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Kayar (English: Coir) is a 1978 Malayalam
Malayalam
epic novel written by Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai. Widely considered as one of the most seminal works in Malayalam
Malayalam
literature,[1][2] Kayar received many major literary awards including the Jnanpith, India's highest literary honour.

Contents

1 Plot summary 2 Background 3 Translations 4 Awards 5 References 6 External links

Plot summary[edit] Set in Kuttanad, the novel traces the evolution of the central Travancore
Travancore
society from the early 19th century to the mid-twentieth century. It covers more than two centuries of Kerala life, encompassing six generations of characters. The historic transformation of man's relationship with land, as also between man and man, men and women and even man and God, forms the staple theme of Kayar. Background[edit] The idea of a novel which contains the vignettes of social life in Kerala stayed in the author's mind for many years. "Two hundred and fifty years of Kerala life flowed past my mind's eye. But I needed a form. I could find no help from the Western classics," Thakazhi reminisces. For years he carried the "germ" inside his head. One night, as he lay sleepless in bed, the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
epic with its episodic structure drifted into his mind as a possibility. The next day he started work on Kayar. It took him three years to complete the book.[3] Translations[edit]

Coir: English translation by N. Sreekantan Nair; Sahitya Akademi; 1998 Kayiru: Tamil translation by C.A. Balan; Sahitya Akademi; 2003 Hagga: Kannada translation by K.K. Nair and Ashok Kumar; Sahitya Akademi; 2007

Awards[edit]

1984: Jnanpith Award[4] 1980: Vayalar Award Soviet Land Nehru Award

References[edit]

^ G. S. Jayasree (August 3, 2008). "Decolonising the land". The Hindu. Retrieved July 2, 2013. ^ K. Ayyappa Panicker
K. Ayyappa Panicker
(April 24 - May 7, 1999). "The end of historiography?". Frontline. Retrieved July 2, 2013. ^ Malayalam
Malayalam
Literary Survey - Volume 20, Issues 1-21. Kerala Sahitya Akademi. 1998. p. 86.  ^ "Jnanpith laureates". Bharatiya Jnanpith. Retrieved July 2, 2013.

External links[edit]

Kayar at DC Books
DC Books
official website Review of the English translation by M. Mukundan
M. Mukundan
(India Today) Review of the Tamil translation by Neela Padmanabhan (The Hindu) Review of the Kannada translation by V. Gopalakrishna (The Hindu)

v t e

Malayalam
Malayalam
literature

Organizations

Kerala Sahitya Akademi

Literary Awards

Asan Smaraka Kavitha Puraskaram Edasseri Award Ezhuthachan Puraskaram Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Biography and Autobiography Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Children's Literature Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Drama Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Humour Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Literary Criticism Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Miscellaneous Works Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Novel Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Overall Contributions Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Poetry Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Scholarly Literature Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Story Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Translation Kerala Sahitya Akademi
Sahitya Akademi
Award for Travelogue Mathrubhumi Literary Award Muttathu Varkey Award O. V. Vijayan
O. V. Vijayan
Sahitya Puraskaram Odakkuzhal Award Padmarajan
Padmarajan
Award Vallathol Award Vayalar Award

Fiction writers

Akbar Kakkattil Anand Appu Nedungadi Ashitha Ashtamoorthi K V B. M. Suhara B. Sandhya C. Radhakrishnan C. V. Balakrishnan C. V. Raman Pillai C. V. Sreeraman Chandramathi Cherukad E. Harikumar E. Vasu G. R. Indugopan George Onakkoor Gracy I. K. K. Menon John Abraham Jose Panachippuram Joy J. Kaimaparamban K. J. Baby K. L. Mohana Varma K. N. Ezhuthachan K. P. Nirmal Kumar K. P. Ramanunni K. R. Meera K. Rekha K. Surendran K.P Joseph Kalarickal Kainikkara Padmanabha Pillai Kakkanadan Kamala Surayya Kanam EJ Karazhmakaran Gopali Karur Neelakanta Pillai Khadija Mumtaz Kottayam Pushpanath Kovilan Lalithambika Antharjanam M. Mukundan M. Sukumaran M. T. Vasudevan Nair Madampu Kunjukuttan Madhupal Malayath Appunni Malayattoor Ramakrishnan Mallika Yunis Muttathu Varkey N. Mohanan N. N. Pisharody N. P. Chellappan Nair N. P. Mohammed N. S. Madhavan Nandanar Narayan O. V. Vijayan Omchery N. N. Pillai Oyyarathu Chandu Menon P. Ayyaneth P. F. Mathews P. K. Balakrishnan P. Kesavadev P. Surendran P. Valsala Padmarajan Pamman Parappurath Pattathuvila Karunakaran Paul Chirakkarode Paul Zacharia Perumbadavam Sreedharan Ponkunnam Varkey Punathil Kunjabdulla Raghunath Paleri S. K. Pottekkatt Sankar Santhosh Echikkanam Sarah Joseph Sarah Thomas Sethu Shihabuddin Poythumkadavu Sohanlal Sreekrishnapuram Krishnankutty Subhash Chandran T. P. Rajeevan T. Padmanabhan T. V. Kochubava T. V. Varkey Tatapuram Sukumaran Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai Thikkodiyan U. A. Khader U. K. Kumaran Unnikrishnan Puthur Unnikrishnan Thiruvazhiyode Uroob V. K. N. Vaikom Muhammad Basheer Vallachira Madhavan Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar Vilasini

