HOME
The Info List - Kavirajamarga


--- Advertisement ---



Kavirajamarga
Kavirajamarga
(Kannada: ಕವಿರಾಜಮಾರ್ಗ) (850 C.E.)[1] is the earliest available work on rhetoric, poetics and grammar in the Kannada
Kannada
language.[2][3] It was inspired by or written in part by the famous Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
King "Nrupatunga" Amoghavarsha
Amoghavarsha
I, and some historians claim it is based partly on an the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
text Kavyadarsha. Some historians believe Kavirajamarga
Kavirajamarga
may have been co-authored by a poet in the king's court, the Kannada
Kannada
language theorist Sri Vijaya.[2][4] The name literally means "Royal Path for Poets" and was written as a guide book for poets and scholars (Kavishiksha). From references made in this writing to earlier Kannada
Kannada
poetry and literature it is clear that a considerable body of work in prose and poetry must have existed in the preceding centuries.[5]

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early writers and literary styles

2 Notes 3 References

Biography[edit] The pre-coronation name of Amoghavarsha I
Amoghavarsha I
was Sharva. He was born in Sribhavan in 800 to Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
King Govinda III
Govinda III
during the king's return from his successful northern campaigns in Kanauj. This is known from the Manne records (803), Sirur plates and Sanjan records (871) of Amoghavarsha
Amoghavarsha
I.[6][7] Amoghavarsha I
Amoghavarsha I
came to the throne in 814 at the age of 14 and took great interest in the Kannada
Kannada
language, culture, country and its people, and his writing Kavirajamarga
Kavirajamarga
goes into these details as well.[8] The work describes the entire region between the Godavari river in the north and Kaveri river in the south as "Kannada country", which includes large territories north of modern Karnataka where Kannada
Kannada
is now not spoken.[5] An English translation of a quote from the writing goes as follows,[9]

In all the circle of earth No fairer land you'll find Than that were rich sweet Kannada Voices the people's mind 'Twixt sacred river twain it lies- From famed Godavari To where the pilgrim rests his eyes Only holy Kaveri... The people of that land are skilled To speak in rhythmic tone, And quick to grasp a poet's thought, So kindred to their own Not students only, but the folk untutored in the school, By instinct use and understand The strict poetic rules.

Early writers and literary styles[edit] Kavirajamarga
Kavirajamarga
makes important references not only to earlier Kannada writers and poets but also to early literary styles that were in vogue in the various written dialects of Kannada
Kannada
language. The aim of this writing was to standardize these written styles. The book dwells on earlier styles of composition; the Bedande, the Chattana, and the Gadyakatha, and indicates that these styles were recognised by puratana kavi (lit, "earlier poets"). The term pruvacharyar (lit, earlier grammarians or rhetoricians) has also been used.[10][11][12] The book mentions several early Kannada
Kannada
writers who preceded Amoghavarsha
Amoghavarsha
I: Vimalachandra (777), Udaya, Nagarjuna, Jayabhandu and 6th century King Durvinita of the Western Ganga Dynasty
Western Ganga Dynasty
as the best writers of Kannada
Kannada
prose; Srivijaya, Kavisvara, Pandita, Chandra and Lokapala as the best writers of Kannada
Kannada
poetry.[3] But the works and compositions of these early authors are yet to be discovered. Kavirajamarga
Kavirajamarga
was formative in the literary growth of Kannada
Kannada
and is a guide book to the Kannada
Kannada
grammar that existed in that period. It laid the "royal path" for guiding many aspiring writers.[10][11] In his criticism, Amoghavarsha I
Amoghavarsha I
writes that old Kannada
Kannada
is appropriate in "ancient poems" but is insipid in works of the present time, like an "association with an old woman". According to him, a mixture of Kannada
Kannada
with Sanskrit
Sanskrit
is "harsh to the ear" but a mixture of Kannada
Kannada
and Sama-Samskrita is pleasant to the ear like "music", while a mixture of Kannada
Kannada
and Sanskrit
Sanskrit
in compounds is disagreeable "like mixing drops of buttermilk (curdled milk) and boiling milk". He also condemned the usage of expletives such as ante, matte, and gadam,.[10] Notes[edit]

