Kelaniya (Sinhalese: කැලණිය Tamil: களனிப்) is
a suburb of
Colombo city in Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is known
Buddhist temple built on the banks of the Kelani River, which
runs through the suburb. It is also a religious center for veneration
of the figures,
Vibhishana and Guanyin.
1 Historical and Cultural Significance
5 External links
Historical and Cultural Significance
Kelaniya (Kalyani) is mentioned in
Ramayana and in the Buddhist
Mahawansa which states that the
Gautama Buddha (5th
century BC) visited the place, after which the dagaba of the temple
The suburb is also of historical importance as the capital of a
Kelani Tissa (1st century BC) whose daughter,
Viharamahadevi was the mother of king Dutugemunu the great, regarded
as the most illustrious of the 186 or so kings of
Sri Lanka between
the 5th century BC and 1815.
Buddhists believe that the Buddha visited
Kelaniya in order
to quell a quarrel between two
Nāga leaders of two warring factions:
Chulodara (literally "the small-bellied one") and Mahodara (literally
"the big-bellied one"). They were quarrelling over a jewel-encrusted
throne. After the Buddha showed them the futility of their quarrel
they converted to Buddhism and together offered the throne to the
Buddha. It is believed that the Dagaba (Sthupa or Buddhist temple)
seen today was built with the throne as a relic inside.
Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara
Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara has become famous because of the beautiful
paintings and sculpture by
Solias Mendis depicting various events in
the history of Sri Lanka. Thousands of
Buddhists come to see the
Buddhist pageant of Kelaniya, popularly referred to as Duruthu Maha
Kelaniya in the month of January every year.
According to Ramayana, After King Ravana’s death, Vibeeshana was
coroneted as King of Lanka by Lakshmana at Kelaniya. There are murals
enshrined outside the
Buddhist temple depicting the crowning of
Kelani River is mentioned in the Valmiki
Vibeeshana palace was said to be on the banks of this river. The
reason Lakshmana crowned Vibeeshana, was because Rama had to return to
India as he had to continue his self-exile of 14 years to honour the
commitment to his father, King Dasarath of Ayodhya.
The A1 highway connecting
Kandy runs along this suburb.
Kelaniya Railway Station is located close to the
Road and provides rail connections with the rest of the country.
University of Kelaniya
University of Kelaniya is situated at
Kelaniya near the
Wilhelm Geiger (Tr), The Mahavansa, or The Great Chronicle of
Ceylon, Oxford, OUP, 1920. "Archived copy". Archived from the original
on 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2009-01-28.
Entry at Lanka Info
Coordinates: 06°57′24″N 79°55′14″E / 6.95667°N