scripts by dramatist Jim Allen. The first episode of the series caused considerable controversy in the British media owing to its critical depiction of the military in World War I,[15] and particularly over a scene where conscientious objectors were tied up to stakes outside trenches in view of enemy fire after refusing to obey orders.[6][16] An ex-serviceman subsequently contacted The Times newspaper with an illustration from the time of a similar scene.[16] Loach's documentary A Question of Leadership (1981) interviewed members of the Iron and Steel Trades Confederation
Iron and Steel Trades Confederation
(the main trade union for Britain's steel industry) with regards to their 14-week strike in 1980, and recorded much criticism of the union's leadership for conceding over the issues in the strike. Subsequently, Loach made a four-part series named Questions of Leadership which subjected the leadership of other trade unions to similar scrutiny from their members, but this has never been broadcast. Frank Chapple, leader of the Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications and Plumbing Union, walked out of the interview and made a complaint to the Independent Broadcasting Authority. A separate complaint was made by Terry Duffy of the Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union. The series was due to be broadcast during the Trade Union Congress
Trade Union Congress
conference in 1983, but Channel 4
Channel 4
decided against broadcasting the series following the complaints.[17] Anthony Hayward claimed in 2004 that the media tycoon Robert Maxwell
Robert Maxwell
had put pressure on Central's[clarification needed] board, of which he had become a director, to withdraw Questions of Leadership at the time he was buying the Daily Mirror newspaper and needed the co-operation of union leaders, especially Chapple.[18][page needed] Which Side Are You On? (1985), about the songs and poems of the UK miners' strike, was originally due to be broadcast on The South Bank Show, but was rejected on the grounds that it was too politically unbalanced for an arts show. The film was eventually transmitted on Channel 4, but only after it won a prize at an Italian film festival.[19] Three weeks after the end of the strike, the film End of the Battle ... Not the End of the War? was broadcast by Channel 4 in its Diverse Strands series. This film argued that the Conservative Party had planned the destruction of the National Union of Mineworkers' political power from the late 1970s.[20] Working again with Jim Allen, Loach was due to direct a play named Perdition, which suggested that Zionists in Hungary collaborated with the Nazis to help the operation of the Holocaust
Holocaust
in return for allowing a few Jews to emigrate to Palestine. The play was scheduled to run at the Royal Court Theatre
Royal Court Theatre
in 1987, but following protests and allegations of antisemitism, its run was cancelled 36 hours before the premiere.[14][21] In 1989, Loach directed a short documentary Time to go that called for the British Army to be withdrawn from Northern Ireland, which was broadcast in the BBC's Split Screen series.[22] Later feature films[edit] From the late 1980s, Loach directed theatrical feature films more regularly, a series of films such as Hidden Agenda (1990), dealing with the political troubles in Northern Ireland, Land and Freedom (1995), examining the Republican resistance in the Spanish Civil War and Carla's Song (1996), which was set partially in Nicaragua. He directed the Courtroom Drama reconstructions in the docu-film McLibel, concerning McDonald's Restaurants v Morris & Steel, the longest libel trial in English history. Interspersed with political films were smaller dramas such as Raining Stones
Raining Stones
(1993) a working-class drama concerning an unemployed man's efforts to buy a communion dress for his young daughter.[citation needed] On 28 May 2006, Loach won the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival for his film The Wind That Shakes the Barley,[23] a political-historical drama about the Irish War of Independence
Irish War of Independence
and the subsequent Irish Civil War
Irish Civil War
during the 1920s. Like Hidden Agenda before it, The Wind That Shakes the Barley was criticised for allegedly being too sympathetic to the Irish Republican Army
Irish Republican Army
and Provisional Irish Republican Army.[6] This film was followed by It's a Free World... (2007), a story of one woman's attempt to establish an illegal placement service for migrant workers in London. Throughout the 2000s, Loach interspersed wider political dramas such as Bread and Roses (2000), which focused on the Los Angeles janitors strike and Route Irish (2010) set during the Iraq occupation with smaller examinations of personal relationships. Ae Fond Kiss...
Ae Fond Kiss...
(aka, Just a Kiss, 2004) explored an inter-racial love affair, Sweet Sixteen (2002) concerns a teenager's relationship with his mother and My Name Is Joe (1998) an alcoholic's struggle to stay sober. His most commercial later film is Looking for Eric
Looking for Eric
(2009), featuring a depressed postman's conversations with the ex-Manchester United footballer Eric Cantona
Eric Cantona
appearing as himself. The film won the Magritte Award for Best Co-Production. Although successful in Manchester, the film was a flop in many other cities, especially cities with rival football teams to Manchester United.[6] A thematic consistency throughout his films, whether they examine broad political situations or smaller intimate dramas, is his focus on personal relationships.[original research?] The sweeping political dramas (Land and Freedom, Bread and Roses, The Wind that Shakes the Barley) examine wider political forces in the context of relationships between family members (Bread and Roses, The Wind that Shakes the Barley, Carla's Song), comrades in struggle (Land and Freedom) or close friends (Route Irish). In a 2011 interview for the Financial Times, Loach explains how "The politics are embedded into the characters and the narrative, which is a more sophisticated way of doing it".[24] The Angels' Share
The Angels' Share
(2013) is centred on a young Scottish troublemaker who is given a final opportunity to stay out of jail. Newcomer Paul Brannigan, then 24, from Glasgow, played the lead role.[25] The film competed for the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival[26] where Loach won the Jury Prize.[27] Jimmy's Hall
Jimmy's Hall
(2014) was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
in the main competition section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival.[28] Loach announced his retirement from film-making in 2014 but soon after restarted his career following the election of a Conservative government in the UK general election of 2015.[29] Loach won his second Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
for I, Daniel Blake (2016).[30] In February 2017, the film was awarded a BAFTA
BAFTA
as "Outstanding British Film".[31] Film style[edit]

