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Kathleen Agnes Cavendish, Marchioness
Marchioness
of Hartington (née Kennedy; February 20, 1920 – May 13, 1948), also known as "Kick" Kennedy,[1][2] was an American socialite. She was the daughter of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., and Rose Kennedy, sister of future U.S. President John F. Kennedy, and wife of the Marquess of Hartington, heir apparent to the 10th Duke of Devonshire. When her father was serving as United States
United States
Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Kathleen made many friends in London and was the "debutante of 1938". Working with the Red Cross, she began a romantic relationship with Lord Hartington, whom she married in May 1944. He was killed on active service in Belgium
Belgium
only four months later. Kathleen died in a plane crash in 1948, flying to the south of France while on vacation with her married partner the 8th Earl Fitzwilliam.

Contents

1 Early years 2 England 3 Marriage 4 Widowhood 5 Death 6 Legacy 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early years[edit] Kathleen Agnes Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, fourth child and second daughter of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., (1888–1969) and Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(1890–1995). She was especially close to her older brother, the future 35th president John F. Kennedy, (1917–1963, served 1961–1963), (known as "Jack"). Kathleen was nicknamed “Kick” because of her "irrepressible nature". Kathleen was educated at Riverdale Country School
Riverdale Country School
in the Riverdale section of the Bronx, New York City. She also attended Noroton Convent of the Sacred Heart in Noroton, Connecticut and the Holy Child Convent in Neuilly, France.[3] While the Kennedy daughters were not raised to have political ambitions like their brothers, they were nonetheless provided with many of the same educational and social opportunities owing to their father's powerful financial and political connections and influence while growing up. This was particularly the case when Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., was appointed by 32nd President Franklin D. Roosevelt as United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
("Court of St. James") in 1938. As a child, Kathleen was very athletic and played football with her brothers. Her optimism and high spirits attracted many suitors, some of whom were Jack's closest friends. When Kathleen attended the Riverdale Country School, her mother did not approve of the male attention being shown to her daughter and sent her to the all-girls Noroton Convent of the Sacred Heart. Eventually, Kathleen started to date and had her first serious relationship with Peter Grace, an heir to W. R. Grace and Company. England[edit] Kennedy's time in England
England
during her father's appointment as Ambassador would dramatically influence the remainder of her life. While living in England, she was educated in London at Queen's College and quickly cultivated a wide circle of friends, both male and female, in British high society including dating David Rockefeller
David Rockefeller
and was declared the "debutante of 1938" by the English media. With World War II imminent following the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, the entire Kennedy family, save for Ambassador Kennedy, returned to the United States. Kennedy, having become very fond of England
England
in the two years and the many friends she had made, petitioned her parents to remain in London in spite of the coming danger but was overruled by her father and sailed back home in the early fall 1939. After returning to the States, Kennedy enrolled at the Finch School for a time and then attended Florida Commercial College. In addition to her studies, Kennedy also began doing volunteer work for the American Red Cross. In 1941, she decided to leave school and began working as a research assistant for Frank Waldrop, the executive editor for the Washington Times-Herald. She later teamed with Inga Arvad, who wrote the "Did You Happen to See....." column and was eventually given her own column where she reviewed films and plays.[3] Marriage[edit] In 1943, seeking a way to return to England, Kennedy signed up to work in a center for servicemen set up by the Red Cross. During her time in England, both before and particularly during the war, she gradually but increasingly grew more independent from her family and the Roman Catholic Church. During this time, Kennedy began a romantic relationship with politician William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington (usually known to his family and friends as Billy Hartington). He was the eldest son and heir apparent of the 10th Duke of Devonshire. The two had met and begun a friendship when she moved to England
England
when her father was appointed American Ambassador. Despite objections from her mother Rose, she and Lord Hartington reunited upon her return to England.[4] Rose especially rejected their relationship because she saw that their marriage would break the laws of the Roman Catholic Church by allowing Kathleen's children to be raised in the Church of England
England
(Anglican Communion) rather than the Kennedys' Roman Catholic Church. Rose even tried to manipulate their relationship by keeping Kathleen away from Hartington and postponing a possible wedding. Regardless, Kathleen stubbornly married Major the Marquess of Hartington on May 6, 1944, in a civil ceremony at the Caxton Hall Registry Office.[5][6] Her eldest brother Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., an officer in the United States
United States
Navy, to whom she had grown close during the last year of his life as he was serving in Britain in the United States Army Air Forces during the war, was the only member of the Kennedy family
Kennedy family
to attend the ceremony. Her second eldest brother John F. Kennedy was still hospitalized due to a back injury incurred on the motor torpedo patrol boat PT-109 in the South Pacific Ocean, while her younger brother Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
was in naval training. On August 12, 1944, Joe Jr. was killed when his plane exploded over the English Channel during a top-secret bombing mission in Europe.[5] Widowhood[edit] Kathleen, now Marchioness
Marchioness
of Hartington, and Lord Hartington spent less than five weeks together before he went out to fight in France. Four months after their marriage, and less than a month after Joe Jr. was killed, Hartington was killed by a sniper during a battle with the Germans in Belgium. With his family's blessing, he was buried close to where he fell. His younger brother Lord Andrew Cavendish, who was married to Debo Mitford of the famous Mitford sisters, thus became the heir apparent to the dukedom as Billy Hartington had left no heirs. Popular on the London social circuit and admired by many for her high spirits and wit, Lady Hartington eventually became romantically involved with the 8th Earl Fitzwilliam.[7] Fitzwilliam was in the process of divorcing his wife. Once again, Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
expressed her disapproval of her daughter's suitor and warned her that she would be disowned by the family and cut off financially if she married Lord Fitzwilliam. In May 1948, Kathleen learned that her father would be traveling to Paris. In an effort to gain his consent for her upcoming plans to marry Fitzwilliam, she decided to fly to Paris to meet with her father.[8] Death[edit]

