KATHERINE HARRIS (born April 5, 1957) is a politician, elected in
1998 as Secretary of State of
In 1994 Harris was noted for the most expensive campaign for the
* 1 Background and personal life * 2 Education and career
* 3 Political career
* 3.2 Secretary of State
* 3.2.1 International travel * 3.2.2 2000 US presidential election
* 6 2006 Senate race
* 6.1 Overview
* 6.1.1 Staff resignations * 6.1.2 Lack of Republican support * 6.1.3 Controversy over religion * 6.1.4 Replacements in the 13th Congressional District
* 7 Political positions and voting record * 8 Later life * 9 In popular culture * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links
BACKGROUND AND PERSONAL LIFE
Harris was born in Key West,
Harris' extended family has been active in
Christian evangelism .
Her grandfather was a Christian missionary in Africa, while her aunt
and uncle were missionaries in India. They now head the Arab World
Missions. Harris studied under Dr.
Francis Schaeffer at a L’Abri
Fellowship International center. Harris attended Greystone, an
all-girls Christian camp at
Asheville, North Carolina . She has said
her faith is “the most important thing in my life.” Harris was
reared in the
Presbyterian Church in America , but as an adult, she
has criticized the
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) for being "more
liberal." She attends
Calvary Chapel , a non-denominational
charismatic church in Sarasota,
Harris married Swedish businessman Sven Anders Axel Ebbeson in 1996 and has one stepdaughter, Louise. Sven Ebbeson committed suicide in November 2013.
EDUCATION AND CAREER
Harris graduated from
Bartow High School in Bartow,
Before entering politics, Harris worked as a marketing executive at
Harris joined the Republican Party. She ran for the
FLORIDA SENATE AND RISCORP
Harris played a prominent role in introducing William Griffin (with
whom she had a close personal relationship), the CEO of Riscorp, to
Two years later, in 1996, Harris sponsored a bill "to block Riscorp
competitors from getting a greater share of
William Griffin eventually pleaded guilty to illegal campaign
donations, among allegations of other serious wrongdoing at Riscorp,
and served prison time in 1998. The election of Republican
Jeb Bush as
SECRETARY OF STATE
Harris was elected
During her first 22 months in office, Harris spent more than $106,000 for travel, more than the governor or any other cabinet officer. She visited eight countries including Iran, India, and the Netherlands on ten foreign trips.
In early 2001,
2000 US Presidential Election
As Secretary of State for the State of
After several recounts were inconclusive and the laws governing
recounts were unclear, Harris halted the recounting process. She
certified that the Republican candidate, Texas Governor George W. Bush
, had defeated the Democratic candidate, Vice President
Al Gore , in
the popular vote of
The decision allowed Harris' previous certification of Bush as the winner of Florida's electoral votes to stand. Florida's 25 electoral votes gave Bush, the Republican candidate, 271 electoral votes, defeating Gore, who ended up with 266 electoral votes (with one D.C. elector abstaining).
Harris later published _Center of the Storm,_ her memoir of the 2000 election controversy.
UNITED STATES CONGRESSWOMAN
In 2002, Harris ran against Sarasota Attorney Jan Schneider for the congressional district vacated by retiring Republican Rep. Dan Miller , winning by 10 percentage points in this solidly Republican district, a victory helped with one of the biggest first term campaign fund raising efforts in the history of this district and substantial support from the Bush family.
Harris considered running for the seat of retiring Senator Bob Graham in 2004 but was reportedly dissuaded by the Bush White House to allow Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Mel Martinez to run instead. Martinez went on to narrowly beat challenger Betty Castor . Harris ran for re-election to her House seat in 2004; she was re-elected with a margin almost identical to her first win.
In a 2004 speech in Venice,
During a 2004 campaign stop in Sarasota, a local resident, Barry Seltzer, "tr to 'intimidate' a group of Harris supporters" by menacing Harris and her supporters with his automobile. Witnesses described Seltzer as having swerved off the road and onto the sidewalk, directing it at Harris and her supporters. Nobody was injured in the incident. Seltzer, who claimed he was "exercising political expression," was eventually arrested and charged with assault with a deadly weapon.
In 2005 and 2006, a major corporate campaign donor to Harris, Mitchell Wade (founder of defense contractor MZM ), was implicated in several bribery scandals . Wade had bundled together and donated to Harris's campaign $32,000 in contributions from his employees at MZM, Inc. , then reimbursed those employees for the contributions. Regarding this issue, U.S. Attorney Kenneth Wainstein said that Harris did not appear to know the donations were obtained illegally. Harris has maintained she had no personal knowledge that her campaign was given illegal contributions. Wade acknowledged that the donations to the Harris campaign were illegal and were part of an attempt to influence Harris to MZM's benefit.
