Kebayoran Baru is a Subdistrict (Indonesian kecamatan) of South
Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia. The name of the Subdistrict was derived
from an area which was developed in the post-war period the as a new
suburb town of Jakarta, Kebayoran Baru.
Kebayoran Baru was the last
residential area to be developed by the Dutch colonial administration.
The urban planning was laid in a concept of the Garden city movement,
consisting of a well-planned residential area, a shopping center, and
a business district, supported with civic facilities e.g. schools,
places of worship, hospitals, and parks. Many important governmental
institutions are located in Kebayoran Baru, such as the Indonesia
Stock Exchange building, the City Hall of South Jakarta, the ASEAN
Secretariat building, the Criminal Investigation Agency of the
National Police, and the City Hall of South Jakarta.
This article covered
Kebayoran Baru as a Subdistrict and as the
historic satellite city. Sudirman Central Business District, a central
business district located in
Kebayoran Baru Subdistrict, is talked
more detail in its own article.
3 Kebayoran satellite city
3.2 Urban planning
3.2.1 City blocks of Kebayoran Baru
3.3 Post-war architecture
3.4 Radio Kebajoran
3.5 Residential district
4 List of important places
7 Cited works
Kebayoran Baru means "New Kebayoran". The word kebayoran is derived
from kabayuran, meaning "stockpiles of bayur wood (Pterospermum
javanicum)"). Kabayuran or Kebayuran refers to the name of a
Kampung Kabayuran (older Dutch spelling Kamp. Kabajoeran),
located outside Batavia on the west bank of River Grogol. The
settlement was located near an area where stockpiles of timber
(including bayur wood) were established to be transported to Batavia
via the river. Bayur wood is known for its strength and resistance to
termite attack. The
Kampung Kabayuran settlement thrived in the
early 19th-century but has since been urbanized. This settlement was
located roughly on what is now the Kebayoran Railway Station,
currently located in the Subdistrict of Kebayoran Lama.
As a Subdistrict (Indonesian kecamatan), the area of
Kebayoran Baru is
larger than the historic
Kebayoran Baru satellite city, including the
southern area of
Kebayoran Baru and the Sudirman Central Business
District to the northeast. The rough boundaries of Kebayoran Baru
Subdistrict are Sudirman Avenue to the northwest, Gatot Subroto Road
to the northeast,
Krukut River to the east, Cipete Utara Road - Haji
Nawi Road to the south, and
Grogol River to the west.
The Subdistrict of
Kebayoran Baru is divided into ten kelurahan or
Selong - area code 12110
Gunung - area code 12120
Kramat Pela - area code 12130
Gandaria Utara - area code 12140
Cipete Utara - area code 12150
Pulo - area code 12160
Melawai - area code 12160
Petogogan - area code 12170
Rawa Barat - area code 12180
Senayan - area code 12190
Kebayoran satellite city
This subsection focuses on the area of
Kebayoran Baru that was once
Kebayoran Baru satellite city.
Post-war houses in Kebayoran.
The development of
Kebayoran Baru satellite town was very quick. The
730 ha land in Kebayoran was initially planned as a new airport,
established to replace
Kemayoran Airport (1940) whose location blocked
the development of Batavia eastward. This plan was replaced with a
plan for a satellite town for Batavia, the Kebajoran. The first idea
for the satellite town was started in July 1948 and was immediately
approved in September 1948. The new satellite town is located
relatively close to
Tanah Abang - Serpong railway line, enabling the
transport of building construction material to the Kebajoran.
Following the approval of the plan, the colonial government began the
land acquisition process for Kebayoran satellite town. On January 17,
1949, the land acquisition process for Kebayoran was completed. In
February 1949, the first draft of the town's master plan was completed
by Moh. Soesilo. Construction of the master plan followed immediately
in March 1949, just a month later. Moh. Soesilo was an urban
planner in the Centraal Planologisch Bureau and a student of Thomas
Karsten, a renowned Dutch engineer who contributed to the urban
planning and the development of architecture in colonial Indonesia.
Soesilo designed the master plan for
Kebayoran Baru and
1948; these are the first urban center in the country to be designed
by a native Indonesian.
The first laying of the stone was done on March 18, 1949. The first
area to be designed is now located around Kebayoran station, on the
east side of Grogol River. The construction was done by a Dutch
construction company Centrale Stichting Wederopbouw (CSW), whose
office was established near the current Attorney General building
(Kejaksaan Agung) on June 1, 1948. The development of Kebayoran
Baru satellite town was completed in 1955. The satellite town was
connected to the center of
Jakarta via Thamrin and Sudirman, both
constructions started in 1949 and was finally opened in 1953. Before
the completion of these roads, car access to
Kebayoran Baru was via
Palmerah Utara and Jalan
Palmerah Selatan (now Jalan Asia
Kebayoran Baru is designed following the principle of a garden city.