^ Times of India - 8th-century book delights Sudha Murthy ^ a b Kamath (2001), p 90 ^ a b Narasimhacharya (1988), p 2 ^ Sastri (1955), pp 355-356 ^ a b Sastri (1955), p 355 ^ Kamath (2001), p 77 ^ Reu (1933), p 67 ^ Narasimhacharya (1988), p 17 ^ E.P Rice in Das (2005), p 141 ^ a b c Narasimhacharya (1988), p 12, p 17 ^ a b Mugali R.S. (2006), pp 173-175 ^ Sahitya Akademi (1988), pp. 1474–1475

References[edit]

Sastri, Nilakanta K.A. (2002) [1955]. A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar. New Delhi: Indian Branch, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-560686-8.  Kamath, Suryanath U. (2001) [1980]. A concise history of Karnataka : from pre-historic times to the present. Bangalore: Jupiter books. LCCN 80905179. OCLC 7796041.  Narasimhacharya, R (1988) [1988]. History of Kannada
Kannada
Literature. New Delhi, Madras: Asian Educational Services. ISBN 81-206-0303-6.  Mugaḷi, Raṃ Śrī (2006) [1946]. The Heritage of Karnataka: in relation to India. Read Books [Bangalore: Satyasodhama]. ISBN 978-1-4067-0232-3.  Das, Sisir Kumar (2005) [2006]. History of Indian literature, 500-1399: from Courtly to the Popular. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-260-2171-3.  Various (1988) [1988]. Encyclopaedia of Indian literature – vol 2. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-260-1194-7.  Reu, Pandit Bisheshwar Nath (1997) [1933]. History of the Rashtrakutas (Rathodas). Jaipur: Publication Scheme. ISBN 81-86782-12-5.  Kamat, Jyotsna. "The Rashtrakutas". Dynasties of the Deccan. Retrieved 2007-02-03.  Kamat, Jyotsna. " Kannada
Kannada
Literature under the Rashtrakutas". The Rashtrakutas. Retrieved 2007-02-03. 

v t e

Indian state of Karnataka

Overviews

Architecture Cinema Climate Cuisine Demography Economy Education Folk Arts Geography History Media People Sports Transportation Wildlife

History

Aihole Alupa dynasty Amoghavarsha Badami Banavasi Balligavi Belur Chalukya dynasty Chitradurga Nayakas Deva Raya II Durvinita Halebidu Haleri Kingdom Halmidi Hampi Hoysala Empire Kadamba dynasty Kalyani Chalukyas Keladi Nayakas Shivappa Nayaka Kittur Chennamma Kingdom of Mysore Mayurasharma Pattadakal Pulakeshin II Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
dynasty Sringeri Srirangapatna Tipu Sultan Unification of Karnataka Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
Empire Vijayanagara Vishnuvardhana Veera Ballala II Vikramaditya II Vikramaditya VI Western Ganga dynasty

Geography

Cities and towns Districts Rivers Dams and Reservoirs Taluks Villages Highest point Bayalu Seeme Malenadu Karavali Western Ghats

Culture

Bharata Natyam Bhuta Kola Bidriware Channapatna toys Chitrakala Parishat Gaarudi Gombe Ilkal saree Kamsale Kannada Karnatik music Kasuti Khedda Mysore Dasara Togalu Gombeyaata Udupi cuisine Veeragase Yakshagana Mysore musicians

Literature

Kannada

Milestones Epics Medieval Rashtrakuta Western Ganga Western Chalukya Hoysala Vijayanagara Vachana Haridasa Mysore Play Modern

Kannada
Kannada
Sahitya Parishat Kannada
Kannada
Sahitya Sammelana Karnataka

Noted poets

Asaga Gunavarma I Adikavi Pampa Sri Ponna Ranna Devar Dasimayya Basava Akka Mahadevi Allama Prabhu Siddharama Harihara Raghavanka Rudrabhatta Janna Kumara Vyasa Chamarasa Nijaguna Shivayogi Ratnakaravarni Purandara Dasa Kanaka Dasa Vijaya Dasa Gopala Dasa Jagannatha Dasa Lakshmisa Sarvajna Shishunala Sharif Krishnaraja Wadiyar III D. R. Bendre Gopalakrishna Adiga K. S. Narasimhaswamy M. Govinda Pai Kuvempu D. V. Gundappa G. S. Shivarudrappa

People and Society

Karnataka
Karnataka
ethnic groups List of people from Karnataka

Tourism

Beaches Dams Forts National Parks Hindu Temples Jain Temples Waterfalls

Awards

Karnataka
Karnataka
Ratna Pampa Award Nrupatunga Award Basava
Basava
Puraskara Rajyotsava Prashasti Jakanachari Award Varnashilp

.