Documents filed with Wade's plea say that he took Harris to dinner in March 2005, a year after the illegal contributions, where they discussed the possibility of another fundraiser and the possibility of getting funding for a Navy counterintelligence program placed in Harris's district. Harris sent a letter on April 26, 2005 to defense appropriations subcommittee Chairman C. W. Bill Young , in which Harris sought $10 million for a Navy project backed by Wade. In the letter, Harris emphasized the importance of the project, asking that it be added to her list of five priorities and identifying it as her new No. 3. Harris later released the April 26, 2005 letter for legal scrutiny, but neither she nor Young would turn over the request form (RFP) used for the proposal.
CQPolitics noted "Harris’s former political strategist, Ed Rollins , spoke on the record about the dinner and detailed a meal that cost $2,800, far in excess of the $50 limit on gifts that members of Congress are allowed to accept" at the Washington restaurant Citronelle. Wade and Harris discussed MZM's desire for a $10 million appropriation, and Wade offered to host a fundraiser for Harris's 2006 Senate campaign. Regarding the MZM contributions, the _Sentinel_ article goes on to say "The Justice Department has said Wade, who personally handed many of the checks to Harris, did not tell Harris the contributions were illegal". Regarding the expensive meal, the article quotes Harris as saying that she personally had only a "beverage and appetizer" worth less than "$100".
Rollins said that he had conducted a thorough internal investigation into Harris's ties to MZM in hopes of finding conclusive proof of her innocence; but when he could not, he and other advisers, including her lawyer, urged her to drop her candidacy rather than risk federal corruption charges. Although he did not believe Harris intentionally broke any laws, "her story kept changing. Our great concern was that you get into trouble when you don't tell the same story twice ... Maybe you don't think you did anything wrong, but then maybe you start getting questioned about it and so forth, and you may perjure yourself. ... Unlike Cunningham, I don't think she set out to violate the law, but I think she was very careless. She heard whatever she wanted to hear, but we could find no evidence whatsoever that this was a project going into her district."
Although Rollins recalled discussing the $2,800 meal with Harris, Harris told the _ Orlando Sentinel _ on April 19, 2006, that the cost of the meal was "news to me", and that her campaign had since "reimbursed" the restaurant for the cost of the meal. According to the reporter, when questioned as to why she would reimburse the restaurant for a meal that had been paid for by MZM, Harris abruptly terminated the interview, and her spokesman later called and requested unsuccessfully that the story not be printed. The next day, Harris's campaign issued a statement that she had believed her campaign had reimbursed the restaurant, and that she had donated $100 "which will more than adequately compensate for the cost of my beverage and appetizer". Harris also asserted that most of the cost of the meal was from Wade ordering several unopened bottles of wine to take home, although the management of the restaurant denies ever allowing anyone to take unopened bottles of wine off the premises, saying "Why would we jeopardize our liquor license for the sake of selling a couple bottles of wine?"
In the weeks following the expensive meal, former senior Harris staffers claimed that "they initially rejected a defense contractor's $10 million appropriation request last year but reversed course after being instructed by Harris to approve it." In May 2006, Harris's campaign spokesman Christopher Ingram acknowledged that she had also had a previous dinner with Wade in the same restaurant in March 2004, when the $32,000 in illegal donations had been given to her campaign. Ingram told the press that he did not know how much that meal cost, but that a charitable donation of an unknown amount had been given to a charity whose name he did not know, equivalent to her share of the meal. "She takes responsibility for the oversight that there was no reimbursement," he said.
Mona Tate Yost, an aide to Harris, left to work for MZM during the time Wade was pressing Harris to secure federal funding (April or May 2005). On July 17, 2006, Ed Rollins confirmed that Justice Department lawyers and FBI agents had recently questioned her about the $32,000 in donations. Rollins noted: "I assume more will be coming, though. They were very serious." On September 7, 2006, Federal investigators questioned Jim Dornan, who quit as Harris's campaign manager the previous November.
