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KATHMANDU DISTRICT (Nepali : काठमाडौं जिल्ला Listen (help ·info ); Nepal
Nepal
Bhasa : ये: जिल्ला) is a district located in Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Valley , Province No. 3
Province No. 3
of Nepal
Nepal
, a landlocked country in South Asia
South Asia
. It is one of the 75 districts of Nepal
Nepal
, covers an area of 395 km2 (153 sq mi), and is the most densely populated district of Nepal
Nepal
with 1,081,845 inhabitants in 2001 and 1,744,240 in 2011. The district's headquarters is Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Metropolitan City , also the capital of Nepal. It is also a famous tourist spot as there are many religious temples, places.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Geography and Climate * 3 Culture * 4 Economy * 5 Education * 6 Administration * 7 Demographics * 8 Hospitals * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Kathmandu
Kathmandu
district is one of the three districts located in Kathmandu Valley , which itself is located in the hills of Bagmati Zone
Bagmati Zone
, Central Development Region, Nepal
Nepal
. The district is located from 27°27′E to 27°49′E longitude and 85°10′N to 85°32′N latitude.

The district is surrounded by:

* East: Bhaktapur District and Kavrepalanchok District * West: Dhading District
Dhading District
and Nuwakot District
Nuwakot District
* North: Nuwakot District
Nuwakot District
and Sindhupalchok District * South: Lalitpur District and Makwanpur District

The altitude of the district ranges from 1,262 m (4,140 ft) to 2,732 m (8,963 ft) above sea level.

GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

CLIMATE ZONE ELEVATION RANGE % OF AREA

Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters 3,300 to 6,600 ft. 88.2%

Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters 6,400 to 9,800 ft. 11.8%

In the urban center, the temperature fluctuates between 32 °C in summer (June–July) to -2 °C in winter (December–January). The annual rainfall of the district is 176.4 ml.

CULTURE

Kathmandu
Kathmandu
district is a part of Kathmandu
Kathmandu
valley, which is a melting pot of various cultural groups, ethnicities, races, languages and religions. This vibrant culture is illustrated in the culture of the natives of the district, known as Newars , who are a multiethnic, multiracial, multireligious people bound by a Sanskritized Sino-Tibetan language of Kirat origins known as Nepal
Nepal
Bhasa . All the ancient settlements of the district have specific street festivals (jatras ) arranged according to specific dates of the Nepal
Nepal
Sambat calendar. The main festivals celebrated are:

* Yanya Punhi
Yanya Punhi
– literally meaning Kathmandu's full moon, a week-long festival during the Yenla (the month of Kathmandu) of Nepal Sambat, a festival started by Gunakamadev , the founder of Kathmandu city to commemorate the establishment of city * Gunla
Gunla
– a month in which musical bands and ordinary people make pilgrimage to Swayambhunath
Swayambhunath
temple * Mohani
Mohani
or Dashain – the main festival of Nepal, celebrated by visiting the various Shaktipeeths around the city * Shivaratri
Shivaratri
– a very special festival in which people make small fire all around the city and take different types of toxic in order to show love to Lord Shiva
Shiva
* Buddha Jayanti
Buddha Jayanti
* Sa Paru – a comic festival to commemorate dead relatives, celebrated during the full moon of Goon la * Chatha – the birthday of Lord Ganesha
Ganesha
of Hindu pantheon * Holi
Holi
* Pahan Chare – a festival of Animist origin celebrated by procession of matriarchs of Kathmandu * Shree Panchami – in the past children used to formally start education on this day. Presently, deities of wisdom, Saraswati
Saraswati
and Manjushree (the mythological founder of the valley) are worshipped on this day * Swanti or Tihar – a five-day festival, the third day of which is called Laxmi Puja, when the families do their annual financial calculation and the next day marks the New Year according to Nepalese calendar, Nepal
Nepal
Sambat .

Along with these festivals, with the influx of population from other parts of Nepal, India, Tibet and South Asia, other festivals such as Teej
Teej
, Chhath
Chhath
, Sakela , Lhosar , Janai Purnima , Deuda etc. are also celebrated.

ECONOMY

Most of the offices and industry of Nepal
Nepal
are in Kathmandu. The major economic hubs are New Road , Durbar Marg, Putalisadak, Asan. The district exports handicrafts , artworks, garments, pashmina, paper etc. Tourism is one of the main industries of the district. Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world visit various religious places located in the district such as Pashupatinath , Swayambhunath
Swayambhunath
, Boudhanath
Boudhanath
, Buddhanilkantha etc. Freak Street
Freak Street
and Thamel are noted tourist destinations for Western tourists.

EDUCATION

Kathmandu
Kathmandu
district is the pioneer district in education in many aspects in Nepal. Durbar High School (the first school of Nepal), Trichandra College
Trichandra College
(the first college of Nepal), Padma Kanya College (the first women's college) are all located in Kathmandu
Kathmandu
city . Tribhuwan University
Tribhuwan University
, the first university of Nepal, is located in Kirtipur municipality of Kathmandu
Kathmandu
district. Besides these, thousands of educational institutions are located in the district which cater students from Nepal, India, Bangladesh etc.

ADMINISTRATION

Municipalities in Kathmandu
Kathmandu
District

The district consists of 11 Municipalities . These are as follows:

* Budanilkantha * Chandragiri * Dakshinkali * Gokarneshwar * Kageshwari Manohara * Kathmandu
Kathmandu
* Kirtipur * Nagarjun * Shankharapur
Shankharapur
* Tarakeshwar * Tokha
Tokha

DEMOGRAPHICS

The total population of the district is 1,744,240 out of which 913,001 are male and 831,239 female in 436,355 households. Average family size was 4.6 in 2001 and 4.0 in 2011

HOSPITALS

* Bir Hospital * Teaching Hospital * Chhetrapati Free Hospital (Chhetrapati Nishulka Chikitsalaya) * Babukaji Memorial Hospital * Gangalal Hridaya Kendra * Manmohan Memorial Hospital * Tilganga Eye Hospital

SEE ALSO

* Zones of Nepal
Nepal
* Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Metro