Kebayoran Baru is a well-planned subdistrict, both in term of its
urban planning and its infrastructure. Sudirman Avenue is the main
road, which connects
Kebayoran Baru to the city center in Central
Jakarta. The southern quarter of the
Semanggi Interchange is located
in Kebayoran Baru.
The total planning area is 730 ha, with about 45% was allocated for
the residential area, 16% for green space, and 14% for shops and other
buildings. The remaining 25% of
Kebayoran Baru area was allocated for
City blocks of Kebayoran Baru
Al-Azhar Great Mosque
Al-Azhar Great Mosque was the landmark of Blok K, which originally
consisted of a Central Park (Taman Pusat), a grand open space for
public use. In the 1970s, Kebayoran Baru's Central Park ceased to
exist with the construction of government office buildings in the
The Japanese cultural festival Ennichisai is held yearly in Blok M,
the commercial center of Kebayoran Baru.
Kebayoran Baru is divided into several blocks (Indonesian blok) from A
to S. Today the block names of
Kebayoran Baru has been largely
forgotten, however some of the names linger in the name of the public
facility within the urban block. Below is the list of Kebayoran Baru
blocks and its landmarks.
Blok A is roughly bounded by Jalan Panglima Polim Raya to the west,
Jalan Petogogan to the east, Jalan Ketimun I to the south and Jalan
Kramat Pela to the north. Blok A is the southwestern most city block
of Kebayoran Baru. The block is designed as a residential area served
with the Blok A market to the south end of the block. Blok A is now
the western part of Pulo Administrative Village.
Blok B is located north of Bloka A. It is the area bounded by Jalan
Kramat Pela-Jalan Gandaria I to the south, Jalan Gandaria Tengah III -
Jalan Melawai to the north, and Jalan Panglima Polim Raya to the east.
The area was designed as a residential area west of Jalan Panglima
Polim Raya. Several education facilities e.g. Tarakanita 1 Catholic
school, and The old cemetery Kuburan Wakaf Sebrang is located in Blok
B. Blok B is now part of Kramat Pela Administrative Village.
Blok C is located northeast of Blok B. The block is bounded by Jalan
Kyai Maja to the north, Jalan Barito II to the west, Jalan Melawai to
the south, and Jalan Panglima Polim Raya to the east. The area was
designed as a residential area west of Jalan Panglima Polim Raya. The
houses along Jalan Barito II were among the first to be constructed in
the city block, roughly in 1949 (although very little of the original
houses survived), and development of the rest of the block was
completed in 1950. Blok C contains several post-war landmarks such as
the office complex of the Attorney General (Kejaksaan Agung). Other
original landmark of Blok C was the St. John the Evangelist Catholic
Church near Ayodya Park. Blok C is now part of Kramat Pela
Blok D is located west of Blok C. The block is bounded by Jalan Kyai
Maja to the north, Jalan Gandaria I to the west, Jalan Gandaria Tengah
III to the south, and Jalan Barito II to the east. Most of the area of
Blok D has been developed in 1949, making it among the oldest city
block of Kebayoran Baru. Blok D was designed as a residential area
with large green spaces such as the green belt park Taman Barito and
Taman Puring. Blok D is part of Kramat Pela Administrative Village.
Blok E is located north of Blok D. The block is bounded by Jalan
Pakubuwono VI to the north, Jalan Lauser to the east, and Jalan Kyai
Maja to the south. Blok E is the westernmost city block of the
Kebayoran. Developed in 1949, it is the first block of Kebayoran Baru
to be fully developed. The original design of Blok E was mostly
allocated for residential area, especially free-standing villas. Among
the original landmarks of Blok E were the Majestic Theatre in Nieuwe
Bouwen style (demolished, now the BNI office) and the shops of the
market area (now called Pasar Mayestik, after the old theatre). The
post-war Jengki houses of Blok E along Jalan Pakubuwono are among the
most well-preserved post-war architecture in Indonesia. Today some
houses in Blok E have been commercialized, especially those along
Jalan Pakubuwono. Blok E is currently part of Gunung Administrative
Blok F, to the east of Blok E, is bounded by Jalan Lauser to the west,
Jalan Pakubuwono VI to the north, Jalan Sisingamangaraja to the east,
and Jalan Kyai Maja to the south. The area was designed as a denser
residential area to the west of Jalan Sisingamangaraja. Public
hospital Pertamina and sport complex Bulungan is located in Blok F.
The area is now part of Gunung Administrative Village.