St Peter's Churchyard, Edensor
Edensor
- grave of Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness
Marchioness
of Hartington (née Kennedy, 1920–1948). Her grave is marked with a headstone and a plaque in the ground commemorating the visit of 35th U.S. President John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
at the gravesite. On her gravestone, it says "Joy she gave joy she has found"

On May 13, 1948, Lady Hartington and Lord Fitzwilliam were flying from Paris to the French Riviera
French Riviera
for a vacation.[9] At 3:30 in the afternoon, their plane took off, reaching an altitude of 10,000 feet. Approximately one hour into the flight, radio contact was lost with the plane when it entered the region near Vienne which was also close to the center of a storm. The plane's four occupants endured twenty minutes of severe turbulence which bounced their small plane up and down as much as several thousand feet at a time. When they finally cleared the clouds, they instantly discovered the plane was in a dive and moments away from impact, and they attempted to pull up. The stress of the turbulence coupled with the sudden change of direction tore loose one of the wings, followed by both engines and finally the tail. The plane's fuselage then spun into the ground seconds later, coming to rest nose down in a ravine after striking terrain near the summit of Le Coran, the highest of the Cevennes Mountains
Cevennes Mountains
in Saint-Bauzile, Ardèche, France. Lady Hartington was instantly killed along with Fitzwilliam, pilot Peter Townshend, and navigator Arthur Freeman.[citation needed] Her father was the only family member to attend the funeral, arranged by the Cavendishes. Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
refused to attend her daughter's memorial service, instead, it was claimed, choosing to enter a hospital for routine medical tests.[8] Legacy[edit]

The gymnasium at Manhattanville College
Manhattanville College
is named in Kathleen Kennedy's honor. Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
named his eldest daughter in honor of his sister.

See also[edit]

Biography portal

Chatsworth House Duke of Devonshire Kennedy family
Kennedy family
tree Kennedy Curse

References[edit]

^ McAfee, Tierney; McNeil, Liz (April 13, 2016). "The Untold Story of Kathleen 'Kick' Kennedy, Who Defied Her Parents and Died in a Tragic Plane Crash with Her Married Lover". People. Retrieved September 13, 2016.  ^ Heil, Emily (11 July 2016). "New Kick Kennedy bio recounts her father's affairs with Hollywood actresses". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 September 2016.  ^ a b "Kathleen Kennedy". jfklibrary.org.  ^ Buck, Pearl S. (August 4, 1970). "Kathleen put love before religion". The Montreal Gazette. p. 15.  ^ a b "Kathleen Kennedy Loses Husband in Action". The Pittsburgh Press. September 18, 1944. p. 2.  ^ "Kathleen Kennedy Flies From London". The Lewiston Daily Sun. August 17, 1944. p. 1.  ^ Bailey, C. (2007). Black Diamonds: The Rise and Fall of an English Dynasty, pp. 406–419. London: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-670-91542-2. ^ a b Hilty, James (2000). Robert Kennedy: Brother Protector. Temple University Press. p. 52. ISBN 1-439-90519-3.  ^ Schenectady Gazette May 15, 1948.

