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The Kazakh Steppe
Steppe
(Kazakh: Qazaq dalasy, Қазақ даласы, also Uly dala, Ұлы дала "Great Steppe"), also called the Great Dala, ecoregion, of the Palearctic
Palearctic
temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome, is a vast region of open grassland in northern Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and adjacent portions of Russia, extending to the east of the Pontic steppe
Pontic steppe
and to the west of the Emin Valley steppe, with which it forms part of the Eurasian steppe. Before the mid-nineteenth century it was called the Kirghiz steppe, 'Kirghiz' being an old name for the Kazakhs.

Contents

1 Setting

1.1 Climate

2 Flora 3 Fauna 4 People 5 In popular culture 6 See also 7 External links

Setting[edit] The steppe extends more than 2,200 km from the area east of the Caspian Depression
Caspian Depression
and north of the Aral Sea, all the way to the Altai Mountains. It is the largest dry steppe region on earth, covering approximately 804,500 square kilometers. The Kazakh Steppe
Steppe
lies at the southern end of the Ural Mountains, the traditional dividing line between Europe
Europe
and Asia. Much of the steppe is considered to be semi-desert, grading into desert as one goes further south. The Turan Lowland lies in the southwestern part of the steppe, but elevation increases as one travels east or to the northern parts of the steppe, with a few exceptions. The Pontic Steppe
Steppe
lies to the west and northwest. To the north and northeast of the Kazakh Steppe
Steppe
lies the Kazakh forest steppe, an ecoregion of pine groves interspersed with grasslands that forms a transition between the Kazakh steppe
Kazakh steppe
and the forests of Siberia. To the south lies the Kazakh semi-desert and the Kazakh upland ecoregions. The Kokchetav Massif in north-central Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
harbors an enclave of the Kazakh upland, distinct from the Kazakh steppe
Kazakh steppe
which surrounds it at lower elevations. Climate[edit] The region has a semi-arid, continental climate, with most of the area falling under the "BSk" classification under the Köppen climate classification system. The steppe receives from 200mm to 400mm of precipitation in an average year, with more falling in the northern areas of the steppe. Average temperatures in July range from 20C to 26C, and -12C to -18C in January. Very high winds sweep across the plains at times.

Climate data for Astana

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 4 (39) 5 (41) 22 (72) 30 (86) 36 (97) 40 (104) 42 (108) 39 (102) 36 (97) 27 (81) 19 (66) 5 (41) 42 (108)

Average high °C (°F) −12 (10) −11 (12) −4 (25) 9 (48) 19 (66) 25 (77) 27 (81) 24 (75) 18 (64) 8 (46) −2 (28) −9 (16) 7 (45)

Daily mean °C (°F) −15 (5) −15 (5) −9 (16) 5 (41) 13 (55) 19 (66) 21 (70) 18 (64) 12 (54) 4 (39) −6 (21) −12 (10) 3 (37)

Average low °C (°F) −21 (−6) −21 (−6) −15 (5) −2 (28) 5 (41) 11 (52) 13 (55) 11 (52) 5 (41) −1 (30) −11 (12) −18 (0) −3 (27)

Record low °C (°F) −52 (−62) −49 (−56) −38 (−36) −28 (−18) −11 (12) −2 (28) 2 (36) −2 (28) −8 (18) −26 (−15) −39 (−38) −44 (−47) −52 (−62)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 22 (0.87) 14 (0.55) 19 (0.75) 21 (0.83) 31 (1.22) 40 (1.57) 50 (1.97) 37 (1.46) 26 (1.02) 27 (1.06) 20 (0.79) 22 (0.87) 327 (12.87)

[citation needed]

Flora[edit] Because of low rainfall, the steppe has few trees, and consists of mostly grasslands and large, sandy areas. Fauna[edit] Animals that can be found in the steppes of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
include the Saiga Antelope, Siberian Roe Deer, wolves, foxes, badgers, Mongolian gerbils and steppe tortoises. People[edit] The western part of the Kazakh Steppe
Steppe
is very sparsely populated, with between two and three people per square kilometer. As one heads east across the plains, the population density increases to between four and seven people per square kilometer. Kazakh people make up the majority of the people living in the area. Russia
Russia
leases approximately 7,360 square kilometers in the southern region of the steppe for the world's oldest space launch facility, Baikonur Cosmodrome. In popular culture[edit] The movie Tulpan was shot and set in the Kazakh Steppe. See also[edit]

Saryarka — Steppe
Steppe
and Lakes of Northern Kazakhstan West Siberian Plain Steppe
Steppe
Route Category - Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands

External links[edit]

CIA, The World Factbook, 2004 World Wildlife Fund (2001). "Kazakh steppe". WildWorld Ecoregion Profile. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 2010-03-08.  "Kazakh steppe". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.  Saudi Aramco World, [1] surfbirds.com, [2] Map of the Kazakh Steppe, [3][permanent dead link]

Palearctic
Palearctic
temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands

v t e

Alai-Western Tian Shan
Tian Shan
steppe Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazakhstan

Central Anatolian steppe Turkey

Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia

Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Armenia, Iran, Turkey

Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakhstan

Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
boreal grasslands Faroe Islands, Denmark

Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

Kazakh forest steppe Kazakhstan, Russia

Kazakh steppe Kazakhstan, Russia

Kazakh Uplands Kazakhstan

Middle East steppe Iraq, Syria

Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia, Russia

Pontic steppe Kazakhstan, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, Bulgaria

Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia

Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia

South Siberian forest steppe Russia

Tian Shan
Tian Shan
foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan

v t e

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