Blok G is located northwest of Blok F. The relatively isolated block
consists of residential area north of Jalan Pakubuwono, e.g. Jalan
Martimbang and Jalan Ophir. Initially designed as a peripheral
residential area surrounded by the green riparian zone of Grogol
River's, during the course of time, the riparian zone trees of River
Grogol has been occupied by new housings caused by lack of
governmental control. Blok G is currently part of Gunung
Blok H marks the western part of the northern entrance to Kebayoran
Baru residential area. The boundary of the city block is Jalan Hang
Lekir to the west, Jalan Pakubuwono VI to the south, Jalan
Sisingamangaraja to the east, and Jalan Hang Lekir 1 to the north. It
is roughly located southwest of Patung Pemuda.
Blok I is located east of Blok H. The block marks the eastern part of
the northern entrance to Kebayoran Baru, southeast of the Patung
Pemuda. Blok I contains several well-preserved post-war modernist
architecture e.g. the flat of Bank
Indonesia in Block J. Blok I is
now part of Selong Administrative Village.
Blok K was designed as the administrative center of Kebayoran area. It
was allocated for public facilities and institutions - such as the
Great Mosque (now Al-Azhar Great Mosque), the Banknote Factory (now
Perum Peruri), and the
ASEAN Secretariat Office - surrounding a
Central Park (Taman Pusat). This Central Park was maintained as a park
only until the late 1970s, when it is converted into government
facilities e.g. the high-rise complex of the Ministry of Public Works
and Public Housing. Blok K is bounded by Jalan Sisingamangaraja to the
west, Jalan Pattimura to the east, and Jalan Trunojoyo to the
south. It is now part of Selong Administrative Village.
Blok L is marked by Jalan Sultan Hasanuddin - Jalan Iskandarsyah Raya
to the southwest, Jalan Tirtayasa to the southeast, Jalan Gunawarman
to the east, Jalan Kertanegara to the north, and Jalan Pattimura to
the west. The urban block was designed largely as a residential area.
Among the first buildings of Blok L is the Badan Pendidikan dan
Pelatihan Keuangan Kementerian Keuangan
Blok M area is marked by Jalan Melawai X to the north, Jalan
Iskandarsyah Raya to the east, Jalan Melawai to the south, and Jalan
Panglima Polim Raya to the west. The block was exclusively designed
for middle-sized commercial area with government-owned Pasar Pusat
(Central Market) at the center. The area is served with a bus
Blok M is probably the best known blocks of Kebayoran Baru,
the name has been used for names of shopping centers around the area
Blok M Plaza and
Blok M Mall. Today
Blok M remains the commercial
center of Kebayoran Baru, and is known for its food festival and
Blok M is currently located in Melawai
Blok N is located south of Blok M. Blok N was a residential block
bounded by Jalan Panglima Polim Raya to the west, Jalan Wijaya II to
the south, Jalan Wijaya IX to the east, and Jalan Melawai to the
north. The block was initially designed as residential area for
middle-sized housing, single-floored villas, and double-floored
villas. Today, some of the middle-sized houses has been converted into
shops. Blok N is currently located in Melawai Administrative Village.
Blok O is located east of Blok N. Blok O is marked by Jalan Wijaya IX
to the west, Jalan Melawai - Jalan Tirtayasa to the north, and Jalan
Wijaya I and Jalan Wijaya II to the south. The area was designed as
residential area, the north part of Blok O was allocated for the
police academy. Today, Blok O is located in Melawai Administrative
Blok P is located southeast of Kebayoran Baru. Blok P area is the
first city block of
Kebayoran Baru if entered through Kemang. Blok P
was initially designed as residential area surrounded by green belt
parks and the riparian zone of Krukut River. Blok P was also initially
allocated for a police dormitory complex, storage area, and a large
Muslim cemetery. Today the police dormitory has been converted into
the Wijaya commercial center and Dharmawangsa Square, the area for
storage has been converted into houses, while the Muslim cemetery was
removed and transformed into the Municipal Office of South Jakarta.
Blok P is currently located in Melawai Administrative Village.
