KATOWICE /ˌkætəˈviːtsə/ (Polish: ( listen ); Silesian :
Katowicy, German : Kattowitz, officially MIASTO KATOWICE) is a city in
southwestern Poland, with a population of 299,910 as of 2015 and the
center of the
Silesian Metropolis , with a population of 2.2 million.
Throughout the mid-18th century,
Katowice had developed into a
village upon the discovery of rich coal reserves in the area. In 1742
First Silesian War transferred
Upper Silesia , including Katowice,
Prussia . Subsequently, from the second half of the 18th century,
many German or Prussian craftsmen, merchants and artists began to
settle in the region, which had been inhabited mostly by
the past hundreds of years. Simultaneously Silesia experienced the
influx of the first Jewish settlers. In the first half of the 19th
century, intensive industrialization transformed local mills and farms
into industrial steelworks, mines, foundries and artisan workshops.
This also contributed to the establishment of companies and eventual
rapid growth of the city. At the same time,
Katowice became linked to
the railway system with the first train arriving at the main station
The outbreak of
World War I
World War I was favourable for
Katowice due to the
prospering steel industry. Following Germany's defeat and the
Silesian Uprisings ,
Katowice and parts of
Upper Silesia were annexed
Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic .
Poland was then backed by the Geneva
Convention and the ethnic Silesian minority . On 3 May 1921, the
Polish army entered
Katowice and the Polish administration took
control. The city became the capital of the autonomous Silesian
Voivodeship as well as the seat of the
Silesian Parliament and
Committee of Upper Silesia. After the plebiscite many former German
citizens emigrated, however a vibrant German community remained until
the end of
World War II
World War II . In 1939, after the
Wehrmacht seized the
Katowice and the provinces were incorporated into the Third
Reich . The town was eventually liberated by the Allies on 27 January
Katowice is a center of science, culture, industry, business, trade,
and transportation in
Upper Silesia and southern Poland, and the main
city in the
Upper Silesian Industrial Region .
Katowice lies within an
urban zone , with a population of 2,746,460 according to
and also part of the wider
Silesian metropolitan area
Silesian metropolitan area , with a
population of 5,294,000 according to the European Spatial Planning
Observation Network .
Today, the city is considered as an emerging metropolis. The whole
metropolitan area is the 16th most economically powerful city by GDP
European Union with an output amounting to $114.5 billion.
Katowice is the seat of the Polish National Radio Symphony and
Orchestra . It also hosts the finals of
Intel Extreme Masters
Intel Extreme Masters , an
eSports video game tournament.
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate
* 2.2 Districts
* 2.3 Demographics
* 2.4 Conurbation
* 3 Architecture
* 3.1 Tourist attractions
* 4 Economy
* 5 Culture
* 5.1 Media
* 5.2 Festivals and events
* 5.3 Parks and squares
* 6 Nature reserves and ecological areas
* 7 Education
* 8 Transport
* 8.1 Public transport
* 8.2 Roads
* 8.3 Airports
* 8.4 Railways
* 9 Sports
* 9.1 Sports clubs
* 9.2 Sports events
* 10 Notable residents
* 11 Twin towns—Sister cities
* 12 See also
* 13 References
* 13.1 Notes
* 14 External links
For more details on this topic, see
History of Katowice . The
Great Synagogue in
Katowice was destroyed by the Nazis during the
Poland on 4 September 1939
The area around Katowice, in
Upper Silesia , has been inhabited by
Silesians from its earliest documented history. Initially it
was ruled by the Polish
Silesian Piast dynasty until its extinction.
The settlement of the area surrounding
Katowice dates back to the end
of the 12th century. From 1138, the
Bytom castellany encompassed
Katowice is located nowadays. In 1177 the lands were
legally handed over by Duke
Casimir II the Just
Casimir II the Just to his nephew Mieszko
I Tanglefoot ; this justified their incorporation into the medieval
Silesian provinces. At the turn of the 14th century, new villages
called Bogucice, Ligota, Szopenice and Podlesie were established, as
well as the village of Dąb, mentioned in 1299 in a document issued by
Duke Casimir of
From 1327, the region was under Czech administration as part of the
Kingdom of Bohemia . In historical documents dating from 1468 there
was a reference to the settlement of Podlesie, which, at present, is
one of the city districts, whereas the village of
"Katowicze" in older records) was first mentioned in the year 1598.
Historians assume that
Katowice was founded on the right bank of the
Rawa river by Andrzej Bogucki in around 1580. The Silesian
In 1598 a village called Villa Nova was also documented to stand in
the area now occupied by the city of Katowice. By this time the
territory had changed from the Bohemian Crown to the domain of the
Austrian Habsburg dynasty .