Loach at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival

In May 2010, Loach referred in an interview to the three films that have influenced him most: Vittorio De Sica's Bicycle Thieves
Bicycle Thieves
(1948), Miloš Forman's Loves of a Blonde
Loves of a Blonde
(1965) and Gillo Pontecorvo's The Battle of Algiers (1966). De Sica's film had a particularly profound effect. He noted: "It made me realise that cinema could be about ordinary people and their dilemmas. It wasn't a film about stars, or riches or absurd adventures".[32] Throughout his career, some of Loach's films have been shelved for political reasons. In a 2011 interview with The Guardian
The Guardian
newspaper he said:

It makes you angry, not on your own behalf, but on behalf of the people whose voices weren't allowed to be heard. When you had trade unions, ordinary people, rank and file, never been on television, never been interviewed, and they're not allowed to be heard, that's scandalous.[33]

Loach argues that working people's struggles are inherently dramatic:

They live life very vividly, and the stakes are very high if you don't have a lot of money to cushion your life. Also, because they're the front line of what we came to call the class war. Either through being workers without work, or through being exploited where they were working. And I guess for a political reason, because we felt, and I still think, that if there is to be change, it will come from below. It won't come from people who have a lot to lose, it will come from people who will have everything to gain.[33]

Many of Loach's films include a large amount of traditional dialect, such as the Yorkshire dialect
Yorkshire dialect
in Kes and in The Price of Coal, Cockney in Up the Junction
Up the Junction
and Poor Cow, Scouse
Scouse
in The Big Flame, Lancashire dialect in Raining Stones, Glaswegian in My Name Is Joe
My Name Is Joe
and the dialect of Greenock
Greenock
in Sweet Sixteen. Many of these films have been subtitled when shown in other English-speaking countries.[34] When asked about this in an interview with Cineaste, Loach replied:

If you ask people to speak differently, you lose more than the voice. Everything about them changes. If I asked you not to speak with an American accent, your whole personality would change. That's how you are. My hunch is that it's better to use subtitles than not, even if that limits the films to an art-house circuit.[34]