Poets

A. Ayyappan A. C. Sreehari Akkitham Attoor Ravi Varma Balachandran Chullikkadu Bodheswaran Chandiroor Divakaran Changampuzha Krishna Pillai Cherusseri Namboothiri D. Vinayachandran Edappalli Raghavan Pillai Edasseri Govindan Nair G. Shankara Kurup Irayimman Thampi K. Ayyappa Panicker K. C. Kesava Pillai Kadammanitta Ramakrishnan Kattakayam Cherian Mappillai Kavitha Balakrishnan Kumaran Asan Kunchan Nambiar Kureepuzha Sreekumar Lalitha Lenin M. Govindan M. P. Appan M.S. Banesh Manoj Kuroor Mohanakrishnan Kaladi N. V. Krishna Warrier Nellikkal Muraleedharan Niranam poets O. N. V. Kurup Olappamanna Subramanian Namboothirippad P. Kunhiraman Nair P. P. Ramachandran Pala Narayanan Nair Poonthanam Namboothiri Punaloor Balan Puthussery Ramachandran S. Joseph Satchidanandan Satyan Madakkara Sugathakumari Thirunalloor Karunakaran Tholan Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan Ulloor S Parameswara Iyer Unnayi Warrier V. Madhusoodanan Nair V. M. Girija Vallathol Narayana Menon Vayalar Ramavarma Veerankutty Vennikkulam Gopala Kurup Vijayalakshmi Vishnunarayanan Namboothiri Vyloppilli Sreedhara Menon

Children's literature

Sumangala Shebaly Sippy Pallippuram

Essayists/Critics

C. S. Venkiteswaran Joseph Mundasseri K. M. Daniel K. P. Appan K. Damodaran Kesari Balakrishna Pillai Kozhikodan Kuttikrishna Marar M. K. Sanu M. Krishnan Nair (author) M. Leelavathy M. N. Vijayan M. P. Paul M.R. Chandrasekharan Narendra Prasad S. Guptan Nair S. Rajasekharan Sanjayan Sukumar Azhikode V. C. Sreejan Vijayakrishnan

Scholars and Grammarians

A. R. Raja Raja Varma Arnos Paathiri Hermann Gundert Jyesthadevan Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran Kottarathil Sankunni Krishna Chaithanya

Translators

Leela Devi M. K. Kumaran M. N. Sathyaardhi N. K. Damodaran Nileena Abraham

Genre

Champukkal Kilippattu Manipravalam Vadakkan Pattukal Venmani School

Novels

Aalahayude Penmakkal Aalohari Anandam Aarachaar Anal Haq Anargha Nimisham Anuragathinte Dinangal Agnisakshi Ara Nazhika Neram Arabi Ponnu Arohanam Asuravithu Avakasikal Ayussinte Pusthakam Balyakalasakhi Barsa Chemmeen Cheviyorkkuka! Anthimakahalam Delhi Gadhakal Ente Katha Ente Thankam Francis Itty Cora Goat Days God's Mischief Gurusagaram Indulekha Kaalam Kayar Kesavan's Lamentations Khasakkinte Itihasam Kocharethi Kundalatha Manju (novel) Manushyanu Oru Aamukham Maoist Maranathinte Nizhalil Marthandavarma Mathilukal Mayyazhippuzhayude Theerangalil Mucheettukalikkarante Makal Muthassi Naadan Premam Naalukettu Nakshathrangale Kaaval Ntuppuppakkoranendarnnu Odayil Ninnu Ormayude Arakal Oru Desathinte Katha Oru Sankeerthanam Pole Oru Theruvinte Katha Othappu Paleri Manikyam: Oru Pathirakolapathakathinte Katha Pathummayude Aadu Peruvazhiyambalam Ponni Poopoloral Pravasam Premalekhanam Randamoozham Randidangazhi Rathinirvedam Sarada Shabdangal Smarakasilakal Sufi Paranja Katha Sundarikalum Sundaranmarum Thottiyude Makan Ummachu Vasanavikriti Verukal Viddikalude Swargam Visappu Yakshi Yanthram

Treatises

Aithihyamala Alphabetum grandonico-malabaricum sive samscrudonicum Kerala Panineeyam Malayalam
Malayalam
Encyclopedia Nātyakalpadrumam Sarvavijnanakosam State Institute of Encyclopaedic Publications Viswasahityavijnanakosam Yuktibhāṣā

Poems

Atmopadesa Śatakam Jnanappana Omanathinkal Kidavo Puthen Pana Ramanan (play in verse) Rani (poem) Sree Bhoothanaathopakhyaanam Unnuneeli Sandesam

Assorted articles

Arabi Malayalam Chakara Malayalam
Malayalam
grammar Malayalam
Malayalam
poetry Mathrubhumi Yearbook Jewish copper plate Judeo-Malayalam Malayalam
Malayalam
script Malayalam
Malayalam
triumvirate poets Malayanma Mannan language Mappila dialect Mozhi (transliteration) Mullu Kurumba language Pandy Malayalam Romanization of Malayalam

Templates Portal Cat

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