Kattowitz gained city status in 1865 in the Prussian Province of
Silesia . The city flourished due to large mineral (especially coal )
deposits in the nearby mountains. Extensive city growth and prosperity
depended on the coal mining and steel industries , which took off
Industrial Revolution . The city was inhabited mainly by
Silesians , Jews and
Poles . In 1884, 36 Jewish Zionist
delegates met here, forming the
Hovevei Zion movement. Previously part
of the Beuthen district, in 1873 it became the capital of the new
Kattowitz district . On 1 April 1899, the city was separated from the
district, becoming an independent city . 3 Maja Street is one of
the main promenades in the city
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles after
World War I
World War I , the Upper Silesia
plebiscite was organised by the
League of Nations
League of Nations . Though Kattowitz
proper voted 22,774 to remain in
Germany and 3,900 for Poland, it was
Poland as the larger district voted 66,119 for
52,992 for Germany. Following the
Silesian Uprisings of 1918–21
Katowice became part of the
Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic with some autonomy
Silesian Parliament as a constituency and the Silesian
Voivodeship Council as the executive body).
During the early stages of
World War II
World War II and the
Poland Campaign ,
Katowice was essentially abandoned, as the
Polish Army had to position
Kraków . While the shelling of
Westerplatte on 1
September 1939 is recognised as the first involvement in the Second
Hitler actually ordered a silent sabotage mission a day
earlier by dressing his SS officers as Polish soldiers.
a mock attack on the
Gliwice radio mast, one of the tallest wooden
structures in the world, which was just on the eastern border of
Germany at the time. The international press and reporters were rushed
to the scene and instructed to view corpses dressed in
supposedly murdered by
Poles , at
Dachau concentration camp
Dachau concentration camp . It was
Hitler's justification for his invasion of Poland, which occurred the
next morning. As the infamous
SMS Schleswig-Holstein battleship fired
at the Polish defensive fortifications outside
were already advancing deep into Silesia.
Katowice at the time was
fiercely defended by an insignificant army mostly compiled of Polish
scouts and volunteers.
Nazi occupation many of the city's historical and iconic
monuments were destroyed, most notably the Great
Katowice Synagogue ,
which was burned to the ground on 4 September 1939. This was followed
by the alteration of street names and the introduction of strict
rules. Additionally, the use of Polish in public conversations was
banned. The German administration was also infamous for organising
public executions of civilians and by the middle of 1941, most of the
Polish and Jewish population was expelled. Eventually
liberated by the
Red Army in January 1945. Significant parts of the
downtown and inner suburbs were demolished during the liberation.
This, however, was incomparable to
Warsaw , where the level of
destruction reached 85%. As a result, the authorities were able to
preserve the central district in its former pre-war character. A
Neo-Gothic school-building from the late 19th century
The post-war period of
Katowice was characterised by the time of
heavy industry development in the Upper Silesian region, which helped
the city in regaining its status as the most industrialised Polish
city and a major administrative centre. As the city developed so
briskly, the 1950s marked a significant increase in its population and
an influx of migrants from the
Eastern Borderlands , the so-called
Kresy. The city area began to quickly expand by incorporating the
neighbouring communes and counties. However, the thriving industrial
city also had a dark period in its short but meaningful history. Most
notably, between 7 March 1953 and 10 December 1956
Katowice was called
Stalinogród in honour of
Joseph Stalin , leader of the
Soviet Union .
The change was brought upon by an issued decree of the State Council.
The date of the alteration of the city name was neither a coincidence
or accidental as it happened on the day of Stalin's death. In this way
the Polish Communist Party and the socialist authority wanted to pay
tribute to the dictator. The new name never got accepted by the
citizens and in 1956 the former Polish name was restored.
Veturilo bicycles on Mariacka Street Central
Katowice with its
The following decades were more memorable in the history of Katowice.
Regardless of its industrial significance, it started to become an
important cultural and educational centre in Central and Eastern
Europe. In 1968 the
University of Silesia , the largest and most
valued college in the area, was founded. Simultaneously the
construction of large housing estates began to evolve. Furthermore, a
lot of representative structures were erected at that time, including
the Silesian Insurgents\'
Monument (1967) and
Spodek (1971), which
have become familiar landmarks and tourist sights. The 1960s and 1970s
saw the evolution of modernist architecture and functionalism .
Katowice eventually developed into one of the most modernist post-war
cities of Poland.
One of the most dramatic events in the history of the city occurred
on 16 December 1981. It was then that 9 protesters died (7 were shot
dead; 2 died from injury complications) and another 21 were wounded in
the pacification of Wujek
Coal Mine . The
Special Platoon of the
Motorized Reserves of the Citizens\' Militia (ZOMO) was responsible
for the brutal handling of strikers protesting against Wojciech
Jaruzelski 's declaration of martial law and the arrest of Solidarity
trade union officials. On the 10th anniversary of the event a memorial
was unveiled by the President of
Lech Wałęsa .
