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Kathmandu District (Nepali: काठमाडौं जिल्ला Listen (help·info); Nepal Bhasa: ये: जिल्ला) is a district located in Kathmandu Valley, Province No. 3 of Nepal, a landlocked country in South Asia. It is one of the 77 districts of Nepal, covers an area of 395 km2 (153 sq mi), and is the most densely populated district of Nepal with 1,081,845 inhabitants in 2001 and 1,744,240 in 2011.[1] The district's headquarters is Kathmandu Metropolitan City, also the capital of Nepal. It is also a famous tourist spot as there are many religious temples, places.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Geography and Climate 3 Culture 4 Economy 5 Education 6 Administration 7 Demographics 8 Hospitals 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Geography[edit] Kathmandu district is one of the three districts located in Kathmandu Valley, which itself is located in the hills of Bagmati Zone, Central Development Region, Nepal. The district is located from 27°27′E to 27°49′E longitude and 85°10′N to 85°32′N latitude.[2] The district is surrounded by:

East: Bhaktapur District and Kavrepalanchok District West: Dhading District and Nuwakot District North: Nuwakot District and Sindhupalchok District South: Lalitpur District and Makwanpur District

The altitude of the district ranges from 1,262 m (4,140 ft) to 2,732 m (8,963 ft) above sea level.[2] Geography and Climate[edit]

Climate Zone[3] Elevation Range % of Area

Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters 3,300 to 6,600 ft. 88.2%

Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters 6,400 to 9,800 ft. 11.8%

In the urban center, the temperature fluctuates between 32 °C in summer (June–July) to -2 °C in winter (December–January).[2] The annual rainfall of the district is 176.4 ml.[2] Culture[edit] Kathmandu district is a part of Kathmandu valley, which is a melting pot of various cultural groups, ethnicities, races, languages and religions. This vibrant culture is illustrated in the culture of the natives of the district, known as Newars, who are a multiethnic, multiracial, multireligious people bound by a Sanskritized Sino-Tibetan language of Kirat origins known as Nepal Bhasa. All the ancient settlements of the district have specific street festivals (jatras) arranged according to specific dates of the Nepal Sambat calendar. The main festivals celebrated are:

Yanya Punhi – literally meaning Kathmandu's full moon, a week-long festival during the Yenla (the month of Kathmandu) of Nepal Sambat, a festival started by Gunakamadev, the founder of Kathmandu city to commemorate the establishment of city Gunla – a month in which musical bands and ordinary people make pilgrimage to Swayambhunath temple Mohani or Dashain – the main festival of Nepal, celebrated by visiting the various Shaktipeeths around the city Shivaratri – a very special festival in which people make small fire all around the city and take different types of toxic[clarification needed] in order to show[clarification needed] love to Lord Shiva Buddha Jayanti Sa Paru – a comic festival to commemorate dead relatives, celebrated during the full moon of Goon la Chatha – the birthday of Lord Ganesha of Hindu pantheon Holi Pahan Chare – a festival of Animist origin celebrated by procession of matriarchs of Kathmandu Shree Panchami – in the past children used to formally start education on this day. Presently, deities of wisdom, Saraswati and Manjushree (the mythological founder of the valley) are worshipped on this day Swanti or Tihar – a five-day festival, the third day of which is called Laxmi Puja, when the families do their annual financial calculation and the next day marks the New Year according to Nepalese calendar, Nepal Sambat.

Along with these festivals, with the influx of population from other parts of Nepal, India, Tibet and South Asia, other festivals such as Teej, Chhath, Sakela, Lhosar, Janai Purnima, Deuda etc. are also celebrated. Economy[edit] Most of the offices and industry of Nepal are in Kathmandu. The major economic hubs are New Road, Durbar Marg, Putalisadak, Asan. The district exports handicrafts, artworks, garments, pashmina, paper etc. Tourism is one of the main industries of the district. Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world visit various religious places located in the district such as Pashupatinath, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, Buddhanilkantha etc. Freak Street and Thamel are noted tourist destinations for Western tourists. Education[edit] Kathmandu district is the pioneer district in education in many aspects in Nepal. Durbar High School (the first school of Nepal), Trichandra College (the first college of Nepal), Padma Kanya College (the first women's college) are all located in Kathmandu city. Tribhuwan University, the first university of Nepal, is located in Kirtipur municipality of Kathmandu district. Besides these, thousands of educational institutions are located in the district which cater students from Nepal, India, Bangladesh etc. Administration[edit] The district consists of 11 Municipalities.[4] These are as follows:

Budanilkantha Chandragiri Dakshinkali Gokarneshwar Kageshwari Manohara Kathmandu Kirtipur Nagarjun Shankharapur Tarakeshwar Tokha

Demographics[edit] The total population of the district is 1,744,240 out of which 913,001 are male and 831,239 female in 436,355 households. Average family size was 4.6 in 2001 and 4.0 in 2011 [5] Hospitals[edit]

Bir Hospital Teaching Hospital Chhetrapati Free Hospital (Chhetrapati Nishulka Chikitsalaya) Babukaji Memorial Hospital Gangalal Hridaya Kendra Manmohan Memorial Hospital Tilganga Eye Hospital

See also[edit]

Zones of Nepal Kathmandu Metropolitan City Kathmandu Valley Kathmandu Kirtipur Sanglekhola Pasikot

References[edit]

^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011 – General and Social Characteristics Table" (PDF). Government of Nepal Central Bureau of Statistics. February 2014. pp. 9(1),10(2). Retrieved 15 August 2014.  ^ a b c d "Brief Introduction" (in Nepali). DDC Kathmandu. Retrieved 15 August 2014.  ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013  ^ "New Municipality". LGCDP. Archived from the original on 2016-01-11.  ^ DDC Kathmandu statistical report

External links[edit]

DDC Kathmandu UN.org: UN map of VDC boundaries, water features and roads in Kathmandu Rainfall in Kathmandu "Districts of Nepal". Statoids. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kathmandu District.

v t e

Kathmandu District

Headquarter: Kathmandu

Kathmandu Budanilkantha Chandragiri Dakshinkali Gokarneshwar Kageshwari Manohara Kirtipur Nagarjun Shankharapur Tarakeshwar Tokha

v t e

Districts of Nepal

Province No. 1

Bhojpur Dhankuta Ilam Jhapa Khotang Morang Okhaldhunga Panchthar Sankhuwasabha Solukhumbu Sunsari Taplejung Terhathum Udayapur

Province No. 2

Bara Parsa Dhanusha Mahottari Rautahat Saptari Sarlahi Siraha

Province No. 3

Bhaktapur Chitwan Dhading Dolakha Kathmandu Kavrepalanchok Lalitpur Makwanpur Nuwakot Ramechhap Rasuwa Sindhuli Sindhupalchok

Province No. 4

Baglung Gorkha Kaski Lamjung Manang Mustang Myagdi Nawalpur Parbat Syangja Tanahun

Province No. 5

Arghakhanchi Banke Bardiya Dang Eastern Rukum Gulmi Kapilavastu Parasi Palpa Pyuthan Rolpa Rupandehi

Karnali Pradesh

Dailekh Dolpa Humla Jajarkot Jumla Kalikot Mugu Salyan Surkhet Western Rukum

Province No. 7

Achham Baitadi Bajhang Bajura Dadeldhura Darchula Doti Kailali Kanchanpur

Coordinates: 27°42′N 85°18′E / 27.7°N 85.3°E

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