Loach was amongst the first British directors to use swearing in his films. Mary Whitehouse
Mary Whitehouse
complained about swearing in Cathy Come Home and Up The Junction,[35] while The Big Flame (1969) for the BBC was an early instance of the word shit, and the certificate to Kes caused some debate owing to the profanity,[36] but these films have relatively few swear words compared to his later work. In particular, the film Sweet Sixteen was awarded an 18 certificate on the basis of the very large amount of swearing, despite the lack of serious violence or sexual content, which led Loach to encourage under-18s to break the law to see the film.[37] Feminist writer Julie Bindel
Julie Bindel
has criticised Loach's recent films for a lack of female characters who are not simply love interests for the male characters, although she praised his early film, Cathy Come Home.[38] Bindel also wrote, "Loach appears not to know gay people exist".[38] Political activities[edit] Affiliations[edit] A member of the Labour Party from the early 1960s, Loach left in the mid-1990s.[39] In November 2004, he was elected to the national council of the Respect Coalition.[39] He stood for election to the European Parliament
European Parliament
on a Respect mandate. Since then he has broken with Respect.[40] Loach supported the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition
Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition
in the London Assembly election, 2012.[41] With the support of the activist Kate Hudson and academic Gilbert Achcar, Loach launched a campaign in March 2013 for a new left-wing party[42] which was founded as "Left Unity" on 30 November. In February 2013, Loach was among those who gave their support to the People's Assembly in a letter published by The Guardian
The Guardian
newspaper.[43] He also gave a speech at the People's Assembly Conference held at Westminster Central Hall
Westminster Central Hall
on 22 June 2013. In August 2015, Loach endorsed Jeremy Corbyn's Labour leadership campaign.[44] The following year, in July, he endorsed Corbyn again in the second leadership election. In September, Loach's one-hour documentary during the run-up to the Labour leadership election called In Conversation with Jeremy Corbyn
Jeremy Corbyn
was released.[45][46] In May 2017, he directed an election broadcast featuring a profile of Jeremy Corbyn[47] for the Labour Party's general election campaign.[48] Together with John Pilger
John Pilger
and Jemima Khan, Loach was among the six people in court willing to offer surety for Julian Assange
Julian Assange
when he was arrested in London on 7 December 2010.[49] Campaign for boycott of Israel[edit] In a letter send to The Guardian
The Guardian
in 2009, Loach advocated support for the Palestine Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (PACBI) along with his regular colleagues Paul Laverty
Paul Laverty
(writer) and Rebecca O'Brien
Rebecca O'Brien
(producer).[50] In 2007, Loach was one of more than 100 artists and writers who signed an open letter calling on the San Francisco International LGBT Film Festival "to honour calls for an international boycott of Israeli political and cultural institutions, by discontinuing Israeli consulate sponsorship of the LGBT film festival and not co-sponsoring events with the Israeli consulate".[51][52] Loach also joined "54 international figures in the literary and cultural fields" in signing a letter that stated, in part, "celebrating 'Israel at 60' is tantamount to dancing on Palestinian graves to the haunting tune of lingering dispossession and multi-faceted injustice". The letter was published in the International Herald Tribune
International Herald Tribune
on 8 May 2008.[53] Responding to a report, which Loach described as "a red herring", on the growth of antisemitism since the beginning of the Gaza War of 2008–2009, he said: "If there has been a rise I am not surprised. In fact, it is perfectly understandable because Israel feeds feelings of anti-Semitism". He added that "no-one can condone violence".[54][55] Speaking at the launch of the Russell Tribunal
Russell Tribunal
on Palestine in March 2009, he asserted that "nothing has been a greater instigator of antisemitism than the self-proclaimed Jewish state itself".[56] In May 2009, organisers of the Edinburgh International Film Festival (EIFF) returned a £300 grant from the Israeli Embassy after speaking with Loach. He was supporting a boycott of the festival called for by the PACBI campaign. In response, former Channel 4
Channel 4
chief executive Sir Jeremy Isaacs described Loach's intervention as an act of censorship, saying: "They must not allow someone who has no real position, no rock to stand on, to interfere with their programming". Later, a spokesman for the EIFF said that although it had returned £300 to the Israeli Embassy, the festival itself would fund Israeli filmmaker Tali Shalom-Ezer's travel to Edinburgh from its own budget.[57][58][59] In an open letter to Shalom-Ezer, Loach wrote: "From the beginning, Israel and its supporters have attacked their critics as anti-semites or racists. It is a tactic to undermine rational debate. To be crystal clear: as a film maker you will receive a warm welcome in Edinburgh. You are not censored or rejected. The opposition was to the Festival’s taking money from the Israeli state".[60] To his critics, he added later: "The boycott, as anyone who takes the trouble to investigate knows, is aimed at the Israeli state". Loach said he had a "respectful and reasoned" conversation with event organisers, saying they should not be accepting funds from Israel.[61] In June 2009, Loach, Laverty and O'Brien withdrew their film Looking For Eric from the Melbourne International Film Festival, where the Israeli Embassy is a sponsor, after the festival declined to withdraw that sponsorship.[62] The festival's chief executive, Richard Moore, compared Loach's tactics to blackmail, stating that "we will not participate in a boycott against the State of Israel, just as we would not contemplate boycotting films from China or other nations involved in difficult long-standing historical disputes". Australian lawmaker Michael Danby
Michael Danby
also criticised Loach's tactics stating that "Israelis and Australians have always had a lot in common, including contempt for the irritating British penchant for claiming cultural superiority. Melbourne is a very different place to Londonistan".[63] Loach called for a boycott of the 2009 Edinburgh Film Festival if it showed a film by Tali Shalom-Ezer, who had accepted £300 from the Israeli embassy for travel expenses.[64] An article in The Scotsman
The Scotsman
by Alex Massie noted that Loach had not called for the same boycott of the Cannes Film Festival, where his film was in competition with some Israeli films.[64] Loach, Laverty and O'Brien subsequently wrote that:

We feel duty bound to take advice from those living at the sharp end inside the occupied territories. We would also encourage other filmmakers and actors invited to festivals to check for Israeli state backing before attending, and if so, to respect the boycott. Israeli filmmakers are not the target. State involvement is. In the grand scale of things it is a tiny contribution to a growing movement, but the example of South Africa should give us heart.[65]

In November 2012, Loach turned down the Turin Film Festival award, after learning that the National Museum of Cinema
National Museum of Cinema
in Turin
Turin
had outsourced cleaning and security services. As a consequence, workers had been dismissed, while there had been allegations of intimidation and harassment. Some workers lost their jobs after opposing a wage cut.[66] In late-September 2017, during the Labour Party conference, Loach was interviewed by the BBC's Jo Coburn. Loach said he had "been going to Labour party meetings for over 50 years", as well as those of trade unions and others. "I have never, in that whole time, heard a single anti-Semitic word or racist word", but added "I’m not saying it doesn’t exist in society".[67] He was asked about a conference fringe event at which Miko Peled
Miko Peled
suggested people should be allowed to question whether the Holocaust
Holocaust
had happened. Loach responded: "I think history is for all of us to discuss. The founding of the state of Israel, for example, based on ethnic cleansing, is there for us all to discuss, so don't try and subvert that by false stories of antisemitism," prompting an accusation of Holocaust
Holocaust
denial to be made against him.[68] Following the publication of articles by Jonathan Freedland and Howard Jacobson which were critical of him, he rejected such an assertion.[69][70] Personal life and honours[edit] Loach lives with his wife, Lesley, in Bath.[71] His son Jim Loach
Jim Loach
has also become a television and film director. A younger son died in a car accident, aged five, and he also has another son and two daughters, one of whom is Emma Loach (born 1972), a documentary film maker who is married to the actor Elliot Levey.[72] Loach is a patron of the British Humanist Association
British Humanist Association
and a secularist, saying "In particular, the indoctrination of children in separate faith schools is pernicious and divisive. I strongly support the British Humanist Association.”[73] Loach turned down an OBE in 1977. In a Radio Times
Radio Times
interview, published in March 2001, he said:

It's all the things I think are despicable: patronage, deferring to the monarchy and the name of the British Empire, which is a monument of exploitation and conquest. I turned down the OBE because it's not a club you want to join when you look at the villains who've got it.[74]

Loach has been awarded honorary doctorates by the University of Bath, the University of Birmingham, Staffordshire University, and Keele University.[75] Oxford University awarded him an Honorary Doctor of Civil Law degree in June 2005. He is also an honorary fellow of his alma mater, St Peter's College, Oxford.[76] In May 2006, he was awarded the BAFTA
BAFTA
Fellowship at the BAFTA
BAFTA
TV Awards. In 2003, Loach received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University[77] and received the 2003 Praemium Imperiale
Praemium Imperiale
(lit. "World Culture Prize in Memory of His Imperial Highness Prince Takamatsu") in the category Film/Theatre. In 2014, he was presented with the Honorary Golden Bear at the 64th Berlin International Film Festival.[78][79] The Raindance Film Festival
Raindance Film Festival
announced in September 2016 that it would be honouring Loach with its inaugural Auteur Award, to recognise his "achievements in filmmaking and contribution to the film industry."[80] Filmography[edit] Television[edit]