In 1990 the first democratic local elections that took place marked a
new period in the city's history. The economy of
Katowice has been
transforming from the heavy industry of steel and coal mines into "one
of the most attractive investment areas for modern economy branches in
Central Europe". Recently, the city's efficient infrastructure, rapid
progress in overall development and an increase in office space has
Katowice a popular venue for conducting business. The Katowice
Expo Centre (Katowickie Centrum Wystawiennicze) organises trade fairs
or exhibitions and attracts investors from all over the world.
Katowice is a city in
Upper Silesia in southern
Poland , on the
Kłodnica and Rawa rivers (tributaries of the
Oder and the Vistula
respectively). It is in the
Silesian Highlands , about 50 km (31 mi)
north of the
Silesian Beskids (part of the
Carpathian Mountains ) and
about 100 km (62 mi) southeast of the
Sudetes Mountains .
Katowice Highlands, part of the
Silesian Highlands , in the
eastern part of
Upper Silesia , in the central portion of the Upper
Coal Basin .
Katowice is an urban community in the Silesian
Voivodeship in south-west Poland. It is central district of the
Silesian Metropolis —a metropolis with a population of two million.
It borders the cities of
Siemianowice Śląskie , Sosnowiec
Ruda Śląska and
Czeladź . It lies between the
Oder rivers. Several rivers
flow through the city, the major two being the
Kłodnica and Rawa .
Within 600 km (370 mi) of
Katowice are the capital cities of six
Budapest and Warsaw
The climate is temperate -continental . The average temperature is
8.2 °Celsius (−1.5 °C (29 °F) in January and up to 18 °C (64
°F) in July). Yearly rainfall averages at 608.5 mm (23.96 in).
Characteristic weak winds blow at about 2 m/s from the west, the
Moravian Gate .
CLIMATE DATA FOR KATOWICE
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
Source: MSN Weather
* 1. Śródmieście
* 4. Osiedle Paderewskiego -
Wełnowiec - Józefowiec
Brynów - Osiedle Zgrzebnioka
Brynów - Załęska Hałda
Szopienice - Burowiec
* 20. Zarzecze
* 22. Podlesie
At present, the city of
Katowice is inhabited mostly by
Silesians , but also by several minorities of Germans, Czechs
Moravians . This also makes the region religiously and culturally
diverse. Over the years this diversity has strongly reflected on local
architecture such as tenement housing and state buildings. The recent
Polish census showed that the
Silesians are the largest ethnic
minority in Poland, with
Germans being second on the list. Both of
these minorities mostly live in the Silesian region. It is therefore
the most multicultural province and voivodeship of
Prior to the
Second World War
Second World War ,
Katowice was mainly inhabited by
Poles and Germans. The 1905 Silesian demographic census has shown that
Germans made up nearly 75% of the total population. Following
Germany's defeat in 1945, the large German majority was forced to
flee. Most pre-war citizens (excluding Poles) were violently expelled
by the new authorities. This resulted in a large group of exiled
Silesians living in present-day Germany, creating a new association of
Landsmannschaft Schlesien. One of its most notable spokesmen and
leaders is the Christian Democratic Union politician
Herbert Hupka .
During the war, the
Nazi occupant committed severe crimes against the
local Gypsy and Jewish communities . Most of them were eventually
killed or transported by cattle wagons to concentration camps such as
Auschwitz for complete extermination. This led to a population drop
between 1939 and 1945.
Katowice lies in the centre of the largest conurbation in Poland, one
of the largest in the
European Union , numbering about 2.7 million.
Katowice urban area consists of about 40 adjacent cities and
towns, the whole
Silesian metropolitan area
Silesian metropolitan area (mostly within the Upper
Coal Basin ) over 50 cities or towns. The metropolitan area
has a population of 5,294,000. In 2006,
Katowice and 14 adjacent
cities united as the Upper
Silesian Metropolis . Its population is 2
million and its area is 1,104 km2. In 2006-2007 the union planned to
unite these cities in one city under the name "Silesia", but this
Katowice conurbation comprises settlements which have evolved
because of the mining of metal ores, coal and raw rock materials. The
establishment of mining and heavy industry which have developed for
the past centuries has resulted in the unique character of the
cityscape; its typical aspects are the red brick housing estates
constructed for the poorer working class, factory chimneys,
manufacturing plants, power stations and quarries . The inhabitants of
a large mining community like Katowice, and local administrations
within the conurbation, which have only evolved due to mining, are a
subject to overall decline after the liquidation of coal mines and
factories. This is one of the reasons which led to the development of
the service sector, including office spaces, shopping centres and
Neo-Renaissance Monopol Hotel opened in 1902
Mary\'s Church from the 19th century
Katowice did not originate as a medieval town. The city centre was
beginning to form in the mid-19th century when it was part of the
Prussia and had an ethnic German majority. The buildings of
the time are decorated in an eclectic style (mostly Renaissance with
elements of Baroque ) and elements of
Art Nouveau style (Polish :
secesja). By the end of the nineteenth century the centre was being
referred to as a "little Paris" due to the presence of Parisian-styled
tenement houses . Examples of
Modernism , especially International
Bauhaus inspired architecture, still coexist with modern
office buildings in central Katowice. Between the 1950s and 1980s many
socialist apartment blocks were constructed around the inner suburbs.
