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Kenneth Lorin Darby (May 13, 1909 – January 24, 1992) was an American composer, vocal arranger, lyricist, and conductor. His film scores were recognized by the awarding of three Academy Awards and one Grammy Award. He provided vocals for the Munchkinland mayor in The Wizard of Oz (1939), who was portrayed in the film by Charlie Becker. Darby is also notable as the author of The Brownstone House of Nero Wolfe (1983), a biography of the home of Rex Stout's fictional detective.

Contents

1 Personal life 2 Career 3 Awards

3.1 Academy Awards 3.2 Grammy Awards

4 References 5 External links

Personal life[edit] Kenneth Lorin Darby was born in Hebron, Nebraska, on May 13, 1909, to Lorin Edward Darby and Clara Alice Powell.[1] Darby was married to Vera Matson from 1932 to 1992. Career[edit] Ken Darby's choral group, The Ken Darby Singers, sang backup for Bing Crosby on the original 1942 Decca Records studio recording of "White Christmas." In 1940 they also sang on the first album ever made of the songs from The Wizard of Oz, a film on which Darby had worked. However, the album was a studio cast recording, not a true soundtrack album (although it did feature Judy Garland), and it did not use the film's original arrangements. Darby also performed as part of "The King's Men," a vocal quartet who recorded several songs with Paul Whiteman's orchestra in the mid 1930s and were the featured vocalists on the Fibber McGee and Molly
Fibber McGee and Molly
radio program from 1940 through 1953. In the early 1940s, he performed with the King's Men a musical version of "A Visit from St. Nicholas" that he wrote called "T'was the Night Before Christmas" that was performed on the Christmas episodes of "Fibber McGee and Molly". They also participated on the soundtracks of several MGM films, including The Wizard of Oz and occasional Tom and Jerry
Tom and Jerry
cartoons. The King's Men portrayed the Marx Brothers
Marx Brothers
in a musical spoof in the film Honolulu (Darby played one of two 'Grouchos' in the group). He also provided the theme song and the soundtrack for "The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp," the 1950s–60s television series starring Hugh O'Brian, and "The Adventures of Jim Bowie" starring Scott Forbes. He was a composer and production supervisor for Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios and was choral and vocal director on the 1946 Disney film classic Song of the South. He was also Marilyn Monroe's vocal coach for Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953) and There's No Business Like Show Business (1954). Darby was also the principal composer of the 1956 Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
hit "Love Me Tender" for the movie of the same name but signed the rights over to his wife, Vera Matson, whose name appears as co-lyricist and co-composer with Elvis Presley. The song was adapted from the Civil War era song "Aura Lee."[1] Presley's composing credit was mandated by his management, to entice him to record the song.[2] Darby was often asked about his decision to credit the song to his wife along with Presley, and his standard response was an acid, "Because she didn't write it either."[2] An avid fan of Nero Wolfe, Rex Stout's fictional detective genius, Darby wrote a detailed biography of Wolfe's home titled The Brownstone House of Nero Wolfe
Nero Wolfe
(1983).[3] Ken Darby died January 24, 1992, in the final stages of production of his last book, Hollywood Holyland: The Filming and Scoring of 'The Greatest Story Ever Told' (1992).[4] He was buried at the Forest Lawn, Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles. Awards[edit] Academy Awards[edit]

1956, Winner, Best Scoring of a Musical Picture The King and I (shared with Alfred Newman) Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 1958, Nominee, Best Scoring of a Musical Picture South Pacific (shared with Alfred Newman) Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 1959, Winner, Best Scoring of a Musical Picture Porgy and Bess (shared with André Previn) Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 1961, Nominee, Best Scoring of a Musical Picture Flower Drum Song (shared with Alfred Newman) Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 1963, Nominee, Best Original Music Score How the West Was Won (shared with Alfred Newman) Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 1967, Winner, Best Score – Adaptation or Treatment Camelot (shared with Alfred Newman) Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

Grammy Awards[edit]

1960, Winner, Best Soundtrack Album, Original Cast, Movie or Television Porgy and Bess (shared with André Previn) National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences

References[edit]

^ a b Cook, Page, prelude to Ken Darby's Hollywood Holyland: The Filming and Scoring of 'The Greatest Story Ever Told' . Metuchen, New Jersey : Scarecrow Press, 1992 ISBN 0-8108-2509-0 pp. xiii–xxx ^ a b Miller, Stephen (2013). "The Million Dollar Quartet". Omnibus Press. Retrieved December 19, 2017.  ^ Darby, Ken, The Brownstone House of Nero Wolfe. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1983 ISBN 0-316-17280-4 ^ Darby, Ken, Hollywood Holyland: The Filming and Scoring of 'The Greatest Story Ever Told' . Metuchen, New Jersey : Scarecrow Press, 1992 ISBN 0-8108-2509-0 p. xii

External links[edit]

Ken Darby on IMDb
IMDb
performs "All The Cats Join In" with the Billy Mills Orchestra on a live 1946 broadcast of NBC's Fibber McGee and Molly show restored in high fidelity on YouTube. Ken Darby on IMDb Ken Darby Centennial Tribute Ken Darby Lifetime Achievement Award Obituary in The New York Times
The New York Times
(January 26, 1992) Finding aid author: Elizabeth West (2006). "Ken Darby papers". Prepared for the L. Tom Perry Special
Special
Collections, Provo, UT. Retrieved May 16, 2016.

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score

1930s

Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)

1940s

Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)

1950s

Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)

1960s

Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)

1970s

Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1979)

1980s

Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)

2000s

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score

1930s

Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)

1940s

Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)

1950s

Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)

1960s

Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)

1970s

Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1979)

1980s

Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)

2000s

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 34145971362132331387 LCCN: n82153810 ISNI: 0000 0000 8120 4806 GND: 134686586 SUDOC: 032245343 BNF: cb123314049 (data) MusicBrainz: bd6e3ff9-b41a-4528-9455-7e1e0bb457eb NLA: 48864156 NKC: xx0150263 BNE: XX942664 SN

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