2006 SENATE RACE
On June 7, 2005, with support from her new campaign advisors of Ed
Jim Dornan , Harris announced her candidacy for the 2006
Despite Harris's support of many Republican causes and her previous statewide victories, some party leaders expressed doubt about her statewide appeal:
* In May 2006,
By late July 2006, Harris had gone through three campaign managers and her campaign was floundering. At that time, it was disclosed that state Republican Party leaders had told Harris they would not support her because she could not win in the general election.
Financial problems plagued Harris' Senate campaign from the start. During the primary, it was clear that the incumbent Senator Nelson had a substantial financial advantage.
On the March 15, 2006, edition of Fox News Channel 's _Hannity ">
Nelson defeated Harris by more than one million votes. Harris received less than 39% of the vote.
In late February 2006, in the midst of revelations surrounding Mitchell Wade's illegal contributions, Harris's campaign finance director and her campaign treasurer both resigned. On April 1, 2006 Harris's top campaign advisor, pollster and campaign manager all resigned with a half-dozen other staffers. Republican pollster and consultant David Johnson said, "I've never seen staffers go like this. It's just imploding."
In early April 2006, Harris told the _Tampa Tribune_ that some of her ex-campaign staffers and the national Republican party were deliberately sabotaging her campaign by "putting knives in her back" and had warned her that if she did not back out of the campaign, she would get an "April surprise". Former campaign staffer Ed Rollins said "They were all good professionals...There was no backstabbing. It's insulting that she would even say that. If she wants to know what went wrong with the campaign, maybe she needs to take a good look in the mirror."
In June, the Harris campaign received a legal bill for thousands of dollars that contained a reference to "DOJ subpoena ". Later, an ex-aide told the Associated Press that Harris had received a grand jury subpoena from federal investigators, but kept it from her top advisers, prompting several staff members to quit when they found out. On June 8, 2006, Harris's fourth chief of staff, Fred Asbell, left in order to pursue a "business opportunity". Asbell said he'd "greatly enjoyed" his time with the campaign and he would remain in a consultant position. On July 12, 2006, Harris's campaign spokesman Chris Christopher Ingram left the campaign. The next day he was followed by campaign manager Glenn Hodas, field director Pat Thomas, political director Brian Brooks and Deputy field director John K. Byers, who all resigned from her campaign. Hodas cited Harris's "tantrums" and "increasingly erratic behavior" as his reasons for leaving. An anonymous campaign worker described Harris as "very difficult to work with. The more that we put her out there, the more she shot herself in the foot."
In late August, Harris lost another key staffer, Rhyan Metzler, in
the wake of a disastrous political rally at Orlando Executive Airport.
Only 40 people showed up for the event, and Harris blamed the paltry
turnout in part on a last-minute change in location. She claimed that
a tree fell on the hangar that was originally scheduled to hold the
rally, forcing her campaign to switch to another hangar. Airport
officials, however, stated that not only had no trees fallen, but also
that there are no trees as they get in the way of the airplanes;
further adding that the event in fact took place in the hangar that
Harris's campaign had originally booked. Harris's campaign blamed
Metzler for the comments Harris made after the rally. On August 31,
2006, Harris was interviewed on _
Hardball with Chris Matthews
Lack Of Republican Support
The _ Pensacola News Journal _ suggested that Harris might withdraw from the Senate race after winning a primary victory, thereby allowing the Republicans to nominate another candidate, such as Tom Gallagher , to run against Bill Nelson (politician) .
Of Harris's three primary opponents, only Will McBride endorsed her candidacy for the general election. In the first few days after the primary, a number of Republican nominees such as Charlie Crist and Tom Lee went on a statewide unity tour with Gov. Bush. Harris was not invited; Republicans said the tour was only for nominees to statewide offices. Harris claimed Bush would campaign with her sometime in the two months before the election, but the governor's office denied this.
President Bush did not make public appearances or private meetings with Harris before the primary. He did, however, appear with her at a fundraiser on September 21 in Tampa.
When it came time for newspapers to make their op-ed endorsements, all 22 of Florida's major daily newspapers supported Senator Nelson. The only endorsement Harris received was from the _Polk County Democrat _, a newspaper in Bartow which publishes four days out of the week.
Controversy Over Religion
Harris was a headline speaker at the Coral Ridge Presbyterian Church 's "Reclaiming America for Christ" conference held in Ft. Lauderdale on March 17–18, 2006. The conference web site invited attendees to attend in order to "reclaim this nation for Christ." The stated mission of ReclaimAmerica.org is "To inform, equip, motivate, and support Christians; enabling them to defend and implement the Biblical principles on which our country was founded." As part of her speech, Harris urged conferees to "win back America for God." Her appearance was noted in a _ Rolling Stone _ article covering the conference.