Notable examples from that period include a multipurpose arena complex
Spodek and parts of
Katowice is one of the few cities in
Poland where nearly all
architectural styles are present. For instance, the Market square in
Katowice (Polish: Rynek Katowicki) is surrounded by a vast majority of
buildings and edifices representing styles such as neoclassicism ,
modernism , socialist realism and contemporary-modern . Some tenements
have neogothic elements, which are an outstanding example of this type
in Central and Eastern Europe. The street outlines, especially within
the older inner districts, closely resemble the ones in
Representational boulevards and promenades were established despite
the city's strong industrial character. These, however, mostly adorned
the city center and not working-class outer suburbs.
Unfortunately many old majestic buildings were demolished in the
1950s to make space for monumental modern blocks. Among other reasons
for their destruction was the immense architectural detail which once
represented the wealth of local industrialists and property owners.
This particularly didn't fit in with the Socialist-Communist authority
at the time.
Today, the marketplace and several nearby streets with shopping
promenades are closed to traffic.
* Market square and adjacent streets: Warszawska , Teatralna,
Dyrekcyjna, Staromiejska, Dworcowa, św. Jana, Pocztowa, Wawelska, 3
Maja, Stawowa, Mielęckiego, Starowiejska and Mickiewicza, the
so-called "Great Market Square of Katowice" or "Old town of
Katowice"—many historic (monument ) buildings. This is a group of
functional-architectural. On the market square and most of the
above-mentioned streets are prohibitions or restrictions on cars.
Streets: Staromiejska, Dyrekcyjna, Wawelska, Stawowa and Warszawska is
lined decorative cobblestone creating a pedestrian zone . The
authority plans to Katowice—Quarter streets: św. Jana, Dworcowa,
Mariacka, Mielęckiego, Stanisława and Starowiejska is to become so
"small market square".
Nikiszowiec - historical settlement of Katowice, candidate to
* Cathedral of Christ the King
* St Mary\'s Church
* Church of the Resurrection , Evangelical-Augsburg, built in
* Church of St Michael Archangel , the oldest church in the city,
built in 1510
Drapacz Chmur , one of the first skyscrapers in Europe
Market square in Katowice
Spodek and central roundabout
Silesian Parliament , built in 1925-1929. For a very long time it
was the biggest structure in Poland
* Modernist old town
Spodek (a large sports centre /concert hall , whose name
translates as the 'saucer', from its distinctive shape resembling a
UFO flying saucer )
* Silesian Insurgents
Monument (Polish: Pomnik Powstańców
Śląskich), the largest and heaviest monument in Poland. It is a
harmonious combination of architecture and sculpture with appropriate
symbolism: the wings symbolize the three
Silesian Uprisings 1919 -
1920 - 1921 while the names of places that were battlefields are
etched on the vertical slopes. The monument, which was funded by the
Warsaw for Upper Silesia, is considered Katowice's landmark.
Silesian Theater , built in 1907
* Rialto Cinetheater , built in 1912
Silesian Museum , built in 1899
Old train station in Katowice , built in 1906
* Parachute Tower - a 50 m (160 ft) tall lattice tower built in 1937
for training parachutists. It was used in the first days of World War
II and is the only parachute tower in Poland.
* Franciscan Monastery in Panewniki
* Church of St Joseph (Załęże)
* St Stephen\'s Church
* Church of Christ Resurrection
Monument to Marshal Piłsudski by Croatian sculptor Antun
Augustinčić , 1937-39. It was commissioned in 1936 but brought to
Poland in 1991
* Monopol Hotel
Katowice Rondo , the large square /roundabout , reconstructed
recently, with the semi-circular Galeria Rondo Sztuki in the centre.