Further reading[edit]

Byrne, Paula (2016), Kick: The True Story of Kick Kennedy, JFK's Forgotten Sister, and the Heir to Chatsworth, ISBN 0-385-27415-7  McTaggart, Lynne (1983), Kathleen Kennedy: Her Life and Times, ISBN 978-0007548125  Leamer, Laurence. The Kennedy Women: The Saga of an American Family. New York: Villard Books, 1994. Print. Leaming, Barbara (2016), Kick Kennedy: The Charmed Life and Tragic Death of the Favorite Kennedy Daughter, ISBN 978-1-250-07131-6 

External links[edit]

"Kathleen Kennedy biography". John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library and Museum.  Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness
Marchioness
of Hartington at Find a Grave Secrets of The Manor House, first shown of Channel 4, later on Yesterday, Series 1, Episode 3.

v t e

Kennedy family

I.

P. J. Kennedy
P. J. Kennedy
(1858–1929)

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.

II.

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(1888–1969) Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(1890–1995)

Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(m.) Jacqueline Bouvier Rosemary Kennedy Kathleen Kennedy (m.) William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington Eunice Kennedy (m.) Sargent Shriver Patricia Kennedy (m./div.) Peter Lawford Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(m.) Ethel Kennedy Jean Kennedy (m.) Stephen Edward Smith Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy (m./div. 1st) Joan Bennett; (m. 2nd) Victoria Reggie

III.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917–1963)

Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(m.) Edwin Schlossberg John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
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Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
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(m./div.) Arnold Schwarzenegger Timothy Shriver Mark Shriver Anthony Shriver

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Patricia Kennedy Lawford
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Christopher Lawford

Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(1925–1968)

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Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(born 1928)

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Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(1932–2009)

Kara Kennedy Edward M. Kennedy Jr. Patrick J. Kennedy

V.

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m. = married; div. = divorced; sep. = separated.

v t e

John F. Kennedy

35th President of the United States
United States
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Caroline Kennedy
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John F. Kennedy
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son plane crash

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Rose Schlossberg
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Tatiana Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Fitzgerald (mother) Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
(brother) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness
Marchioness
of Hartington (sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(brother) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
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Ted Kennedy
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P. J. Kennedy
(grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

← Dwight D. Eisenhower Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson

Category

v t e

Robert F. Kennedy

November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968

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(1969)

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Bridge

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Prince Jack
(1985 film) Robert Kennedy and His Times
Robert Kennedy and His Times
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Family, family tree

Ethel Skakel (wife) Kathleen Kennedy (daughter) Joseph P. Kennedy (son) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Jr. (son) David Kennedy (son) Courtney Kennedy (daughter) Michael Kennedy (son) Kerry Kennedy
Kerry Kennedy
(daughter) Chris Kennedy (son) Max Kennedy
Max Kennedy
(son) Doug Kennedy (son) Rory Kennedy
Rory Kennedy
(daughter) Joseph P. Kennedy III (grandson) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(mother) Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
(brother) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(brother presidency) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Kennedy Cavendish (sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(brother) Patrick J. Kennedy
Patrick J. Kennedy
(grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

v t e

Ted Kennedy

February 22, 1932 – August 25, 2009

United States
United States
Senator from Massachusetts, 1962–2009

Electoral history

United States
United States
Senate special election in Massachusetts, 1962 United States
United States
Senate election in Massachusetts, 1964 1970 1976 1982 1988 1994 2000 2006 United States
United States
presidential election, 1980 (Democratic Party presidential primaries, 1980)

Books

My Senator and Me: A Dog's-Eye View of Washington, D.C. (2006) True Compass
True Compass
(2009)

Family, family tree

Joan Bennett Kennedy
Joan Bennett Kennedy
(first wife) Victoria Reggie Kennedy
Victoria Reggie Kennedy
(second wife, widow) Kara Kennedy
Kara Kennedy
(daughter) Edward M. Kennedy Jr.
Edward M. Kennedy Jr.
(son) Patrick J. Kennedy
Patrick J. Kennedy
II (son) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(mother) Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
(brother) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(brother presidency) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Kennedy (sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(brother) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Patrick J. Kennedy
Patrick J. Kennedy
I (grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

Related

Awards and honors Political positions Kennedy Compound Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States
United States
Senate Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act Chappaquiddick incident The Dream Shall Never Die Mary Jo Kopechne Friends of Ireland Chappaquiddick (2018 film)

Commons Wikiquote Wikisource texts

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 25977066 LCCN: n83060765 GND: 141989521 SN

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