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Kelaniya
Kelaniya
(Sinhalese: කැලණිය Tamil: களனிப்) is a suburb of Colombo
Colombo
city in Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is known for the Buddhist temple
Buddhist temple
built on the banks of the Kelani River, which runs through the suburb. It is also a religious center for veneration of the figures, Vibhishana
Vibhishana
and Guanyin.

Contents

1 Historical and Cultural Significance 2 Transport 3 Education 4 References 5 External links

Historical and Cultural Significance[edit] Kelaniya
Kelaniya
(Kalyani) is mentioned in Ramayana
Ramayana
and in the Buddhist chronicle, the Mahawansa
Mahawansa
which states that the Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
(5th century BC) visited the place, after which the dagaba of the temple was built.[1] The suburb is also of historical importance as the capital of a provincial king Kelani Tissa (1st century BC) whose daughter, Viharamahadevi
Viharamahadevi
was the mother of king Dutugemunu the great, regarded as the most illustrious of the 186 or so kings of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
between the 5th century BC and 1815. Sri Lankan Buddhists
Buddhists
believe that the Buddha visited Kelaniya
Kelaniya
in order to quell a quarrel between two Nāga
Nāga
leaders of two warring factions: Chulodara (literally "the small-bellied one") and Mahodara (literally "the big-bellied one"). They were quarrelling over a jewel-encrusted throne. After the Buddha showed them the futility of their quarrel they converted to Buddhism and together offered the throne to the Buddha. It is believed that the Dagaba (Sthupa or Buddhist temple) seen today was built with the throne as a relic inside.

Sculpture of Kelaniya
Kelaniya
Temple.

Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara
Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara
has become famous because of the beautiful paintings and sculpture by Solias Mendis
Solias Mendis
depicting various events in the history of Sri Lanka. Thousands of Buddhists
Buddhists
come to see the Buddhist pageant of Kelaniya, popularly referred to as Duruthu Maha Perahera of Kelaniya
Kelaniya
in the month of January every year. According to Ramayana, After King Ravana’s death, Vibeeshana was coroneted as King of Lanka by Lakshmana at Kelaniya. There are murals enshrined outside the Buddhist temple
Buddhist temple
depicting the crowning of Vibeeshana. The Kelani River
Kelani River
is mentioned in the Valmiki Ramayana
Ramayana
and Vibeeshana palace was said to be on the banks of this river. The reason Lakshmana crowned Vibeeshana, was because Rama had to return to India as he had to continue his self-exile of 14 years to honour the commitment to his father, King Dasarath of Ayodhya. Transport[edit] The A1 highway connecting Colombo
Colombo
with Kandy
Kandy
runs along this suburb. The Kelaniya
Kelaniya
Railway Station is located close to the Colombo
Colombo
Kandy Road and provides rail connections with the rest of the country. Education[edit] The University of Kelaniya
University of Kelaniya
is situated at Kelaniya
Kelaniya
near the Colombo- Kandy
Kandy
Road. References[edit]

^ Wilhelm Geiger (Tr), The Mahavansa, or The Great Chronicle of Ceylon, Oxford, OUP, 1920. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2009-01-28. 

External links[edit]

Entry at Lanka Info

Coordinates: 06°57′24″N 79°55′14″E / 6.95667°N 79.92056°E /

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