Altus Skyscraper , the tallest skyscraper
City Center - Large shopping mall in Katowice. Located
over former coal mine "Gottwald"
Katowice is a large coal and steel center. It has several coal mines
Coal Mine , Mysłowice-Wesoła
Coal Mine, Wieczorek
Coal Mine, Staszic
Coal Mine) organized into unions—Katowice
Coal Holding company (pl: Katowicki Holding Węglowy), two steelworks
(Huta Baildon, Huta Ferrum), and one foundry of non-ferrous metals
(Huta Metali Nieżelaznych Szopienice).
Katowice is a large business and trade fair center. Every year in
Katowice International Fair and
Spodek , tens of international trade
fairs are organized.
Katowice has the second largest business centre
Warsaw Business Centre). Skyscrapers stand along
Chorzowska, Korfantego and Roździeńskiego street in the centre. The
newest office buildings (A-class) are the Chorzowska 50, Altus
Skyscraper and Silesia Towers (under construction).
Katowice is the seat of
Special Economic Zone (Katowicka
Specjalna Strefa Ekonomiczna).
The unemployment rate is one of the lowest in Poland, at 2% (2008).
The city is still characterized by its working class strength and
attracts many people from neighbouring cities (other districts USMU
Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra building The Main
Katowice is the cultural centre of the entire Silesian agglomeration
inhabited by over two million people and one of the leading cultural
spots in Poland. Most importantly, it is a host city to some of the
biggest theatrical and stage events. This also includes hosting
gatherings and exhibitions well as film and musical events. Annual
musical festivals such as the Rawa Blues , the Tauron New Music
Festival, the Silesian Jazz Festival, the
Mayday Festival and other
concerts, which attract yearly hundreds of thousands of tourists from
the entire country.
Katowice also temporarily hosts the
OFF Festival ,
the most important alternative event in Poland.
Katowice is the seat of an internationally renowned Karol Szymanowski
Academy of Music , as well as the Polish National Radio Symphony
Orchestra . The
Silesian Philharmonic also has its seat in Katowice.
The opening of a new architectural complex of the National Polish
Radio Orchestra took place in 2014.
A showcase for
Katowice is the "Camerata Silesia" - an ensemble aimed
at promoting the city in
Poland and overseas.
Classical music also
plays significant role in
Katowice and the city annually becomes a
venue for numerous classical concerts and festivals. The list includes
an International Festival of Young Music Competition Laureates, the
Grzegorz Fitelberg International Competition for Conductors, Chamber
Music Festival, Ars Cameralis Festival and Katowice's opera, operettas
and most of all ballet. In 2010, as part of the Chopin Year
Katowice held the International Chopin Knowledge
Challenge, which took place at the
The BWA Contemporary Art Gallery in Katowice, established in 1949, is
a notable institution concerning the contemporary arts . Every three
years, it is responsible for the organisation of the Polish Graphic
Art Triennial. Several other galleries feature exhibitions of the
works by artists from abroad alongside with film screenings, workshops
for children and public fairs. The
Silesian Museum in Katowice, opened
in 1929, exhibits works by famous and renowned Polish artists like
Józef Chełmoński ,
Artur Grottger ,
Tadeusz Makowski , Jacek
Jan Matejko ,
Józef Mehoffer and Stanisław Wyspiański
List of notable attractions: New complex of the Silesian Museum
with an original mine headframe Exhibition hall of the museum
Silesian Theatre , named after the Polish writer and painter
Stanisław Wyspiański , is the largest theatre in Silesia. It is
located exactly in the central part of the market square facing
westward. The complex was originally built as a German theatre between
1905 and 1907 by architect
Carl Moritz .
Silesian Museum , founded in 1929 by the
Silesian Sejm , while the
region was recovering from the
Silesian Uprisings . In the Polish
interbellum (1918-1939), the
Silesian Museum was one of the prime
institutions within the
Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic .
Silesian Philharmonic , originally established in 1945, its most
notable members included
Witold Małcużyński ,
Igor Oistrakh ,
Sviatoslav Richter and
Adam Taubitz .
Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra , created in 1935 and led
Grzegorz Fitelberg until the outbreak of World War II, has recorded
nearly 200 compact discs for many domestic and foreign labels.
Off Festival , a music festival, which also supports a variety of
independent arts and cultural events such as exhibitions, workshops
and film screenings.
Rawa Blues Festival , the world's largest indoor blues festival
named after the
Rawa River , which flows through Katowice.
