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Kawerau
Kawerau
is a town in the Bay of Plenty
Bay of Plenty
region of the North Island
North Island
of New Zealand. It is situated 100 km south-east of Tauranga
Tauranga
and 58 km east of Rotorua.[2] It is the seat of the Kawerau
Kawerau
District Council, and the only town in Kawerau
Kawerau
District. Kawerau
Kawerau
is a small community, with an economy that is largely driven by the nearby pulp and paper mill that is run by Norske Skog
Norske Skog
and Carter Holt Harvey. It is located along State Highway 34, southwest of Onepu, and is the terminus of the East Coast Main Trunk Railway, and the commencing point of the Murupara Branch railway. Kawerau
Kawerau
was one of the worst-affected towns in the 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake.

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 Geography 4 Climate 5 Events

5.1 Kawerau
Kawerau
Woodfest & National Woodskills Competition

6 Notable residents 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Kawerau
Kawerau
is one of the youngest towns in New Zealand. It was founded in 1953 as a mill town for the new Tasman pulp and paper mill. The site for the mill was chosen because of the ready availability of geothermal energy, water from the Tarawera River
Tarawera River
and the large supply of pine timber from the nearby Kaingaroa forest.[3] Unlike most other towns of its size, Kawerau
Kawerau
was carefully planned before construction. The town was built with an impressive number of facilities, to accommodate a multinational specialist workforce. The mill continues to drive the local economy and greatly influences the fortunes of the town. The town's population peaked in the early 1980s (8718 in the 1981 census) but has declined significantly since then due to the restructuring of the mill and associated industries. In 2012 mill owner Norske Skog
Norske Skog
said it would be shutting one of the two newsprint machines at the mill.[4] In January 2013 it was confirmed nearly half the mill's jobs would be lost.[5] Norse Skog of Norway which is the world's second biggest producer of newsprint confirmed closure of one of its two paper machines at the Tasman Mill at Kawerau
Kawerau
with the loss of 110 jobs. The company first announced its intention to shut one machine last September, following a review of its newsprint capacity in Australasia. The remaining Tasman machine would continue to produce newsprint predominantly for the New Zealand and Australian markets. Norske Skog
Norske Skog
management would work closely with employees, unions and other stakeholders on the detailed closure arrangements, including a mill-wide restructuring programme. Peter McCartey, General Manager of Tasman Mill
Tasman Mill
said it was widely understood the decision had been brought about by global market forces within the industry. The second paper machine had operated successfully for over 50 years. Norske Skog
Norske Skog
has the widest geographical spread of all the paper producers, with mills in 11 countries on all continents except Africa.[6] Kawerau
Kawerau
is also home to geothermal power supply Kawerau Power Station for the local industry as well as the rest of New Zealand. Demographics[edit] The total population of the Kawerau
Kawerau
District was 6,363 at the time of the 2013 census, a decrease of 8.1%, or 561 people, since the 2006 Census.[7] The population ranks 64th, out of 67 districts total, based on population size. In the census 51.8% of residents said they belong in the European ethnic group, while 61.8% said they belong to the Maori ethnic group. In contrast 14.9% of people in the whole of New Zealand responded as being Maori, meaning that Kawerau
Kawerau
has a significantly higher Maori population than New Zealand
New Zealand
as a whole. 4.2% of residents responded as being Pacific, and 2.4% responded as being Asian. Percentages do not total 100% as the Census allows an individual to be part of multiple ethnic groups. Geography[edit] The 820 m volcanic cone of Mount Edgecumbe/ Putauaki
Putauaki
lies 3 km to the east of Kawerau, and is easily visible from the town. The Tarawera River straddles Kawerau
Kawerau
to the east and continues north to the Bay of Plenty. Water is supplied to the town from two natural springs. Kawerau's water was judged the best-tasting in New Zealand
New Zealand
in 2003 and 2004.[8] Kawerau
Kawerau
has access to vast geothermal resources. There are a number of geothermal hot springs in the surrounding bush owned and operated by local families. The Kawerau
Kawerau
geothermal field provides steam power for the paper mill, and a 90 MW geothermal power station is currently under construction.[9] The District has a land area of 21.9357 km² (8.4694 sq mi), making it the smallest territorial authority in New Zealand
New Zealand
in terms of land area. It is completely surrounded by the Whakatane
Whakatane
District. Climate[edit] During summer (December to February), the average daily maximum temperature in Kawerau
Kawerau
is 23.7 °C. In January 2008, the temperature exceeded 30 °C on five days. In winter (July to August) crisp early morning frosts are usually followed by clear, sunny days, and the average daily maximum temperature is around 15.6 °C.[10] Rainfall is spread throughout the year, though it is not uncommon to experience a drought during summer.

