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KASTAMONU is the capital district of the Kastamonu Province
Kastamonu Province
, Turkey . According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 102,059 of which 64,606 live in the urban center of Kastamonu. (Population of the urban center in 2010 is 91,012. ) The district covers an area of 1,834 km2 (708 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 904 m (2,966 ft). It is located to the south of the province.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Economic history * 3 Education * 4 Climate * 5 Transport * 6 Notable natives * 7 Gallery * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links

HISTORY

Governor's historical office Kastamonu
Kastamonu
city center and Nasrullah Bridge.

The city is believed to have been founded in the 18th century BC. The town was known as Timonion (Τιμόνιον in Greek) during the Roman period.

The change of name of the town dates to the 10th century AD. Manuel Erotikos Komnenos , a Thracian soldier who became a prominent general and the father of the Byzantine emperor Isaac I Komnenos
Isaac I Komnenos
, was given lands around Kastamonu
Kastamonu
by Emperor Basil II
Basil II
and built a fortress there named Kastra Komnenon (Κάστρα Κομνηνών). Manuel came to the notice of Basil II
Basil II
because of his defence, in 978, of Nicaea against the rebel Bardas Skleros
Bardas Skleros
. The name Kastra Komnenon was shortened to Kastamone, and later turkified to Kastamoni and Kastamonu.

The Dress Code Revolution started at Kastamonu
Kastamonu
by Atatürk
Atatürk
on August 23, 1925. Atatürk
Atatürk
made his historical speech concerning about the "Hat and Dress Revolution" in 1925 at his visit to Kastamonu
Kastamonu
at Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
building. The building is now used as Archeological Museum. The materials used by Atatürk
Atatürk
in his Kastamonu visit are also exhibited in the museum.

ECONOMIC HISTORY

In the early 20th century, nickel was being mined in the area around Kastamonu.

EDUCATION

Kastamonu
Kastamonu
is home to Kastamonu University , which was established in 2006 by incorporating existing colleges, schools, and institutes that were previously under Ankara University and Gazi University
Gazi University
. Notable high schools in Kastamonu
Kastamonu
are: Abdurrahman Paşa Lisesi, also known as Kastamonu
Kastamonu
Lisesi, the first modern high school that was established in Anatolia
Anatolia
in late Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
. Kastamonu
Kastamonu
Mustafa Kaya Lisesi, an Anatolian high school, one of the most successful high schools in Turkey
Turkey
outside Istanbul
Istanbul
, Ankara
Ankara
and İzmir
İzmir
.

CLIMATE

Kastamonu
Kastamonu
has an oceanic climate (Köppen : Cfb) with cold winters and warm summers. The average annual precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, with spring being the wettest season.

CLIMATE DATA FOR KASTAMONU, TURKEY

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 3.2 (37.8) 6.0 (42.8) 10.8 (51.4) 16.5 (61.7) 21.1 (70) 24.6 (76.3) 27.8 (82) 28.0 (82.4) 23.9 (75) 17.9 (64.2) 10.9 (51.6) 4.9 (40.8) 16.3 (61.33)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −0.9 (30.4) 0.7 (33.3) 4.3 (39.7) 9.6 (49.3) 14.1 (57.4) 17.5 (63.5) 20.3 (68.5) 20.0 (68) 15.6 (60.1) 10.6 (51.1) 5.1 (41.2) 0.9 (33.6) 9.82 (49.68)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −4.3 (24.3) −3.5 (25.7) −0.8 (30.6) 3.5 (38.3) 7.6 (45.7) 10.5 (50.9) 12.4 (54.3) 12.3 (54.1) 8.9 (48) 5.2 (41.4) 0.9 (33.6) −2.3 (27.9) 4.2 (39.57)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 31.7 (1.248) 27.7 (1.091) 35.8 (1.409) 53.5 (2.106) 71.4 (2.811) 72.8 (2.866) 32.0 (1.26) 29.6 (1.165) 31.9 (1.256) 39.3 (1.547) 27.9 (1.098) 34.6 (1.362) 488.2 (19.219)

AVERAGE RAINY DAYS 12.8 11.1 12.6 13.4 14.6 12.0 6.4 5.8 6.7 9.1 9.6 12.2 126.3

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 78 76 68 62 64 64 55 57 61 67 78 81 67.6

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 68.2 95.2 142.6 165 226.3 255 300.7 291.4 216 164.3 108 55.8 2,088.5

MEAN DAILY SUNSHINE HOURS 2.2 3.4 4.4 5.5 7.2 8.4 10.0 9.4 7.3 5.4 3.5 2.0 5.72

Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service

TRANSPORT

Kastamonu Airport

The main bus station has bus links to most major Turkish cities. Kastamonu Airport is active. Kastamonu
Kastamonu
is also the main railroad endpoint for the West Black Sea region.

NOTABLE NATIVES

* Latifî (1491-1582), Ottoman poet * Iovan Tsaous (Yiannis Eitziridis) (1893–1942), Greek musician and composer *