TVP 3 Katowice
* TVS (TV Silesia)
TVN24 - department
TVN24 - oddział Katowice)
Gazeta Wyborcza -
Metro International - Katowice
* Nowy Przegląd Katowicki
Karol Szymanowski Academy of Music
Tenement house at
Kościuszko Street International Conference Centre
Spodek Historic tenement house at Mickiewicza Street
PKO BP Building in
FESTIVALS AND EVENTS
Rawa Blues Festiwal -
* Mayday -
* International Competition of Conductors by Fitelberg
* International Festival of Military Orchestras
* International Exhibition of
Graphic arts "Intergrafia"
* The ESL One
Katowice Tournament, for the popular FPS
Counter-Strike: Global Offensive, League of Legends, and Starcraft II
was held March 12–15, 2015.
* Tauron New Music Festival
Intel Extreme Masters
Intel Extreme Masters World Championship, one of the biggest
eSports events in the world
Tauron New Music Festival
PARKS AND SQUARES
Parachute Tower in
Tadeusz Kościuszko Park parks:
Silesian Park (Wojewódzki Park Kultury i Wypoczynku)
Kościuszko Park (Park im. Tadeusza Kościuszki)
Forest Park of Katowice (Katowicki Park Leśny)
Valley of Three Ponds (Dolina Trzech Stawów)
Katowice market square (Rynek w Katowicach)
* Freedom Square (Plac Wolności)
* Andrzej Square (Plac Andrzeja)
* Miarka Square (Plac Miarki)
* Council of Europe Square (Plac Rady Europy)
* Alfred Square (Plac Alfreda)
* A. Budniok Square (Plac A. Brudnioka)
* J. Londzin Square (Plac J. Londzina)
* A. Hlond Square (Plac A. Hlonda)
NATURE RESERVES AND ECOLOGICAL AREAS
* Nature reserve Las Murckowski
* Nature reserve Ochojec
* Źródła Kłodnicy
* Staw Grunfeld
* Stawy Na Tysiącleciu
* Płone Bagno
Scientific Information Centre and Academic
Silesian Library in
Katowice Main article: List of schools of higher
Katowice is a large scientific centre. It has over 20 schools of
higher education , at which over 100,000 people study.
There are also:
* around 80 high schools
* around 35 gimnasia
* around 55 primary schools
* around 50 libraries , including the
Katowice National road 79 in
The public transportation system of the
Katowice and Upper Silesian
Metropolis consists of four branches—buses and trams united in the
KZK GOP and the regional rail . Additional services are operated by
private companies and the state-owned railways. Trams
Silesian Interurbans - one of the largest tram systems in the world,
in existence since 1894. It spreads for more than 50 kilometres (31
miles) (east-west) and covers 14 districts of the Upper Silesian
Metropolis . Buses
THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (April
European route E40 (
France - Belgium -
Poland - Ukraine
- Russia -
European route E75 (
Poland - Slovakia
Serbia - Macedonia -
European route E462 (
Czech Republic - Poland)
* Motorway A4 (German/Polish border –
Rzeszów – Polish/Ukrainian border)
* National road 79
* National road 81
* National road 86
Several important roads in neighbourhoods of
* Motorway A1 (
Gliwice – Polish
* Expressway S1
* National road 11
* National road 44
* National road 78
* National road 88
* National road 94
Lobby from the upper level in terminal B in Katowice
The city and the area are served by the
Airport , about 30 km (19 mi) from the city center. With over 20
international and domestic flights daily, it is by far the biggest
airport in Silesia (~2,5 million passengers served in 2008; 2
terminals, A and B).
Because of the long distance to the airport, there is a proposal to
convert the much closer sport aviation Katowice-
Muchowiec Airport into
a city airport for smaller, business-oriented traffic.
Upper Silesian Railway reached the area in 1846.
Station is one of the main railway nodes and exchange points in
Poland. It has replaced the old
Katowice historic train station .
Katowice has a long sporting tradition and hosted the final of
EuroBasket 2009 and
1975 European Athletics Indoor Championships ,
1975 European Amateur Boxing Championships , 1976 World Ice Hockey
Championships , 1957, 1985
European Weightlifting Championships ,
1974, 1982 World Wrestling Championships , 1991 World Amateur
Bodybuilding Championships , 2011 Women\'s
European Union Amateur
Boxing Championships , 2014 FIVB Men\'s World Championship and others.
Silesian Stadium is between
Chorzów and Katowice. It was a
national stadium of Poland, with more than 50 international matches of
Poland national football team played here and around 30 matches in
UEFA competitions. There were also a
Speedway World Championship ,
Speedway Grand Prix of Europe and many concerts featuring
Tourists can relax playing tennis or squash, doing water sports also
sailing (for example—in Dolina Trzech Stawów), horse-riding (in
Wesoła Fala and
Silesian culture and refreshment park ), cycling or
going to one of numerous excellently equipped fitness clubs. Near the
city center are sporting facilities like swimming pools (for example
"Bugla", "Rolna") and in neighbourhood—golf courses (in Siemianowice
GKS Katowice - men's football , (
Polish Cup winner: 1986, 1991,
Polish SuperCup winner: 1991, 1995; 1st league in 2003/2004 and
2004/2005 seasons). ice hockey team Champion :1958,1960,1962 Gòrnik
Katowice / GKS 1965,1968,1970.