In an interview with the _
“ We have to have the faithful in government and over time, that lie we have been told, the separation of church and state , people have internalized, thinking that they needed to avoid politics and that is so wrong because God is the one who chooses our rulers. And if we are the ones not actively involved in electing those godly men and women and if people aren’t involved in helping godly men in getting elected then we’re going to have a nation of secular laws. That’s not what our founding fathers intended and that’s certainly isn’t what God intended. … we need to take back this country. … And if we don’t get involved as Christians then how could we possibly take this back? …If you are not electing Christians, tried and true, under public scrutiny and pressure, if you’re not electing Christians then in essence you are going to legislate sin. They can legislate sin. They can say that abortion is alright. They can vote to sustain gay marriage . And that will take western civilization, indeed other nations because people look to our country as one nation as under God and whenever we legislate sin and we say abortion is permissible and we say gay unions are permissible, then average citizens who are not Christians, because they don’t know better, we are leading them astray and it’s wrong. ”
Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL) said she was "disgusted" by the comments "and deeply disappointed in Representative Harris personally,” adding "clearly shows that she does not deserve to be a representative." Two of Harris’ primary opponents denounced her statements, Republican Will McBride (an attorney and son of a pastor) stated “I’m a Christian, and I’m a Republican, and I don’t share her views. There are people of other faiths and backgrounds of outstanding integrity who know how to tell the truth.” Real estate developer Peter Monroe , another GOP primary opponent, called on her to quit the race and resign from Congress. He called her suggestion that non-Christian voters are ignorant of morality when voting as “contemptible, arrogant and wicked.”
On August 26, 2006, Harris's campaign released a "Statement of
Clarification", that stated, “In the interview, Harris was speaking
to a Christian audience, addressing a common misperception that people
of faith should not be actively involved in government. Addressing
this Christian publication, Harris provided a statement that explains
her deep grounding in
Judeo-Christian values." The press release went
on to mention her past support of
I think that our laws, I mean, I look at how the law originated,
On October 3, 2006, Harris participated in a prayer service via phone call and stirred even more controversy. In one instance, she called for the elimination of the separation of church and state when she said,
“ Treat the pastors' hearts so that those who think there's no place for government, have them understand kingdom government, and how they need to be involved in the governance on this earth because God is our governance. ”
Harris then went on and called for Jews to be converted to Christianity.
“ And Father God, right now on the day after the Jewish new year, Father, after the day after atonement, as they enter into their new year, Father God, I just pray that you would bring the hearts and minds of our Jewish brothers and sisters into alignment. ”
Replacements In The 13th Congressional District
Vern Buchanan was the Republican nominee and Christine Jennings the Democratic nominee to replace Harris in the 2006 election . The race had been ranked as "leaning Democratic" by CQ Politics , but Buchanan scored a very narrow victory, winning the election by a few hundred votes.
POLITICAL POSITIONS AND VOTING RECORD
Harris is a conservative Republican on most issues. She is pro-life
and has voted against embryonic stem cell research . She opposes
oil-drilling in Florida's coastal waters. Harris supported reforming
Social Security to include private accounts. She has voted in favor of
granting legal status to fetuses via the Unborn Victims of Violence
Act . She supports tax cuts and the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and
Consumer Protection Act , which restricts bankruptcy filings by
consumers. Harris is also in favor of welfare reform , school vouchers
Patriot Act , the
Flag Desecration Amendment , the Federal
Marriage Amendment , and the
2003 invasion of Iraq . In a televised
debate with Nelson on November 1, however, she repeatedly declined to
say whether she would still support the
Harris has not been very active in public life since 2006. In 2013
her husband, Swedish-born businessman Anders Ebbeson, shot himself in
Sarasota home they shared; he had reportedly been suffering a
serious illness. Three years later, she attended a reunion of former
IN POPULAR CULTURE
* Women in the United States House of Representatives
* ^ "The Woman in Charge".
CBS News . November 15, 2000.
* ^ Follick, Joe (July 22, 2001). "Tracks in Florida's Sand",
Tampa Tribune _.
* ^ , _Orlando Sentinel,_ 17 August 2003
* ^ Narvaez, Alfonso A. (March 2, 1990). "Ben Hill Griffin Jr., 79,
is Dead; Leader in
* ^ McKinnon, John D. (May 10, 2006). "