Catherine ("Teletale", 1964) Z-Cars (series episodes, 1964) Diary of a Young Man (series, 1964) Tap on the Shoulder (The Wednesday Play, 1965) Wear a Very Big Hat (The Wednesday Play, 1965) Three Clear Sundays (The Wednesday Play, 1965) Up the Junction
Up the Junction
(The Wednesday Play, 1965) The End of Arthur's Marriage (The Wednesday Play, 1965) The Coming Out Party (The Wednesday Play, 1965) Cathy Come Home (The Wednesday Play, 1966) In Two Minds (The Wednesday Play, 1967) The Golden Vision (The Wednesday Play, 1968) The Big Flame (The Wednesday Play, 1969) The Rank and File
File
(Play for Today, 1971) After a Lifetime ("Sunday Night Theatre", 1971) A Misfortune ("Full House", 1973) Days of Hope (serial, 1975) The Price of Coal (1977) The Gamekeeper (1980) Auditions (1980) A Question of Leadership (1981) The Red and the Blue: Impressions of Two Political Conferences – Autumn 1982 (1983) Questions of Leadership (1983/4, untransmitted) Which Side Are You On? (1985) End of the Battle... Not the End of the War ("Diverse Reports", 1985) Time to Go ("Split Screen", 1989) The View From the Woodpile (1989) The Arthur Legend ("Dispatches", 1991) The Flickering Flame (1996) Another City: A Week in the Life of Bath's Football Club (1998)

Cinema[edit]

Poor Cow
Poor Cow
(1967) Kes (1969) (as Kenneth Loach) Family Life (1971) Black Jack (1979) Looks and Smiles (1981) (as Kenneth Loach) Fatherland (1986) Hidden Agenda (1990). Cannes Special
Special
Jury Prize. Riff-Raff (1991). European Film Award
European Film Award
Best Picture Raining Stones
Raining Stones
(1993). Cannes Special
Special
Jury Prize. Ladybird, Ladybird (1994) Land and Freedom
Land and Freedom
(1995). FIPRESCI International Critics Prize; Prize of the Ecumenical Jury at the Cannes Film Festival; European Film Award Best Picture Carla's Song (1996) My Name Is Joe
My Name Is Joe
(1998) Bread and Roses (2000) The Navigators (2001) Sweet Sixteen (2002) 11'09"01 September 11
11'09"01 September 11
(segment "United Kingdom") (2002) Ae Fond Kiss...
Ae Fond Kiss...
(2004) Tickets (2005), along with Ermanno Olmi
Ermanno Olmi
and Abbas Kiarostami The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) Palme d'Or, Cannes It's a Free World... (2007) Screenplay Osella at 64th Venice Film Festival Looking for Eric
Looking for Eric
(2009) Route Irish (2010) The Angels' Share
The Angels' Share
(2012) Jimmy's Hall
Jimmy's Hall
(2014) I, Daniel Blake (2016) Palme d'Or, Cannes

Documentary[edit]

The Save the Children Fund Film (1971) Time to go (1989) A Contemporary Case for Common Ownership (1995) The Flickering Flame (1997) McLibel (2005) The Spirit of '45 (2013)

See also[edit]

Kitchen sink realism

References[edit]

^ " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
wins the 2016 Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
cementing his place in the festival's pantheon of great directors". The Telegraph. Retrieved 22 May 2016.  ^ Jones, Emma (23 May 2016). " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
takes on welfare system in I, Daniel Blake". bbc.com. Retrieved 12 February 2017 – via www.bbc.com.  ^ " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
Biography (1936–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 13 April 2013.  ^ Ken Loach
Ken Loach
at Sixteen Films. Retrieved 31 July 2016 ^ https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ken-Loach ^ a b c d "BFI Screenonline: Ken Loach: The Controversies". screenonline.org.uk.  ^ Insert booklet for DVD boxset Ken Loach
Ken Loach
at the BBC ^ Jason Deans and Maggie Brown (28 April 2013). "Up the Junction's Tony Garnett reveals mother's backstreet abortion death". The Guardian. London.  ^ "End of Arthur's Marriage, The (1965)". BFI screenonline. 2003–14. Retrieved 7 February 2016.  ^ Interview – Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(KES, 1970), La Semaine de la critique. ^ A selection of the favourite British films of the 20th century Archived 14 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Best 100 British films – full list". BBC.  ^ Stephen Bates " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
documentary to get first screening after 40 years", The Guardian, 20 July 2011 ^ a b Calhoun, Dave (September 2008). " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
interview". Time Out. London. Retrieved 27 September 2017.  ^ " Days of Hope (1975)". BFI Screenonline.  ^ a b Days of Hope, Tony Williams, Cinémathèque Annotations on Film, Issue 31, April 2004 ^ Fuller, Graham (1998). Loach on Loach (Directors on Directors). London: Faber and Faber. p. 68. ISBN 978-0571179183.  ^ Hayward, Anthony (2004). Which Side Are You On? Ken Loach
Ken Loach
and His Films. Bloomsbury.  ^ "BFI Screenonline: Which Side Are You On? (1984)". screenonline.org.uk.  ^ "BFI Screenonline: End of the Battle... (1985)". screenonline.org.uk.  ^ Wills, Andy (2003–14). "Allen, Jim (1926–99)". BFI Screenonline. Retrieved 27 September 2017.  ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3387326/ ^ "Festival de Cannes: The Wind That Shakes the Barley". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 13 December 2009.  ^ "Ken Loach". Slate Magazine. 27 August 2011.  ^ Hudson, David. " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
at 75". MUBI.  ^ "2012 Official Selection". Cannes. Retrieved 19 April 2012.  ^ "Awards 2012". Cannes. Retrieved 27 May 2012.  ^ "2014 Official Selection". Cannes. Retrieved 17 April 2014.  ^ Interview with Loach in Versus: The Life and Films of Ken Loach, BBC Films/BFI, broadcast 30 July 2016. ^ Benjamin Lee. "Cannes 2016: Ken Loach's I, Daniel Blake wins the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
– live!". the Guardian.  ^ "http://www.itv.com/news/update/2017-02-12/i-daniel-blake-wins-outstanding-british-film-bafta/ ^ Lamont, Tom (16 May 2010). "Films that changed my life: Ken Loach". The Observer. London. Retrieved 5 July 2011.  ^ a b Cochrane, Kira (28 August 2011). "Ken Loach: 'the ruling class are cracking the whip'". The Guardian.  ^ a b Dialect
Dialect
in Films: Examples of South Yorkshire. Grammatical and Lexical Features from Ken Loach
Ken Loach
Films, Dialectologica 3, page 6 ^ Fletcher, Martin (10 November 2012). "BAN THIS FILTH! Letters from the Mary Whitehouse
Mary Whitehouse
Archive, Edited by Ben Thompson". The Independent. London. Retrieved 1 January 2016.  ^ "BBFC Case Studies – Kes". BBFC. Retrieved 23 August 2014.  ^ Davies, Hugh (4 October 2002). "Break law to see my film, Ken Loach tells teenagers". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 1 January 2016.  ^ a b Bindel, Julie (2 June 2014). "Dick-swinging filmmakers like Ken Loach constantly write real women and our struggles out of history". The Spectator. London. Retrieved 26 October 2014.  ^ a b Amy Raphael "The great crusader", New Statesman, 20 September 2007 ^ Salman Shaheen " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
Discusses His Hopes for Left Unity", The Huffington Post, 20 November 2013 ^ " Film director
Film director
Ken Loach
Ken Loach
is backing the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition in this May's London Assembly elections". Tusc.org.uk. Retrieved 13 April 2013.  ^ Ken Loach, Kate Hudson and Gilbert Achcar
Gilbert Achcar
"The Labour party has failed us. We need a new party of the left", The Guardian
The Guardian
(London), 25 March 2013 ^ "People's Assembly Against Austerity". The Guardian. London. 5 February 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2015.  ^ Demianyk, Graem (5 August 2015). " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
Backs Jeremy Corbyn's Plan To Get 240,000 Homes Built Each Year". [The Huffington Post]]. Retrieved 15 July 2017.  ^ Ken Loach
Ken Loach