1. FC Kattowitz - football club, vice-champion of Poland: 1927;
champion of Upper Silesia: 1907, 1908, 1909, 1913, 1922, 1932, 1945
AZS AWF Katowice - various sports, women's handball team playing
in Polish Women\'s Handball Superleague , men's basketball team
playing in Second league, fencing section - a lot of medals in the
Katowice - hockey club playing in Polish Hockey
Superleague , vice-champion of
Poland (5x): 1971, 1973, 1977, 1989,
1992; bronze medal (7x): 1972, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1987;
Polish Cup (1x): 1970.
* AZS US
Katowice - various sports, a lot of medals in the Polish
Championship in various sports
Szopienice - various sports, a lot of medals in the Polish and
Europe and World Championship in weightlifting
Silesia Miners -
American football club playing in Polish American
Football League , Polish champion in 2009, vice-champion in 2007
Katowice - futsal club playing in Polish
Polish Cup (1x): 2007; bronze medal Polish Championship (2x): 2001,
Rozwój Katowice - football club playing in
Polish Third League
Katowice - football club playing in
Polish Fourth League
Szopienice - chess club, a lot of medals in the Polish
Katowice - various sports, a lot of medals in the Polish
Championship in various sports
Policyjny Klub Sportowy Katowice - various sports, a lot of medals
in the Polish Championship in various sports
* AWF Mickiewicz
Katowice - basketball club
* Silesian Flying Club (Aeroklub Śląski)
Defunct sports clubs:
Diana Kattowitz - football club
Germania Kattowitz - football club
* KS Baildon
Katowice - various sports, a lot of medals in the
Polish Championship in various sports
Katowice - various sports, a lot of medals in the Polish
Championship in various sports
1975 European Athletics Indoor Championships
1976 World Ice Hockey Championships
FIVB World League 2001
FIVB World League 2007
Tour de Pologne 2010
BNP Paribas Katowice Open
* EMS One
Katowice CS:GO Championship 2014
Intel Extreme Masters
Intel Extreme Masters Season IX - World Championship Katowice
League of Legends and StarCraft 2 Championship 2014
* ESL One
Katowice CS:GO Championship 2015
Katowice CS:GO Championship 2016
Katowice CS:GO Championship 2017
Overwatch World Cup 2017 Qualifier (eSports Tournament)
Main page: Category:People from
Katowice University of Silesia
Katowice - Faculty of Law and Administration
* Hans Sachs (1877–1945), serologist
Kurt Goldstein (1878–1965), neurologist
Erich Przywara (1889-1972), priest
Hans Mikosch (1898-1993), general
Hans Källner (1898-1945), general
Franz Leopold Neumann (1900–1954), politician
Willy Fritsch (1901-1973), actor
Hans Bellmer (1902–1975), surrealist photographer
Hans-Christoph Seebohm (1903-1967), politician
Maria Goeppert-Mayer (1906–1972), physicist,
Nobel Prize winner
Kurt Schwaen (1909-2007), composer
Rudolf Schnackenburg (1914-2002), priest
Georg Thomalla (1915-1999), actor
Ernst Wilimowski (1916-1997), football player
Ernst Plener (1919-2007), football player
Anneli Cahn Lax (1922-1999), mathematician
Richard Herrmann (1923-1962), football player
Chaskel Besser (1923–2010), Orthodox rabbi
Kazimierz Kutz (born 1929), film director and politician
Waldemar Świerzy (1931-2013), artist, illustrator and cartoonist
Wojciech Kilar (1932-2013), classical and film music composer
Henryk Górecki (1933–2010), classical composer
Josef Kompalla (born 1936), ice hockey player and referee
Henryk Broder (born 1946), journalist
Jerzy Kukuczka (1948–1989), alpine and high altitude climber
Grzegorz Kosok (born 1986), volleyball player
TWIN TOWNS—SISTER CITIES
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
Katowice is twinned with:
* COLOGNE ,
* GRONINGEN ,
* KOšICE ,
Slovakia , since 2009
* MISKOLC ,
* MOBILE ,
* ODENSE ,
* OSTRAVA ,
* SAINT-ÉTIENNE ,
* SAINT FRANCIS ,
* SHENYANG ,
List of mayors of Katowice
List of tallest buildings in Katowice
* ^ A B "Ludność. Stan i struktura ludności oraz ruch naturalny
w przekroju terytorialnym w 2014 r. Stanu w dniu 31 XII 2015 r." (in
Polish). Warszawa: Główny Urząd Statystyczny. 2015.