Climate data for Kawerau, New Zealand

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 25.4 (77.7) 25.3 (77.5) 23.6 (74.5) 20.9 (69.6) 17.5 (63.5) 15.0 (59) 14.4 (57.9) 15.4 (59.7) 17.2 (63) 19.4 (66.9) 21.6 (70.9) 23.4 (74.1) 19.9 (67.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 19.6 (67.3) 19.7 (67.5) 18.1 (64.6) 15.3 (59.5) 12.0 (53.6) 9.8 (49.6) 9.1 (48.4) 10.2 (50.4) 12.0 (53.6) 14.1 (57.4) 16.1 (61) 18.1 (64.6) 14.5 (58.1)

Average low °C (°F) 13.9 (57) 14.0 (57.2) 12.7 (54.9) 9.7 (49.5) 6.6 (43.9) 4.7 (40.5) 3.8 (38.8) 5.0 (41) 6.7 (44.1) 8.7 (47.7) 10.7 (51.3) 12.7 (54.9) 9.1 (48.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 125.3 (4.933) 119.7 (4.713) 168.7 (6.642) 128.2 (5.047) 151.4 (5.961) 178.1 (7.012) 158.3 (6.232) 177.9 (7.004) 148.5 (5.846) 135.3 (5.327) 116.4 (4.583) 151.8 (5.976) 1,759.6 (69.276)

Source: World Climate[11]

Events[edit]

Plunket Street in the town centre during the 2009 Christmas Parade.

Kawerau
Kawerau
hosts a number of events each year, including the National Woodskills Festival, 'King of the Mountain' race and the Tarawera 100 motorcycle endurance race. Kawerau
Kawerau
is also growing as an event venue for white water rapid competitions such as kayaking and rafting. Kawerau
Kawerau
was a venue for the 2013 World Rafting Championships. Kawerau
Kawerau
Woodfest & National Woodskills Competition[edit] The National Woodskills Festival is a competition that encompasses a broad spectrum of wood craftsmanship and wood art. Some of the competitors are professionals but many are amateurs. The Woodskills Festival was first held in Kawerau
Kawerau
in 1989 as a local competition. By 1991, the event had become such a popular annual competition that it was developed into a national event, attracting exhibitors from throughout New Zealand. The competition has now developed into a broader range of attractions which captivates many skills from the Forestry Industry and now takes over the town for the weekend, in what is known as Kawerau
Kawerau
Woodfest. The annual Kawerau
Kawerau
Woodfest attracts hundreds of visitors from around the country making it the town's largest event and as a result is the highest economic beneficial event in Kawerau. As well as the Woodskills Festival there is an Arts & Crafts Festival with displays open on Saturday and Sunday at various venues around Kawerau. Notable residents[edit]

Danielle Hayes: Winner, Cycle 2. New Zealand's Next Top Model John Rowles: New Zealand
New Zealand
singer Ria van Dyke: Miss New Zealand
New Zealand
2010 Sarah Walker: Women's BMX world champion

See also[edit]

Kawerau
Kawerau
geothermal power station Tasman Mill

References[edit]

^ "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2017 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  ^ Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand: Kawerau ^ Kawerau
Kawerau
District Council: Information ^ " Kawerau
Kawerau
paper mill job losses confirmed". Radio New Zealand. January 9, 2013.  ^ "Job losses confirmed at Kawerau
Kawerau
mill". 3 News NZ. January 9, 2013.  ^ Gray, Jamie (2013-01-09). "Norse Skog Cuts 110 Jobs". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2013-07-09.  ^ "2013 Census QuickStats about a place: Kawerau
Kawerau
District". Retrieved 14 September 2014.  ^ Kawerau
Kawerau
District Council: Water Supply ^ New Zealand
New Zealand
Geothermal Association: Geothermal fields Archived 2007-02-24 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Kawerau
Kawerau
District Council: About Our District Archived 2016-06-15 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". World Charts. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 

External links[edit]

KawerauNZ.com Kawerau
Kawerau
District Council website

v t e

Territorial authorities of New Zealand

Cities

North Island

Auckland Hamilton Tauranga Napier Palmerston North Porirua Upper Hutt Lower Hutt Wellington

South Island

Nelson Christchurch Dunedin Invercargill

Districts

North Island

Far North Whangarei Kaipara Thames-Coromandel Hauraki Waikato Matamata-Piako Waipa South Waikato Otorohanga Rotorua Waitomo Taupo Western Bay of Plenty Whakatane Kawerau Opotiki Gisborne Wairoa Hastings Central Hawke's Bay New Plymouth Stratford South Taranaki Ruapehu Whanganui Rangitikei Manawatu Tararua Horowhenua Kapiti Coast Masterton Carterton South Wairarapa

South Island

Tasman Marlborough Buller Grey Westland Kaikoura Hurunui Waimakariri Selwyn Ashburton Timaru Mackenzie Waimate Waitaki Queenstown-Lakes Central Otago Clutha Gore Southland

Other

Chatham Islands

Authorities in italics are unitary authorities

Coordinates: 38°06′S 176°42′E / 38.100°S 176.700°E

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