makes promotional video for Jeremy Corbyn. The Guardian. 19 September 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016. ^ In Conversation with Jeremy Corbyn. Official Jeremy Corbyn
Jeremy Corbyn
YouTube Channel. 21 September 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016. ^ "Labour party election broadcast produced by Ken Loach
Ken Loach
– video". The Guardian. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ Oppenheim, Maya (16 May 2017). "Labour Party Broadcast: Ken Loach makes video supporting Jeremy Corbyn's leadership". The Independent. Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ Paul Owen, et al " Julian Assange
Julian Assange
refused bail over rape allegations",The Guardian, 7 December 2010 ^ Ken Loach; Rebecca O'Brien; Paul Laverty
Paul Laverty
(1 September 2009). "Boycotts don't equal censorship". The Guardian. London.  Loach made an earlier announcement in 2006, see Pinto, Goel (27 August 2006). "British director Ken Loach
Ken Loach
backs Palestinian call for boycott on Israel". Haaretz. Retrieved 16 July 2017.  ^ Matthew S. Bajko "Political Notebook: Queer activists reel over Israel, Frameline
Frameline
ties", Bay Area Reporter, 17 May 2007. ^ "San Francisco Queers Say No Pride in Apartheid", The Electronic Intifada, 29 May 2007. ^ "60 Years of Palestinian Dispossession ... No Reason to Celebrate 'Israel at 60'!", Mr Zine (Monthly Review Press) website, 17 May 2008. ^ "EU-wide rise in anti-Semitism described as 'understandable'" Archived 31 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine., EU Politics News, 4 March 2009 ^ Alderman, Geoffrey (26 March 2009). "A film director's tunnel vision". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 16 July 2017.  ^ Dysch, Marcus (19 March 2009). " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
accuses Israel of 'great crimes'". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 17 July 2017.  ^ Edinburgh film festival bows to pressure from Ken Loach
Ken Loach
over Israeli boycott, The Times], 20 May 2009 ^ Loach pressure sways Edinburgh festival [1] Digital Spy, 20 May 2009. ^ Edinburgh film festival refuses Israeli grant due to pressure by Ken Loach [2] Haaretz, 20 May 2009. ^ Ahmad, Muhammad. Ken Loach
Ken Loach
responds to critics, pulsemedia.org, 26 May 2009. ^ Ahmad, Muhammad. 'Enough is Enough', say Ken Loach
Ken Loach
and Ilan Pappe, pulsemedia.org, 18 June 2009. ^ Israeli funding angers filmmaker by Philippa Hawker, The Age. 18 July 2009. ^ British director withdraws festival film, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), 19 July 2009. ^ a b Massie, Alex (19 May 2009). "Ken Loach's Bullying Ghastliness". The Spectator. London. Retrieved 26 October 2014.  ^ Why we back the boycott call by Ken Loach, Rebecca O'Brien
Rebecca O'Brien
and Paul Laverty, The Electronic Intifada, 7 September 2009. ^ Nick Clark (23 November 2012). "Director Ken Loach
Ken Loach
refuses Italian award after row over wage and staff cuts". The Independent. London. Retrieved 13 April 2013.  ^ Rosenberg, Yair (26 September 2017). "This BBC Interview Perfectly Illustrates Britain's Left-Wing Anti-Semitism Problem". The Tablet. Retrieved 12 December 2017.  ^ Elgot, Jessica (26 September 2017). "Corbyn allies say Labour antisemitism row driven by leadership plot". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 October 2017.  ^ Loacjh, Ken (5 October 2017). "I give no legitimacy to Holocaust denial". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 October 2017.  ^ Loach, Ken (13 October 2017). "Clarifying My Comments on the Holocaust". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 October 2017.  ^ Morris, Steven (20 October 2017). " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
says his beloved Bath is being ruined by tourism". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 October 2017.  ^ Nathan, John (22 July 2010). "Meet Ken Loach's Jewish son-in-law". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 10 December 2016.  ^ " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
Film director
Film director
and Patron of the BHA". British Humanist Association. Retrieved 7 March 2017.  ^ Director Loach slams TV news, BBC News, 13 March 2001, Retrieved 1 May 2012. ^ " Film director
Film director
gets top Keele Uni honour (VIDEO)". The Sentinel. 21 February 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2011.  ^ "Biography on Ken Loach's website". kenloach.net. Retrieved 12 February 2017.  ^ " Heriot-Watt University
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh & Scottish Borders: Annual Review 2003". www1.hw.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016.  ^ "Homage and Honorary Golden Bear for Ken Loach". berlinale.de. Retrieved 12 December 2013.  ^ " Ken Loach
Ken Loach
gets lifetime award in Berlin". BBC News. 14 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014.  ^ "Raindance to honour Ken Loach
Ken Loach
with new award". What's Worth Seeing. 8 September 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ken Loach.