* ^ A B "Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3)" - European
Spatial Planning Observation Network , 2007
* ^ A B "Katowice,
Poland - A
City Guide - Cracow Life". Retrieved
15 March 2017.
* ^ "Local history - Information about the town -
Virtual Shtetl". Retrieved 15 March 2017.
* ^ o.o., Stay
Poland Sp. z. "History of Katowice". Retrieved 15
* ^ "History". Retrieved 15 March 2017.
* ^ "Liberation Memorial
Katowice - TracesOfWar.com".
Retrieved 15 March 2017.
* ^ "CityProfiles: Katowice". The Urban Audit. Retrieved 15 August
* ^ Interim Territorial Cohesion Report - Preliminary results of
ESPON and EU Commission studies
* ^ "Global city GDP 2011". Brookings Institution. Archived from
the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
* ^ A B silnet.pl. "Historia miasta i dzielnic - Katowice".
Retrieved 25 January 2017.
* ^ "History - Katowice". Retrieved 15 March 2017.
* ^ Von Krakau bis
Danzig (in German). Thomas Urban. 2004.
* ^ Documents on British foreign policy, 1919-1939
Great Britain .
Foreign Office, Ernest
Llewellyn Woodward page 44
* ^ "In Defence of
Katowice - Katowice". Retrieved 15 March 2017.
* ^ "Katowice, Poland". Retrieved 17 March 2017.
* ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historic Centre of Warsaw".
Retrieved 17 March 2017.
* ^ Woźniczka, Zygmunt. "
Katowice zniknęły. Powstał
Stalinogród. To już 61 lat". Retrieved 15 March 2017.
* ^ "Jak
Katowice Stalinogrodem się stały - HISTORIA.org.pl -
historia, kultura, muzea, matura, rekonstrukcje i recenzje
historyczne". 10 December 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
* ^ "Jak
Katowice zamieniono na Stalinogród". Retrieved 15 March
* ^ www.wirtualnyturysta.com, Wirtualny Turysta,. "
- Stalinogrod - Post-War History of Katowice". Retrieved 15 March
* ^ Witosławska, Agata. "
Katowice - the capital city of Upper
Silesia". Retrieved 15 March 2017.
* ^ "
Katowice - IFMSA SCOPE Wiki". Retrieved 16 March 2017.
* ^ "Local weather forecast: Katowice".
* ^ olsztyn.stat.gov.pl/. "Wyniki badań bieżących - Baza
Demografia - Główny Urząd Statystyczny". Retrieved 16 March 2017.
* ^ "
Katowice » mapy, nieruchomości, GUS, szkoły, kody pocztowe,
wynagrodzenie, bezrobocie, zarobki, edukacja, tabele". Retrieved 16
* ^ A B "Silesia". Retrieved 16 March 2017.
* ^ "
Holocaust – oshpitzin.pl". Retrieved 16 March 2017.
* ^ (in Polish) dziennik.pl - "17 śląskich miast chce się
połączyć w Silesię", 11 December 2006)
* ^ Lamparska, Marzena (1 June 2013). "Post-industrial Cultural
Heritage Sites in the
Katowice conurbation, Poland". 1 (2). doi
:10.1515/environ-2015-0011 . Retrieved 16 March 2017.
* ^ o.o., Stay
Poland Sp. z. "
Katowice - Tourism - Tourist
Information - Katowice,
Poland -". Retrieved 16 March 2017.
* ^ "Wydawnictwo Muzeum Śląskiego: Lech Szaraniec "
dawnej i współczesnej fotografii".
* ^ "When did a "Flying Saucer" arrive in Katowice? - Katowice". 20
October 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
Katowice - "Będą dwie Mariackie", 3
* ^ "Bezrobotni oraz stopa bezrobocia wg województw, podregionów
i powiatów (stan w końcu lipca 2008 r.)".
* ^ A B C j., Media Partner Sp. "Culture: People: Invest in
* ^ "Galeria Sztuki Współczesnej BWA w Katowicach - Miejsce -
* ^ Fortune Magazine (March 3, 2016)
Poland Is Home to the Biggest
eSports Event in the World
* ^ "Partnerstädte". Retrieved 2009-06-22.
* ^ "Groningen - Partner Cities". © 2008 Gemeente Groningen,
Kreupelstraat 1,9712 HW Groningen. Archived from the original on
2007-09-26. Retrieved 2008-12-08.
* ^ "Twin cities of the
City of Kosice". Magistrát mesta Košice,
Tr. Retrieved 2013-07-27.
* ^ "Mobile\'s Sister Cities".
City of Mobile. Retrieved
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