Blok Q is marked by Jalan Kertanegara to the north, Jalan Gunawarman -
Prof. Joko Sutono SH to the west, Jalan Wijaya I to the south, and
Jalan Suryo to the east. Jalan Wolter Monginsidi is aligned east-west
in the middle of Blok Q, dividing the area into two half north and
south. Similar with Blok A, the original land use of Blok Q contained
an area allocated for public housing (perumahan rakyat). Today, some
houses, especially those located in Jalan Wolter Monginsidi, has been
converted into commercial area. Blok Q is now part of Petogogan
Triangular shaped Blok R is marked by Jalan Senopati to the north,
Jalan Gunawarman to the west, and Jalan Kertanegara to the south. It
was originally allocated for middle-sized housings. Today, some
houses, especially those along Jalan Senopati, has been
commercialized. Blok R is currently part of Rawa Barat Administrative
Blok S is the easternmost city block of Kebayoran Baru. Blok S is
marked by Blok S soccer field. The boundary of Blok S are the Krukut
to the east, Jalan Wolter Monginsidi to the south, and Jalan Suryo to
the west. The area of Jalan Kebalen was originally allocated for
public housing (perumahan rakyat). During the course of years, the
riverbank of River Krukut in Blok S area was occupied by settlements,
reducing the width of the river Krukut which causing annual flooding
problems in Jakarta. In 2015, the government of
some of the illegal riverbank settlements of River Krukut in Blok S in
an attempt to widen the river. Blok S is currently part of Rawa Barat
Most buildings in
Kebayoran Baru were designed following the principle
of functionalism, that is making use of the latest building material
(reinforced concrete) and taking into consideration the principle of
tropical design - to maximize natural lighting while minimizing the
heat without the use of electricity. Post-war modernism style e.g. the
so-called Yankee-type or
Jengki style were popular in Kebayoran Baru,
so called because of its heavy influence from the American post-war
modernism. For example, middle-class houses in Kebayoran were designed
with a square or rectangular layout, but the first floor is tilted
forward to protect the facade of the lower level from the sun.
Lower-level official houses in Kebayoran make use of front patio.
Larger villas in Kebayoran were usually designed by well-known Indies
architects at that time such as Job & Sprey and Liem Bwan
Tjie. The current
Kebayoran Baru Subdistrict also includes some
villages which is not part of the original plan. These additions are
now located in Radio area, Gandaria Utara, and Cipete Utara.
Being a design older than 50 years,
Kebayoran Baru is considered a
cultural heritage (Cagar Budaya) according to Law no.
D.IV-6099/d/33/1975. New modern international style developments in
the area has been a threat to the historic tropical residential
character of Kebayoran Baru.
To the southwest of the residential area of Kebayoran was the Radio
Kebajoran, a radio broadcasting station located just to the west of
Block A. The area of radio broadcasting station has never been fully
developed, however the name lingers in the name of the streets Jalan
Radio Dalam (inner Radio street) and Jalan Antene ("Antennae" street).
Jalan KH. Ahmad Dahlan was formerly named Jalan Radio (Radio Street),
the street that leads to the Radio Kebajoran complex. The entire area
planned as Radio Kebajoran complex is now located in Gandaria Utara
Kebayoran Baru is one of the most affluent areas of Jakarta, where
many wealthy citizens reside. Many prominent Indonesians live in the
Jusuf Kalla (Vice President of
Guruh Soekarnoputra (son of
Soekarno and an artist),
Hary Tanoesoedibjo (Indonesian media tycoon), and Tomy Winata
(businessman and the owner of Artha Graha Bank), among others.
Kebayoran Baru, along with the subdistrict of Menteng, is the most
expensive residential districts in Indonesia, having very high land
prices per square foot.
Although Kebayoran Baru, in the
Soekarno era, was solely a residential
area, the district now harbors many commercial ventures, is known for
its lifestyle businesses. The southern part of the neighborhood is
filled with large mansions with lots ranging from 500 square meters to
6000 square meters. The northern part of the city is dominated by
luxury apartments and office buildings. Senayan is
notable for its large concentration of businesses run by Korean
expatriates in Indonesia, a trend which began as early as 1982.
List of important places
ASEAN secretariate building is located in the garden city-planned
Gereja Santa Perawan Maria Ratu Paroki Blok Q
ASEAN Secretariat Building
Blok M central market and bus terminal, which contains the
Blok M mall
City Hall of South Jakarta
Darmawangsa Square shopping center
Department of Public Works Building
Indonesia Stock Exchange
Pasaraya Grande shopping center
Pertamina Central Hospital
State Electricity Company building
Police Headquarters Metro Jaya (Polda Metro Jaya)
Residence of D.I. Pandjaitan
Residence of Sukarno
Sudirman Central Business District
Sudirman Central Business District which contains the Pacific Place
Al-Azhar Mosque and school complex
Jakarta International School Pattimura Campus
SMP-SMA Labschool Kebayoran
Jakarta (Public Senior High School 82 Jakarta)
Jakarta (Public Senior High School 6 Jakarta)
Jakarta (Public Senior High School 70 Jakarta)
Jakarta (Public Senior High School 46 Jakarta)
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^ de Vletter, Voskuil & van Diessen 1999, p. 98.
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Colombijn, Freek (2013). Under Construction: The Politics of Urban
Space and Housing during the Decolonization of Indonesia, 1930-1960
Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en
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Administrative areas of the
Special Capital Territory of Jakarta
Administrative cities and regency of Jakarta
South Thousand Islands
North Thousand Islands
See also: List of regencies and cities of Indonesia