Ken Loach
Ken Loach
– Production Company and DVD box set Ken Loach
Ken Loach
on IMDb Ken Loach
Ken Loach
at the British Film Institute's Screenonline Ken Loach
Ken Loach
at MUBI Ken Loach
Ken Loach
Filmography Extensive Ken Loach
Ken Loach
Biography and Filmography Interview with Loach about My Name is Joe Interview with Loach from 1998 Posters and Stills Gallery from the BFI Interview: Ken Loach
Ken Loach
about Media, Culture and the Prospects for a New Liberatory Project, Democracy & Nature, Vol. 5, No.1 (March 1999). [ Ken Loach
Ken Loach
was interviewed by Theodoros Papadopoulos in December 1998]. Interview with Ken Loach, interview about Route Irish with Alex Barker and Alex Niven in the Oxonian Review

v t e

Films directed by Ken Loach

Up the Junction
Up the Junction
(1965) The End of Arthur's Marriage (1965) Cathy Come Home (1966) In Two Minds (1967) Poor Cow
Poor Cow
(1967) Kes (1969) The Big Flame (1969) The Rank and File
File
(1971) The Save the Children Fund Film (1971) Family Life (1971) Days of Hope (1975) The Price of Coal (1977) Black Jack (1979) The Gamekeeper (1980) A Question of Leadership (1981) Looks and Smiles (1981) Which Side Are You On? (1985) Fatherland (1986) Hidden Agenda (1990) Riff-Raff (1991) Raining Stones
Raining Stones
(1993) Ladybird, Ladybird (1994) Land and Freedom
Land and Freedom
(1995) A Contemporary Case for Common Ownership (1995) Carla's Song (1996) The Flickering Flame (1997) McLibel (1997) My Name Is Joe
My Name Is Joe
(1998) Bread and Roses (2000) The Navigators (2001) Sweet Sixteen (2002) Ae Fond Kiss...
Ae Fond Kiss...
(2004) Tickets (2005) McLibel (2005) The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) It's a Free World... (2007) Looking for Eric
Looking for Eric
(2009) Route Irish (2010) The Angels' Share
The Angels' Share
(2012) The Spirit of '45 (2013) Jimmy's Hall
Jimmy's Hall
(2014) I, Daniel Blake (2016)

v t e

European Film Academy Lifetime Achievement Award

  Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988)   Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1988)   Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1989)   Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1990)   Alexandre Trauner (1991)   Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1992)   Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1993)   Robert Bresson (1994)   Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1995)   Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1996)   Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1997)   Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1999)   Richard Harris
Richard Harris
(2000)   Monty Python
Monty Python
(2001)   Tonino Guerra
Tonino Guerra
(2002)   Claude Chabrol
Claude Chabrol
(2003)   Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(2004)   Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2005)   Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2006)   Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(2007)   Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2008)   Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2009)   Bruno Ganz
Bruno Ganz
(2010)   Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2011)   Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(2012)   Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2013)   Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2014)   Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2015)   Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
(2016) Alexander Sokurov
Alexander Sokurov
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 79139762 LCCN: n92067014 ISNI: 0000 0001 2141 1069 GND: 119184397 SELIBR: 287319 SUDOC: 035111895 BNF: cb13167931f (data) ULAN: 500227973 NDL: 00855965 ICCU: ITICCUBVEV31285 BNE: XX906123 SN

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